Barriers to International Technology Transfer

Barriers to International Technology Transfer

The Nature of Barriers to Technology Transfer The chapters which follow offer perspectives on these developments from several different countries ... In another case , excessive legal control over the process of international licensing ...

Author: J. Kirkland

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792343603

Category: Reference

Page: 290

View: 235

The importance of technology transfer to innovation and wealth creation is now recog nised by most governments. As the policy debate has intensified, however, it has become clear that the problem of encouraging successful transfer is complex, and requires an interdisciplinary approach. The collection of papers in this volume is deliberately diverse. It offers perspectives from economics, sociology, science, engineering and public administration, and also from outside academic life, from those involved at the 'sharp end' of technology licensing and administering government research programmes. Contributions are also drawn from a rangeofnational backgrounds-the authors are drawn from ten countries, from through out Europe and North America. The main focus for the papers was a NATOAdvanced Study Workshop, which took place at the National Institute ofEconomic and Social Research, London, in September 1995. Unfortunately time and space has prevented all of the contributions appearing here, but all those who attended played an important role in making the event such a success. Thanks are also due to Dr Alain Jubier and his colleagues at NATO, without whose support and advice the seminarcould not have take place, to my fellow organising committee members Dr Katalin Balazs, Dr Linda Parker and Professor Steve Woolgar, and to Monica Miglior who, in addition to assisting in the conference organisation, pro vided detailed notes on sessions which helped greatly in later analysis.
Categories: Reference

Controlling International Technology Transfer

Controlling International Technology Transfer

Steele has thus summarized the major barriers to international technology transfer: 1. The investment barrier, arising out of lack of capital resources for building the needed plant or facility; 2. The adaptation barrier, which may ...

Author: Tagi Sagafi-Nejad

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781483153032

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 564

View: 158

Controlling International Technology Transfer: Issues, Perspectives, and Policy Implications discusses topics that concern technology transfer control. The book assesses related issues and perspectives, as well as examines alternative policy imperatives from different perspectives. The text is comprised of 15 chapters, which are organized into three parts. The first part contains Chapters 1 to 8 that tackle the underlying issues of technology transfer control, such as alternative channel and modes, the impact of new control systems, pricing, taxation, and business practices. The second part contains Chapters 9 to 14, which cover topics concerning policy perspectives and implication, such as control incentives, technology importing/exporting, and control systems. The last part contains Chapter 15, which provides a closing discussion regarding actors, issues, and alternatives. This book will be of great interest to readers who are concerned with the technology transfer systems.
Categories: Business & Economics

Low carbon Technology Transfer

Low carbon Technology Transfer

As for IPR issues in the wind power industry – as in other industries – there is evidence to suggest that IPRs are not so much of a barrier to international transfers of climate-friendly technologies as is commonly assumed, ...

Author: David G. Ockwell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781849712699

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 374

View: 911

Low carbon technology transfer to developing countries has been both a lynchpin and a stumbling block to a global deal on climate change. This book brings together the work of the world's leading contemporary researchers in this field.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

The Legal Barriers to Technology Transfer under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change

The Legal Barriers to Technology Transfer under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change

related to the nature of technologies such as unlimited and incomplete prices.92 In addition, the poor capacity of them is another barrier. (1) Motivation In the international technology transfer, it is not always needs exist but ...

Author: Chen Zhou

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811361395

Category: Law

Page: 274

View: 360

The book discusses climate technology transfer under the UNFCCC framework, and China’s relevant legislation and practices. It first explores theoretical basis of climate change-related technology transfer, with a particular focus on the differences between climate technology transfer and business-as-usual performance. The book then reviews practices of both technology supplier and user, in order to generally identify potential legal barriers and obstacles. Finally, it sheds light on China, providing a comprehensive assessment on barriers that hinder the trans-boundary transfers of low carbon technologies and need to be overcome in future. The issues concerned involve two of the most dynamic areas in current China’s lawmaking progress: environment laws and Intellectual Property laws. The book provides an in-depth analysis on China’s legislation and practices in this regard. At international level, the legal framework of climate technology transfer is examined in a systematic, prudent and constructive manner. On this basis, the book highlights potential commons, consistency and possible coordination between the UNFCCC and the WTO regime. This book is accessible to both Chinese and international environmental law specialists. It appeals to a broad readership, including environmental scientists, economists concerned with China’s intellectual property law, foreign investment law and anyone interested in the topic: how to green intellectual property rights regime for climate technology transfer in the China context.
Categories: Law

International Technology Transfer

International Technology Transfer

183 / Το date , their efforts to reduce barriers to international trade have been largely ineffective . 184 / Although the GATT negotiations do not attempt to establish actual standards , adoption of the contemplated code could both ...

Author: United States International Trade Commission

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112105131368

Category: Export controls

Page: 69

View: 196

Categories: Export controls

Multinationals Governments and International Technology Transfer RLE International Business

Multinationals  Governments and International Technology Transfer  RLE International Business

The second strand of theory used is the work by Michael Porter (1980) on competitive analysis, which is readily applicable in an international dimension. Here his emphasis on entry and exit barriers and the analysis of competitive ...

Author: Edward Safarian

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135126254

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 16

View: 583

This book examines the international technology transfer process and the role of both multinationals and host-country governments in that process, with emphasis on the experience of the more developed countries. It explores a range of issues and presents much original thinking and research findings. It discusses in particular the strategies of the multinationals, assessing how far they are willing to accept technology transfer to external partners (as opposed to subsidiaries which they can control). It also examines how far technical transfers are successful from the viewpoint of the firm and countries involved, arguing that governments are most likely to succeed in attracting multinational transfers if they are aware of and accommodate to some degree multinationals’ preferences.
Categories: Business & Economics

Overcoming Barriers to Technology Transfer and Business Commercialisation in Central and Eastern Europe

Overcoming Barriers to Technology Transfer and Business Commercialisation in Central and Eastern Europe

The first initiatives took place in the early 1990s , and as result , the International Technology Institute ( NETI ) , and a BIC – INNOSTART – were established . These organisations may provide efficient services to businesses in the ...

Author: Richard A.. Bendis

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 1586032607

Category:

Page: 276

View: 404

Categories:

Organizing Global Technology Flows

Organizing Global Technology Flows

What effects, ifany, has international technologytransfer had on the developmentof ICAM competitiveness? (3) What are the largest barriers that international technology transfers from automotive Sinoforeign joint ventures to ICAMs face?

Author: Pierre-Yves Donzé

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135013561

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 266

View: 722

Research on the international transfer of technology in economics and management literature has primarily focused on the role of countries and that of companies, in particular multinational enterprises (MNEs). Similarly, economic and business historians have tended to view international technology transfer as a way for economically ‘backward’ countries to acquire new technologies in order to catch up with more developed economies. This volume provides a more in-depth understanding of how the international transfer of technologies is organized and, in particular, challenges the core-periphery model that is still dominant in the extant literature. By looking beyond national systems of innovation, and statistics on foreign trade, patent registration and foreign direct investment, the book sheds more light on the variety of actors involved in the transfer process (including engineers, entrepreneurs, governments, public bodies, firms, etc.) and on how they make use of a broad set of national and international institutions facilitating technology transfer. Put differently, the volume offers a better understanding of the complexity of global technology flows by examining the role and actions of the different actors involved. By bringing together a number of original case studies covering many different countries over the period from the late 19th to the 21st century, the book demonstrates how technology is being transferred through complex processes, involving a variety of actors from several countries using the national and international institutional frameworks.
Categories: Business & Economics

ICIE 2016 Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship

ICIE 2016 Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship

H.F. Davidson et al, Leiden, The Netherland, Nordhoff International Publishing. Jung, W. (1980), Barriers to technology transfer and their elimination, Journal of Technology Transfer, 4(2). Kirk, R. J. (1969), Urban industrial growth ...

Author: Dr Kenneth A. Grant and Dr Sean Wise

Publisher: Academic Conferences and publishing limited

ISBN: 9781910810866

Category: Reference

Page: 440

View: 265

Categories: Reference

National Regulation of Space Activities

National Regulation of Space Activities

Barriers. to. International. Transfer. of. Space. Technology. International technology transfer shall be carried out taking into consideration the laws of Ukraine “On Foreign Economic Activities”, “On Scientific and Scientific-Technical ...

Author: Ram S. Jakhu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048190089

Category: Law

Page: 500

View: 723

The legal regime of outer space, as enshrined in the Declaration of Legal Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space (General Assembly Resolution 1962 (XVIII), adopted in 1963, and in the 1967 Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, while prohibiting the appropriation of space by any means, envisages exploration for the bene?t and in the interest of all countries on a basis of equality and in accordance with international law. Freedom of scienti?c investigation is also contemplated. Elaborating on these instruments, the Assembly in 1996 adopted the Declaration on International Cooperation in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space (RES 51/122), in which it called for heightened international co-operation, with part- ular attention to be given to the bene?t for and the interests of developing countries and countries with nascent space programmes. Thus, it is self-evident that the outer space regime, including the 1972 Liability Convention, envisages the conduct of national activities “for the bene?t and in the interests of all countries, irrespective of their degree of economic or scienti?c dev- opment”. In this regard, Article 6 of the 1967 Treaty not only provides for national activities in outer space, but for international responsibility whether such activities are carried out by governmental agencies or non-governmental entities, and aims at ensuring that national activities are conducted in conformity with the Treaty.
Categories: Law