Archaeological Method and Theory

Archaeological Method and Theory

Includes articles on Storytelling and Prehistory, Ethnohistory and Historical Method, Archaeological Approaches to New World Plantation Slavery, Zooarchaeology and Complex Societies, Underground Archaeology.

Author: Michael B. Schiffer

Publisher:

ISBN: 0816511470

Category: Archaeology

Page: 304

View: 617

Categories: Archaeology

Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory

Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory

Preface Definitions of archaeology ranging from the traditional “studies of man's
past from material remains” to the avante garde ... Advances in archaeological
method and theory will be a medium for distilling and disseminating progressive
 ...

Author: Michael B Schiffer

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9781483214795

Category: History

Page: 442

View: 282

Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory, Volume 1 presents the progressive explorations in methods and theory in archeology. This book discusses the strategy for appraising significance, which is needed to maximize the preservation and wise use of cultural resources. Organized into 10 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of planning for the best long-term use of cultural resources, which is the essence of conservation archeology. This text then examines importance of the concept in cultural ecological studies. Other chapters consider the methods used in determining the density, size, and growth rate of human populations. This book discusses as well the use of demographic variables in archeological explanation. The final chapter deals with the decisions that must be made in designing a survey and to identify the alternative consequences for data recovery of various strategies. This book is a valuable resource for archeologists and planners.
Categories: History

Archaeological Method and Theory

Archaeological Method and Theory

Thus the reader will find entries on subject matter covering: * disciplinary theory * legislation affecting the work of archaeologists * pre-excavation surveying * excavation methodology * on-site conservation techniques * post-excavation ...

Author: Linda Ellis

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0203801563

Category: Social Science

Page: 600

View: 997

This encyclopedia provides an up-to-date survey of archaeological method and theory, as well as the application of physical and biological sciences in archaeological research. Every aspect of archaeological work is represented, from the discovery process to the ultimate disposition of materials. Thus the reader will find entries on subject matter covering: * disciplinary theory * legislation affecting the work of archaeologists * pre-excavation surveying * excavation methodology * on-site conservation techniques * post-excavation analysis The latest refinements in analytical technology and techniques such as radiometric dating, stable isotopic analysis, and the PCR technique of DNA analysis are clearly and authoritatively presented and discussions are enhanced with results from interdisciplinary research. This encyclopedia importantly covers all major US legislation developed for the protection of cultural property, including the recent Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, and offers a substantial article on worldwide legislation concerning the reburial of human remains and its effects on the present and future of archaeology.
Categories: Social Science

Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory

Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory

MARGARET W. CONKEY JANET D. SPECTOR INTRODUCTION A serious
challenge to the function of archaeology in contemporary society has been raised
with the assertion that a largely unrecognized rationale for archaeology is the ...

Author:

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781483294308

Category: Social Science

Page: 462

View: 572

Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory
Categories: Social Science

Essential Tensions in Archaeological Method and Theory

Essential Tensions in Archaeological Method and Theory

They also provide a critgue why they are wrong or not applicable in a ical
evaluation of the current state of archaeparticular situation ( see also Galison
1997 : ological method and theory , illustrating that 803 ) . Thus , theoretical
plurality can ...

Author: Todd L. VanPool

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015060039487

Category: Social Science

Page: 197

View: 279

Archaeological theory, some say, seems to have fragmented into a thousand fundamentalisms. By working on a broader set of empirical issues than ever before, archaeologists are indeed applying and refining a variety of perspectives. Yet the editors of this volume make a case that it is appropriate for archaeologists to use a logical variety of theoretical structures to answer different kinds of questions, combining approaches as necessary. In that spirit of plurality, contributors to this volume identify an important theoretical or methodological problem and present an argument regarding its solution. They also provide a critical evaluation of the current state of archaeological method and theory, illustrating that such recurrent issues as the role of agency and the importance of social considerations in the formation of archaeological research dominate current theoretical development. By presenting both the range of important questions and a variety of answers, this volume contributes to the 'essential tension' that will further the growth of archaeological theory.
Categories: Social Science

Method and Theory in American Archaeology

Method and Theory in American Archaeology

This facsimile reprint edition of the original University of Chicago Press volume includes a new foreword by Gordon R. Willey, which outlines the state of American archaeology at the time of the original publication, and a new introduction ...

Author: Gordon Willey

Publisher: University of Alabama Press

ISBN: 9780817310882

Category: History

Page: 347

View: 333

A Dan Josselyn Memorial Publication This invaluable classic provides the framework for the development of American archaeology during the last half of the 20th century. In 1958 Gordon R. Willey and Philip Phillips first published Method and Theory in American Archaeology— a volume that went through five printings, the last in 1967 at the height of what became known as the new, or processual, archaeology. The advent of processual archaeology, according to Willey and Phillips, represented a "theoretical debate . . . a question of whether archaeology should be the study of cultural history or the study of cultural process." Willey and Phillips suggested that little interpretation had taken place in American archaeology, and their book offered an analytical perspective; the methods they described and the structural framework they used for synthesizing American prehistory were all geared toward interpretation. Method and Theory served as the catalyst and primary reader on the topic for over a decade. This facsimile reprint edition of the original University of Chicago Press volume includes a new foreword by Gordon R. Willey, which outlines the state of American archaeology at the time of the original publication, and a new introduction by the editors to place the book in historical context. The bibliography is exhaustive. Academic libraries, students, professionals, and knowledgeable amateurs will welcome this new edition of a standard-maker among texts on American archaeology.
Categories: History

Critically Reading the Theory and Methods of Archaeology

Critically Reading the Theory and Methods of Archaeology

Kindle edition. McKern, Will C. 1939. The Midwestern Taxonomic Method as an
Aid to Archaeological Culture Study. American Antiquity 4(4):301–13. Merton,
Robert K. 1973. The Sociology of Science: Theoretical and Empirical
Investigations, ...

Author: Guy Gibbon

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780759123427

Category: Social Science

Page: 254

View: 310

Critically Reading the Theory and Methods of Archaeology stands out as the most thorough and practical guide to the essential critical reading and writing skills that all students, instructors, and practitioners should have. It provides priceless insight for the here and now of the Theory and Methods of Archaeology classes and for a lifetime of reading, learning, teaching, and writing. Chapters focus on rigorous reasoning skills, types of argument, the main research orientations in archaeology, the basic procedural framework that underlies all schools of archaeology, and issues in archaeology raised by skeptical postmodernists.
Categories: Social Science

Handbook of Archaeological Methods

Handbook of Archaeological Methods

The Handbook of Archaeological Methods comprises 37 articles by leading archaeologists on the key methods used by archaeologists in the field, in analysis, in theory building, and in managing cultural resources.

Author: Herbert D. G. Maschner

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 0759100780

Category: Social Science

Page: 1469

View: 535

The Handbook of Archaeological Methods comprises 37 articles by leading archaeologists on the key methods used by archaeologists in the field, in analysis, in theory building, and in managing cultural resources. The book is destined to become the key reference work for archaeologists and their advanced students on contemporary archaeological methods.
Categories: Social Science

Archaeology

Archaeology

The best-selling archaeology textbook in the world, revised and updated, and now in its seventh edition

Author: Colin Renfrew

Publisher:

ISBN: 0500292108

Category: Social Science

Page: 672

View: 873

The best-selling archaeology textbook in the world, revised and updated, and now in its seventh edition
Categories: Social Science

Archaeological Method

Archaeological Method

This book, by the distinguished Czech scholar Evzen Neustupny, considers the archaeological method, the way in which archaeologists translate mute objects into descriptions of a living past.

Author: Evžen Neustupný

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521380766

Category: Social Science

Page: 187

View: 958

The archaeological record consists of 'dead' finds, remnants of human culture. The archaeologist relies on them to understand how past societies were organized and how they functioned. This book, by the distinguished Czech scholar Evzen Neustupny, considers the archaeological method, the way in which archaeologists translate mute objects into descriptions of a living past. The method involves a series of steps: an analysis of the archaeological record; a synthesis of the finds to generate formal archaeological structure; and the use of models derived from descriptions of observed human activity to explain these structures. Without models, archaeologists would have no way of interpreting their finds. The author also considers the relevance for archaeology of such concepts as induction and deduction, empirical research and theory.
Categories: Social Science

Contradictions of Archaeological Theory

Contradictions of Archaeological Theory

Smith, L. (2004) Archaeological Theory and the Politics of Cultural Heritage,
London: Routledge. ... range theory, behavioural archaeology, and postempiricist
philosophy of science', Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 3(1): 1–30.

Author: Sandra Wallace

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136913082

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 618

Is current archaeological theory stuck at an impasse? Sandra Wallace argues that archaeological theory has become mired as a result of logical and ontological contradictions. By showing that these contradictions are a result of common underlying philosophical assumptions and fallacies this book is able to show how a fresh approach to this discipline is necessary to resolve them, even if this requires re-examining some of the tenants of orthodox archaeology. This fresh approach is achieved by using Critical Realism as an "under labourer" to philosophically evaluate archaeological theory. Starting by assessing the historical impact of philosophy on the discipline and then looking at the current relationship between archaeology and the ontology of the material this book facilitates the construction of discipline specific theory by archaeologists. The result is an approach to archaeology that allows both students and practitioners to free themselves from endemic contradictions and re-discover their approach to archaeological theory.
Categories: Social Science

Archaeological Theory Today

Archaeological Theory Today

The goal of this chapter is to present a synthesis of the various strands of
archaeological method and theory that make up the core of behavioral
archaeology. I write from the perspective of a “dirt archaeologist” who struggles to
make sense of ...

Author: Ian Hodder

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 9780745653075

Category: History

Page: 347

View: 713

This title brings together some of the major exponents and innovators in the discipline to introduce their individual areas of specialism. It summarizes the latest developments in the field and looks to the future of the discipline.
Categories: History

Metaarchaeology

Metaarchaeology

About half the titles outside archeology fall into this category (e.g., “Foundations
for Teaching English as a Second Language: Theory and Method for Multicultural
Education” or “Modern Theory and Method in Group Training”). The closest ...

Author: Lester Embree

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401118262

Category: Philosophy

Page: 343

View: 356

An idea of the philosophy of archaeology can best be gained by showing what it is, what the issues are, who is working in the field, and how they proceed. Reading Lester Embree's Metaarchaeology provides the best possible introduction to the field, since in it several leading archaeologists show how accessible and interesting the current archeological literature is, and currently active philosophers of archaeology reveal something of the current state of discussion on the subject. Bibliographies have also been developed of the philosophy of archaeology as well as of selected parts of the component that can be called metaarchaeology. Finally, an historical introduction has been included to show the variety of metascientific as well as orientational standpoints that philosophers of archaeology have had recourse to for over two decades, followed by speculation about the future of the discipline within the philosophy of science.
Categories: Philosophy

Archaeology as Human Ecology

Archaeology as Human Ecology

Archaeology as Human Ecology is a new introduction to concepts and methods in archaeology.

Author: Karl W. Butzer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521288770

Category: Social Science

Page: 364

View: 342

Archaeology as Human Ecology is a new introduction to concepts and methods in archaeology. It deals not with artifacts, but with sites, settlements, and subsistence. It is essential reading for students, research workers, and all concerned with archaeological method and theory.
Categories: Social Science

Gordon R Willey and American Archaeology

Gordon R  Willey and American Archaeology

Chapter Four Willey and Phillips The Social Context and Maturation of American
Archaeology Richard M. Leventhal and Deborah Erdman Cornavaca I n 1958
Gordon R. Willey and Philip Phillips's book Method and Theory in American ...

Author: Jeremy A. Sabloff

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 080613805X

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 570

Gauging the impact of one scholar's contributions to modern archaeology
Categories: Social Science

Reader in Archaeological Theory

Reader in Archaeological Theory

The problem with it , from the ective of many American archaeologists , is that
sacredness is to archaeology like oil is to ... Deer ' s paper serves to tie this
Native American concern directly to the matter of archaeological method and
theory .

Author: David S. Whitley

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415141605

Category: Social Science

Page: 347

View: 446

This Reader in Archaeological Theory presents sixteen articles of key theoretical significance, in a format which makes this notoriously complex area easier for students to understand. This volume: * provides an intellectual history of different approaches to archaeology which contextualizes the complex traditions of cognitive archaeology and postprocessualism on which it focuses * organizes theories of archaeology, the meanings of things, the prehistoric mind and cognition, gender, ideology and social theory and archaeology's relationship to today's society and politics * includes lucid section introductions to each section which provide context, explain why the papers are so significant and summarize their key points * emphasizes research from the 'New World', making archaeological theory especially relevant and accessible to students in North America
Categories: Social Science

The Three Ages an Essay on Archaeological Method

The Three Ages an Essay on Archaeological Method

It is to these Scandinavian archaeologists that we must ascribe , as Lord Avebury
has said , “ the merit of having raised ... theory of the three technological ages
merely as an application to the field of technology of the evolutionary schemes.

Author: Glyn Edmund Daniel

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN:

Category: Archaeology

Page: 59

View: 632

Categories: Archaeology

The Interpretation of Archaeological Spatial Patterning

The Interpretation of Archaeological Spatial Patterning

Gifford, D. P., 1981, Taphonomy and Paleoecology: A Critical Review of
Archaeology's Sister Disciplines. Advances in Archaeological Method and
Theory 4:77–101. Gifford, D. P., and Behrensmeyer, A. K., 1977, Observed
Formation and ...

Author: Ellen M. Kroll

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781489926029

Category: Social Science

Page: 316

View: 597

Investigations of archaeological intrasite spatial patterns have generally taken one of two directions: studies that introduced and explored methods for the analysis of archaeological spatial patterns or those that described and analyzed the for mation of spatial patterns in actuaiistic-ethnographic, experimental, or natu ral-contexts. The archaeological studies were largely quantitative in nature, concerned with the recognition and definition of patterns; the actualistic efforts were often oriented more toward interpretation, dealing with how patterns formed and what they meant. Our research group on archaeological spatial analysis at the University of Wisconsin-Madison has been working for several years on both quantitative and interpretive problems. Both lines of investigation are closely related and are important complements. In order to demonstrate the convergence of archaeological and actualistic studies for the understanding of intrasite spatial patterns, we organized a sympo sium at the 52nd Annual Meeting of the Society of American Archaeology in Toronto, Canada, in May 1987. The symposium, titled "The Interpretation of Stone Age Archaeological Spatial Patterns," was organized into two sessions. The six papers presented in the morning session, five of which comprise Part I of this volume, focused on ethnoarchaeological and experimental research. Michael Schiffer was the discussant for this half of the symposium. Our intention for the ethnoarchaeological contributions to the symposium and volume was the delin eation of some of the significant accomplishments achieved thus far by actualistic studies regarding the formation of spatial patterns.
Categories: Social Science

Designing Experimental Research in Archaeology

Designing Experimental Research in Archaeology

Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 7:139–163. Henrickson, E. F. 1990
Investigating Ancient Ceramic Form and Use: Progress Report and Case Study.
In The Changing Roles of Ceramics in Society: 26,000 B.P. to the Present, ed.

Author: Jeffrey R. Ferguson

Publisher: University Press of Colorado

ISBN: 1607320231

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 274

Designing Experimental Research in Archaeology is a guide for the design of archaeological experiments for both students and scholars. Experimental archaeology provides a unique opportunity to corroborate conclusions with multiple trials of repeatable experiments and can provide data otherwise unavailable to archaeologists without damaging sites, remains, or artifacts. Each chapter addresses a particular classification of material culture-ceramics, stone tools, perishable materials, composite hunting technology, butchering practices and bone tools, and experimental zooarchaeology-detailing issues that must be considered in the development of experimental archaeology projects and discussing potential pitfalls. The experiments follow coherent and consistent research designs and procedures and are placed in a theoretical context, and contributors outline methods that will serve as a guide in future experiments. This degree of standardization is uncommon in traditional archaeological research but is essential to experimental archaeology. The field has long been in need of a guide that focuses on methodology and design. This book fills that need not only for undergraduate and graduate students but for any archaeologist looking to begin an experimental research project.
Categories: Social Science