Becoming Bureaucrats

Socialization at the Front Lines of Government Service

Author: Zachary W. Oberfield

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812246160

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

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Bureaucrats are important symbols of the governments that employ them. Contrary to popular stereotypes, they determine much about the way policy is ultimately enacted and experienced by citizens. While we know a great deal about bureaucrats and their actions, we know little about their development. Are particular types of people drawn to government work, or are government workers forged by the agencies they work in? Put simply, are bureaucrats born, or are they made? In Becoming Bureaucrats, Zachary W. Oberfield traces the paths of two sets of public servants—police officers and welfare caseworkers—from their first day on the job through the end of their second year. Examining original data derived from surveys and in-depth interviews, along with ethnographic observations from the author's year of training and work as a welfare caseworker, Becoming Bureaucrats charts how public-sector entrants develop their bureaucratic identities, motivations, and attitudes. Ranging from individual stories to population-wide statistical analysis, Oberfield's study complicates the long-standing cliché that bureaucracies churn out bureaucrats with mechanical efficiency. He demonstrates that entrants' bureaucratic personalities evolved but remained strongly tied to the views, identities, and motives that they articulated at the outset of their service. As such, he argues that who bureaucrats become and, as a result, how bureaucracies function, depends strongly on patterns of self-selection and recruitment. Becoming Bureaucrats not only enriches our theoretical understanding of bureaucratic behavior but also provides practical advice to elected officials and public managers on building responsive, accountable workforces.
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Handbook of American Public Administration

Author: Edmund C. Stazyk,H. George Frederickson

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1786432072

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 8968

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This forward-thinking Handbook draws on the expertise of established and emerging scholars to provide a comprehensive review of the current state and future direction of theory and practice in US public administration. Chapters offer a cross-disciplinary, holistic review of the field, pulling together leaders from subfields such as public administration, public and nonprofit management, finance, human resource management, networks, nonprofits, policy, and politics. Chapter authors conclude that the field is intellectually rich and highly nuanced, but also identify numerous opportunities for growth and expansion in the coming years. The Handbook charts an agenda for future research in the field.The Handbook of American Public Administration is geared toward academics, researchers, and advanced graduate students. As an authoritative text on the history and state of US public administration, it proves equally suitable for national and international audiences. Practitioners who may be looking for background information or state-of-the-art knowledge about practice will also benefit from this Handbook.
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Research Handbook on Street-Level Bureaucracy

Author: Peter Hupe

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1786437635

Category: POLITICAL SCIENCE

Page: 552

View: 7212

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When the objectives of public policy programmes have been formulated and decided upon, implementation seems just a matter of following instructions. However, it is underway to the realization of those objectives that public policies get their final substance and form. Crucial is what happens in and around the encounter between public officials and individual citizens at the street level of government bureaucracy. This Research Handbook addresses the state of the art while providing a systematic exploration of the theoretical and methodological issues apparent in the study of street-level bureaucracy and how to deal with them.
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Frontline Delivery of Welfare-to-Work Policies in Europe

Activating the Unemployed

Author: Rik van Berkel,Dorte Caswell,Peter Kupka,Flemming Larsen

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317439694

Category: Political Science

Page: 220

View: 6218

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Welfare-to-work or activation policies refer to programmes aimed at promoting the employability, labour-market and social participation of benefit recipients of working age. Frontline workers delivering these policies are conceived of as policy implementers, as policy makers, and as actors mediating politics in an arena where conflicting interests are at stake. Frontline work plays a crucial role in determining what welfare-to-work practically means and how it affects the lives of the people it targets. Yet few books have deliberatively focused on comparing what happens when frontline workers, some of whom are professional social workers, meet clients. Pioneering the provision of scholarly reflections on both theoretical and policy relevance of studying frontline practices of delivering activation, internationally renowned researchers present the first comparative analysis of how activation policies are actually delivered by frontline staff in selected EU countries and in the United States. In trying to understand and interpret frontline practices in activation, each contribution provides insights into what ‘activation in practice’ looks like, what services are provided and how they are enacted. This involves examining processes of client selection, monitoring, sanctioning and motivating, as well as the role of external service providers. This book is an important acquisition for scholars and researchers of social policy, public administration, public management, social work and policy implementation.
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5 Steps to a 5 AP U.S. Government and Politics Flashcards

Author: Pamela K. Lamb

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071775137

Category: Study Aids

Page: 608

View: 7669

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Skill-building flashcards that provide 600 essential AP terms for easy memorization using the convenience of on-the-go study 5 Steps to a 5: AP U.S. Government and Politics Flashcards features 600 key terms that expert author Pamela Lamb has selected as ones that frequently appear on AP U.S. Government and Politics exams. This extra tool increases your knowledge and helps you achieve up to a maximum 5 score. You now have an additional way to master the key terms that are the basis of AP U.S. Government and Politics success, delivered in a format that is convenient for your lifestyle. Features: One term per card, so you can put the words in the order you desire Bulleted list of key information for each term Topics include: Architecture and Development of U.S. Government • Federalism • Political Culture • Political Parties • Voting and Elections • Interest Groups and the Mass Media • The Legislative Branch • The Executive Branch and the Bureaucracy • The National Judiciary • Civil Liberties and Civil Rights • The Politics and Public Policymaking
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Sociological Abstracts

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sociology

Page: N.A

View: 8242

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CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.
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Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Author: Union of International Associations

Publisher: De Gruyter Saur

ISBN: 9783598112256

Category: Civilization, Modern

Page: 1258

View: 1940

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The destruction of wildlife habitats ... organized crime ... AIDS ... illiteracy ... acid rain -- these are among the 130,000 topics documented and discussed in the new edition of the Encyclopedia. But its truly unique goal is to present this complex set of issues in ways that facilitate an organized response. To this end, the book also focuses on the complex relationship between problems and society's own ideological relationship with these problems. How do human priorities and perceptions aggravate or enable problems? What are the established and alternative responses? The Encyclopedia contains over 158,000 cross-references between entries, an extensive 91,000 practical key term index, bibliographies, and full cross-referencing to the Yearbook of International Organizations. For anyone concerned with the world community, here are the means to explore and participate in today's most crucial endeavors. Volume 1, World Problems, presents diverse perspectives on the nature, origin, and incidence of each issue, delving beneath news reports and official pronouncements to reveal subtle causative nuances such as psychological outlook, political inaction, scapegoating, and cover-ups.
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