Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley

Author: Ephraim G. Squier,Edwin H. Davis

Publisher: Smithsonian Institution

ISBN: 1588345238

Category: Social Science

Page: 324

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Originally published in 1848 as the first major work in the nascent discipline as well as the first publication of the newly established Smithsonian Institution, Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley remains today not only a key document in the history of American archaeology but also the primary source of information on hundreds of mounds and earthworks in the eastern United States, most of which have now vanished. Despite adhering to the popular assumption that the moundbuilders could not have been the ancestors of the supposedly savage Native American groups still living in the region, the authors set high standards for their time. Their work provides insight into some of the conceptual, methodological, and substantive issues that archaeologists still confront. Long out of print, this 150th anniversary edition includes David J. Meltzer's lively introduction, which describes the controversies surrounding the book’s original publication, from a bitter, decades-long feud between Squier and Davis to widespread debates about the links between race, religion, and human origins. Complete with a new index and bibliography, and illustrated with the original maps, plates, and engravings, Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley provides a new generation with a first-hand view of this pioneer era in American archaeology.
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Ephraim George Squier and the Development of American Anthropology

Author: Terry A. Barnhart

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803213210

Category: Social Science

Page: 425

View: 7426

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"Although Squier is best known today for the classic book he coauthored with Edwin H. Davis, Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley, Terry A. Barnhart shows that Squier's fieldwork and interpretive contributions to archaeology and anthropology continued over the next three decades. He turned his attention to comparative studies and to fieldwork in Central America and Peru. He became a diplomat and an entrepreneur yet still found time to conduct archaeological investigations in Nicaragua, Honduras, and Peru and to gather ethnographic information on contemporary indigenous peoples in those countries.".
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ETHNOLOGY UNGAVA DISTRICT PB

Author: LUCIEN M. TURNER

Publisher: Smithsonian

ISBN: 1560989653

Category: History

Page: 190

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Lucien Turner arrived at the present-day community of Kuujjuaq on the northern Quebec-Labrador peninsula in 1882. As with his earlier long-term appointments in Alaska, he primarily conducted meteorological, atmospheric, and tidal observations for the U.S. Army's Signal Corps. But he also developed a meaningful rapport with the Innu and Inuit, spending his free time studying and recording not only their material culture--including clothing, dwellings, weapons, and tools--but also their lifeways, language, and stories. His images of these people and their camps are among the earliest examples of photography of the Arctic. As Stephen Loring Notes in the introduction, "With few exceptions--Inuit shamanistic paraphernalia and Innu hunting charms--the majority of the materials Turner collected were artifacts and clothing used in day-to-day activities. The passage of time and the miracle of conservation have transformed these ethnographic minutiae, these objects and materials of relatively minor significance on the past, into treasured cultural icons." Especially notable for Lucien Turner's descriptions of nineteenth-century Native material culture, Ethnology of the Ungava District, Hudson Bay Territory was originally published in 1894 as part of the Smithsonian's Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology series--often considered to mark the beginning of American anthropological studies. This reissue ensures that Turner's work continues to be a classic introduction to the culture of the Innu and Inuit people of northern Quebec and Labrador.
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Classic Anthropology

Critical Essays, 1944-1996

Author: John William Bennett

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412819732

Category: Social Science

Page: 425

View: 5426

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Classic Anthropology is Bennett's label for the work produced by anthropologists during the period 1915-1955, which many believe represents the most productive era in the discipline's history. It is also one that can never be repeated, given the fact that most of anthropology's basic data - the ideas and customs of tribal peoples - have been extinguished or greatly transformed by modernization and nationalization. The book is composed of some fifteen essays. Among the issues examined are: the emergence of a functionalist viewpoint in ethnology; the difficulties of developing a theory of human behavior because of the focus on culture; the "search" for concepts of culture to serve specialized needs; the neglect of social psychology by the "culture and personality" field; how value judgments emerged, willy-nilly - or conversely, were neglected, in ethnological research; how applied anthropology was challenged by "Action Anthropology"; and how the interdisciplinary anthropology of the late 1940s was submerged in the postwar effort to return the discipline to traditionalroots. Individual anthropologists whose work is examined include, among others. Bronislaw Malinowski, Leslie Spier, Alfred Kroeber, Ralph Linton, Margaret Mead, Ruth Benedict, Clyde Kluckhohn, Gregory Bateson, and Walter Taylor.
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The Great Paleolithic War

How Science Forged an Understanding of America's Ice Age Past

Author: David J. Meltzer

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022629336X

Category: Science

Page: 680

View: 9553

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Following the discovery in Europe in the late 1850s that humanity had roots predating known history and reaching deep into the Pleistocene era, scientists wondered whether North American prehistory might be just as ancient. And why not? The geological strata seemed exactly analogous between America and Europe, which would lead one to believe that North American humanity ought to be as old as the European variety. This idea set off an eager race for evidence of the people who might have occupied North America during the Ice Age—a long, and, as it turned out, bitter and controversial search. In The Great Paleolithic War, David J. Meltzer tells the story of a scientific quest that set off one of the longest-running feuds in the history of American anthropology, one so vicious at times that anthropologists were deliberately frightened away from investigating potential sites. Through his book, we come to understand how and why this controversy developed and stubbornly persisted for as long as it did; and how, in the process, it revolutionized American archaeology.
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Studies in South Carolina archaeology

essays in honor of Robert L. Stephenson

Author: Robert Lloyd Stephenson,University of South Carolina. Institute of Archeology and Anthropology

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Archaeology and history

Page: 275

View: 9812

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A Laboratory for Anthropology

Science and Romanticism in the American Southwest, 1846-1930

Author: Don D. Fowler

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 497

View: 4354

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The history of anthropological and archaeological endeavor in the American Southwest from the Mexican-American War to the New Deal.
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