Aspects of Grammatical Architecture

Aspects of Grammatical Architecture

This volume collects eleven papers written between 1991 and 2016, some of them unpublished, which explore various aspects of the architecture of grammar in a minimalist perspective.

Author: Alain Rouveret

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351622196

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 418

View: 126

This volume collects eleven papers written between 1991 and 2016, some of them unpublished, which explore various aspects of the architecture of grammar in a minimalist perspective. The phenomena that are brought to bear on the architectural issue come from a range of languages, among them French, European Portuguese, Welsh, German and English, and include clitic placement, expletive pronouns, resumption, causative structures, copulative and existential constructions, VP ellipsis, as well as the distinction between the SVO, VSO and V2 linguistic types. This book sheds a new light on the division of labor between components and paves the way for further research on grammatical architecture.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Syntactic architecture and its consequences I

Syntactic architecture and its consequences I

This volume collects novel contributions to comparative generative linguistics that “rethink” existing approaches to an extensive range of phenomena, domains, and architectural questions in linguistic theory.

Author: András Bárány

Publisher: Language Science Press

ISBN: 9783961102754

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 562

View: 225

This volume collects novel contributions to comparative generative linguistics that “rethink” existing approaches to an extensive range of phenomena, domains, and architectural questions in linguistic theory. At the heart of the contributions is the tension between descriptive and explanatory adequacy which has long animated generative linguistics and which continues to grow thanks to the increasing amount and diversity of data available to us. The chapters address research questions on the relation of syntax to other aspects of grammar and linguistics more generally, including studies on language acquisition, variation and change, and syntactic interfaces. Many of these contributions show the influence of research by Ian Roberts and collaborators and give the reader a sense of the lively nature of current discussion of topics in synchronic and diachronic comparative syntax ranging from the core verbal domain to higher, propositional domains.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Primitive Elements of Grammatical Theory

Primitive Elements of Grammatical Theory

Here, we provide an introductory window into the grammatical architecture and
formal theory presented in chapter 5 of this volume, the Items and Contexts
Architecture (ICA). We provide an overview and brief discussion of chapter 5,
using ...

Author: Katherine McKinney-Bock

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134510955

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 280

View: 233

This book is a compilation of manuscripts and publications from 2001-2010 by Jean-Roger Vergnaud, in collaboration with colleagues and students. This work is guided by the scientific belief that broader mathematical principles should guide linguistic inquiry, as they guide classical biology and physics. From this, Vergnaud’s hypotheses take the representation of the computational component of language to a more abstract level: one that derives constituent structure. He treats linguistic features as primitives, and argues that a 2 x n matrix allows for multiple discrete dimensions to represent symmetries in linguistic features and to derive the fabric of syntax (and perhaps of phonology as well). Three primary research questions guide the core of these papers. (A) Methodologically, how can broadly defined mathematical/cognitive principles guide linguistic investigation? (B) To what extent do general mathematical principles apply across linguistic domains? What principles guide computation at different levels of linguistic structure (phonology, metrical structure, syntax)? (C) How is the computational domain defined? In these manuscripts, Vergnaud’s goal is not to radically depart from the Minimalist Program within generative grammar, but rather to take the underlying goal of the generative program and bring it to an even more general scientific level. The themes of symmetry and periodicity in this book reflect his goal of scientific progress in linguistics, and he has opened the doors to new exploration of old empirical problems in linguistics that may, someday, have deeper biological and physical explanations through the theory presented in this publication.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Preferred Argument Structure

Preferred Argument Structure

Since this work, the general applicability of Preferred Argument Structure has been demonstrated in studies of language after language.

Author: John W. Du Bois

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027226245

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 458

View: 396

Preferred Argument Structure offers a profound insight into the relationship between language use and grammatical structure. In his original publication on Preferred Argument Structure, Du Bois (1987) demonstrated the power of this perspective by using it to explain the origins of ergativity and ergative marking systems. Since this work, the general applicability of Preferred Argument Structure has been demonstrated in studies of language after language. In this collection, the authors move beyond verifying Preferred Argument Structure as a property of a given language. They use the methodology to reveal more subtle aspects of the patterns, for example, to look across languages, diachronically or synchronically, to examine particular grammatical relations, and to examine special populations or particular genres. This volume will appeal to linguists interested in the relationship of pragmatics and grammar generally, in the typology of grammatical relations, and in explanations derived from data- and corpus-based approaches to analysis.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Linearization Square Pegs and Round Holes

Linearization  Square Pegs  and Round Holes

Curry , H. B .: 1961 , Some logical aspects of grammatical structure , Structure of
Language and its Mathematical ... Engdahl , E. and Vallduví , E .: 1994 ,
Information packaging and grammar architecture : A constraint - based approach
, in E.

Author: Ascander H. Dost

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:X77697

Category:

Page: 342

View: 250

Categories:

Connectivity in Grammar and Discourse

Connectivity in Grammar and Discourse

In this collection of carefully selected papers connectivity is looked at from the vantage points of language contact, language change, language acquisition, multilingual communication and related domains based on various European and Non ...

Author: Jochen Rehbein

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027219257

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 465

View: 417

In this collection of carefully selected papers connectivity is looked at from the vantage points of language contact, language change, language acquisition, multilingual communication and related domains based on various European and Non-European languages. From typological and multilingual perspectives the focus of investigation is on the grammatical architecture of a number of linguistic devices that interconnect units of text and discourse. The volume is organized along central concepts: A general section deals with connectivity in language change and language acquisition, subdivisions are devoted to pronouns, topics and subjects, the role of finiteness in text and discourse, coordination and subordination and particles, adverbials and constructions. The editors' preface introduces connectivity as an object of linguistic research.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Architecture of Focus

The Architecture of Focus

The central underlying idea of this collection is to document this change in perspective with the aim of isolating essential keystones and research areas in both the theoretical and empirical domain. The book is structured accordingly.

Author: Valéria Molnár

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110922011

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 625

View: 740

This collection investigates the architecture of focus in linguistic theory from different theoretical perspectives. Research on focus and information structure in the last four decades has shown that the phenomenon of focus is highly complex, the theoretical approaches manifold, and the data highly sensitive. The main emphasis has been placed on the integration of the notion of focus in generative grammar. In recent years, however, the approaches to focus and information structure underwent a radical change in perspective. The theoretical concept of focus, its related terms and phenomena became the object of research. Along with it, the research questions shifted: instead of locating focus in the architecture of grammar, linguists investigate the architecture of focus itself. The central underlying idea of this collection is to document this change in perspective with the aim of isolating essential keystones and research areas in both the theoretical and empirical domain. The book is structured accordingly. Following the introduction, there are four main sections: The general section discusses the theoretical foundations of focus within grammar. The second section hosts papers which investigate the representation of focus and topic at the syntax-pragmatics interface. The third section discusses the phonological representation of focus and its relation to meaning. The papers of the final section investigate different types of focus constructions in a variety languages. The collection of papers on the architecture of focus, its interpretation and representation mirror the establishment of the focus research field.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Grammar of Architectural Design

Grammar of Architectural Design

So it is evident that the architect ' s creative activity is always closely related to
practical considerations and this brings us to the second aspect of the architect ' s
activity : the architect as a practical man . In this role , he must know about the ...

Author: Miles Danby

Publisher: London : Oxford University Press

ISBN: UOM:39015009403612

Category: Architectural design

Page: 243

View: 259

Categories: Architectural design

The Oxford Reference Guide to Lexical Functional Grammar

The Oxford Reference Guide to Lexical Functional Grammar

This volume is the most comprehensive reference work to date on Lexical Functional Grammar (LFG).

Author: Mary Dalrymple

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198733300

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 864

View: 989

This volume is the most comprehensive reference work to date on Lexical Functional Grammar (LFG). The authors provide detailed and extensive coverage of the analysis of syntax, semantics, morphology, prosody, and information structure, and how these aspects of linguistic structure interact in the nontransformational framework of LFG. The book is divided into three parts. The first part examines the syntactic theory and formal architecture of LFG, with detailed explanations and comprehensive illustration, providing an unparalleled introduction to the fundamentals of the theory. Part two explores non-syntactic levels of linguistic structure, including the syntax-semantics interface and semantic representation, argument structure, information structure, prosodic structure, and morphological structure, and how these are related in the projection architecture of LFG. Chapters in the third part illustrate the theory more explicitly by presenting explorations of the syntax and semantics of a range of representative linguistic phenomena: modification, anaphora, control, coordination, and long-distance dependencies. The final chapter discusses LFG-based work not covered elsewhere in the book, as well as new developments in the theory. The volume will be an invaluable reference for graduate and advanced undergraduate students and researchers in a wide range of linguistic sub-fields, including syntax, morphology, semantics, information structure, and prosody, as well as those working in language documentation and description.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Course of Study in English

Course of Study in English

This helpful aspect of grammar should be emphasized rather than the formal and
technical aspect . ... while pupils fail utterly to perceive the relation between the
grammatical architecture of a well - formed sentence and the beautiful effect ...

Author: New Jersey. Department of Public Instruction

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112108058857

Category: English language

Page:

View: 874

Categories: English language

Rethinking Syntactocentrism

Rethinking Syntactocentrism

The primary audience of this book are researchers and graduate students interested in a state-of-the-art discussion of grammatical architecture.

Author: Andreas Trotzke

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027268068

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 147

View: 276

The term ‘syntactocentrism’ has been used to criticize the claim that syntax, as regarded in generative linguistics, plays the central role in modeling the mental architecture of the human language faculty. This research monograph explores the conjecture that many of the objections to the generative perspective, as they are formulated in alternative frameworks such as construction grammar, disappear once the consequences of recent minimalist theory are taken seriously. To show this, the book applies recent concepts of minimalist grammar to phenomena like the syntactic flexibility of idioms, the pragmatics of left-periphery-movement, or opacity effects involved in subextraction patterns. The book makes a new contribution to the field, as existing monographs on architectural matters in minimalism neither discuss alternative frameworks at length nor place a premium on pragmatic explanations for syntactic facts. The primary audience of this book are researchers and graduate students interested in a state-of-the-art discussion of grammatical architecture.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Foundations of Language

Foundations of Language

Probing the core and origins of language, a linguistics scholar shares his insights into the complex relationship between language, perception, and the human brain.

Author: Ray Jackendoff

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198270126

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 477

View: 178

Probing the core and origins of language, a linguistics scholar shares his insights into the complex relationship between language, perception, and the human brain.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Formal Grammar

Formal Grammar

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 15th and 16th International Conference on Formal Grammar 2010 and 2011,collocated with the European Summer School in Logic, Language and Information in July 2010/2011.

Author: Philippe de Groote

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783642320248

Category: Mathematics

Page: 290

View: 764

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 15th and 16th International Conference on Formal Grammar 2010 and 2011,collocated with the European Summer School in Logic, Language and Information in July 2010/2011. The 19 revised full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 50 submissions. The papers papers deal with the following topics: formal and computational phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics and pragmatics; model-theoretic and proof-theoretic methods in linguistics; logical aspects of linguistic structure; constraint-based and resource-sensitive approaches to grammar; learnability of formal grammar; integration of stochastic and symbolic models of grammar; foundational, methodological and architectural issues in grammar; mathematical foundations of statistical approaches to linguistic analysis.
Categories: Mathematics

Structure based Editors and Environments

Structure based Editors and Environments

Editing a grammar includes development of the syntax as well as the static and
dynamic semantics of the language . Like a program , a grammar in Orm has an
internal structure . It consists of four aspects of a language , each specified in a ...

Author: Gerd Szwillus

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015038037035

Category: Computers

Page: 374

View: 954

Structure-based editors are software tools that aid in the development of programs through the knowledge and utilization of the underlying structure inherent in all graphcal and non-graphical programming languages. They have developed from the early, highly restrictive text-based program editors to sophisticated graphical tools supporting new languages, methodologies, representations, and views. The concepts used to create these powerful tools have now been incorporated into widely available commercial systems, moving them out of the domain of experimental research vehicles and firmly into the market place. This is the first book to provide a comprehensive overview of structure-based editors and environments. The two world-renowned editors bring together papers from international researchers covering the underlying concepts, benefits, applications, problems and lessons learned from the on-going development of this highly complex class of tools. This book will encourage the reader to apply the structure-editing concepts to their own field of work and will identify common links to widely used programming environments such as Visual Basic, Visual C, editors for HTML, and, most recently, editors for Java, tools which are essentially structure editors although rarely identified as such. The book is organized into four sections, each with three chapters from authors who are currently working in the field. Structure-based Editors and Environments will be essential reading for students and researchers studying Human-computer interaction as well as computer systems developers and software engineers working on highly interactive software. Details the use of structure editors in many common commercial applications Examines links between seemingly past concepts with very modern approaches Clarifies the range of topics which fall under the umbrella term Structure Editing
Categories: Computers

Resource Sensitivity Binding and Anaphora

Resource Sensitivity  Binding and Anaphora

To situate this work in a larger setting, the book contains two appendices: - an introductory guide to resource-sensivity; - notes on the historical background of resource-sensitive approaches to binding and anaphora.

Author: Geert-Jan M. Kruijff

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402016921

Category: Computers

Page: 297

View: 372

The structure and properties of any natural language expression depend on its component sub-expressions - "resources" - and relations among them that are sensitive to basic structural properties of order, grouping, and multiplicity. Resource-sensitivity thus provides a perspective on linguistic structure that is well-defined and universally-applicable. The papers in this collection - by J. van Benthem, P. Jacobson, G. Jäger, G-J. Kruijff, G. Morrill, R. Muskens, R. Oehrle, and A. Szabolcsi - examine linguistic resources and resource-sensitivity from a variety of perspectives, including: - Modal aspects of categorial type inference; - Multi-dimensional type structures and grammatical architecture; - Resource-sensitive aspects of binding and anaphora; - Resource-sensitive inference and discourse context. In particular, the book contains a number of papers treating anaphorically-dependent expressions as functions, whose application to an appropriate argument yields a type and an interpretation directly integratable with the surrounding grammatical structure. To situate this work in a larger setting, the book contains two appendices: - an introductory guide to resource-sensivity; - notes on the historical background of resource-sensitive approaches to binding and anaphora.
Categories: Computers

A New Architecture for Functional Grammar

A New Architecture for Functional Grammar

This volume, which represents a major advance on Simon Dik's final statement of the theory (1997), lays the foundation for the future evolution of FG towards a Functional Discourse Grammar.

Author: J. Lachlan Mackenzie

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110173565

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 393

View: 332

This volume, which represents a major advance on Simon Dik's final statement of the theory (1997), lays the foundation for the future evolution of FG towards a Functional Discourse Grammar. It rises to the double challenge of specifying the interface between discourse and grammar and of detailing the expression rules that link semantic representation and morphosyntactic form. The opening chapter, by Kees Hengeveld, sets out in programmatic form a new architecture for FG which both preserves the best of the traditional model and offers a place for numerous recent insights. The remaining chapters are devoted to refining and developing the programme laid down by Hengeveld, bringing in data from a range of languages as well as theoretical insights inspired by adjoining frameworks. Of special interest are an account by Matthew Anstey of how current proposals arise from the history of FG and various chapters in which the model is brought much closer to an account of real-time language production, notably including the first ever detailed account of the workings of expression rules, by Dik Bakker and Anna Siewierska. The final chapter, also by Hengeveld, draws together the findings of the various chapters, culminating in an elaborated model that represents the most sophisticated statement of Functional Grammar currently available. The volume thus gives a coherent account of FG as a theory which combines formal explicitness with a broad account of language functions.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Malilime

Malilime

Argument structure and verbal morphology in Chichewa * Sam Mchombo
Introduction Verbal morphology in Bantu languages encodes various aspects of
grammatical information . In many Bantu languages the verb prefixes encode ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000070493980

Category: African languages

Page:

View: 118

Categories: African languages

The Classical Language of Architecture

The Classical Language of Architecture

In this book, the author's purpose is to set out as simply and vividly as possible the exact grammatical workings of this architectural language.

Author: John Summerson

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262690128

Category: Architecture

Page: 56

View: 982

The author's purpose is to set out as simply and vividly as possible the exact grammatical workings of an architectural language. Classical architecture is a visual "language" and like any other language has its own grammatical rules. Classical buildings as widely spaced in time as a Roman temple, an Italian Renaissance palace and a Regency house all show an awareness of these rules even if they vary them, break them or poetically contradict them. Sir Christopher Wren described them as the "Latin" of architecture and the analogy is almost exact. There is the difference, however, that whereas the learning of Latin is a slow and difficult business, the language of classical architecture is relatively simple. It is still, to a great extent, the mode of expression of our urban surroundings, since classical architecture was the common language of the western world till comparatively recent times. Anybody to whom architecture makes a strong appeal has probably already discovered something of its grammar for himself. In this book, the author's purpose is to set out as simply and vividly as possible the exact grammatical workings of this architectural language. He is less concerned with its development in Greece and Rome than with its expansion and use in the centuries since the Renaissance. He explains the vigorous discipline of "the orders" and the scope of "rustication"; the dramatic deviations of the Baroque and, in the last chapter, the relationship between the classical tradition and the "modern" architecture of today. The book is intended for anybody who cares for architecture but more specifically for students beginning a course in the history of architecture, to whom a guide to the classical rules will be an essential companion.
Categories: Architecture

Introduction to Architecture

Introduction to Architecture

Grammar , " in this sense , means the same thing in any construction - whether it
be of words or of stone or wood . It is the shape - relationship between the
various elements that enter into the constitution of the thing . The " grammar " of
the ...

Author: James C. Snyder

Publisher: McGraw-Hill College

ISBN: UOM:39015006305323

Category: Architecture

Page: 450

View: 241

Good,No Highlights,No Markup,all pages are intact, Slight Shelfwear,may have the corners slightly dented, may have slight color changes/slightly damaged spine.
Categories: Architecture

BRAC University Journal

BRAC University Journal

The c - structure is assigned by the rules of a contexi - free phrase structure
grammar . ... facet of LFG syntax , which signals it out from many other syntactic
theories , is the representation of different dimensions of the syntax ( c - structure
and ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCBK:C102442617

Category: Bangladesh

Page:

View: 717

Categories: Bangladesh