Authoritarian Populism and the Rural World

Authoritarian Populism and the Rural World

The chapters in this book were originally published in The Journal of Peasant Studies.

Author: Ian Scoones

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000442069

Category: Political Science

Page: 526

View: 305

The rise of authoritarian, nationalist forms of populism and the implications for rural actors and settings is one of the most crucial foci for critical agrarian studies today, with many consequences for political action. Authoritarian Populism and the Rural World reflects on the rural origins and consequences of the emergence of authoritarian and populist leaders across the world, as well as on the rise of multi-class mobilisation and resistance, alongside wider counter-movements and alternative practices, which together confront authoritarianism and nationalist populism. The book includes 20 chapters written by contributors to the Emancipatory Rural Politics Initiative (ERPI), a global network of academics and activists committed to both reflective analysis and political engagement. Debates about ‘populism’, ‘nationalism’, ‘authoritarianism’ and more have exploded recently, but relatively little of this has focused on the rural dimensions. Yet, wherever one looks, the rural aspects are key – not just in electoral calculus, but in understanding underlying drivers of authoritarianism and populism, and potential counter-movements to these. Whether because of land grabs, voracious extractivism, infrastructural neglect or lack of services, rural peoples’ disillusionment with the status quo has had deeply troubling consequences and occasionally hopeful ones, as the chapters in this book show. The chapters in this book were originally published in The Journal of Peasant Studies.
Categories: Political Science

The Democracy Development Machine

The Democracy Development Machine

Nicholas Copeland sheds new light on rural politics in Guatemala and across neoliberal and post-conflict settings in The Democracy Development Machine.

Author: Nicholas Copeland

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9781501736070

Category: Social Science

Page: 282

View: 809

Nicholas Copeland sheds new light on rural politics in Guatemala and across neoliberal and post-conflict settings in The Democracy Development Machine. This historical ethnography examines how governmentalized spaces of democracy and development fell short, enabling and disfiguring an ethnic Mayan resurgence. In a passionate and politically engaged book, Copeland argues that the transition to democracy in Guatemalan Mayan communities has led to a troubling paradox. He finds that while liberal democracy is celebrated in most of the world as the ideal, it can subvert political desires and channel them into illiberal spaces. As a result, Copeland explores alternative ways of imagining liberal democracy and economic and social amelioration in a traumatized and highly unequal society as it strives to transition from war and authoritarian rule to open elections and free-market democracy. The Democracy Development Machine follows Guatemala's transition, reflects on Mayan involvement in politics during and after the conflict, and provides novel ways to link democratic development with economic and political development.
Categories: Social Science

Environmental Governance in a Populist Authoritarian Era

Environmental Governance in a Populist Authoritarian Era

The coming of environmental authoritarianism. ... Conference Authoritarian Populism and the Rural World, The Hague, The Netherlands, March 17–18.

Author: James McCarthy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000606553

Category: Political Science

Page: 394

View: 315

This volume explores the many and deep connections between the widespread rise of authoritarian leaders and populist politics in recent years, and the domain of environmental politics and governance – how environments are known, valued, and managed; for whose benefit; and with what outcomes. The volume is explicitly international in scope and comparative in design, emphasizing both the differences and commonalties to be seen among contemporary authoritarian and populist political formations and their relations to environmental governance. Prominent themes include the historical roots of and precedents for environmental governance in authoritarian and populist contexts; the relationships between populism and authoritarianism and extractivism and resource nationalism; environmental politics as an arena for questions of security and citizenship; racialization and environmental politics; the politics of environmental science and knowledge; and progressive political alternatives. In each domain, using rich case studies, contributors analyse what differences it makes when environmental governance takes place in authoritarian and populist political contexts. This book was originally published as a special issue of Annals of the American Association of Geographers.
Categories: Political Science

Necroclimatism in a Spectral World Dis order

Necroclimatism in a Spectral World  Dis order

Conference presentation delivered at the International Conference on Authoritarian Populism and the Rural World organised by the Emancipatory ...

Author: Nhemachena, Artwell

Publisher: Langaa RPCIG

ISBN: 9789956550463

Category: Political Science

Page: 416

View: 564

Highlighting the problematiques of working with a narrow version of greenhouse effects or global warming, this book posits the theory of necroclimatism that encompasses broader versions of greenhouse effects and global warming. Conceiving cultures, societies, moral sensibilities, epistemologies, polities, economies, legal systems and religions of the formerly colonised peoples as greenhoused and entrapped in the heat of global apartheid and neo-colonialism, the book refuses to be confined to the pufferies of physical conceptualisations of greenhousing and global warming. Underlining the supposed disposability and dispensability of colonised peoples, the notion of necroclimatism explicates ways in which some people suffer various forms of death, which have increasingly become a feature of global apartheid and neo-colonialism that are cast in spectral sacrificial logics. Deemed to constitute disposable bodies, disposable cultures, disposable polities, disposable societies, disposable epistemologies, disposable religions, disposable laws and disposable economies, the sacrificed are, in the age of climate catastrophism, once again reminded that they ‘have duties to die’, to become extinct in order to save the global spaceship that is sinking due to climate change and global warming. This book therefore argues that in a sacrificial world (dis)order, binaries between humans and animals, good and evil, moral and immoral, the dead and the living necessarily vanish in the nefarious logic of what marks the era of climate catastrophism and the attendant necroclimatism. The book further argues that a sacrificial world (dis)order is necessarily a posthumanist and postanthropocentric world (dis)order, which should be never granted space in African worlds and even beyond. The book thus, raises fundamental questions for African anticipatory regimes, and for this reason it is handy for scholars in political science, sociology, social anthropology, development studies, environmental studies, agricultural studies, legal studies, food science, geography, religious studies and decolonial fields of studies.
Categories: Political Science

Bite Back

Bite Back

3 (March 2005): 497–511, https://doi.org/10.1016/j. worlddev.2004.10.002; ... Authoritarian Populism,” Forum on Authoritarian Populism and the Rural World, ...

Author: Saru Jayaraman

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780520289352

Category: Food industry and trade

Page: 328

View: 782

"The food system is broken, but there is a revolution underway to fix it. Bite Back presents an urgent call and vision for disrupting corporate power in the food system, a vision shared with countless organizers and advocates worldwide. In this provocative and inspiring new book, editors Saru Jayaraman and Kathryn De Master bring together leading experts and activists who are challenging corporate power by addressing injustices in our food system, from wage inequality to environmental destruction to corporate bullying. Each topical section presents an overview of a problem related to corporate control of the food system and then offers the story of a successful organizing campaign that tackled the problem. This unique solutions-oriented book allows readers to explore the core contemporary challenges embedded in our food system and learn how people and communities can push back against corporate greed to benefit workers and consumers everywhere. It is essential reading for anyone interested in food today"--
Categories: Food industry and trade

Participation of Young People in Governance Processes in Africa

Participation of Young People in Governance Processes in Africa

Paper presented at the Emancipatory Rural Politics Initiative (ERPI) 2018 International Conference on Authoritarian Populism and the Rural World, ...

Author: Kurebwa, Jeffrey

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522593904

Category: Political Science

Page: 350

View: 341

Active political engagement requires the youth of today to begin their journeys now to be leaders of tomorrow. Young individuals are instrumental in providing valuable insight into issues locally as well as on a national and international level. Participation of Young People in Governance Processes in Africa examines the role of young peoples’ involvement in governance processes in Africa and demonstrates how they are engaging in active citizenship. There is an intrinsic value in upholding their right to participate in decisions that affect their daily lives and their communities, and the content within this publication supports this by focusing on topics such as good citizenship, youth empowerment, democratic awareness, political climate, and socio-economic development. It is designed for researchers, academics, policymakers, government officials, and professionals whose interests center on the engagement of youth in active citizenship roles.
Categories: Political Science

Fast Track Land Occupations in Zimbabwe

Fast Track Land Occupations in Zimbabwe

ERPI 2018 International Conference Authoritarian Populism and the Rural World Conference Paper No. 51 Mutopo P, Chiweshe MK (2014) Water resources and ...

Author: Kirk Helliker

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030663483

Category:

Page:

View: 879

Categories:

Converging Social Justice Issues and Movements

Converging Social Justice Issues and Movements

Clark, P. “Neo-developmentalism and a 'Vía Campesina' for Rural ... ERPI 2018 International Conference Authoritarian Populism and the Rural World, ...

Author: Tsegaye Moreda

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000048193

Category: Nature

Page: 218

View: 121

Converging Social Justice Issues and Movements argues that multiple contemporary converging crises have significantly altered the context for and object of political contestations around agrarian, climate, environmental and food justice issues. This shift affects alliances, collaboration and conflict among and between state and social forces, as well as within and between social movements. The actual implications and mechanisms by which these changes are happening are, to a large extent, empirical questions that need careful investigation. The majority of the discussions in this volume are dedicated to the issue of responses to the crises both by capitalist forces and those adversely affected by the crises, and the implications of these for academic research and political activist work. Interdisciplinary in nature, Converging Social Justice Issues and Movements will be of great use to scholars of agrarian politics, as well as climate and environmental justice studies. The chapters were originally published as a special issue in Third World Quarterly.
Categories: Nature

The Ecolaboratory

The Ecolaboratory

ERPI International Conference Authoritarian Populism and the Rural World, e Hague, March –. Levine, A. . “Convergence or Convenience?

Author: Robert Fletcher

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816540112

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 707

Despite its tiny size and seeming marginality to world affairs, the Central American republic of Costa Rica has long been considered an important site for experimentation in cutting-edge environmental policy. From protected area management to ecotourism to payment for environmental services (PES) and beyond, for the past half-century the country has successfully positioned itself at the forefront of novel trends in environmental governance and sustainable development. Yet the increasingly urgent dilemma of how to achieve equitable economic development in a world of ecosystem decline and climate change presents new challenges, testing Costa Rica’s ability to remain a leader in innovative environmental governance. This book explores these challenges, how Costa Rica is responding to them, and the lessons this holds for current and future trends regarding environmental governance and sustainable development. It provides the first comprehensive assessment of successes and challenges as they play out in a variety of sectors, including agricultural development, biodiversity conservation, water management, resource extraction, and climate change policy. By framing Costa Rica as an “ecolaboratory,” the contributors in this volume examine the lessons learned and offer a path for the future of sustainable development research and policy in Central America and beyond.
Categories: Social Science

Africa s Radicalisms and Conservatisms

Africa   s Radicalisms and Conservatisms

In Reclaiming the land: the resurgence of rural movements in Africa, ... ERPI 2018 International Conference - Authoritarian Populism and the Rural World.

Author:

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004445079

Category: Social Science

Page: 372

View: 198

This book features essays that untangle, express and discuss issues in and around the intersections of politics, social justice, intolerance, terrorism, minorities, poverty, and education, and as they relate to the two concepts of radicalisms and conservatisms in Africa.
Categories: Social Science

Resourcing an Agroecological Urbanism

Resourcing an Agroecological Urbanism

... of Emancipatory Rural Politics in Nicaragua, ERPI 2018 International Conference Authoritarian Populism and the Rural World, Conference Paper No.46.

Author: Chiara Tornaghi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429782367

Category: Social Science

Page: 250

View: 678

Foregrounding an innovative and radical perspective on food planning, this book makes the case for an agroecological urbanism in which food is a key component in the reinvention of new and just social arrangements and ecological practices. Building on state-of-the-art and participatory research on farming, urbanism, food policy and advocacy in the field of food system transformation, this book changes the way food planning has been conceptualised to date and invites the reader to fully embrace the transformative potential of an agroecological perspective. Bringing in dialogue from both the rural and urban, the producer and consumer, this book challenges conventional approaches that see them as separate spheres, whose problems can only be solved by a reconnection. Instead, it argues for moving away from a ‘food-in-the-city’ approach towards an ‘urbanism’ perspective, in which the economic and spatial processes that currently drive urbanisation will be unpacked and dissected, and new strategies for changing those processes into more equal and just ones are put forward. Drawing on the nascent field of urban political agroecology, this text brings together: i) theoretical re-conceptualisations of urbanism in relation to food planning and the emergence of new agrarian questions, ii) critical analysis of experimental methodologies and performing arts for public dialogue, reflexivity and food sovereignty research, iii) experiences of resourceful land management, including urban land use and land tenure change, and iv) theoretical and practical exploration of post-capitalist economics that bring consumers and producers together to make the case for an agroecological urbanism. Aimed at advanced students and academics in agroecology, sustainable food planning, urban geography, urban planning and critical food studies, this book will also be of interest to professionals and activists working with food systems in both the Global North and the Global South.
Categories: Social Science

Understanding Gender in the African Context

Understanding Gender in the African Context

Conference presentation delivered at the International Conference on Authoritarian Populism and the Rural World organised by the Emancipatory Rural Politics ...

Author: Kurebwa, Jeffrey

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781799828174

Category: Social Science

Page: 250

View: 612

One of the most significant dimensions of gender studies is that it is political. It raises questions about power in society and how and why power is differentially distributed between different genders. It asks questions about who has power over whom, in which situations, how power is exercised, and how it is, and can be, challenged. Different theories and perspectives within gender studies have different approaches to these questions and look for answers in different social processes. Many debates are on-going, as new data is revealed and new theories are put forth. Understanding Gender in the African Context is a scholarly reference that explores the complexities of the ideologies and social patterns that contribute to the field of gender studies. Featuring a range of topics such as human rights, feminism, and social media, this book is ideal for policymakers, sociologists, social scientists, civil society organizations, government officials, academicians, researchers, and students.
Categories: Social Science

Indigenous Wellbeing and Enterprise

Indigenous Wellbeing and Enterprise

... copper, tin or tungsten―emancipatory rural movements in Galiza have also ... at the “Authoritarian Populism and the Rural World” 2018 ERPI Conference.

Author: Rick Colbourne

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000753967

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 346

View: 276

In this book, we explore the economic wellbeing of Indigenous peoples globally through case studies that provide practical examples of how Indigenous wellbeing is premised on sustainable self- determination that is in turn dependent on a community’s evolving model for economic development, its cultural traditions, its relationship to its traditional territories and its particular spiritual practices. Adding to the richness, geographically these chapters cover North, Central and South America, Northern Europe, the Circumpolar Arctic, Southern Europe, the Middle East, Asia and Oceania and a resulting diverse set of Indigenous peoples. The book addresses key issues related to economic, environmental, social and cultural value creation activities and provides numerous examples and case studies of Indigenous communities globally which have successfully used entrepreneurship in the pursuit of sustainable development and wellbeing. Readers will gain practical understandings of the nature of sustainable economic development from a cross- section of case studies of Indigenous perspectives globally. The chapters map out the international development of Indigenous rights and the influence that this has had on Indigenous communities globally in asserting their sovereignty and acting on their rights to develop sustainable governance and economic development practices. Readers will develop insights into the intersection of Indigenous governance with sustainable practice and community wellbeing through practical case studies that explain the need for Indigenous- led economic development and governance strategies, which are responsive to local, regional, national and international realities in developing sustainable Indigenous economies focused on economic, environmental, social and cultural value creation. This book will be useful for Indigenous and non- Indigenous business students studying undergraduate business or MBA programs who seek to understand the global context and the varied experiences of Indigenous peoples in developing sustainable economic development strategies that promote community wellbeing.
Categories: Business & Economics

Land the State and the Unfinished Decolonisation Project in Africa

Land  the State and the Unfinished Decolonisation Project in Africa

“Land, Populism and Rural Politics in Zimbabwe”. ERPI 2018 International Conference - Authoritarian Populism and the Rural World Conference Paper No.

Author: Chitonge, Horman

Publisher: Langaa RPCIG

ISBN: 9789956550586

Category: Political Science

Page: 406

View: 202

This book focuses on the work of one of the leading African scholars on the land question and agrarian transformation in Africa—Sam Moyo. It offers a critical discussion, in conversation with Sam Moyo, of the land question and the response of African states. Since independence, African states have been trying to address the colonial legacy on land policy and governance. After six decades of formulating and implementing land reforms, most countries have not succeeded in decolonising approaches to land policy and the administrative framework. The book brings together the broader debates on the implications of decolonisation of Africa’s land policy. Through case studies from several African countries, the book offers an empirical analysis on land reforms and the emerging land relations, and how these affect land allocation and use, including agricultural production. Most of the chapters discuss how the unresolved land question in post-colonial Africa impacts on agricultural production and rural development broadly. The failure to decolonise colonial land policy and the imported tenure systems has left post-colonial African states dancing to two tunes, resulting in schizophrenic land and agrarian policies. The book demonstrates that the failure by African states to reconcile imported and indigenous land tenure systems and practices is evident in the deliberate denigration of customary tenure. It is also evident in the rising land inequality and the neglect of the agricultural sector, the small-scale and subsistence sub-sectors in particular.
Categories: Political Science

Indigenous Traditional and Non State Transitional Justice in Southern Africa

Indigenous  Traditional  and Non State Transitional Justice in Southern Africa

Conference Presentation Delivered at the International Conference on Authoritarian Populism and the Rural World organized by the Emancipatory Rural Politics ...

Author: Everisto Benyera

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781498592833

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 388

This book explores indigenous and traditional, non-state transitional justice mechanisms used in two South African countries where there were no formal transitional justice mechanisms after protracted violence. It details how communities delve into their history and modes of everyday living in order to resolve conflict and achieve reconciliation.
Categories: Political Science

Marxism and Decolonization in the 21st Century

Marxism and Decolonization in the 21st Century

Towards a new global anti-poverty agenda: Wider vision, broader instruments. ... the International Conference on Authoritarian Populism and the Rural World ...

Author: Sabelo J. Ndlovu-Gatsheni

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000411447

Category: Political Science

Page: 412

View: 735

Marxism and Decolonization in the 21st Century is a ground-breaking work that highlights the resurgence and insurgence of Marxism and decolonization, and the ways in which decolonization and decoloniality are grounded in the contributions of Black Marxism, the Radical Black tradition, and anti-colonial liberation traditions. Featuring leading and young scholars and activists, this book is a practical scholarly intervention that shows how democratic Marxism and decoloniality might converge to provoke planetary decolonization in the 21st century. At the centre of this process, enabled by both increasing human entanglements and the resilience of racism, the volume's contributors analyse converging forces of anti-imperialism, anti-colonialism, anti-patriarchy, anti-sexism, Indigenous People’s movements, eco-feminist formations, and intellectual movements levelled against Eurocentrism. This book will be of great interest to students, scholars, and intellectuals interested in Marxism, decolonization, and transnational activism.
Categories: Political Science

Climate Justice and Community Renewal

Climate Justice and Community Renewal

Paper presented at the ERPI 2018 International Conference Authoritarian Populism and the Rural World, The Hague, Netherlands. Moulton, A. A., & Machado ...

Author: Brian Tokar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000049213

Category: Political Science

Page: 252

View: 769

This book brings together the voices of people from five continents who live, work, and research on the front lines of climate resistance and renewal. The many contributors to this volume explore the impacts of extreme weather events in Africa, the Caribbean and on Pacific islands, experiences of life-long defenders of the land and forests in Brazil, India, Indonesia, and eastern Canada, and efforts to halt the expansion of fossil-fuel infrastructure from North America to South Africa. They offer various perspectives on how a just transition toward a fossil-free economy can take shape, as they share efforts to protect water resources, better feed their communities, and implement new approaches to urban policy and energy democracy. Climate Justice and Community Renewal uniquely highlights the accounts of people who are directly engaged in local climate struggles and community renewal efforts, including on-the-ground land defenders, community organizers, leaders of international campaigns, agroecologists, activist-scholars, and many others. It will appeal to students, researchers, activists, and all who appreciate the need for a truly justice-centered response to escalating climate disruptions.
Categories: Political Science

Populist Authoritarianism

Populist Authoritarianism

It proposes a theoretical framework of Populist Authoritarianism as the explanation of regime sustainability. The book draws empirical evidence from multiple public opinion surveys conducted from 1987 to 2014.

Author: Wenfang Tang

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190205799

Category: Political Science

Page: 220

View: 599

In Populist Authoritarianism Wenfang Tang develops a theory of why Chinese citizens support an authoritarian regime, employing a wealth of data taken from more than two decades' worth of national and cross national surveys. Although China has changed considerably on the surface in the post-Mao era, Tang points to notable continuity from the Chinese Communist Party's revolutionary experiences to its current governing style. He proposes a theoretical framework of "populist authoritarianism" which is characterized by Mass Line ideology accumulation of social capital, public political activism and contentious politics, a paranoid and hyper-responsive government, weak political and civic institutions and a high level of regime trust. The CCP currently enjoys strong public support but such a system is inherently vulnerable. Because drastic changes in public opinion cannot be filtered through political institutions such as elections and the rule of law, these changes can result in system wide political earthquakes. How is it, then that the Communist Party once led by Mao-which still adheres to the Marxist-Leninist and nationalist rhetoric of yore-continues to rule with little serious dissent? Marshaling the best evidence that is currently available populist Authoritarianism will reshape our understanding of why the Chinese regime persists despite decades of predictions of its demise.
Categories: Political Science

The Politics of Uncertainty

The Politics of Uncertainty

Notes 1 The global COVID-19 pandemic was unfolding as this book went to press. ... www.opendemocracy.net/en/authoritarian-populism-and-rural-world/ ...

Author: Ian Scoones

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000163407

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 196

View: 114

Why is uncertainty so important to politics today? To explore the underlying reasons, issues and challenges, this book’s chapters address finance and banking, insurance, technology regulation and critical infrastructures, as well as climate change, infectious disease responses, natural disasters, migration, crime and security and spirituality and religion. The book argues that uncertainties must be understood as complex constructions of knowledge, materiality, experience, embodiment and practice. Examining in particular how uncertainties are experienced in contexts of marginalisation and precarity, this book shows how sustainability and development are not just technical issues, but depend deeply on political values and choices. What burgeoning uncertainties require lies less in escalating efforts at control, but more in a new – more collective, mutualistic and convivial – politics of responsibility and care. If hopes of much-needed progressive transformation are to be realised, then currently blinkered understandings of uncertainty need to be met with renewed democratic struggle. Written in an accessible style and illustrated by multiple case studies from across the world, this book will appeal to a wide cross-disciplinary audience in fields ranging from economics to law to science studies to sociology to anthropology and geography, as well as professionals working in risk management, disaster risk reduction, emergencies and wider public policy fields.
Categories: Business & Economics

Rural protest groups and populist political parties

Rural protest groups and populist political parties

However, the FN has retained most of its core authoritarian, nativist and ... the French FN finds no historical legacy in the rural world.1 The FN emerged ...

Author: Dirk Strijker

Publisher: Wageningen Academic Publishers

ISBN: 9789086868070

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 893

Some agricultural or rural protest groups in the Western world evolved into political parties - often of a populist nature - whereas others did not. This book is the first to explore under which conditions this happens, and to what extent current populist parties have agricultural or rural ties and related agendas. Well-known authors with a background in rural studies or in political sciences describe and analyse the situation in a number of Western countries (the United Kingdom, France, Poland, Austria, the Netherlands, Australia, Finland). The contributions in this book show that the accessibility and responsiveness of the political system and the institutionalized agrarian interest groups, as well as the existing political landscape, are influencing the decisions of rural protest groups to found a political party. However, nowadays the chances of these parties being successful are small due to the declining share of the agricultural sector within European societies. Although there will always be grounds for agrarian protest, it seems safe to say that the heyday of agrarian populism is over.
Categories: Social Science