15.8 ) Aphrahat's view of the law is generally positive ( that is , of its moral component ) , but he seems to distinguish between the case law given to the ancient Israelites and the great principal commandments that are applicable to ...
Author: Eliyahu Lizorkin
Publisher: Peeters Pub & Booksellers
Various opinions on the nature of Aphrahat's interactions with the Jews have essentially revolved around either accepting or rejecting the claim that the Persian Sage had contact with (Rabbinic) Jews and/or may have been influenced by them. The issue was never settled. To provide answers to the related questions the author uses a textual comparative methodology, juxtaposing texts from both sources and analyzing them in relation to each other. Every section that deals with such comparison is organized into three sub-sections: 1) agreement, 2) disagreement by omission; and 3) disagreement by confrontation. The study is structured around the general theme of ritual as addressed by Aphrahat in his work. It compares the treatment of circumcision, prayer, Passover, Kashrut and fasting in Aphrahat's Demonstrations with the treatment of the same themes in Babylonian Talmud. In addition to dealing with primary conclusions that answer the questions regarding the nature of Aphrahat's encounters with the Jews, the researcher provides a set of additional or secondary conclusions that concern variety of topics such as the nature of Jewish missions to the (Jewish) Christians and Aphrahat's treatment of the Christian Pascha in relationship to the idea of the Christian Sabbath.
Aphrahat's Demonstrations were read continuously, if sporadically, throughout the next ten centuries among the Eastern Churches, and at least one Western writer refer- ences his compositions.32 An anonymous manuscript of the fourteenth ...
Author: Naomi Koltun-Fromm
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This book tells the story of how the biblical notions of 'holy person' or 'holy community' comes to be defined by sexual and marriage practices by various interpretive communities in late antiquity. Koltun-Fromm argues that the biblical texts already create a link between holiness and sexuality which is further interpreted by later readers. Tracing this development from the biblical texts into the fourth century, she suggests that sexual practices among Jews and Christians, particularly ascetic sexual practices, are rooted in the history of biblical exegesis and tradition as much as in any other late ancient phenomena. Moreover holiness as sexual practice thus helped these groups demarcate differentiation from each other. Hence this book establishes the importance of biblical interpretation for late ancient Jewish and Christian practices, the centrality of holiness as a category for self definition, and fourth-century asceticism's relationship to biblical texts and interpretive history.
19 Aphrahat marshaled the Old Testament examples of Adam ( Gen 3 : 9 ) , Cain ( Gen 4 : 7 ) , and the contemporaries of Noah ( Gen 6 : 3 ... Rather , relying again on his preferred 119 See Aphrahat , Demonstrations 7.7 , in PS 1 , 321 .
Author: Mark J. Boda
Publisher: Liturgical Press
This volume is a major resource for the interpretation, theology, and practice of communal and individual penitence. It gives teachers, preachers, and serious students of theology an exhaustive source of information and inspiration for renewing the initial call of Jesus to "Repent and believe in the Gospel" (Mark 1:15).
In connection with my History of the Jews in Babylonia , it therefore seemed useful to prepare an English translation of Aphrahat's Demonstrations relevant to Judaism , together with studies of some pertinent issues .
This study then stands as part of the corpus of works searching for the sources behind the earliest Syriac writers and the origins of the Syrian Church.
Author: James Welsey Bennett
Category: Church history
One of the most perplexing questions in Syriac Studies is the question of what texts and traditions were known and used by authors within the Syrian Church and how early were those sources known. Considerable effort has been expended in the search for quotations and allusions to Christian and Rabbinic texts and traditions as well as Hellenistic and Zoroastrian sources. These efforts have been met with varying levels of success. This thesis takes both a narrower and a broader approach than most studies in the search for the sources that influenced authors in the early Syrian Church. The search is narrower in that it involves an examination of a defined motif, the descensus Christi, within the writings of one author, the Demonstrations of Aphrahat the Persian sage. The study is broader in that it contrasts the image of the descensus Christi in the Demonstrations against the known references to the descensus Christi in Christian texts that were written earlier than the Demonstrations. This thesis concludes that while it is not possible to demonstrate Aphrahat's dependence upon specific texts, it is possible to identify texts that Aphrahat knew and then speculate about commonalities among Aphrahat and the authors or communities that produced those texts. This study then stands as part of the corpus of works searching for the sources behind the earliest Syriac writers and the origins of the Syrian Church.