The History of the International Polar Years (IPYs)

Author: Susan Barr,Cornelia Lüdecke

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642124020

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 8066

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Although international scientific cooperation - particularly in meteorology - was established previous to the first International Polar Year, the IPY-1 (1882-83) is considered to be the first revolutionary step towards an extensive international cooperation in the polar areas for the benefit of science rather than national prestige and territorial gain. This was followed by IPY-2 (1932-33) and IPY-3 - actually the International Geophysical Year (1957-58) - before the crowning effort of IPY-4 (2007-08). The history of these years is recounted here and explains the political, economic, technical and scientific conditions and expectations that laid the basis for each IPY and which gradually expanded both the scope and extent of our understanding of the complexities in polar regions
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Crustaceans and the Biodiversity Crisis

Proceedings of the Fourth International Crustacean Congress, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, July 20-24, 1998

Author: Frederick R. Schram,Jan Carel von Vaupel Klein

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004113879

Category: Science

Page: 1

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This important and extensive volume presents part of the Proceedings of the Fourth International Crustacean Congress held in Amsterdam in 1998. As the title implies, 'Crustaceans and the Biodiversity Crisis' was the general, underlying theme of all contributions at the congress. With the turn of the century, someone ought to 'assess the balance' of our natural environment and of the various branches of biology that study its rapidly declining diversity. From the five subthemes covered at the conference, those of (1) "Diversity in Time and Space" (including Systematics, Phylogeny, and Palaeontology), (2b) "Biogeography," (3c) "Larvae," and (4) "Physiology and Biochemistry" (including Molecular Biology and Genetics) are represented in this volume, along with a few contributions from other subthemes (e.g. (2a) "Invasive Crustacea," (3a) "Ecology," (3b) "Behaviour," and (5) "Fisheries and Aquaculture"). The book is primarily meant for scientists working at institutes involved in research on the group (Crustacea: marine, freshwater, or terrestrial) and/or the disciplines covered. Individual carcinologists working on one of the themes discussed in this volume, will find a wealth of interesting and timely contributions, as will other scientists working in marine or freshwater biology or in soil ecology.
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The Global Coastal Ocean

Interdisciplinary Regional Studies and Syntheses

Author: Allan R. Robinson,Kenneth H. Brink

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674021174

Category: Science

Page: 1567

View: 4462

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In multidisciplinary efforts to understand and manage our planet, contemporary ocean science plays an essential role. Volumes 13 and 14 of The Sea focus on two of the most important components in the field of ocean science today the coastal ocean and its interactions with the deep sea, and coupled physical-biogeochemical and ecosystem dynamics."
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Cold Ocean Physiology

Author: Hans-O. Pörtner,Richard C. Playle

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521039680

Category: Science

Page: 520

View: 6429

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Presents information about how animals have adapted to cope with life in freezing water.
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Antarctic Communities

Species, Structure and Survival

Author: Bruno Battaglia,Jose Valencia,International Council of Scientific Unions. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521480338

Category: Nature

Page: 464

View: 981

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The study of Antarctic communities can provide a valuable step forward in investigating the control of community development, the utilization of habitats and the interaction among species in both species rich and species poor communities. This book contains chapters characterizing the present approaches to both aquatic and terrestrial communities in the Antarctic. From biodiversity to trophic flows, from ecophysiological strategies to the impacts of environmental change and the effects of human disturbance, this volume provides an up to the minute overview of community studies in an area covering ten percent of the Earth's surface.
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Atlas of Antarctica

Topographic Maps from Geostatistical Analysis of Satellite Radar Altimeter Data

Author: Ute Christina Herzfeld

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642185150

Category: Science

Page: 365

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The atlas consists of 136 topographic maps derived from satellite radar altimetry (Geosat and ERS-1 data). Each map is presented together with a description of glaciologic and topographic features. The main section is preceded by an introduction and three up-to-date topics and followed by applications. Applications are in monitoring changes in Antarctic glaciers, ice streams and ice shelves, and in detailed regional studies of outlet glaciers of the inland ice. The reader will also find index maps, an exhaustive list of references on related subjects in glaciology, geodesy, geomathematics, remote sensing, and an index of the Antarctic place names.
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The Arctic Seas

Climatology, Oceanography, Geology, and Biology

Author: Yvonne Herman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461306779

Category: Science

Page: 888

View: 8419

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The Arctic region has long held a fascination for explorers and scientists of many countries. Despite the numerous voyages of exploration, the na ture of the central Arctic was unknown only 90 years ago; it was believed to be a shallow sea dotted with islands. During Nansen's historic voyage on the polarship Fram, which commenced in 1893, the great depth of the central basin was discovered. In the Soviet Union, investigation of the Arctic Ocean became national policy after 1917. Today research at several scientific institutions there is devoted primarily to the study of the North Polar Ocean and seas. The systematic exploration of the Arctic by the United States com menced in 1951. Research has been conducted year-round from drifting ice islands, which are tabular fragments of glacier ice that break away from ice shelves. Most frequently, ice islands originate off the northern coast of Ellesmere Island. These research platforms are occupied as weather sta tions, as well as for oceanographic and geophysical studies. Several inter national projects, conducted by Canadian, European, and U. S. groups, have been underway during the last three decades. Although much new data have accumulated since the publication of the Marine Geology and Oceanography of the Arctic Seas volume in 1974 (Yvonne Herman, ed. ), in various fields of polar research-including present-day ice cover, hydrogra phy, fauna, flora, and geology-many questions remain to be answered.
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