Astrobiology Future Perspectives

Astrobiology  Future Perspectives

This book is focused on abiogenic organic matter from the viewpoint of astronomy and planetary science and considers its potential relevance to the origins of life on Earth and elsewhere.

Author: P. Ehrenfreund

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402023057

Category: Science

Page: 518

View: 880

Astrobiology, a new exciting interdisciplinary research field, seeks to unravel the origin and evolution of life wherever it might exist in the Universe. The current view of the origin of life on Earth is that it is strongly connected to the origin and evolution of our planet and, indeed, of the Universe as a whole. We are fortunate to be living in an era where centuries of speculation about the two ancient and fundamental problems: the origin of life and its prevalence in the Universe are being replaced by experimental science. The subject of Astrobiology can be approached from many different perspectives. This book is focused on abiogenic organic matter from the viewpoint of astronomy and planetary science and considers its potential relevance to the origins of life on Earth and elsewhere. Guided by the review papers in this book, the concluding chapter aims to identify key questions to motivate future research and stimulate astrobiological applications of current and future research facilities and space missions. Today’s rich array of new spacecraft, telescopes and dedicated scientists promises a steady flow of discoveries and insights that will ultimately lead us to the answers we seek.
Categories: Science

Handbook of Astrobiology

Handbook of Astrobiology

In Astrobiology: Future Perspective Ehrenfreund, P. et al. (Eds.) New evidence for
the antiquity of life. Science 260: 640–646. Schopf, J. W. 1999. Cradle of Life: The
Discovery of Earth's Earliest Fossils. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Author: Vera M. Kolb

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351661119

Category: Science

Page: 866

View: 387

Choice Recommended Title, August 2019 Read an exclusive interview with Professor Vera Kolb here. Astrobiology is the study of the origin, evolution, distribution, and future of life on Earth. This exciting and significant field of research also investigates the potential existence and search for extra-terrestrial life in the Solar System and beyond. This is the first handbook in this burgeoning and interdisciplinary field. Edited by Vera Kolb, a highly respected astrobiologist, this comprehensive resource captures the history and current state of the field. Rich in information and easy to use, it assumes basic knowledge and provides answers to questions from practitioners and specialists in the field, as well as providing key references for further study. Features: Fills an important gap in the market, providing a comprehensive overview of the field Edited by an authority in the subject, with chapters written by experts in the many diverse areas that comprise astrobiology Contains in-depth and broad coverage of an exciting field that will only grow in importance in the decades ahead
Categories: Science

Perspectives in Astrobiology

Perspectives in Astrobiology

Astrobiology is the multi-disciplinary field devoted to the investigation of the origin
; physical, chemical and ... (e.g., meteorites, interstellar dust particles and
samples returned from future space flight missions to comets, asteroids and Mars
).

Author: R.B. Hoover

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781607501152

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 416

Astrobiology is the multi-disciplinary field devoted to the investigation of the origin; physical, chemical and environmental limitations; and the distribution in space and time of life on Earth and in the Cosmos. Astrobiology seeks an answer to one of the most fundamental of all questions: Is Life Restricted to Planet Earth or is Life a Cosmic Imperative? Understanding the characteristics, properties, habits and diversity of living organisms on Earth is crucial to determine where and how to search for evidence of life elsewhere. New techniques and methodologies must be developed in order to determine a suitable suite of valid biomarkers that is needed to facilitate the differentiation of abiotic processes from true signatures of life. This is crucial to establish the criteria needed to properly evaluate potential biosignatures in ancient Earth rocks and in a wide variety of Astromaterials. This volume includes papers treating many of these topics. They range from considerations of relict microbial communities of extreme environments to complex organic molecules. Other papers discuss the use of stable isotopes and their biological fractionation as a baseline for evaluating extraterrestrial evidence and the use of chirality and composition of indigenous amino acids for differentiating between terrestrial and extraterrestrial organic matter in Astromaterials. Also treated in this volume are geomorph parallels, sediment patterns, and cyclicities in permafrost sediments of Earth and Mars; the survival of bacteria in space, eclipsing binaries and advanced DNA and protein chip technology for future robotic missions to search for life in the Solar System.
Categories: Science

Exploring the Origin Extent and Future of Life

Exploring the Origin  Extent  and Future of Life

Richard O. Randolph 15.1 Why should we care about Christian ethical
perspectives on astrobiology? Why should we care about a Christian ethical
perspective on astrobiology? After all, the world is becoming an increasingly
pluralistic society, ...

Author: Constance M. Bertka

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139480673

Category: Science

Page:

View: 111

Where did we come from? Are we alone? Where are we going? These are the questions that define the field of astrobiology. New discoveries about life on Earth, the increasing numbers of extrasolar planets being identified, and the technologies being developed to locate and characterize Earth-like planets around other stars are continually challenging our views of nature and our connection to the rest of the universe. In this book, philosophers, historians, ethicists, and theologians provide the perspectives of their fields on the research and discoveries of astrobiology. A valuable resource for graduate students and researchers, the book provides an introduction to astrobiology, and explores subjects such as the implications of current origin of life research, the possible discovery of extraterrestrial microbial life, and the possibility of altering the environment of Mars.
Categories: Science

Habitability of the Universe before Earth

Habitability of the Universe before Earth

Astrobiology: Exploring Life on Earth and Beyond (series) ... J., Brucato, J.R.,
Colangeli, L., Derenne, S., Dutrey, A., Despois, D., Lazcano, A., Robert, F. (Eds.),
Astrobiology: Future Perspectives, Astrophysics and Space Science Library, vol.

Author:

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128119419

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 969

Habitability of the Universe before Earth: Astrobiology: Exploring Life on Earth and Beyond (series) examines the times and places—before life existed on Earth—that might have provided suitable environments for life to occur, addressing the question: Is life on Earth de novo, or derived from previous life? The universe changed considerably during the vast epoch between the Big Bang 13.8 billion years ago and the first evidence of life on Earth 4.3 billion years ago, providing significant time and space to contemplate where, when and under what circumstances life might have arisen. No other book covers this cosmic time period from the point of view of its potential for life. The series covers a broad range of topics encompassing laboratory and field research into the origins and evolution of life on Earth, life in extreme environments and the search for habitable environments in our solar system and beyond, including exoplanets, exomoons and astronomical biosignatures. Provides multiple hypotheses on the origin of life and distribution of living organisms in space Explores the diversity of physical environments that may support the origin and evolution of life Integrates contemporary views in biology and cosmology, and provides reasons that life is far more mobile in space than most people expect Includes access to a companion web site featuring supplementary information such as animated computer simulations
Categories: Science

Instruments Methods and Missions for Astrobiology

Instruments  Methods  and Missions for Astrobiology

Invited Paper ESA exobiology activities : present status , future perspectives P . F
. Clancy ESA / ESTEC Keplerlaan 1 2200 AG Noordwijk The Netherlands
ABSTRACT As a follow - on to existing exobiology activities in low earth orbit ,
ESA ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015043102832

Category: Exobiology

Page:

View: 730

Categories: Exobiology

Lectures in Astrobiology

Lectures in Astrobiology

Perspectives. From the viewpoint of the astronomer, the concept of habitability
has to be considered with regards to ... and below the icy crust of Europa, which
makes these two bodies high-priority targets for future astrobiological missions.

Author: Muriel Gargaud

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540336921

Category: Science

Page: 669

View: 912

First comprehensive, beginning graduate level book on the emergent science of astrobiology.
Categories: Science

Astrobiology History and Society

Astrobiology  History  and Society

She is the editor of Exploring the Origin, Extent, and Future of Life: Philosophical,
Ethical, and Theological Perspectives. Danielle Briot, Ph.D., is an astronomer at
the Paris-Meudon Observatory. She first specialized in the spectroscopy of Be ...

Author: Douglas A. Vakoch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642359835

Category: Science

Page: 375

View: 350

This book addresses important current and historical topics in astrobiology and the search for life beyond Earth, including the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI). The first section covers the plurality of worlds debate from antiquity through the nineteenth century, while section two covers the extraterrestrial life debate from the twentieth century to the present. The final section examines the societal impact of discovering life beyond Earth, including both cultural and religious dimensions. Throughout the book, authors draw links between their own chapters and those of other contributors, emphasizing the interconnections between the various strands of the history and societal impact of the search for extraterrestrial life. The chapters are all written by internationally recognized experts and are carefully edited by Douglas Vakoch, professor of clinical psychology at the California Institute of Integral Studies and Director of Interstellar Message Composition at the SETI Institute. This interdisciplinary book will benefit everybody trying to understand the meaning of astrobiology and SETI for our human society.
Categories: Science

Astrobiology

Astrobiology

... Dutrey , A. , session on astrobiology that will be held during Fraaije , H. ,
Lazcano , A. , and Robert , F. , eds . ( 2004 ) Asthe Second West Pomeranian
Congress of Sci trobiology : Future Perspectives , Kluwer Academic Pubence , in
Szczecin ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105122114874

Category: Exobiology

Page:

View: 834

Categories: Exobiology

Assessment of the NASA Astrobiology Institute

Assessment of the NASA Astrobiology Institute

... developing the field of astrobiology, both from the perspective of NAI members
and from that of the larger community of NASA-supported scientists. The goal of
this review is to help guide NASA in assessing and shaping the future of the NAI,
 ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309114974

Category: Science

Page: 80

View: 658

Astrobiology is a scientific discipline devoted to the study of life in the universe - its origin, evolution, distribution, and future. In 1997, NASA established an Astrobiology program (the NASA Astrobiology Institute - NAI) as a result of a series of new results from solar system exploration and astronomical research in the mid-1990s together with advances in the biological sciences. To help evaluate the NAI, NASA asked the NRC to review progress made by the Institute in developing the field of astrobiology. This book presents an evaluation of NAI's success in meeting its goals for fostering interdisciplinary research, training future astrobiology researchers, providing scientific and technical leadership, exploring new research approaches with information technology, and supporting outreach to K-12 education programs.
Categories: Science

Astrobiology of Earth

Astrobiology of Earth

The Emergence, Evolution and Future of Life on a Planet in Turmoil Joseph Gale.
2. The. universe. from. the. perspective. of. biology. Life exists in the universe;
humans and other life forms on Earth are all the evidence required. The central ...

Author: Joseph Gale

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199205806

Category: Science

Page: 245

View: 998

Astrobiology of Earth studies the fortuitous combination of numerous cosmic factors that together produced the special environment which enabled the emergence, persistence and evolution of life on our own planet, culminating in humanity. This environment has been subject to constant and chaotic change during life's 3.6 billion year history. The geologically very recent appearance of humans and their effect on the biosphere isdiscussed in relation to its deterioration as well as climate change. The search for extraterrestrial life is considered with a view to the suggestion that humans may escape a depleted Earth by colonizing the universe.
Categories: Science

Chemical Evolution of the Universe

Chemical Evolution of the Universe

Abbaye de St. Jacut, Brittany, 24-26 April 2006 Philip Earis. 12 F . Cataldo , in
Astrobiology : Future Perspectives , ed . Ehrenfreund et al . , Astrophysics and
Space Science Library 305 , Kluwer Academic Publishers , Dordrecht , 2004 , pp
.

Author: Philip Earis

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X030166996

Category: Cosmochemistry

Page: 466

View: 865

Categories: Cosmochemistry

Complete Course in Astrobiology

Complete Course in Astrobiology

As outlook, some experiments are described that could be carried out onboard
future missions to the Jupiter system and its moon Europa in order to resolve
some of the important issues related to putative habitability in the outer Solar
System.

Author: Gerda Horneck

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527619009

Category: Science

Page: 434

View: 809

This up-to-date resource is based on lectures developed by experts in the relevant fields and carefully edited by the leading astrobiologists within the European community. Aimed at graduate students in physics, astronomy and biology and their lecturers, the text begins with a general introduction to astrobiology, followed by sections on basic prebiotic chemistry, extremophiles, and habitability in our solar system and beyond. A discussion of astrodynamics leads to a look at experimental facilities and instrumentation for space experiments and, ultimately, astrobiology missions, backed in each case by the latest research results from this fascinating field. Includes a CD-ROM with additional course material.
Categories: Science

Archean Geodynamics and Environments

Archean Geodynamics and Environments

Westall , F. ( 2004 ) , Early life on earth : The ancient fossil record , in Astrobiology
: Future Perspectives , edited by P. Ehrenfreund , P. , et al . , pp . 287-316 ,
Kluwer , Dordrecht , The Netherlands . Westall , F. ( 2005a ) , Life on the early
Earth ...

Author: Keith Benn

Publisher: American Geophysical Union

ISBN: UCSD:31822033845371

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 330

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 164. The Archean Eon represents 1.3 Gyr of Earth's distant past, from about 3.8 Ga to 2.5 Ga—nearly one third of our planet's history. It was during the Archean that a regime of global geodynamics was established, resulting in the formation and recycling of the first lithosphere, as well as the formation, growth, deformation, differentiation, emergence, and erosion of continents. By the end of the Archean, Earth had reached a geodynamic regime dominated by plate tectonic processes. The consequent environments, at and near Earth's surface, included the different niches within which early life forms evolved. It is to the Archean evolution of Earth that we now look to better understand many of the processes that shaped the planet, as we know it.
Categories: Science

Philosophical Transactions

Philosophical Transactions

In Astrobiology : future perspectives ( ed . P. Ehrenfreund ) , pp . 287–316 .
Dordrecht , The Netherlands : Kluwer . Westall , F. 2005 Life on the early Earth : a
sedimentary view . Science 308 , 366–367 . ( doi : 10.1126 / science.1107227 ) ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105123091311

Category: Biology

Page:

View: 278

Each issue of Transactions B is devoted to a specific area of the biological sciences, including clinical science. All papers are peer reviewed and edited to the highest standards. Published on the 29th of each month, Transactions B is essential reading for all biologists.
Categories: Biology

Lectures in Astrobiology

Lectures in Astrobiology

6.5 Conclusions and Perspectives The search for information pertaining to the
early evolution of the Earth , and the ... Looking into the future , such
developments are of vital importance in preparing laboratory techniques for the
analysis of ...

Author: Bernard Barbier

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540290052

Category: Science

Page: 530

View: 958

This is the first of a divided two-part softcover edition of the "Lectures in Astrobiology Volume I" containing the sections "General Introduction", "The Early Earth and Other Cosmic Habitats for Life" and "Appendices" including an extensive glossary on Astrobiology. "Lectures in Astrobiology" is the first comprehensive textbook at graduate level encompassing all aspects of the emerging field of astrobiology. Volume I of the Lectures in Astrobiology gathers a first set of extensive lectures that cover a broad range of topics, from the formation of solar systems to the quest for the most primitive life forms that emerged on the Early Earth.
Categories: Science

Annual Report

Annual Report

Spaans , M . , The Synthesis of the Elements and the Formation of Stars , in :
Astrobiology : Future Perspectives ( Ehrenfreund et al . ed . ) , p . 1 - 16 , Kluwer
Academic Publishers , Dordrecht , 2004 . Spoon , H . W . W . , Armus , L . , Cami ,
J .

Author: Kapteyn Instituut

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSC:32106020479058

Category: Astronomy

Page:

View: 640

Categories: Astronomy

American Book Publishing Record

American Book Publishing Record

( Geophysical monograph ; 165 ) Contents : Solar eruptions and energetic
particles – Historical perspective on coronal mass ejections ... 523 Specific
Celestial Bodies & Phenomena SHAW , Andrew M. 523.02 Astrochemistry : from
astronomy to astrobiology / Andrew M. Shaw . ... A swirl of space dust A yellow
dwarf The many layered star Lifespan of the sun Spaceships to the sun Solar
energy : the future .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015066180418

Category: American literature

Page:

View: 579

Categories: American literature

Future Perspectives of Space Plasma and Particle Instrumentation and International Collaborations

Future Perspectives of Space Plasma and Particle Instrumentation and International Collaborations

The main objective of this orbiter is the technology establishment of future outer
planetary orbiters , beyond the heritage of the past planetary projects of ISAS and
JAXA , the ... The astrobiology topics might be included as an optional target .

Author: Masafumi Hirahara

Publisher: Amer Inst of Physics

ISBN: UCSD:31822037778347

Category: Science

Page: 239

View: 522

Future perspectives on space-borne/ground-based state-of-the-art scientific instruments, exploration space missions, and advanced modeling/simulation methods, are intensively discussed from multilateral viewpoints regarding solar-terrestrial physics, space plasma, upper atmospheric observations for the Earth and planets. In addition to innovative technologies, international collaborations have been getting more essential and crucial factors in the space observations/missions. The novel concept, strategy, and promotion in these international collaborations are also main subjects of this conference.
Categories: Science

Evolution and the Emergent Self

Evolution and the Emergent Self

... Common Origins to the Future of Humanity, Advances in Astrobiology and
Biogeophysics (New York: Springer-Verlag, ... Astrobiology: A Brief Introduction (
Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006); Bennett, Cosmic Perspective,
6th ...

Author: Raymond L. Neubauer

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231521680

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 515

Evolution and the Emergent Self is an eloquent and evocative new synthesis that explores how the human species emerged from the cosmic dust. Lucidly presenting ideas about the rise of complexity in our genetic, neuronal, ecological, and ultimately cosmological settings, the author takes readers on a provocative tour of modern science's quest to understand our place in nature and in our universe. Readers fascinated with "Big History" and drawn to examine big ideas will be challenged and enthralled by Raymond L. Neubauer's ambitious narrative. How did humans emerge from the cosmos and the pre-biotic Earth, and what mechanisms of biological, chemical, and physical sciences drove this increasingly complex process? Neubauer presents a view of nature that describes the rising complexity of life in terms of increasing information content, first in genes and then in brains. The evolution of the nervous system expanded the capacity of organisms to store information, making learning possible. In key chapters, the author portrays four species with high brain:body ratios—chimpanzees, elephants, ravens, and dolphins—showing how each species shares with humans the capacity for complex communication, elaborate social relationships, flexible behavior, tool use, and powers of abstraction. A large brain can have a hierarchical arrangement of circuits that facilitates higher levels of abstraction. Neubauer describes this constellation of qualities as an emergent self, arguing that self-awareness is nascent in several species besides humans and that potential human characteristics are embedded in the evolutionary process and have emerged repeatedly in a variety of lineages on our planet. He ultimately demonstrates that human culture is not a unique offshoot of a language-specialized primate, but an analogue of fundamental mechanisms that organisms have used since the beginning of life on Earth to gather and process information in order to buffer themselves from fluctuations in the environment. Neubauer also views these developments in a cosmic setting, detailing open thermodynamic systems that grow more complex as the energy flowing through them increases. Similar processes of increasing complexity can be found in the "self-organizing" structures of both living and nonliving forms. Recent evidence from astronomy indicates that planet formation may be nearly as frequent as star formation. Since life makes use of the elements commonly seeded into space by burning and expiring stars, it is reasonable to speculate that the evolution of life and intelligence that happened on our planet may be found across the universe.
Categories: Science