Berossos and Manetho, Introduced and Translated

Native Traditions in Ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt

Author: Gerald P. Verbrugghe,John Moore Wickersham

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472086870

Category: History

Page: 239

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An accessible introduction to the world of the pharaohs and Alexander the Great
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Julius Africanus und die christliche Weltchronik

Julius Africanus und die christliche Weltchronistik

Author: Martin Wallraff

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110191059

Category: History

Page: 346

View: 7013

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Julius Africanus (3. Jh.) ist als ,,Vater der christlichen Chronographie" bezeichnet worden; darunter versteht man die genaue Berechnung von Zeiten (etwa die Datierung der Inkarnation, indirekt auch des Weltendes). Zugleich finden sich bei ihm aber auch die Anfänge christlicher Universalgeschichte (Weltchronistik), einer Gattung, die über Jahrhunderte das Geschichtsdenken des Abend- und Morgenlandes maßgeblich bestimmt hat. Die vorliegenden Studien erschließen diese zum Teil schwer zugängliche Literatur und leisten wesentliche Forschungsbeiträge zur lateinischen, griechischen und orientalischen Weltchronistik.
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Die Welt der Götterbilder

Author: Brigitte Groneberg,Hermann Spieckermann

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110194630

Category: Religion

Page: 380

View: 6441

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Divine images create their own world of theological reflection and religious practice. Pictorial representations have to reduce complexity, yet at the same time they create their own complexity. The present volume examines this phenomenon with papers on fundamental issues and presentations of material from the Ancient Orient, Greece and the Hellenic world. Papers on the contact between Christianity and Islam in the matter of the veneration of images make clear what compensation strategies are developed when pictorial representations are subject to theological censure. The volume contains eighteen contributions from internationally renowned researchers writing in German and English.
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God in Translation

Deities in Cross-Cultural Discourse in the Biblical World

Author: Mark S. Smith

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 0802864333

Category: Religion

Page: 382

View: 4484

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God in Translation offers a substantial, extraordinarily broad survey of ancient attitudes toward deities, from the Late Bronze Age through ancient Israel and into the New Testament. Looking closely at relevant biblical texts and at their cultural contexts, Mark S. Smith demonstrates that the biblical attitude toward deities of other cultures is not uniformly negative, as is commonly supposed. He traces the historical development of Israel's "one-god worldview, " linking it to the rise of the surrounding Mesopotamian empires. Smith's study also produces evidence undermining a common modern assumption among historians of religion that polytheism is tolerant while monotheism is prone to intolerance and violence.
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Berossus and Genesis, Manetho and Exodus

Hellenistic Histories and the Date of the Pentateuch

Author: Russell Gmirkin

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 0567134393

Category: Religion

Page: 344

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Berossus and Genesis, Manetho and Exodus proposes a provocative new theory regarding the date and circumstances of the composition of the Pentateuch. Gmirkin argues that the Hebrew Pentateuch was composed in its entirety about 273-272 BCE by Jewish scholars at Alexandria that later traditions credited with the Septuagint translation of the Pentateuch into Greek. The primary evidence is literary dependence of Gen. 1-11 on Berossus' Babyloniaca (278 BCE) and of the Exodus story on Manetho's Aegyptiaca (c. 285-280 BCE), and the geo-political data contained in the Table of Nations. A number of indications point to a provenance of Alexandria, Egypt for at least some portions of the Pentateuch. That the Pentateuch, drawing on literary sources found at the Great Library of Alexandria, was composed at almost the same date as the Septuagint translation, provides compelling evidence for some level of communication and collaboration between the authors of the Pentateuch and the Septuagint scholars at Alexandria's Museum. The late date of the Pentateuch, as demonstrated by literary dependence on Berossus and Manetho, has two important consequences: the definitive overthrow of the chronological framework of the Documentary Hypothesis, and a late, 3rd century BCE date for major portions of the Hebrew Bible which show literary dependence on the Pentateuch.
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Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in Second Temple Literature

Author: Seth L. Sanders

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 147986398X

Category: History

Page: 275

View: 4437

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Until very recently, the idea of ancient Jewish sciences would have been considered unacceptable. Since the 1990’s, Early Modern and Medieval Science in Jewish sources has been actively studied, but the consensus was that no real scientific themes could be found in earlier Judaism. This work points them out in detail, and posits a new field of research: the scientific activity evident in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Early Jewish Pseudepigrapha. The publication of new texts and new analyses of older ones reveals crucial elements that are best illuminated by the history of science, and may have interesting consequences for it. The contributors evaluate these texts in relation to astronomy, astrology and physiognomy, marking the first comprehensive attempt to account for scientific themes in Second Temple Judaism. They investigate the meaning and purpose of scientific explorations in an apocalyptic setting. An appreciation of these topics paves the way to a renewed understanding of the scientific fragments scattered throughout rabbinic literature. The book first places the Jewish material in the ancient context of the Near Eastern and Hellenistic worlds. While the Jewish texts were not on the cutting edge of scientific discovery, they find a meaningful place in the history of science, between Babylonia and Egypt, in the time period between Hipparchus and Ptolemy. The book uses recent advances in method to examine the contacts and networks of Jewish scholars in their ancient setting. Second, the essays here tackle the problematic concept of a national scientific tradition. Although science is nowadays often conceived as universal, the historiography of ancient Jewish sciences demonstrates the importance of seeing the development of science in a local context. The book explores the tension between the hegemony of central scientific traditions and local scientific enterprises, showing the relevance of ancient data to contemporary postcolonial historiography of science. Finally, philosophical questions of the demarcation of science are addressed in a way that can advance the discussion of related ancient materials. Online edition available as part of the NYU Library's Ancient World Digital Library and in partnership with the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World (ISAW).
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Greek Religion and Culture, the Bible, and the Ancient Near East

Author: Jan N. Bremmer

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004164731

Category: Religion

Page: 424

View: 4748

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This book greatly enhances our knowledge of the interrelationship of Greek religion & culture and the Ancient Near East by offering important analyses of Greek myths, divinities and terms like a ~magica (TM) and 'paradise', but also of the Greek contribution to the Christian notion of atonement.
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Sintflut und Gedächtnis

Erinnern und Vergessen des Ursprungs

Author: Martin Mulsow,Jan Assmann

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Deluge

Page: 414

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Der biblische Mythos von der Sintflut erzählt nicht nur von einer Katastrophe im Sinne von Schrecken und Strafe, sondern auch von einer Katastrophe des kollektiven Erinnerungsverlustes: Das Gedächtnis der Menscheit mußte sozusagen durch das Nadelöhr der Reduktion auf ein einziges Menschenpaar. Was ging dabei verloren? Was wurde aus dem vollkommenen Wissen Adams und der frühen Patriarchen? Was wurde davon erinnert, überliefert? Und auch von einer anderen Perspektive läßt sich nach der Erinnerung fragen: Wie wurde die Katastrophe der Sintflut selbst erinnert? Wurde ihr Schrecken verdrängt, vergessen? Und lebte das Verdrängte fort, indem es der Kultur der Noachiden um so nachhaltiger seinen Stempel aufprägte? Fragen dieser Art sind keineswegs erst nach Freud gestellt worden. Im 17. und 18. Jh. entwickelte sich eine Aufmerksamkeit für die Sintflut, in der sich naturwissenschaftliche Forschung über Fossilien mit chiliastischer Erwartung, mit der Differenzierung von Esoterik und Exoterik, mit Religionskritik, mit Kulturtheorie und mit politischer Anamnese des Despotismus verband. Boulanger etwa sah die gesamte Kultur der Antike als Bewältigungsversuch einer durch den Sintflut-Schrecken geprägten Menschheit an und deutete die heidnischen Mysterien als Antidotum gegen diesen Schrecken, als >affektive Inversion einer depressiven Mentalität der Angst. Die im Moses-Diskurs transportierten Themen der Idolatrie, des Gesetzes, der Esoterik, der Umkehr und des Spinozismus - allesamt Schlüsselprobleme der frühen Neuzeit - gehen im Sintflut-Diskurs ihre neuen und eigenen Verbindungen ein. Sintflut und Gedächtnis
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