Anthrax

A History

Author: Richard M. Swiderski

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 9780786481965

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 1660

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Bacillus anthracis—anthrax—had largely faded from public consciousness until it resurfaced as a terrorist weapon in 2001. It was always with us, lurking in the soil and hosted by our livestock. Long before it was identified as a specific bacterium in the late 1800s, “anthrax” was a catchphrase for a variety of diseases and symptoms, from ancient biblical plagues to a painful carbuncle on George Washington’s leg. Only when industrialization turned anthrax into a widespread disease that threatened economies did a true understanding of Bacillus anthracis begin to emerge. This history of anthrax follows the development of our understanding of the disease, beginning in the 18th century, when science began breaking ground on the subject, until the present, when anthrax is feared more as an agent of biowarfare than as a health hazard harbored by the environment. There are three appendices: the first outlines the reaction of Manchester, New Hampshire, to the 2001 anthrax attacks; the second documents workplace warnings to anthrax-prone workers; and the third lists novels that involve anthrax. Bibliographical references are also provided.
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Anthrax: History, Biology, Global Distribution, Clinical Aspects, Immunology, and Molecular Biology

Author: Robert E. Levin

Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers

ISBN: 1608058867

Category: Science

Page: 295

View: 1334

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Following the post 9/11 distribution of anthrax spores through the U.S. mail, and the resulting deaths of five individuals - primarily due to initial misdiagnosis - there has been a renewed interest in anthrax among clinicians and intelligence agencies, particularly as a biological warfare agent. This monograph brings forth essential knowledge about anthrax. Included in this volume, are, the early history, non-natural outbreaks of anthrax, characteristics of the causative organism Bacillus anthracis and its relationship to other members of the B. cereus family. Also included are reports on extensive clinical findings, mechanisms of anthrax virulence and the genetics responsible for these virulence factors. The extensive studies over the years regarding the development of veterinary and human vaccines, and molecular studies, including conventional PCR and real-time PCR are explained in comprehensive detail, with the help of tables, figures and extensive references. This eBook serves as an advanced presentation and reference work for individuals seeking detailed information regarding anthrax and as a primary guide for individuals pursuing studies on anthrax.
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A History of Infectious Diseases and the Microbial World

Author: Lois N. Magner

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0275995054

Category: Medical

Page: 225

View: 5081

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In keeping with the goal of this series, A History of Infectious Diseases and the Microbial World provides a broad introductory overview of the history of major infectious diseases, including their impact on different populations, the recognition of specific causative agents, and the development of methods used to prevent, control, and treat them. By stressing the major themes in the history of disease, this book allows readers to relate modern concerns to historical materials. It places modern developments concerning infectious diseases within their historical context, illuminating the relationships between patterns of disease and social, cultural, political, and economic factors. Upon completing this volume, readers will be prepared to answer contemporary questions concerning the threat of newly-emerging infectious diseases, potentially devastating pandemics, and the threat of bioterrorism. A History of Infectious Diseases and the Microbial World offers readers answers to specific questions, as well as the challenge of a narrative that will stimulate their curiosity and encourage them to ask questions about the theory, practice, and assumptions of modern medicine. One will gain a precise understanding of the nature of different kinds of pathogens, the unique mechanisms behind disease transmission , and the means used to control, prevent, and treat infectious disease. Although only a few of these deadly illnesses can be addressed in detail, those that are discussed include: malaria, leprosy, bubonic plague, tuberculosis, syphilis, diphtheria, cholera, yellow fever, poliomyelitis, HIV/AIDS, and influenza.
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The Making of Modern Anthrax, 1875–1920

Uniting Local, National and Global Histories of Disease

Author: James F Stark

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317318668

Category: Medical

Page: 272

View: 1770

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Stark offers a fresh perspective on the history of infectious disease. He examines anthrax in terms of local, national and global significance, and constructs a narrative that spans public, professional and geographic domains.
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A Medical History of Skin

Scratching the Surface

Author: Kevin Patrick Siena

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317319540

Category: Medical

Page: 304

View: 8162

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Diseases affecting the skin have tended to provoke a response of particular horror in society. This collection of essays uses case studies to chart the medical history of skin from the eighteenth to the twentieth century.
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Spores, Plagues and History

The Story of Anthrax

Author: Chris Holmes

Publisher: Chris Holmes

ISBN: 9781930754454

Category: History

Page: 227

View: 6306

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This is much more than the story of a microbe. It is the tale of history and prophecy woven into a fabric what was, what might have been and what might yet be...
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Bioterrorism and Infectious Agents

A New Dilemma for the 21st Century

Author: I.W. Fong,Kenneth Alibek

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441912664

Category: Medical

Page: 273

View: 523

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Compiled by two leading experts in the field, this volume provides a concise, timely, and authoritative review of some of the most problematic infections of the new century. It presents issues and new ideas for preventing and controlling infectious diseases.
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Introduction to the History of Plant Pathology

Author: Geoffrey Clough Ainsworth

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521230322

Category: Science

Page: 315

View: 2713

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Provides a concise and straightforward account of the historical development of the diverse and interwoven themes of infectious diseases of plants.
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The Anthrax Vaccine

Is It Safe? Does It Work?

Author: Institute of Medicine,Medical Follow-up Agency,Committee to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of the Anthrax Vaccine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309182744

Category: Medical

Page: 288

View: 1930

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The vaccine used to protect humans against the anthrax disease, called Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed (AVA), was licensed in 1970. It was initially used to protect people who might be exposed to anthrax where they worked, such as veterinarians and textile plant workers who process animal hair. When the U. S. military began to administer the vaccine, then extended a plan for the mandatory vaccination of all U. S. service members, some raised concerns about the safety and efficacy of AVA and the manufacture of the vaccine. In response to these and other concerns, Congress directed the Department of Defense to support an independent examination of AVA. The Anthrax Vaccine: Is It Safe? Does It Work? reports the study’s conclusion that the vaccine is acceptably safe and effective in protecting humans against anthrax. The book also includes a description of advances needed in main areas: improving the way the vaccine is now used, expanding surveillance efforts to detect side effects from its use, and developing a better vaccine.
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