Ten Thousand Years of Inequality

Ten Thousand Years of Inequality

How can archaeologists tell? Ten Thousand Years of Inequality addresses these and other questions by presenting the first set of consistent quantitative measurements of ancient wealth inequality.

Author: Timothy A. Kohler

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816539444

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 716

Is wealth inequality a universal feature of human societies, or did early peoples live an egalitarian existence? How did inequality develop before the modern era? Did inequalities in wealth increase as people settled into a way of life dominated by farming and herding? Why in general do such disparities increase, and how recent are the high levels of wealth inequality now experienced in many developed nations? How can archaeologists tell? Ten Thousand Years of Inequality addresses these and other questions by presenting the first set of consistent quantitative measurements of ancient wealth inequality. The authors are archaeologists who have adapted the Gini index, a statistical measure of wealth distribution often used by economists to measure contemporary inequality, and applied it to house-size distributions over time and around the world. Clear descriptions of methods and assumptions serve as a model for other archaeologists and historians who want to document past patterns of wealth disparity. The chapters cover a variety of ancient cases, including early hunter-gatherers, farmer villages, and agrarian states and empires. The final chapter synthesizes and compares the results. Among the new and notable outcomes, the authors report a systematic difference between higher levels of inequality in ancient Old World societies and lower levels in their New World counterparts. For the first time, archaeology allows humanity’s deep past to provide an account of the early manifestations of wealth inequality around the world. Contributors Nicholas Ames Alleen Betzenhauser Amy Bogaard Samuel Bowles Meredith S. Chesson Abhijit Dandekar Timothy J. Dennehy Robert D. Drennan Laura J. Ellyson Deniz Enverova Ronald K. Faulseit Gary M. Feinman Mattia Fochesato Thomas A. Foor Vishwas D. Gogte Timothy A. Kohler Ian Kuijt Chapurukha M. Kusimba Mary-Margaret Murphy Linda M. Nicholas Rahul C. Oka Matthew Pailes Christian E. Peterson Anna Marie Prentiss Michael E. Smith Elizabeth C. Stone Amy Styring Jade Whitlam
Categories: Social Science

The Archaeology of Inequality

The Archaeology of Inequality

Author: Randall H. McGuire

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 0631160434

Category: Archéologie sociale - États-Unis

Page: 295

View: 742

Categories: Archéologie sociale - États-Unis

Foundations of Social Inequality

Foundations of Social Inequality

In this authoritative volume, leading researchers offer diverse theoretical perspectives and a wide-range of information on the beginnings and nature of social inequality in past human societies.

Author: T. Douglas Price

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781489912893

Category: Social Science

Page: 290

View: 816

In this authoritative volume, leading researchers offer diverse theoretical perspectives and a wide-range of information on the beginnings and nature of social inequality in past human societies. Their illuminating work investigates the role of status differentiation in traditional archaeological debates and major societal transitions. This volume features numerous case studies from the Old and New World spanning foraging societies to agricultural groups and complex states. Diachronic in view and archaeological in focus, this book will be of significant interest to archaeologists, anthropologists, and students.
Categories: Social Science

The Archaeology of Inequality

The Archaeology of Inequality

The book explores slavery, gender, ethnicity and economy as intersecting areas of study within the larger framework of inequality and exemplifies to what degree archaeologists can identify and analyze different patterns of inequality.

Author: Orlando Cerasuolo

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9781438485140

Category: Social Science

Page: 464

View: 620

Brings together archaeologists, art historians, sociologists, and classicists to explore the origins and development of unequal relationships in ancient societies. The Archaeology of Inequality explores the different aspects of social boundaries and articulation by comparing several interdisciplinary approaches for the analysis of the archaeological data, as well as actual case studies from the Prehistory to the Classical world. The book explores slavery, gender, ethnicity and economy as intersecting areas of study within the larger framework of inequality and exemplifies to what degree archaeologists can identify and analyze different patterns of inequality. Orlando Cerasuolo is Adjunct Professor of Etruscan and Pre-Roman Archaeology at the Eastern University of Naples.
Categories: Social Science

The Archaeology of Rank

The Archaeology of Rank

Describes a range of methods used by archaeologists to infer ranking from archaeological data.

Author: Paul K. Wason

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521612004

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 109

Describes a range of methods used by archaeologists to infer ranking from archaeological data.
Categories: Social Science

The Bioarchaeology of Structural Violence

The Bioarchaeology of Structural Violence

This volume is a resource for bioarchaeologists interested in using a structural violence framework to better understand and contextualize the lived experiences of past populations.

Author: Lori A. Tremblay

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030464400

Category: History

Page: 284

View: 895

This volume is a resource for bioarchaeologists interested in using a structural violence framework to better understand and contextualize the lived experiences of past populations. One of the most important elements of bioarchaeological research is the study of health disparities in past populations. This book offers an analysis of such work, but with the benefit of an overarching theoretical framework. It examines the theoretical framework used by scholars in cultural and medical anthropology to explore how social, political, and/or socioeconomic structures and institutions create inequalities resulting in health disparities for the most vulnerable or marginalized segments of contemporary populations. It then takes this framework and shows how it can allow researchers in bioarchaeology to interpret such socio-cultural factors through analyzing human skeletal remains of past populations. The book discusses the framework and its applications based on two main themes: the structural violence of gender inequality and the structural violence of social and socioeconomic inequalities.
Categories: History

Animals and Inequality in the Ancient World

Animals and Inequality in the Ancient World

The volume will be of interest to archaeologists, especially zooarchaeologists, and classical scholars of pre-modern civilizations and societies.

Author: Benjamin S. Arbuckle

Publisher: University Press of Colorado

ISBN: 9781607322863

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 120

Animals and Inequality in the Ancient World explores the current trends in the social archaeology of human-animal relationships, focusing on the ways in which animals are used to structure, create, support, and even deconstruct social inequalities. The authors provide a global range of case studies from both New and Old World archaeology—a royal Aztec dog burial, the monumental horse tombs of Central Asia, and the ceremonial macaw cages of ancient Mexico among them. They explore the complex relationships between people and animals in social, economic, political, and ritual contexts, incorporating animal remains from archaeological sites with artifacts, texts, and iconography to develop their interpretations. Animals and Inequality in the Ancient World presents new data and interpretations that reveal the role of animals, their products, and their symbolism in structuring social inequalities in the ancient world. The volume will be of interest to archaeologists, especially zooarchaeologists, and classical scholars of pre-modern civilizations and societies.
Categories: Social Science

Social Inequality in Iberian Late Prehistory

Social Inequality in Iberian Late Prehistory

This book includes papers from the session 'Social Inequality in Iberian Late Prehistory' presented at the Congress of Peninsular Archaeology, Faro, 2004.

Author: Pedro Díaz-del-Río

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: UCSC:32106018859188

Category: History

Page: 194

View: 628

This book includes papers from the session 'Social Inequality in Iberian Late Prehistory' presented at the Congress of Peninsular Archaeology, Faro, 2004.
Categories: History

Pathways to Power

Pathways to Power

In a follow-up to their 1995 book Foundations of Social Inequality, the Editors of this volume have compiled a new and comprehensive group of studies concerning these central questions.

Author: T. Douglas Price

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441963006

Category: Social Science

Page: 298

View: 486

There are few questions more central to understanding the prehistory of our species than those regarding the institutionalization of social inequality. Social inequality is manifested in unequal access to goods, information, decision-making, and power. This structure is essential to higher orders of social organization and basic to the operation of more complex societies. An understanding of the transformation from relatively egalitarian societies to a hierarchical organization and socioeconomic stratification is fundamental to our knowledge about the human condition. In a follow-up to their 1995 book Foundations of Social Inequality, the Editors of this volume have compiled a new and comprehensive group of studies concerning these central questions. When and where does hierarchy appear in human society, and how does it operate? With numerous case studies from the Old and New World, spanning foraging societies to agricultural groups, and complex states, Pathways to Power provides key historical insights into current social and cultural questions.
Categories: Social Science

Household Archaeology on the Northwest Coast

Household Archaeology on the Northwest Coast

This volume is the cumulative result of more than a decade of research focusing on household archaeology as a means to gain understanding of the evolution of social complexity, regardless of underlying economy.

Author: Elizabeth A. Sobel

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781789201789

Category: Social Science

Page: 285

View: 984

Since the late 1970s, household archaeology has become a key theoretical and methodological framework for research on the development of permanent social inequality and complexity, as well as for understanding the social, political and economic organization of chiefdoms and states. This volume is the cumulative result of more than a decade of research focusing on household archaeology as a means to gain understanding of the evolution of social complexity, regardless of underlying economy.
Categories: Social Science

Agriculture and the Onset of Political Inequality Before the Inka

Agriculture and the Onset of Political Inequality Before the Inka

The nature of power and political diversity is examined in the Andean region of central Peru.

Author: Christine A. Hastorf

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 0521402727

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 298

View: 432

The nature of power and political diversity is examined in the Andean region of central Peru.
Categories: Business & Economics

Pathways to Power

Pathways to Power

In a follow-up to their 1995 book Foundations of Social Inequality, the Editors of this volume have compiled a new and comprehensive group of studies concerning these central questions.

Author: T. Douglas Price

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1441962999

Category: Social Science

Page: 298

View: 104

There are few questions more central to understanding the prehistory of our species than those regarding the institutionalization of social inequality. Social inequality is manifested in unequal access to goods, information, decision-making, and power. This structure is essential to higher orders of social organization and basic to the operation of more complex societies. An understanding of the transformation from relatively egalitarian societies to a hierarchical organization and socioeconomic stratification is fundamental to our knowledge about the human condition. In a follow-up to their 1995 book Foundations of Social Inequality, the Editors of this volume have compiled a new and comprehensive group of studies concerning these central questions. When and where does hierarchy appear in human society, and how does it operate? With numerous case studies from the Old and New World, spanning foraging societies to agricultural groups, and complex states, Pathways to Power provides key historical insights into current social and cultural questions.
Categories: Social Science

Capit nes F sicos Y Mercaders

Capit  nes  F  sicos  Y Mercaders

Despite prevailing archaeological interpretations that the Toyah Interval (ca. 1200/1250-1700 CE) in Texas archeology was largely comprised of highly mobile bands of economically independent family groups of hunter-gatherers, early Spanish ...

Author: Eric A. Schroeder

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1105930889

Category:

Page: 620

View: 614

Despite prevailing archaeological interpretations that the Toyah Interval (ca. 1200/1250-1700 CE) in Texas archeology was largely comprised of highly mobile bands of economically independent family groups of hunter-gatherers, early Spanish colonial accounts dating from 1528 to 1716 suggest that complex social arrangements were a common feature of Late Prehistoric Toyah society. Using the ethnographically-derived models of feasting, violence, and craft specialization, I explore the material culture of inequality and special status from both the aspects of Toyah ethnohistory and archaeology. Evidence for inequality and special status was sought in the mortuary data, while burned rock middens and bone concentrations documented at Toyah sites were analyzed for evidence of feasting behavior. Classic Toyah pottery was evaluated as a specialized craft industry, and a model for the native itinerant trader/crafter was developed and tested with respect to Toyah blade caches. As a result, it is hoped that this study will motivate future investigation toward more socially-based approaches in Toyah research, and that it establishes a dialog around the social factors behind the Toyah phenomenon in Texas archeology
Categories:

Material Worlds

Material Worlds

Key themes of this innovative volume include the relationship between colonial, political and economic structures and the practices of consumption, the use of consumer goods in the construction and negotiation of identity, and the dialectic ...

Author: Barbara J. Heath

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317327288

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 563

Material Worlds examines consumption from an archaeological perspective, broadly exploring the intersection of social relations and objects through the processes of production, distribution, use, reuse, and discard. Interrogating individual objects as well as considering the contexts in which acts of consumption take place, a range of case studies present the intertwined issues of power, inequality, identity, and community as mediated through choice, access, and use of the diversity of mass-produced goods. Key themes of this innovative volume include the relationship between colonial, political and economic structures and the practices of consumption, the use of consumer goods in the construction and negotiation of identity, and the dialectic between strategies of consumption and individual or community choices. Situating studies of consumerism within the field of historical archaeology, this exciting collection reflects on the interrelationship between the material and ideological aspects of culture. With a focus on North America from the seventeenth through the early twentieth centuries, Material Worlds is an important examination of consumption which will appeal to scholars with interests in colonialism, gender and race, as well as those engaged with the material culture of the emergent modern world.
Categories: Social Science

Archaeology at the Millennium

Archaeology at the Millennium

In this book an internationally distinguished roster of contributors considers the state of the art of the discipline of archaeology at the turn of the 21st century and charts an ambitious agenda for the future.

Author: Gary M. Feinman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387726113

Category: Social Science

Page: 508

View: 335

In this book an internationally distinguished roster of contributors considers the state of the art of the discipline of archaeology at the turn of the 21st century and charts an ambitious agenda for the future. The chapters address a wide range of topics including, paradigms, practice, and relevance of the discipline; paleoanthropology; fully modern humans; holocene hunter-gatherers; the transition to food and craft production; social inequality; warfare; state and empire formation; and the uneasy relationship between classical and anthropological archaeology.
Categories: Social Science