Anglo-Saxon Medicine

Author: Malcolm Laurence Cameron

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521405218

Category: History

Page: 211

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The first book to study Old English medical texts.
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Heaven and Earth in Anglo-Saxon England

Theology and Society in an Age of Faith

Author: Helen Foxhall Forbes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317123069

Category: History

Page: 410

View: 2027

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Christian theology and religious belief were crucially important to Anglo-Saxon society, and are manifest in the surviving textual, visual and material evidence. This is the first full-length study investigating how Christian theology and religious beliefs permeated society and underpinned social values in early medieval England. The influence of the early medieval Church as an institution is widely acknowledged, but Christian theology itself is generally considered to have been accessible only to a small educated elite. This book shows that theology had a much greater and more significant impact than has been recognised. An examination of theology in its social context, and how it was bound up with local authorities and powers, reveals a much more subtle interpretation of secular processes, and shows how theological debate affected the ways that religious and lay individuals lived and died. This was not a one-way flow, however: this book also examines how social and cultural practices and interests affected the development of theology in Anglo-Saxon England, and how ’popular’ belief interacted with literary and academic traditions. Through case-studies, this book explores how theological debate and discussion affected the personal perspectives of Christian Anglo-Saxons, including where possible those who could not read. In all of these, it is clear that theology was not detached from society or from the experiences of lay people, but formed an essential constituent part.
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Herbs and Healers from the Ancient Mediterranean through the Medieval West

Essays in Honor of John M. Riddle

Author: Anne Van Arsdall,Timothy Graham

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317122526

Category: Medical

Page: 394

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Herbs and Healers from the Ancient Mediterranean through the Medieval West brings together eleven papers by leading scholars in ancient and medieval medicine and pharmacy. Fittingly, the volume honors Professor John M. Riddle, one of today's most respected medieval historians, whose career has been devoted to decoding the complexities of early medicine and pharmacy. "Herbs" in the title generally connotes drugs in ancient and medieval times; the essays here discuss interesting aspects of the challenges scholars face as they translate and interpret texts in several older languages. Some of the healers in the volume are named, such as Philotas of Amphissa, Gariopontus, and Constantine the African; many are anonymous and known only from their treatises on drugs and/or medicine. The volume's scope demonstrates the breadth of current research being undertaken in the field, examining both practical medical arts and medical theory from the ancient world into early modern times. It also includes a paper about a cutting-edge Internet-based system for ongoing academic collaboration. The essays in this volume reveal insightful research approaches and highlight new discoveries that will be of interest to the international academic community of classicists, medievalists, and early-modernists because of the scarcity of publications objectively evaluating long-lived traditions that have their origin in the world of the ancient Mediterranean.
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Bodily and Spiritual Hygiene in Medieval and Early Modern Literature

Explorations of Textual Presentations of Filth and Water

Author: Albrecht Classen

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110523795

Category: History

Page: 622

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While most people today take hygiene and medicine for granted, they both have had their own history. We can gain deep insights into the pre-modern world by studying its health-care system, its approaches to medicine, and concept of hygiene. Already the early Middle Ages witnessed great interest in bathing (hot and cold), swimming, and good personal hygiene. Medical activities grew over time, but even early medieval monks were already great experts in treating the sick. The contributions examine literary, medical, historical texts and images and probe the information we can glean from them. The interdisciplinary approach of this volume makes it possible to view this large field in a complex and diversified manner, taking into account both early medieval and early modern treatises on medicine, water, bathing, and health. Such a cultural-historical perspective creates a most valuable bridge connecting literary and scientific documents under the umbrella of the history of mentality and history of everyday life. The volume does not aim at idealizing the past, but it definitely intends to deconstruct modern myths about the 'dirty' and 'unhealthy' Middle Ages and early modern age.
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Ashgate Critical Essays on Early English Lexicographers

Volume 1: Old English

Author: Christine Franzen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351870343

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 742

View: 7312

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Anglo-Saxon lexicography studies Latin texts and words. The earliest English lexicographers are largely unidentifiable students, teachers, scholars and missionaries. Materials brought from abroad by early teachers were augmented by their teachings and passed on by their students. Lexicographical material deriving from the early Canterbury school remains traceable in glossaries throughout this period, but new material was constantly added. Aldhelm and Ælfric Bata, among others, wrote popular, much studied hermeneutic texts using rare, exotic words, often derived from glossaries, which then contributed to other glossaries. Ælfric of Eynsham is a rare identifiable early English lexicographer, unusual in his lack of interest in hermeneutic vocabulary. The focus is largely on context and the process of creation and intended use of glosses and glossaries. Several articles examine intellectual centres where scholars and texts came together, for example, Theodore and Hadrian in Canterbury; Aldhelm in Malmesbury; Dunstan at Christ Church, Canterbury; Æthelwold in Winchester; King Æthelstan's court; Abingdon; Glastonbury; and Worcester.
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The Devil, Heresy and Witchcraft in the Middle Ages

Essays in Honour of Jefferey B. Russell

Author: Alberto Ferreiro,Jeffrey Burton Russell

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004106109

Category: History

Page: 388

View: 4675

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The study of heresy and heterodoxy and of belief in magic, witchcraft and the devil has in the past 25 years made significant advances in our understanding of art and iconography, ideas, mentality and belief, and ordinary life and popular imagination in the patristic and medieval periods. At the forefront of research into this aspect of medieval intellectual history has been Jeffrey B. Russell, whose numerous books and articles have opened important new paths in the field. To mark his retirement 17 established and emerging scholars from Europe and North America - historians of art, the church, religions, and ideas - have contributed papers on the many areas which Russell has influenced. Topics dealt with include elves, the Christians apocrypha, mysticism, sexuality, heresies and heresiologies, apocalyptic tracts, astrology, hell, and other Christian encounters with non-believers. These essays are offered as tribute to the deep impact that Russel has had on medieval studies. Contributors include: Alan Bernstein, Richard Emmerson, Alberto Ferreiro, Neil Forsyth, Abraham Friessen, Karen Jolly, Henry Ansgar Kelly, Richard Kieckhefer, Beverly M. Kienzle, Garry Macy, Bernard McGinn, Edward Peters, Cheryl Rigs, Larry J. Simon, Laura Smoller, Catherine B. Tkacz, and John Tolan.
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Anglo-Saxon England

Author: Peter Clemoes

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521038375

Category: History

Page: 348

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Anglo-Saxon England consistently embraces all the main aspects of study of Anglo-Saxon history and culture.
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Childhood in Anglo-Saxon England

Author: Sally Crawford

Publisher: Sutton Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 198

View: 9186

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The book includes a brief introduction to the study of childhood and family structure, this is followed by a discussion of the age at which an Anglo-Saxon child was thought to have become an adult.
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Daily Life in Anglo-Saxon England

Author: Sally Elizabeth Ellen Crawford

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781846450136

Category: History

Page: 245

View: 8013

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An introduction to the daily life of men, women and children living in England from the end of Roman Britain in the 5th century AD to the Norman Conquest, based on documentary and archaeological evidence.
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Anglo-Saxon England

Author: Michael Lapidge,Malcolm Godden,Simon Keynes

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052103843X

Category: History

Page: 308

View: 9830

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The principal emphasis of this book is the relationship between England and its neighbours in the pre-Conquest period. It brings together fresh information of England's place in the early medieval world, with essays concentrating on finance and trade, travel, learning and education. A detailed analysis of the Old English vocabulary for money and wealth shows different usage over two centuries reflects a developing awareness, particularly on the part of 'lfric, of the relationship between wealth and power. Medical recipes in Bald's Leechbook, which stipulate the use of exotic spices from Arabia, have stimulated a fascinating essay on how these ingredients may have made their way from Arabia and the Mediterranean to England. Other essays in this wide-ranging book examine the Old English Rune Poem in the context of its two later Scandinavian analogues; the use in England of Jerome's Hebracium translation of the psalter; and the study in English schools of the difficult verse of Abbo of Saint-Germain-des-Prés. The usual comprehensive bibliography of the previous year's publications in all branches of Anglo-Saxon studies rounds off the book.
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