Armies of Arabia

Armies of Arabia

In Armies of Arabia - the first book to comprehensively analyze the Gulf monarchies' armed forces - Zoltan Barany explains their notorious ineffectiveness with a combination of political-structural and sociocultural factors.

Author: Zoltan Barany

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190866228

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 232

Armies of Arabia is the first comprehensive analysis of the Gulf monarchies' armed forces, including their political, social, and economic characteristics, foreign relations, and battleground performance. The Arabian Peninsula is among the most strategically and economically important areas in the world, but its militaries remain terra incognita. In Armies of Arabia - the first book to comprehensively analyze the Gulf monarchies' armed forces - Zoltan Barany explains their notorious ineffectiveness with a combination of political-structural and sociocultural factors. Drawing on over 150 interviews and meticulous multidisciplinary research, Barany paints a fascinating portrait of Arabia's armies from Ibn Saud's Ikhwan to the present. He explores the methods ruling families employ to ensure their armies' loyalty, examines the backgrounds and career trajectories of soldiers and officers, and explains the monarchies' reliance on mercenaries and the enduring importance of tribal networks. Even though no other world region spends more on security, Arabia's armies remain ineffective because of an absence of meritocracy, the domination of personal connections over institutional norms, insipid leadership, a casual work ethic, and training that lacks intensity, frequency, and up-to-date scenarios. Massive weapons acquisitions are primarily pay-offs to the US for protecting them and have resulted in bloated and inappropriate arsenals and large-scale corruption. Barany explains why the Gulf Cooperation Council has been a squandered opportunity and examines the kingdoms' military relationships with the Arab world and beyond. The performance of the Saudi-led coalition's disastrous war in Yemen starkly illustrates the Gulf armies' humiliating combat record. The book concludes with thoughts on waste (of human potential, resources, institutions) as a dominant theme of Gulf military affairs, considers likely changes in response to long-term weakening demand for oil, and suggests ways in which the armies' effectiveness could be raised. Chock-full of insights and stories from the field and written with a general audience in mind, Armies of Arabia will be essential reading for anyone interested in military affairs and Middle Eastern politics, society, and international relations.
Categories: Political Science

Armies and State building in the Modern Middle East

Armies and State building in the Modern Middle East

By adding an historical understanding to a contemporary political analysis, Stephanie Cronin examines the structures and activities of Middle Eastern armies and their role in state- and empire-building.

Author: Stephanie Cronin

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781786724410

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 520

The uprisings of 2011, which erupted so unexpectedly and spread across the Middle East, once again propelled the armies of the region to the centre of the political stage. Throughout the region, the experience of the first decade of the twenty-first century provides ample reason to re-examine Middle Eastern armies and the historical context which produced them. By adding an historical understanding to a contemporary political analysis, Stephanie Cronin examines the structures and activities of Middle Eastern armies and their role in state- and empire-building. Focusing on Iran, Afghanistan and Saudi Arabia, Armies, Tribes and States in the Middle East presents a clear and concise analysis of the nature of armies and the differing guises military reform has taken throughout the region. Covering the region from the birth of modern armies there in the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, to the military revolutions of the 1950s and 60s and on to the twenty-first century army-building exercises seen in Iraq and Afghanistan, Cronin provides a unique and vital presentation of the role of the military in the modern Middle East.
Categories: History

Military Politics of the Contemporary Arab World

Military Politics of the Contemporary Arab World

Compares the crucial role of Arab armies in state building, a decade after the 2011 Arab Uprisings in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Yemen and Syria.

Author: Philippe Droz-Vincent

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108477420

Category: Political Science

Page: 302

View: 105

Compares the crucial role of Arab armies in state building, a decade after the 2011 Arab Uprisings in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Yemen and Syria.
Categories: Political Science

Armed Forces in the Middle East

Armed Forces in the Middle East

An examination of the Middle East's leading armed forces and their role in both military and political affairs. The book considers their missions, doctrine, training, equipment and effectiveness as fighting forces.

Author: Thomas Keaney

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135287986

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 385

An examination of the Middle East's leading armed forces and their role in both military and political affairs. The book considers their missions, doctrine, training, equipment and effectiveness as fighting forces.
Categories: History

T E Lawrence in Arabia and After

 T  E  Lawrence  in Arabia and After

Long out-of-print, this book unravels the many puzzling features of Lawrence's story and restores him to his proper place as one of the twentieth century's heroic, but very human, figures.

Author: Sir Basil Henry Liddell Hart

Publisher: Greenwood-Heinemann Publishing

ISBN: UOM:49015000162777

Category: Archaeologists

Page: 491

View: 379

T.E. Shaw, better known as Lawrence of Arabia, was one of the most romantic, heroic, and enigmatic figures of his day. The subject of myth and hagiography, he was equally accomplished in several fields--as archaeologist, diplomat, writer, and soldier--and he worked throughout World War I and after in the Middle East in efforts to promote independent Arab states. His autobiography Seven Pillars of Wisdom is one of the greatest works of its kind. The esteemed military historian B.H. Liddell Hart wrote this study of Lawrence in order to pierce the clouds of legend. He discussed Lawrence's Oxford days, his experiences as an intelligence officer in Egypt, and in particular the tactics of guerrilla warfare he practiced so effectively against the large Turkish armies during World War I. Liddell Hart was one of the few to give Lawrence his full justice as both a man and a brilliant soldier. Long out-of-print, this book unravels the many puzzling features of Lawrence's story and restores him to his proper place as one of the twentieth century's heroic, but very human, figures.
Categories: Archaeologists

Muhammad

Muhammad

Best known as the founder of a major religion, Muhammad was also Islam’s first great general. While there have been numerous accounts of Muhammad the Prophet, this is the first military biography of the man.

Author: Richard A. Gabriel

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 9780806182506

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 288

View: 935

That Muhammad succeeded as a prophet is undeniable; a prominent military historian now suggests that he might not have done so had he not also been a great soldier. Best known as the founder of a major religion, Muhammad was also Islam’s first great general. While there have been numerous accounts of Muhammad the Prophet, this is the first military biography of the man. In Muhammad: Islam’s First Great General, Richard A. Gabriel shows us a warrior never before seen in antiquity—a leader of an all-new religious movement who in a single decade fought eight major battles, led eighteen raids, and planned thirty-eight other military operations. Gabriel’s study portrays Muhammad as a revolutionary who introduced military innovations that transformed armies and warfare throughout the Arab world. Gabriel analyzes the environment in which Muhammad lived and the religion he inspired as they relate to his military achievements. Gabriel explains how Muhammad changed the social composition of Arab armies by replacing traditional ways of fighting with a new command structure. Muhammad’s transformation of Arab warfare enabled his successors to establish the core of the Islamic empire—an accomplishment that, Gabriel argues, would have been militarily impossible without Muhammad’s innovations. Richard A. Gabriel challenges existing scholarship on Muhammad’s place in history and offers a viewpoint not previously attempted.
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

Armies and Insurgencies in the Arab Spring

Armies and Insurgencies in the Arab Spring

The collection promotes better understanding not only of the particular history of military engagement in the Arab Spring but also of significant aspects of the transformation of political-military relations in other regions of the ...

Author: Holger Albrecht

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812293241

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 686

Following the popular uprisings that swept across the Arab world beginning in 2010, armed forces remained pivotal actors in politics throughout the region. As demonstrators started to challenge entrenched autocratic rulers in Tunis, Cairo, Sana'a, and Manama, the militaries stormed back into the limelight and largely determined whether any given ruler survived the protests. In Tunisia, Egypt, and Yemen, senior officers pulled away from their presidents, while in Algeria, Bahrain, and Syria, they did not. More important, military officers took command in shaping the new order and conflict trajectories throughout that region. Armies and Insurgencies in the Arab Spring explores the central problems surrounding the role of armed forces in the contemporary Arab world. How and why do military apparatuses actively intervene in politics? What explains the fact that in some countries, military officers and rank-and-file take steps to defend an incumbent, while in others they defect and refrain from suppressing popular protest? What are the institutional legacies of the military's engagement during, and in the immediate aftermath of, mass uprisings? Focusing on these questions, editors Holger Albrecht, Aurel Croissant, and Fred H. Lawson have organized Armies and Insurgencies in the Arab Spring into three sections. The first employs case studies to make comparisons within and between regions; the second examines military engagements in the Arab uprisings in Yemen, Bahrain, and Syria; and the third looks at political developments following the cresting of the protest wave in Egypt, Tunisia, Libya, and the Gulf. The collection promotes better understanding not only of the particular history of military engagement in the Arab Spring but also of significant aspects of the transformation of political-military relations in other regions of the contemporary world. Contributors: Holger Albrecht, Risa A. Brooks, Cherine Chams El-Dine, Virginie Collombier, Aurel Croissant, Philippe Droz-Vincent, Kevin Koehler, Fred H. Lawson, Shana Marshall, Dorothy Ohl, David Pion-Berlin, Tobias Selge, Robert Springborg.
Categories: Political Science

Armies of the Muslim Conquest

Armies of the Muslim Conquest

Complemented by numerous illustrations, including eight full page colour plates by Angus McBride, this detailed text by David Nicolle tells the real story of the armies of the Muslim conquest.

Author: David Nicolle

Publisher: Osprey Publishing

ISBN: 185532279X

Category: History

Page: 48

View: 460

The dramatic eruption of the Arab peoples from Arabia after their adoption of the Muslim faith in the 7th century remains one of the most extraordinary events in world history. By the end of that century they ruled a state that stretched from the Atlantic to India, from southern Arabia to Central Asia, covering an area far greater than that of the Roman Empire. Therefore warfare, at least among the nomadic bedouin, was a normal aspect of life. Complemented by numerous illustrations, including eight full page colour plates by Angus McBride, this detailed text by David Nicolle tells the real story of the armies of the Muslim conquest.
Categories: History

The Arabian Peninsula

The Arabian Peninsula

The initial plan called for the converging of three armies on Arabia from Egypt, Syria, and Mesopotamia, but in the end only the army from Egypt advanced, under the command of Muhammad cAli's son Tusun ...

Author: Derek Hopwood

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317420057

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 155

Although the Arabian Peninsula is the heartland of Islam and of the Arab world, for decades it did not receive the attention it deserves from scholars and writers. The School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, and the Middle East Centre of St Antony’s College, Oxford, jointly organized a series of seminars, culminating in a conference at which the papers in this volume (first published in 1972) were discussed. Together they constitute an authoritative statement of our present knowledge of several areas of the Peninsula, with particular emphasis on the Gulf States. Three chapters trace the history of Oman from pre-Islamic times to the recent past, and in so doing emphasize the theme of continuing conflict between sultan and imam. Other chapters examine the Gulf and the Peninsula from the standpoint of inter-Arab and of international relations. The third section of the book is devoted to a discussion of the increasing rate of social change in the area, and the final section deals with problems of oil and state and of economic development.
Categories: Social Science

Armed Forces Talk

Armed Forces Talk

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:30000011043993

Category: Military policy

Page:

View: 357

Categories: Military policy

Lawrence Of Arabia

Lawrence Of Arabia

Long out-of-print, this book unravels the many puzzling features of Lawrence's story and restores him to his proper place as one of the twentieth century's heroic, but very human, figures.

Author: B. H. Liddell Hart

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9780786748235

Category: History

Page: 458

View: 412

T. E. Shaw, better known as Lawrence of Arabia, was one of the most romantic, heroic, and enigmatic figures of his day. The subject of myth and hagiography, he was equally accomplished in several fields -- as archaeologist, diplomat, writer, and soldier -- and he worked throughout World War I and after in the Middle East in efforts to promote independent Arab states. His autobiography Seven Pillars of Wisdom is one of the greatest works of its kind. The esteemed military historian B. H. Liddell Hart wrote this study of Lawrence in order to pierce the clouds of legend. He discussed Lawrence's Oxford days, his experiences as an intelligence officer in Egypt, and in particular the tactics of guerrilla warfare he practiced so effectively against the large Turkish armies during World War I. Liddell Hart was one of the few to give Lawrence his full justice as both a man and a brilliant soldier. Long out-of-print, this book unravels the many puzzling features of Lawrence's story and restores him to his proper place as one of the twentieth century's heroic, but very human, figures.
Categories: History

Islam

Islam

This is not surprising, as the armies of those days were not like modern armies - but more like a federation of tribal mercenary groups who were not paid and whose only material reward came from the spoils of war.

Author: Muhammad Shoaib

Publisher:

ISBN: 1727010558

Category:

Page: 28

View: 700

The early rise of Islam (632-700)The Muslim community spread through the Middle East through conquest, and the resulting growth of the Muslim state provided the ground in which the recently revealed faith could take root and flourish.The military conquest was inspired by religion, but it was also motivated by greed and politics.But this mixture of motives combined to form a process that forged Islamic and Arab ideals and communities into a fast-growing religious and political identity.The history problemThere are many accounts from the period about the early Muslim conquests, but much of the material is unreliable and written to present things in a way that glorified the victors and their God...Conversion by conquest?The early advance of Islam went hand in hand with military expansion - whether it was the motivation for it is difficult to tell, although one recent book suggests that Islam certainly facilitated the growth of Muslim power.And Islam benefited greatly from the astonishing military success of the armies of Arabia...But the Arab military adventures do not seem to have been intended as a religious war of conversion.The justification of conquestWhether or not Islam provided the motivation for early Muslim imperialism, it could be used to provide justification for it - in the same way that it had previously been used to support Muhammad's own actions against his opponents.The Qur'an has a number of passages that support military action against non-Muslims, for example:Other passages confirmed the rightness of the ancient military tradition of looting from the defeated, and specified how the booty should be divided.This is not surprising, as the armies of those days were not like modern armies - but more like a federation of tribal mercenary groups who were not paid and whose only material reward came from the spoils of war.Other passages confirmed the rightness of the ancient military tradition of looting from the defeated, and specified how the booty should be divided.This is not surprising, as the armies of those days were not like modern armies - but more like a federation of tribal mercenary groups who were not paid and whose only material reward came from the spoils of war.---------------
Categories:

The Arab Conquests of the Middle East Revised Edition

The Arab Conquests of the Middle East  Revised Edition

Can one man's religious experience change the whole world?

Author: Brendan January

Publisher: Twenty-First Century Books

ISBN: 9781467703741

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 141

View: 522

Can one man's religious experience change the whole world? In the A.D. 600s, in the Arabian city of Mecca, a merchant named Muhammad began to receive and share messages from God. Muhammad attracted many followers. Eventually the revelations formed the basis for a new religion, Islam. By the time of Muhammad's death, the Islamic religion had spread across the Arabian Peninsula. Muhammad's successors continued to bring Islam to surrounding lands. Often, they used peaceful means to win converts. Other times, they imposed the religion through forceful conquests. Within one hundred years of Muhammad's death, Arab Muslim armies had achieved stunning victories over two major empires, the Persians and the Byzantines. By the mid-700s, Islam was established from India to North Africa and Spain. Converts adopted the Arabic language, studied Arab poets and scholars, and built grand mosques for worship. Today more than one billion people worldwide practice Islam. The Arab conquests of the Middle East, which introduced a new world religion across geography and cultures, is one of world history's pivotal moments.
Categories: Juvenile Nonfiction

Early Medieval Europe 300 1050

Early Medieval Europe 300   1050

The argument that Muhammad created a new state in Arabia which overrode tribal divisions has implications for the means ... the organisation of armies was essentially based on tactical divisions rather than disorganised tribal groups; ...

Author: David Rollason

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351173025

Category: History

Page: 402

View: 382

Early Medieval Europe 300–1050: A Guide for Studying and Teaching empowers students by providing them with the conceptual and methodological tools to investigate the period. Throughout the book, major research questions and historiographical debates are identified and guidance is given on how to engage with and evaluate key documentary sources as well as artistic and archaeological evidence. The book’s aim is to engender confidence in creative and independent historical thought. This second edition has been fully revised and expanded and now includes coverage of both Islamic and Byzantine history, surveying and critically examining the often radically different scholarly interpretations relating to them. Also new to this edition is an extensively updated and closely integrated companion website, which has been carefully designed to provide practical guidance to teachers and students, offering a wealth of reference materials and aids to mastering the period, and lighting the way for further exploration of written and non-written sources.? Accessibly written and containing over 70 carefully selected maps and images, Early Medieval Europe 300–1050 is an essential resource for students studying this period for the first time, as well as an invaluable aid to university teachers devising and delivering courses and modules on the period.
Categories: History

The Middle East and South Asia 2012

The Middle East and South Asia 2012

A new Mosque near Hofuf, Saudi Arabia combines traditional architecture with modern materials Arab tribesmen water their ... attempted to secede, Abu Bakr sent armies under Khalid ibn al—Walid and other generals to conquer all Arabia.

Author: Malcolm Russell

Publisher: Stryker Post

ISBN: 9781610488907

Category: Reference

Page: 285

View: 470

This volume is designed to place in context the passionate controversies and emotional attachments of the two billion people who live, study, work, love, and die in the Middle East and South Asia. Understanding these regions means more than annually-updated details of the governments, politics, cultures and economies of the 24 nations and assorted territories. Special chapters address significant issues of continuing international importance, including access to water, the role of oil, and the 2011 Arab spring. Both regions, after all, contain types of people misunderstood and often intensely disliked by others. Where religion intrudes on politics, the Afghan Taliban oppose educating girls, Hindu fanatics rampage in India, Iranian militiamen shoot demonstrators, Islamic extremists impose shari’a law, and Jewish Ultra-Orthodox send women to the back of the bus. Readers bombarded with superficial news bites and slanted reporting might never sense the other accomplishments of these same societies. Islamic charities and societies bring relief to the impoverished, Israel’s scholars win Nobel prizes, and most Indians cherish long-standing religious toleration. The author of this volume attempts to let the reader draw conclusions from the evidence.
Categories: Reference

Area Handbook for Saudi Arabia

Area Handbook for Saudi Arabia

It furnished a battalion of troops for the invasion of Palestine by the Arab League armies . On July 17 , 1950 , Saudi Arabia joined other Arab League members in an Arab League Security Pact for joint defense in case of armed aggression ...

Author: American University (Washington, D.C.). Foreign Areas Studies Division

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105044697451

Category: Saudi Arabia

Page: 371

View: 223

Categories: Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia

—Amman's Radio al - Liwa , February 12 , 1991 Saudi Arabia's armed forces have always faced a dilemma . Charged with defending the country from outside attack , the military and security apparatus must also protect the al - Saud from ...

Author: Peter W. Wilson

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 0765633477

Category: History

Page:

View: 232

Drawing on personal experiences, hundreds of interviews, and unpublished primary sources, veteran journalists Peter Wilson and Douglas Graham examine the challenges confronting the House of Saud in the wake of the war in the Persian Gulf. Among the provocative topics discussed are: Saudi Arabia's growing indebtedness, and the government's inability to balance its budget; the reasons why the kingdom's armed forces were unable to defend the country despite hundreds of billions of dollars in arms spending; the country's worsening unemployment problem; the growing strength of Saudi Arabia's fundamentalists, who possibly could topple the regime. Saudi Arabia is essential reading for scholars and students of the Middle East, Islamic culture, and international affairs.
Categories: History

The Middle East and South Asia 2019 2020

The Middle East and South Asia 2019 2020

When tribes admitting only political allegiance to Muhammad himself, denying Islamic authority, attempted to secede, Abu Bakr sent armies under Khalid ibn al-Walid and other generals to conquer all Arabia. Quickly victorious, the Muslim ...

Author:

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781475852172

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 681

This volume provides up-to-date information about the politics, economies, and societies of the twenty-four states that make up the Middle East and South Asia.
Categories: History