Animal Cognition

Evolution, Behavior and Cognition

Author: Clive D.L. Wynne,Monique A. R. Udell

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137367296

Category: Psychology

Page: 370

View: 6484

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Can animals think? How do pigeons find their way home? Do dogs feel guilt? Exploring animal behavior and intelligence, this second edition of the popular book Animal Cognition investigates these questions and more. With a wealth of fascinating case studies, it covers all the key topics, from communication to navigation, with reference to the very latest research. Featuring over a hundred illustrations, the second edition also includes new 'Focus on the data' boxes to explore the scientific foundation of theories and debates. This student-focused text is the ideal introduction to animal cognition, perfect both for those new to the subject and for anybody looking to extend their knowledge, and for everyone else who is interested in exploring the unbelievable capacity of animal intelligence.
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Animal Cognition

Evolution, Behavior and Cognition

Author: Clive D.L. Wynne,Monique A. R. Udell

Publisher: Red Globe Press

ISBN: 9780230294226

Category: Psychology

Page: 370

View: 6959

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What occupies the mind of an animal? To what extent do they experience consciousness? Is there such a thing as culture in the animal kingdom? For those new to this fascinating topic, this innovative text delivers an apt and comprehensive introduction to the rich and complex world of animal behaviour and cognition. Discover pivotal case studies and experiments that have irrevocably shaped how we view the psychological and social lives of animals and discover such key cognitive topics as memory, communication and sensory perception. Projecting an insightful scope into the cognitive world of animals, from considering the use of tools in birds to the dance communication system of the honey bee, Wynne and Udell analyse and explain the importance of the observations and studies that have led to the greater understanding of how animals learn, perceive social relations, form concepts, experience time and navigate space. Written with the student-reader in mind, this text provides the ideal introduction to this excitingly progressive field in psychology to any undergraduate undertaking courses in animal behaviour and comparative psychology. This book is for those who desire to learn an up-to-date history of cornerstone theories in the field thus far and gain a comprehensive introductory understanding into the function and evolution of the broad range of cognitive and behavioural faculties in animals.
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Cognition, Evolution, and Behavior

Author: Sara J. Shettleworth

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199717811

Category: Psychology

Page: 720

View: 340

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How do animals perceive the world, learn, remember, search for food or mates, communicate, and find their way around? Do any nonhuman animals count, imitate one another, use a language, or have a culture? What are the uses of cognition in nature and how might it have evolved? What is the current status of Darwin's claim that other species share the same "mental powers" as humans, but to different degrees? In this completely revised second edition of Cognition, Evolution, and Behavior, Sara Shettleworth addresses these questions, among others, by integrating findings from psychology, behavioral ecology, and ethology in a unique and wide-ranging synthesis of theory and research on animal cognition, in the broadest sense--from species-specific adaptations of vision in fish and associative learning in rats to discussions of theory of mind in chimpanzees, dogs, and ravens. She reviews the latest research on topics such as episodic memory, metacognition, and cooperation and other-regarding behavior in animals, as well as recent theories about what makes human cognition unique. In every part of this new edition, Shettleworth incorporates findings and theoretical approaches that have emerged since the first edition was published in 1998. The chapters are now organized into three sections: Fundamental Mechanisms (perception, learning, categorization, memory), Physical Cognition (space, time, number, physical causation), and Social Cognition (social knowledge, social learning, communication). Shettleworth has also added new chapters on evolution and the brain and on numerical cognition, and a new chapter on physical causation that integrates theories of instrumental behavior with discussions of foraging, planning, and tool using.
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Animal Cognition

Principles, Evolution and Development

Author: Mary C. Olmstead

Publisher: Nova Science Publishers

ISBN: 9781634853637

Category:

Page: 317

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The study of animal cognition has undergone enormous growth in the last two decades. In the early part of the 20th century, the work was conducted primarily by psychologists who studied animal behavior in the laboratory as a model of human cognition. By the middle of the century, ethological studies of animal behavior in the natural environment revealed an amazing array of cognitive abilities in different species, worthy of study in their own right. In many cases, scientists in these two disciplines were investigating the same process (e.g., learning, navigation, communication) from very different perspectives. Psychologists tended to focus on developmental or mechanistic explanations, whereas ethologists and behavioral ecologists emphasised adaptive or functional ones. Eventually, it became clear that the two fields are complementary with a full description of any cognitive process, depending on both proximate and ultimate explanations. This text builds on the tradition of combining data from laboratory and field studies of animal behavior as a means of understanding the evolution and function of cognition. In keeping with contemporary terminology, cognition refers to a wide range of processes from modification of simple reflexes to abstract concept learning to social interactions to the expression of emotions, such as guilt. These are examined throughout the text in animal groups ranging from insects to great apes. A general theme across chapters is that the evolution of behavioral patterns is adaptive, thereby reflected in underlying neural structures. Many of the authors go on to examine the adaptive significance of a behavior in relation to a species ecological history in order to develop theories of cognitive evolution. These issues are becoming increasingly important in a world with rapidly changing environments to which all animals, including humans, must adjust. A primary goal of this volume is to introduce the exciting field of animal cognition to a new group of young scientists. The editor also hopes to encourage experienced researchers to expand their ideas of what constitutes animal cognition and how it can be studied in the future. From the editors own reading, one area of potential growth is the development of more formal models of cognition to guide quantitative predictions of behavior. Although no chapter focuses exclusively on humans, readers should have no difficulty extrapolating research findings and theories from other species to those of our own. Differences are clearly based on degree, not kind.
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Dog Behaviour, Evolution, and Cognition

Author: Ádám Miklósi

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199545669

Category: Pets

Page: 276

View: 4014

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This is the first book to summarize the burgeoning research literature on the behavioural ecology of the dog. As the leader of Europe's largest research group working solely on dog behaviour, the author is well placed to tackle such a project. The book will present a new ecological approach to the understanding of dog behaviour that will also highlight directions for future research. In providing links to human and primate behaviour research, it will appeal toanyone with an interest in behavioural ecology.
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Comparative Psychology

Evolution and Development of Behavior, 2nd Edition

Author: Mauricio R. Papini

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 113687318X

Category: Psychology

Page: 800

View: 4224

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Comparative Psychology (second edition) is a core textbook for senior undergraduate and graduate courses in Comparative Psychology, Animal Behavior, and Evolutionary Psychology. Its main goal is to introduce the student to evolutionary and developmental approaches to the study of animal behavior. The structure of the book reflects the principal areas of importance to psychology students studying animal behavior: evolution, physiological issues, learning and cognition, development, and social evolution. Throughout, this text includes many examples drawn from the study of human behavior, highlighting general and basic principles that apply broadly to the animal kingdom.
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The Social Dog

Behavior and Cognition

Author: Juliane Kaminski,Sarah Marshall-Pescini

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0124079318

Category: Nature

Page: 418

View: 5940

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Dogs have become the subject of increasing scientific study over the past two decades, chiefly due to their development of specialized social skills, seemingly a result of selection pressures during domestication to help them adapt to the human environment. The Social Dog: Behaviour and Cognition includes chapters from leading researchers in the fields of social cognition and behavior, vocalization, evolution, and more, focusing on topics including dog-dog and dog-human interaction, bonding with humans, social behavior and learning, and more. Dogs are being studied in comparative cognitive sciences as well as genetics, ethology, and many more areas. As the number of published studies increases, this book aims to give the reader an overview of the state of the art on dog research, with an emphasis on social behavior and socio-cognitive skills. It represents a valuable resource for students, veterinarians, dog specialists, or anyone who wants deeper knowledge of his or her canine companion. Reviews the state of the art of research on dog social interactions and cognition Includes topics on dog-dog as well as dog-human interactions Features contributions from leading experts in the field, which examine current studies while highlighting the potential for future research
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Fish Cognition and Behavior

Author: Culum Brown,Kevin Laland,Jens Krause

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444342517

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 472

View: 4605

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In the second edition of this fascinating book an international team of experts have been brought together to explore all major areas of fish learning, including: Foraging skills Predator recognition Social organisation and learning Welfare and pain Three new chapters covering fish personality, lateralisation, and fish cognition and fish welfare, have been added to this fully revised and expanded second edition. Fish Cognition and Behavior, Second Edition contains essential information for all fish biologists and animal behaviorists and contains much new information of commercial importance for fisheries managers and aquaculture personnel. Libraries in all universities and research establishments where biological sciences, fisheries and aquaculture are studied and taught will find it an important addition to their shelves.
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Animal Cognition and Behavior

Author: R.L. Mellgren

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080866673

Category: Psychology

Page: 512

View: 8066

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Contributed chapters by psychologists and behavioral biologists provide a broad coverage of animal behavior, and governing brain processes. Topics covered include: foraging behavior and strategies, economics and psychology, memory of events and space, time perception, expectancies, food preferences and diet selection, behavior variability and the concept of mind. The volume is designed to satisfy an intderdisciplinary audience, embracing the behavioristic tradition, biological and physiological approaches, and evolutionary theory as philosophical underpinnings to the chapters. Also achieved in this work is a good balance between empirical results and theory.
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