Anthropology in the City

Methodology and Theory

Author: Dr Giuliana B Prato,Dr Italo Pardo

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409461181

Category: Social Science

Page: 242

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With half of humanity already living in towns and cities and that proportion expected to increase in the coming decades, society - both Western and non-Western - is fast becoming urban and even mega-urban. As such, research in urban settings is evidently timely and of great importance. Anthropology in the City brings together a leading team of anthropologists to address the complex methodological and theoretical challenges posed by field-research in urban settings, clearly identifying the significance of the anthropological paradigm in urban research and its centrality both to mainstream academic debates and to society more broadly. With essays from experts on wide-ranging ethnographic research from fields as diverse as China, Europe, India, Latin and North America and South East Asia, this book demonstrates the contribution that empirically-based anthropological analysis can make to our understanding of our increasingly urban world.
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The Liminal Worker

An Ethnography of Work, Unemployment and Precariousness in Contemporary Greece

Author: Dr Manos Spyridakis

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472400984

Category: Social Science

Page: 274

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The Liminal Worker examines the experience of work, employment, employment insecurity and precariousness in a context of high unemployment and welfare state crisis in modern Greece. A theoretically-informed, anthropological exploration of the notion of work in contemporary western society and its relation to processes of political decision making, this book challenges the mainstream conception of work as an economic or purely productive activity, presenting a comparative analysis of work as a social phenomenon. Drawing on original empirical research, it explores the key themes of the transformation, experience, meaning and narrative of work and its relation to attendant social policies. A unique examination of the complicated experience of work and labour relations within power systems, institutions and organisations, as well as the reactions and survival strategies of ordinary actors facing precariousness in their daily existence, The Liminal Worker elaborates upon the notion of the anthropology of work and investigates the connection between ethnographic data (and its critical analysis) and the formation of policy. As such, it will be of interest to anthropologists, sociologists, policy makers and geographers concerned with questions of work, labour relations and policy formation.
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Economic Development

An Anthropological Approach

Author: Jeffrey Harris Cohen,Norbert Dannhaeuser

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759102125

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 298

View: 7707

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Economic development is an important focus of anthropological work in rural and urban communities around the world, and in this volume the contributors offer expert analyses on the theory and practice of development. Chapters cover the key topics of market systems, agricultural knowledge, modernization, population growth, participatory development, conservation strategies, culturally sustainable development, globalization and privatization, tourism, urban development, and financial markets. The cross-cultural focus of the volume provides original data on development processes in many countries, including the Philippines, Bali, Costa Rica, Mexico, Honduras, Venezuela, Kazakstan, and the United States. The book will be a welcome source of comparative research for anthropologists, development specialists, agricultural researchers, environmentalists, and geographers. Published in cooperation with the Society for Economic Anthropology. Visit their web page.
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Cities and Cultures

Author: Malcolm Miles

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134257708

Category: Architecture

Page: 244

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Cities and Cultures is a critical account of the relations between contemporary cities and the cultures they produce and which in turn shape them. The book questions received ideas of what constitutes a city's culture through case studies in which different kinds of culture - the arts, cultural institutions and heritage, distinctive ways of life - are seen to be differently used in or affected by the development of particular cities. The book does not mask the complexity of this, but explains it in ways accessible for undergraduates. The book begins with introductory chapters on the concepts of a city and a culture (the latter in the anthropological sense as well as denoting the arts), citing cases from modern literature. The book then moves from a critical account of cultural production in a metropolitan setting to the idea that a city, too, is produced through the characteristic ways of life of its inhabitants. The cultural industries are scrutinised for their relation to such cultures as well as to city marketing, and attention is given to the European Cities of Culture initiative, and to the hybridity of contemporary urban cultures in a period of globalisation and migration. In its penultimate chapter the book looks at incidental cultural forms and cultural means to identify formation; and in its final chapter, examines the permeability of urban cultures and cultural forms. Sources are introduced, positions clarified and contrasted, and notes given for selective further reading. Playing on the two meanings of culture, Miles takes an unique approach by relating arguments around these meanings to specific cases of urban development today. The book includes both critical comment on a range of literatures - being a truly inter-disciplinary study - and the outcome of the author's field research into urban cultures.
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Legitimacy

Ethnographic and Theoretical Insights

Author: Italo Pardo,Giuliana B. Prato

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319962388

Category: Social Science

Page: 338

View: 6393

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Global in scope, this original and thought-provoking collection applies new theory on legitimacy and legitimation to urban life. An informed reflection on this comparatively new topic in anthropology in relation to morality, action, law, politics and governance is both timely and innovative, especially as worldwide discontent among ordinary people grows. The ethnographically-based analyses offered here range from banking to neighbourhoods, from poverty to political action at the grassroots. They recognize the growing gap between the rulers and the ruled with particular attention to the morality of what is right as opposed to what is legal. This book is a unique contribution to social theory, fostering discussion across the many boundaries of anthropological and sociological studies.
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Robert Redfield and the Development of American Anthropology

Author: Clifford Wilcox

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739117774

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 235

View: 642

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Relying upon close readings of virtually all of his published and unpublished writings as well as extensive interviews with former colleagues and students, Robert Redfield and the Development of American Anthropology traces the development of Robert Redfield's ideas regarding social change and the role of social science in American society. Reconsideration of these debates will enrich contemporary thinking regarding the history of American anthropology and international development.
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The Modernist City

An Anthropological Critique of Brasilia

Author: James Holston

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226349794

Category: Architecture

Page: 369

View: 8130

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The utopian design and organization of Brasília—the modernist new capital of Brazil—were meant to transform Brazilian society. In this sophisticated, pioneering study of Brasília from its inception in 1957 to the present, James Holston analyzes this attempt to change society by building a new kind of city and the ways in which the paradoxes of constructing an imagined future subvert its utopian premises. Integrating anthropology with methods of analysis from architecture, urban studies, social history, and critical theory, Holston presents a critique of modernism based on a powerfully innovative ethnography of the city.
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Applied Anthropology

An Introduction

Author: John Van Willigen

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780897898331

Category: Political Science

Page: 285

View: 8426

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Focuses on the use of the methods and theories of anthropology to solve the practical problems of human communities. It addresses a wide range of problem-solving practices in both development action and applied research. The core of the book is chapters focused on specific practices such as evaluation and action research. In addition, there are chapters on history, employment strategies, and ethics.
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Rethinking Visual Anthropology

Author: Marcus Banks

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780300066913

Category: Social Science

Page: 306

View: 2001

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This text brings together a collection of essays by leading anthropologists, covering an entire range of visual representation and including discussions on the anthropology of art, the study of landscape, and the history of anthropology.
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Australian Ways

Anthropological studies in an industrialised society

Author: Lenore Manderson

Publisher: Allen & Unwin

ISBN: 1742696546

Category: Social Science

Page: 150

View: 1145

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This collection illustrates the richness of data and analysis born of the anthropological study of contemporary white Australian society. Inspired by the need to demonstrate the especial skills and insights of anthropology when brought to bear on familiar 'everyday' data, Australian Ways will be of interest to anyone curious about the colour and diversity of Australian life.
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