Worse still, what the Bermuda voyagers had brought with them was nearly gone. The famished Jamestown residents (including at least one nursing mother and her infant, Anne Laydon and little Virginia) needed sustenance, and they needed it ...
Author: Virginia Bernhard
Publisher: University of Missouri Press
In 1609, two years after its English founding, colonists struggled to stay alive in a tiny fort at Jamestown.John Smith fought to keep order, battling both English and Indians. When he left, desperate colonists ate lizards, rats, and human flesh. Surviving accounts of the “Starving Time” differ, as do modern scholars’ theories. Meanwhile, the Virginia-bound Sea Venture was shipwrecked on Bermuda, the dreaded, uninhabited “Isle of Devils.” The castaways’ journals describe the hurricane at sea as well as murders and mutinies on land. Their adventures are said to have inspired Shakespeare’s The Tempest. A year later, in 1610, the Bermuda castaways sailed to Virginia in two small ships they had built. They arrived in Jamestown to find many people in the last stages of starvation; abandoning the colony seemed their only option. Then, in what many people thought was divine providence, three English ships sailed into Chesapeake Bay. Virginia was saved, but the colony’s troubles were far from over. Despite glowing reports from Virginia Company officials, disease, inadequate food, and fear of Indians plagued the colony. The company poured thousands of pounds sterling and hundreds of new settlers into its venture but failed to make a profit, and many of the newcomers died. Bermuda—with plenty of food, no native population, and a balmy climate—looked much more promising, and in fact, it became England’s second New World colony in 1612. In this fascinating tale of England’s first two New World colonies, Bernhard links Virginia and Bermuda in a series of unintended consequences resulting from natural disaster, ignorance of native cultures, diplomatic intrigue, and the fateful arrival of the first Africans in both colonies. Written for general as well as academic audiences, A Tale of Two Colonies examines the existing sources on the colonies, sets them in a transatlantic context, and weighs them against circumstantial evidence. From diplomatic correspondence and maps in the Spanish archives to recent archaeological discoveries at Jamestown, Bernhard creates an intriguing history. To weave together the stories of the two colonies, which are fraught with missing pieces, she leaves nothing unexamined: letters written in code, adventurers’ narratives, lists of Africans in Bermuda, and the minutes of committees in London. Biographical details of mariners, diplomats, spies, Indians, Africans, and English colonists also enrich the narrative. While there are common stories about both colonies, Bernhard shakes myth free from truth and illuminates what is known—as well as what we may never know—about the first English colonies in the New World.
Bermuda had been planted by the English since the disastrous hurricane that wrecked the Virginia - bound Sea ... Bermuda remained a focus of colonizing activity , although by the time these voyagers traveled in 1635 , Virginia had long ...
Author: Alison Games
Publisher: Harvard University Press
England's seventeenth-century colonial empire in North America and the Caribbean was created by migration. The quickening pace of this essential migration is captured in the London port register of 1635, the largest extant port register for any single year in the colonial period and unique in its record of migration to America and to the European continent. Alison Games analyzes the 7,500 people who traveled from London in that year, recreating individual careers, exploring colonial societies at a time of emerging viability, and delineating a world sustained and defined by migration. The colonial travelers were bound for the major regions of English settlement--New England, the Chesapeake, the West Indies, and Bermuda--and included ministers, governors, soldiers, planters, merchants, and members of some major colonial dynasties--Winthrops, Saltonstalls, and Eliots. Many of these passengers were indentured servants. Games shows that however much they tried, the travelers from London were unable to recreate England in their overseas outposts. They dwelled in chaotic, precarious, and hybrid societies where New World exigencies overpowered the force of custom. Patterns of repeat and return migration cemented these inchoate colonial outposts into a larger Atlantic community. Together, the migrants' stories offer a new social history of the seventeenth century. For the origins and integration of the English Atlantic world, Games illustrates the primary importance of the first half of the seventeenth century.
THOMAS ( WEST INDIES ) TO BERMUDA AND HALIFAX ( NOVA SCOTIA ) , AND BACK TO BERMUDA . At St. Thomas - The town of Charlotte Amalia - Importance of the island- English vessel in distress - Tow her into portLeave St. Thomas-- The first ...
90 FRAGMENTS OF pard , we were within a few days ' sail of the coast of America , and may then have been a hundred leagues or so to the north - westward of Bermuda ; consequently , still within the influence of the Gulf Stream , already ...
Author: Earl Thomas Brassey BrasseyPublish On: 1895
No policy can be more fatal than that of creating foreign stations in positions where they are not absolutely necessary , and steam and the telegraph have done something to lessen the relative importance of Bermuda .
LAST VIEW OF BERMUDA . Things very soon settled into their places in the new ship and under the new régime . It is , indeed , the very essence of a naval life to carry itself on with a degree of uniformity which looks like instinct ...
Containing Narratives of the Most Popular Voyages from the Time of Columbus to the Present Day; with Accounts of Remarkable Shipwrecks, Naval Adventures, the Whale-fishery, &c. and Illustrated by Fine ... A SCENE OFF BERMUDA .
The course in F in Winter you should passe through the chanell of or course Eastnortheast , and afterward East and by North , and so shall you passe by the South side of Bermuda : and you must take heede that you goe these foure hundred ...