Archaeological Footwear

Development of Shoe Patterns and Styles from Prehistory Till the 1600's

Author: Marquita Volken

Publisher: Stichting Promotie Archaeologie

ISBN: 9789089321176

Category: Crafts & Hobbies

Page: 408

View: 4773

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The knowledge of how to make a shoe pattern was certainly the ancient shoemaker's most closely guarded secret, passed from master to apprentice but never written down. Now, after 20 years of research, the principles for making ancient shoe patterns have been rediscovered.This comprehensive guide to European archaeological footwear is richly illustrated with drawings and photographs of archaeological leather shoe finds and shoe reconstructions. A catalogue presents each named shoe style along with the cutting patterns used, a concise description and a full list of the published examples. The volume also includes a short history of calceological studies, case studies, the fundamental research methods and an overview of shoe sole/upper constructions for archaeological leather shoes. Marquita Volken uses the practical knowledge and research techniques developed by Olaf Goubitz in com-bination with the methods established by Carol van Driel-Murray and Willy Groenmann-van Waateringe to identify the 17 basic types of cutting patterns used for archaeological leather footwear. Over 400 named shoe styles are identified and presented within a chronological framework covering Prehistory, the Roman period, the Middle Ages and the early modern times.
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Urban Craftsmen and Traders in the Roman World

Author: Andrew Wilson,Miko Flohr

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191065366

Category: History

Page: 408

View: 8368

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This volume, featuring sixteen contributions from leading Roman historians and archaeologists, sheds new light on approaches to the economic history of urban craftsmen and traders in the Roman world, with a particular emphasis on the imperial period. Combining a wide range of research traditions from all over Europe and utilizing evidence from Italy, the western provinces, and the Greek-speaking east, this edited collection is divided into four sections. It first considers the scholarly history of Roman crafts and trade in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, focusing on Germany and the Anglo-Saxon world, and on Italy and France. Chapters discuss how scholarly thinking about Roman craftsmen and traders was influenced by historical and intellectual developments in the modern world, and how different (national) research traditions followed different trajectories throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The second section highlights the economic strategies of craftsmen and traders, examining strategies of long-distance traders and the phenomenon of specialization, and presenting case studies of leather-working and bread-baking. In the third section, the human factor in urban crafts and trade-including the role of apprenticeship, gender, freedmen, and professional associations-is analysed, and the volume ends by exploring the position of crafts in urban space, considering the evidence for artisanal clustering in the archaeological and papyrological record, and providing case studies of the development of commercial landscapes at Aquincum on the Danube and at Sagalassos in Pisidia.
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Holy Monsters, Sacred Grotesques

Monstrosity and Religion in Europe and the United States

Author: Michael E. Heyes

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 1498550770

Category: Religion

Page: 296

View: 4308

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This book explores the intersection of religion and monstrosity. The first section contains fresh research on the Middle Ages and Early Modern period, and the second explores the topic of religion and monstrosity from the Early Modern to Modern period.
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The Lost Art of the Anglo-Saxon World

The Sacred and Secular Power of Embroidery

Author: Alexandra Lester-Makin

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1789251478

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 9371

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This latest title in the highly successful Ancient Textiles series is the first substantial monograph-length historiography of early medieval embroideries and their context within the British Isles. The book brings together and analyses for the first time all 43 embroideries believed to have been made in the British Isles and Ireland in the early medieval period. New research carried out on those embroideries that are accessible today, involving the collection of technical data, stitch analysis, observations of condition and wear-marks and microscopic photography supplements a survey of existing published and archival sources. The research has been used to write, for the first time, the ‘story’ of embroidery, including what we can learn of its producers, their techniques, and the material functions and metaphorical meanings of embroidery within early medieval Anglo-Saxon society. The author presents embroideries as evidence for the evolution of embroidery production in Anglo-Saxon society, from a community-based activity based on the extended family, to organized workshops in urban settings employing standardized skill levels and as evidence of changing material use: from small amounts of fibers produced locally for specific projects to large batches brought in from a distance and stored until needed. She demonstrate that embroideries were not simply used decoratively but to incorporate and enact different meanings within different parts of society: for example, the newly arrived Germanic settlers of the fifth century used embroidery to maintain links with their homelands and to create tribal ties and obligations. As such, the results inform discussion of embroidery contexts, use and deposition, and the significance of this form of material culture within society as well as an evaluation of the status of embroiderers within early medieval society. The results contribute significantly to our understanding of production systems in Anglo-Saxon England and Ireland.
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Menswear of the Lombards. Reflections in the light of archeology, iconography and written sources

Author: Yuri Godino

Publisher: Bookstones

ISBN: 8898275471

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 2356

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Often considered to be “the most barbaric among barbarian populations”, the Lombards actually boast one of the most prosperous and complex civilizations of the Migration Period, able to bequeath refined cultural and artistic treasures, as well as enchanting crafts. This paper aims at focusing on menswear, a cornerstone of the Lombard culture which used to be an essential expression of status for the German societies. The main goal is to offer a consistent and useful summary of the historical data, providing the reader with an up-to-date bibliographic support and a series of reconstructive interpretations, both encouraging a critical approach to the subject and helping the work of mostly any meticulous re-enactor. Textile materials, colors and clothing are described using documentary, archaeological and iconographic sources from the Lombard kingdom in Italy, comparing them with the evidence pertaining to Germanic Europe and the neighboring Mediterranean world. In addition, the author revisits the currently known theories on the spatha suspension belt, a basic element of the armed man equipment.
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Stepping Through Time

Archaeological Footwear from Prehistoric Times Until 1800

Author: Olaf Goubitz,Carol van Driel-Murray,Willy Groenman-Van Waateringe

Publisher: Stichting Promotie Archaeologie

ISBN: N.A

Category: Art

Page: 396

View: 7123

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Drawing on 25 years' experience as a conservator of leather, Goubitz presents a typological catalogue of footwear dating from 800-1800 AD. The study is based on Goubitz' analysis of an important assemblage of shoes recovered from excavations at Dordrecht in the Netherlands but the volume's aim is to offer guidance for the identification of shoes found on sites across north-western Europe. In addition, contributions from van Driel-Murray and Groenman-van Waateringe examine evidence for shoe types in prehistoric Europe and the north-western provinces of the Roman Empire, periods which inevitably have left less evidence. The fully illustrated catalogue follows a comprehensive discussion of shoes styles and technology including height standards, iconography, material, patterns, stitches, soles, the identification and dating of fragments and conservation. The volume should prove a useful tool for Roman and, especially, medieval historians and archaeologists.
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