The Earth ``is close to dangerous climate change, to tipping points of the system
with the potential for irreversible deleterious eects FFF The planet is on the verge
of dramatic climate change.'' We ``are forced to ®nd a way to limit atmospheric ...
Author: Donald Rapp
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
In this book Donald Rapp provides a balanced assessment of global warming, tending neither to the views of alarmists or nay-sayers. Rapp has the ability to move into a highly technical field, assimilate the content, organize the knowledge base and succinctly describe the field, its content, its unresolved issues and achievements. This is precisely what he does in this book in relation to global climate change. As such his approach is refreshingly different.
Author: Kenneth D. FrederickPublish On: 2012-12-06
The interactions between spatial and temporal scales of forest systems used to assess climate changes on Balsam woolly aphid, which affects the spruce-fir
ecosystem. how changes in fir density over time can affect the forest ecosystem.
Author: Kenneth D. Frederick
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This volume characterizes the current state of natural science and socioeconomic modeling of the impacts of climate change and current climate variability on forests, grasslands, and water. It identifies what can be done currently with impact assessments and suggests how to undertake such assessments. Impediments to linking biophysical and socioeconomic models into integrated assessments for policy purposes are identified, and recommendations for future research activities to improve the state of the art and remove these impediments to model integration are provided. This book is for natural and social scientists with an interest in the impacts of climate change on terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems and their socioeconomic impacts, and policy makers interested in understanding the status of current assessment capabilities and in identifying priority areas for future research.
Author: Asian Development BankPublish On: 2014-06-01
For knowledge sharing among the countries to be useful, a climate change
information base, high-quality knowledge products and decision-support tools,
and guidelines for assessing climate risks and vulnerabilities will be needed,
along with ...
Author: Asian Development Bank
Publisher: Asian Development Bank
Category: Business & Economics
This report synthesizes the results of country and sector studies on the economic costs and benefits of unilateral and regional actions on climate change in the Asian Development Bank's six South Asia developing members, namely Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. The study takes into account the different scenarios and impacts projected across vulnerable sectors and estimates the total economic loss throughout the 21st century and amount of funding required for adaptation measures to avert such potential losses. It is envisioned to strengthen decision-making capacities and improve understanding of the economics of climate change for the countries in South Asia.
A Report Prepared for the National Climate Assessment Angela Jardine, Robert
Merideth, Mary Black, Sarah LeRoy Gregg Garfin. —. ... Assessing climate change impacts on the near—term stability of the wind energy resource over the
Author: Angela Jardine
Publisher: Island Press
Prepared for the 2013 National Climate Assessment and a landmark study in terms of its breadth and depth of coverage, this report blends the contributions of 120 experts in climate science, economics, ecology, engineering, geography, hydrology, planning, resources management, and other disciplines to provide the most comprehensive, and understandable, analysis to date about climate and its effects on the people and landscapes of Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah—including the U.S.-Mexico border region and the lands of Native Nations.What is the climate of the Southwest like today? What has it been like in the past, and how is it projected to change over the 21st century? How will that affect water resources, ecosystems, agricultural production, energy supply and delivery, transportation, human health, and a host of other areas? How vulnerable is the region to climate change? What else do we need to know about it, and how can we limit its adverse effects?In addressing these and other questions, the book offers decision makers and stakeholders a substantial basis from which to make informed choices that will affect the well-being of the region’s inhabitants in the decades to come.
Climate change adaptation strategies for both biodiversity and human
development are therefore a clear and urgent priority. Recognizing the need for
sound assessments of vulnerability as an essential foundation for conservation
climate impact assessments 43 climate impact studies climate change; *
measuring and evaluating the impacts of particular climate fluctuations to
improve mitigation efforts; * providing guidance for the application of climate data
to improve the ...
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Climate, climate change, climate fluctuations and climatic trends are only a few of the terms used today, in not only conferences, scientific symposia and workshops, but also parliaments and in discussions throughout society. climatologists these terms may be well known; to the vast majority of people, however, they are new, and they require definition and explanation. The World Meteorological Organization inherited an interest and involvement in the studies of climate and climate change from its predecessor, the International Meteorological Organization (IMO), which was established in 1873. By 1929 the had set up a Commission for Climatology to deal with matters related to climate studies. When, in 1950, the World Meteorological Organization assumed the mantle of the it retained the commission which, among other responsibilities, had already recognized the need for the definition and explanation of terms used in climatology. It must also be said that much of what we now know about climate derives from the scientific and technical programmes - ordinated by and now, to a much greater extent, by In 1979, the First World Climate Conference made an assessment of the status of knowledge of climate and climate variability, and recommended the establishment of a World Climate Programme.
In practice, of course, water users and managers will adapt to a changing climate
– possibly inappropriately and probably reactively – and so the actual cost of climate change will not be equal to the simple costs of impacts outlined in Table
Author: Temesgen T. Deressa, Rashid M. Hassan, Claudia RinglerPublish On: 2009
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC 2001) defines
vulnerability to climate change as: “The degree to which a system is susceptible,
or unable to cope with adverse effects of climate change, including climate
variability and ...
Author: Temesgen T. Deressa, Rashid M. Hassan, Claudia Ringler
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Category: Social Science
This study measures the vulnerability of farmers to climatic extremes such as droughts, floods and hailstorms, by employing the "vulnerability as expected poverty" approach. This approach is based on estimating the probability that a given shock or set of shocks will move household consumption below a given minimum level (such as the consumption poverty line) or force the consumption level to stay below the given minimum if it is already below this level. The utilized data come from a household survey of farmers performed during the 2004/2005 production year in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia. The results show that the farmers' vulnerability is highly sensitive to their minimum daily requirement (poverty line). For instance, when the daily minimum income is fixed at 0.3 United States dollars (USD) per day, only 12.4 percent of farmers are vulnerable to climate extremes, whereas 99 percent of farmers are vulnerable when the minimum requirement is fixed at 2 USD per day. The results further indicate that farmers in kola agro-ecological zones (which are warm and semi-arid) are the most vulnerable to extreme climatic events. Policy-wise, these preliminary results indicate that, keeping other factors constant, increasing the incomes of farmers (with special emphasis on those in kola agro-ecological zones) and enabling them to meet their daily minimum requirements will reduce their vulnerability to climatic extremes.
The impacts of changes in climate on agricultural activities have been shown to
be significant for low input farming systems in developing countries in Africa (
Rosenzweig & Parry 1994; Reilly et al. 1996; Reilly & Schimmelpfennig 1999;
Impact Assessment and Adaptation Strategies Ariel Dinar, Rashid Hassan,
James Benhin, Robert Mendelsohn, et al ... In Chapter 1, we had to rely on
imported coefficients to assess the impact of climate change on agriculture in
Author: Ariel Dinar
Category: Political Science
'This is a well researched, thorough and impressive work on climate change and agriculture in Africa. I recommend it to students, researchers and practitioners working on climate change issues'Jabavu Clifford Nkomo, senior programme specialist, IDRCThis landmark book encompasses a comprehensive assessment of the potential economic impacts of future climate change, and the value of adaptation measures in Africa for different zones, regions, countries and farm types.Researchers developed and applied multiple analytical procedures to assess quantitatively how climate affects current agricultural systems in Africa, enabling them to predict how these systems may be affected in the future by climate change under various global warming scenarios, and suggesting what role adaptation could play. The study is the first to combine spatially referenced household survey data with climatic data at both national and international levels. This book provides vital knowledge about the impacts of climate change on Africa, serving as a guide to policy intervention strategies and investment in adaptation measures. It makes a major contribution to the analysis of climate change impacts and developing adaptation strategies, especially in the highly vulnerable farming communities in the developing world.Published with CEEPA and supported by the World Bank.
Author: Prof. C. Michael HallPublish On: 2005-02-24
Berkhout, F. and Hertin, J. (2000) Socio-economic scenarios for climate impact assessment. Global Environmental Change 10, 165–8. Butler, R. and Jones, P. (
2001) Conclusions – problems, challenges and solutions. In A. Lockwood and S.
Author: Prof. C. Michael Hall
Publisher: Channel View Publications
Category: Business & Economics
Climate change is one of the major issues facing us today and has been described as a threat greater than terrorism. As the world's largest industry tourism both contributes to and will be dramatically affected by climate change. This is the first comprehensive book-level examination of the relationship between tourism and climate change, of interest not only to students of tourism but to policy makers and the industry who will have to respond to the challenges posed.
assess. climate. change. impacts. on. fisheries. Chang-Ik Zhang Institute of
Fisheries Science, Pukyong National University, Korea Do-Hoon Kim National
Fisheries Research and Development Institute, Busan, Korea Climate changes,
such as ...
Publisher: OECD Publishing
This book highlights the economic and policy aspects of adapting fisheries to climate change, including strengthening global governance; a broader use of rights-based management; ecosystem protection; the ending of environmental harmful subsidies and use of aquaculture.
When water storage is being considered as a possible adaptation measure for
CC, key considerations for water resource planners and managers are how to
determine current and future water storage needs (i.e., needs assessment) and
Author: Matthew McCartney
By mitigating the vagaries of climate variability, agricultural water storage is widely anticipated to make a key contribution to climate change adaptation in Africa. However, if the planning of water storage is not improved, it is likely that many investments will fail to fully deliver intended benefits. This report describes the agricultural water storage continuum and some of the possible implications of climate change. A simple diagnostic tool which can be used to provide a rapid evaluation of the need and effectiveness of different water storage options, under existing and possible future climate conditions, is presented.
The book presents methodologies for hydrologic modeling of floods and for assessing climate change impacts on hydrology, with specific focus on impacts
on flood magnitudes and frequencies. The following topics are covered with a
view to ...
Author: P. P. Mujumdar
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Various modeling methodologies are available to aid planning and operational decision making: this book synthesises these, with an emphasis on methodologies applicable in data scarce regions, such as developing countries. Problems included in each chapter, and supported by links to available online data sets and modeling tools, engage the reader with practical applications of the models. Academic researchers in the fields of hydrology, climate change, and environmental science and hazards, and professionals and policy-makers working in hazard mitigation, remote sensing and hydrological engineering will find this an invaluable resource. This volume is the second in a collection of four books on flood disaster management theory and practice within the context of anthropogenic climate change. The others are: Floods in a Changing Climate: Extreme Precipitation by Ramesh Teegavarapu, Floods in a Changing Climate: Inundation Modelling by Giuliano Di Baldassarre and Floods in a Changing Climate: Risk Management by Slodoban P. Simonović.
Assessing climate change impacts on hydrology from an ensemble of regional
climate models, model scales and linking methods – a case study of the Lule
River basin. Climatic Change 81:293–307. Green Roofs for Healthy Cities. 2004.
Author: Stewart J. Cohen
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
Public and media interest in the climate change issue has increased exponentially in recent years. Climate change, or "global warming," is a complex problem with far-reaching social and economic impacts. Climate Change in the 21st Century brings together all the major aspects of global warming to give a state of the art description of our collective understanding of this phenomenon and what can be done to counteract it on both the local and global scale. Stewart Cohen and Melissa Waddell explain and clarify the different ways of approaching the study of climate change and the fundamental ideas behind them. From a history of climate change research to current attempts to mitigate its impact such as the Kyoto Protocol and carbon trading, they explore key ideas from many fields of study, outlining the environmental and human dimensions of global warming. Climate Change in the 21st Century goes beyond climate modeling to investigate interdisciplinary attempts to measure and forecast the complex impacts of future climate change on communities, how we assess their vulnerability, and how we plan to adapt our society. The book explores the impact of climate change on different ecosystems as well as what the social and economic understanding of this phenomenon can tell us; it also links discussions of climate change with the global discourse of sustainable development. Climate Change in the 21st Century provides a comprehensive, understandable, but academically informed introduction to the world's biggest challenge for both students and concerned citizens.
Chapter 6 VALIDATION OF CORN, SOYBEAN, AND WHEAT MODELS IN DSSAT
FOR ASSESSING CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS ON MIDWEST CROP
PRODUCTION D. Gangadhar Rao Central Research Institute for Dryland
Author: Otto C. Doering III
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Effects of Climate Change and Viarability on the Agricultural Production Systems provides an integrated assessment of global climate change's impact on agriculture at the farm level, in the context of farm level adaptation decisions. Ten agricultural areas in the Upper Midwest region - the heart of the United States' corn belt - were subjected to climate change and changing climate variability scenarios through simulations of future climate using results from general circulation models. Crop growth models, calibrated to the study sites, were used to simulate yields under varying climate conditions. Farm level production and economic analyses were performed to determine what adaptation strategies might be best utilized to maintain production and profitability for producers under conditions of global climate change and changing climate variability. Similar integrated analyses from Australia and Argentina provide comparisons from different regions.
Two broad methodologies have evolved so far in the literature for assessing the climate change impacts on agriculture: (a) production function approach, and (b)
ricardian approach. The production function approach estimates the changes in ...
Author: Ariel Dinar
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Category: Technology & Engineering
Using the Ricardian approach (a cross sectional analysis of farm performance across different climate zones), this report examines the impact of climate change on the agriculture sector and the sector's adaptation to that change. Studies in the report measure the climate sensitivity of low-capital agriculture, test whether actual farm performance is as sensitive to climate as agronomic models predict, and compare the climate sensitivity of low-capital farms with the results already calibrated for U.S. agriculture. The goal of the study is to examine farm behavior and test whether there is any evidence that farmers in developing countries currently adjust to their local climates.
Fowler and others (2007) support this notion, suggesting that probabilistic
methods for developing scenarios of future climate and associated hydrology
may offer a robust way of assessing climate change impacts. Furthermore, they
assert that ...
Author: Levi D. Brekke
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Many challenges, including climate change, face the Nation¿s water managers. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has provided estimates of how climate may change, but more understanding of the processes driving the changes, the sequences of the changes, and the manifestation of these global changes at different scales could be beneficial. Since the changes will likely affect fundamental drivers of the hydrological cycle, climate change may have a large impact on water resources and water resources managers. The purpose of this interagency report is to explore strategies to improve water management by tracking, anticipating, and responding to climate change. Charts and tables.
Author: National Research CouncilPublish On: 2011-01-05
... Dimensions of Global Change, Panel on Socioeconomic Scenarios for Climate Change Research and Assessment ... have not received much attention in past
climate assessments, although he considered them important.2 He noted that ...
Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
The implications of climate change for the environment and society depend on the rate and magnitude of climate change, but also on changes in technology, economics, lifestyles, and policy that will affect the capacity both for limiting and adapting to climate change. Describing Socioeconomic Futures for Climate Change Research and Assessment reviews the state of science for considering socioeconomic changes over long time frames and clarifies definitions and concepts to facilitate communication across research communities. The book also explores driving forces and key uncertainties that will affect impacts, adaptation, vulnerability and mitigation in the future. Furthermore, it considers research needs and the elements of a strategy for describing socioeconomic and environmental futures for climate change research and assessment. Describing Socioeconomic Futures for Climate Change Research and Assessment explores the current state of science in scenario development and application, asserting that while little attention has been given to preparing quantitative and narrative socioeconomic information, advances in computing capacity are making development of such probabilistic scenarios a reality. It also addresses a number of specific methodological challenges and opportunities and discusses opportunities for a next round of assessments.
Projections of climate change and its impacts National Research Council,
Warming World: Impacts by Degree, ... Foundational resources on climate change impacts and adaptation Carter, T. R., et al., New Assessment Methods
and the ...
Publisher: Transportation Research Board
Reviews the range of risks to airports from projected climate change and the emerging approaches for handling them.