Animal Locomotion

Author: Andrew A. Biewener,Charles P Lyman Professor of Biology Andrew A Biewener

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198500223

Category: Science

Page: 281

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This work provides a clear foundation for understanding the underlying mechanisms by which animals have evolved to move in their physical environment. It integrates the biomechanics of animal movement with the physiology of animal energetics and the neural control of locomotion.
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Aerodynamics of Low Reynolds Number Flyers

Author: Wei Shyy,Yongsheng Lian,Jian Tang,Dragos Viieru,Hao Liu

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113946891X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

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Low Reynolds number aerodynamics is important to a number of natural and man-made flyers. Birds, bats, and insects have been of interest to biologists for years, and active study in the aerospace engineering community, motivated by interest in micro air vehicles (MAVs), has been increasing rapidly. The focus of this book is the aerodynamics associated with fixed and flapping wings. The book considers both biological flyers and MAVs, including a summary of the scaling laws which relate the aerodynamics and flight characteristics to a flyer's sizing on the basis of simple geometric and dynamics analyses, structural flexibility, laminar-turbulent transition, airfoil shapes, and unsteady flapping wing aerodynamics. The interplay between flapping kinematics and key dimensionless parameters such as the Reynolds number, Strouhal number, and reduced frequency is highlighted. The various unsteady lift enhancement mechanisms are also addressed.
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Advanced Topics on Computer Vision, Control and Robotics in Mechatronics

Author: Osslan Osiris Vergara Villegas,Manuel Nandayapa,Israel Soto

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331977770X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 432

View: 1286

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The field of mechatronics (which is the synergistic combination of precision mechanical engineering, electronic control and systems thinking in the design of products and manufacturing processes) is gaining much attention in industries and academics. It was detected that the topics of computer vision, control and robotics are imperative for the successful of mechatronics systems. This book includes several chapters which report successful study cases about computer vision, control and robotics. The readers will have the latest information related to mechatronics, that contains the details of implementation, and the description of the test scenarios.
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Wearable Robots

Biomechatronic Exoskeletons

Author: José L. Pons

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470987650

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 358

View: 4803

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A wearable robot is a mechatronic system that is designed around the shape and function of the human body, with segments and joints corresponding to those of the person it is externally coupled with. Teleoperation and power amplification were the first applications, but after recent technological advances the range of application fields has widened. Increasing recognition from the scientific community means that this technology is now employed in telemanipulation, man-amplification, neuromotor control research and rehabilitation, and to assist with impaired human motor control. Logical in structure and original in its global orientation, this volume gives a full overview of wearable robotics, providing the reader with a complete understanding of the key applications and technologies suitable for its development. The main topics are demonstrated through two detailed case studies; one on a lower limb active orthosis for a human leg, and one on a wearable robot that suppresses upper limb tremor. These examples highlight the difficulties and potentialities in this area of technology, illustrating how design decisions should be made based on these. As well as discussing the cognitive interaction between human and robot, this comprehensive text also covers: the mechanics of the wearable robot and it’s biomechanical interaction with the user, including state-of-the-art technologies that enable sensory and motor interaction between human (biological) and wearable artificial (mechatronic) systems; the basis for bioinspiration and biomimetism, general rules for the development of biologically-inspired designs, and how these could serve recursively as biological models to explain biological systems; the study on the development of networks for wearable robotics. Wearable Robotics: Biomechatronic Exoskeletons will appeal to lecturers, senior undergraduate students, postgraduates and other researchers of medical, electrical and bio engineering who are interested in the area of assistive robotics. Active system developers in this sector of the engineering industry will also find it an informative and welcome resource.
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Biodegradable Systems in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine

Author: Rui L. Reis,Julio San Román

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203491232

Category: Medical

Page: 592

View: 7118

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Conventional materials technology has yielded clear improvements in regenerative medicine. Ideally, however, a replacement material should mimic the living tissue mechanically, chemically, biologically and functionally. The use of tissue-engineered products based on novel biodegradable polymeric systems will lead to dramatic improvements in health care. The most important materials in development for use in tissue engineering, replacement, and regeneration are based on polymers and on composites reinforced with bioactive ceramics. The first book to address the topic in an integrated manner, Biodegradable Systems in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine presents an extensive description of biodegradable polymers used in medicine and explores their design, development, and processing. The authors discuss the performance of biodegradable systems and the special requirements that should be taken into account when evaluating their biocompatibility. Included are several methodologies for tailoring cell adhesion and proliferation on the surface of biodegradable polymers. This book represents a coordinated effort by outstanding international experts, and provides an integrated, forward-looking perspective. By joining together the most active groups in the field, the editors offer a unified approach, representing diverse fields of study, to produce a revolution in regenerative medicine.
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Animal Eyes

Author: Michael F. Land,Dan-Eric Nilsson

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198509684

Category: Science

Page: 221

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Animal Eyes aims to provide a comprehensive account of all known types of eye. It takes the diversity of optical mechanisms as a framework, but many other aspects of the structure and function of eyes are examined. Visual ecology, for example, the way that eyes are specifically adapted to thelifestyles of the animals that bear them, is another important theme. The 'design philosophy' of eyes is explored, too: what are the physical constraints on the way that an eye performs its functions, and how are these addressed by the different types of eye? Early and closing chapters look at theproperties of light critical to vision, and factors in eye adaptation like spatial resolution, sensitivity, and movement, while the central sections assess the capabilities of a wide variety of eye types.
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Animal architecture

Author: Michael Henry Hansell

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198507512

Category: Architecture

Page: 322

View: 1164

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Construction behaviour occurs across the entire spectrum of the animal kingdom from organisms through to insects, birds and mammals. It affects the survival of both builders and other organisms associated with the building or building materials. The author integrates ideas and concepts from all areas related to animal architecture.
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