Atmospheres and Oceans on Computers

Author: Lars Petter Røed

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319938649

Category: Earth sciences

Page: 275

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This textbook introduces step by step the basic numerical methods to solve the equations governing the motion of the atmosphere and ocean, and describes how to develop a set of corresponding instructions for the computer as part of a code. Today's computers are powerful enough to allow 7-day forecasts within hours, and modern teaching of the subject requires a combination of theoretical and computational approaches. The presentation is aimed at beginning graduate students intending to become forecasters or researchers, that is, users of existing models or model developers. However, model developers must be well versed in the underlying physics as well as in numerical methods. Thus, while some of the topics discussed in the modeling of the atmosphere and ocean are more advanced, the book ensures that the gap between those scientists who analyze results from model simulations and observations and those who work with the inner works of the model does not widen further. In this spirit, the course presents methods whereby important balance equations in oceanography and meteorology, namely the advection-diffusion equation and the shallow water equations on a rotating Earth, can be solved by numerical means with little prior knowledge. The numerical focus is on the finite-difference (FD) methods, and although more powerful methods exist, the simplicity of FD makes it ideal as a pedagogical introduction to the subject. The book also includes suitable exercises and computer problems.
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Radiative Transfer in the Atmosphere and Ocean

Author: Gary E. Thomas,Knut Stamnes

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521890618

Category: Science

Page: 517

View: 545

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Provides a foundation of the theoretical and practical aspects of radiative transfer, for the atmospheric, oceanic and environmental sciences.
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Cloud Computing in Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences

Author: Tiffany C Vance,Nazila Merati,Chaowei Yang,May Yuan

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 012803193X

Category: Science

Page: 454

View: 1366

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Cloud Computing in Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences provides the latest information on this relatively new platform for scientific computing, which has great possibilities and challenges, including pricing and deployments costs and applications that are often presented as primarily business oriented. In addition, scientific users may be very familiar with these types of models and applications, but relatively unfamiliar with the intricacies of the hardware platforms they use. The book provides a range of practical examples of cloud applications that are written to be accessible to practitioners, researchers, and students in affiliated fields. By providing general information on the use of the cloud for oceanographic and atmospheric computing, as well as examples of specific applications, this book encourages and educates potential users of the cloud. The chapters provide an introduction to the practical aspects of deploying in the cloud, also providing examples of workflows and techniques that can be reused in new projects. Provides real examples that help new users quickly understand the cloud and provide guidance for new projects Presents proof of the usability of the techniques and a clear path to adoption of the techniques by other researchers Includes real research and development examples that are ideal for cloud computing adopters in ocean and atmospheric domains
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Thermodynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans

Author: Judith A. Curry,Peter J. Webster

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780121995706

Category: Medical

Page: 471

View: 4104

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Thermodynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans presents the first systematic and unifying approach to the thermodynamics of the atmosphere and the ocean and establishes the interrelationship between these subjects. This simultaneous examination of the thermodynamics of the atmosphere and the ocean enriches our understanding of both, and is essential in many issues such as forecasting severe weather and understanding climate variability. Thermodynamics in Atmospheres and Oceans will serve as a text for introductory graduate and advanced undergraduate courses in atmospheric science and oceanography. The logical presentation of formulas, diagrams, and tables will prove valuable to researchers, practicing scientists and engineers working in the field.
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Remote Sensing of atmospheres and Oceans

Author: Adarsh Deepak

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323143857

Category: Science

Page: 656

View: 3594

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Remote Sensing of Atmospheres and Oceans presents the technical proceedings of a workshop on the interpretation of remotely sensed data, held in Williamsburg, Virginia in May 1979. The main topic of the workshop is the interpretation and assessment of measurements acquired in remote sounding of different atmospheric and ocean parameters. The book contains 25 papers that cover the following topics: remote sounding of atmospheric temperature; trace gases; precipitation and aerosols; sea surface temperature; ocean color; and winds. These papers are grouped into eight parts under major topics such as inversion methods, aerosol sounding, remote sounding, gaseous constituent retrievals, and interpretation of results from space. The text is a valuable source of information to students and professionals in the fields of atmospheric physics, applied science, meteorology, and engineering.
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Modeling Atmospheric and Oceanic Flows

Insights from Laboratory Experiments and Numerical Simulations

Author: Thomas von Larcher,Paul D. Williams

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118855922

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 9743

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Modeling Atmospheric and Oceanic Flows: Insights from LaboratoryExperiments and Numerical Simulations provides a broad overview ofrecent progress in using laboratory experiments and numericalsimulations to model atmospheric and oceanic fluid motions. Thisvolume not only surveys novel research topics in laboratoryexperimentation, but also highlights recent developments in thecorresponding computational simulations. As computing power growsexponentially and better numerical codes are developed, theinterplay between numerical simulations and laboratory experimentsis gaining paramount importance within the scientific community.The lessons learnt from the laboratory–model comparisons inthis volume will act as a source of inspiration for the nextgeneration of experiments and simulations. Volume highlightsinclude: Topics pertaining to atmospheric science, climatephysics, physical oceanography, marine geology and geophysics Overview of the most advanced experimental andcomputational research in geophysics Recent developments in numerical simulations ofatmospheric and oceanic fluid motion Unique comparative analysis of the experimentaland numerical approaches to modeling fluid flow Modeling Atmospheric and Oceanic Flows will be a valuableresource for graduate students, researchers, and professionals inthe fields of geophysics, atmospheric sciences, oceanography,climate science, hydrology, and experimental geosciences.
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The Physics of Atmospheres

Author: John Houghton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521011228

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 6220

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Third edition of John Houghton's acclaimed textbook for advanced undergraduate/graduate courses in atmospheric science.
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El Nino, La Nina, and the Southern Oscillation

Author: S. George Philander

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080570983

Category: Science

Page: 293

View: 9794

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El Nino and the Southern Oscillation is by far the most striking phenomenon caused by the interplay of ocean and atmosphere. It can be explained neither in strictly oceanographic nor strictly meteorological terms. This volume provides a brief history of the subject, summarizes the oceanographic and meteorological observations and theories, and discusses the recent advances in computer modeling studies of the phenomenon. Includes a comprehensive and up-to-date research survey Discusses in detail sophisticated computer models Provides a clear exposition of the major problems which prevent more accurate predictions of El Nino
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Advanced Computers

Parallel and Biochip Processors

Author: Norman W. Lord

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 155

View: 5005

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