An overview of TCI TIVA E BOEK

An overview of TCI   TIVA  E BOEK

In this long-awaited third edition of their popular book they have maintained the small size while thoroughly updating it to include recent developments and insights in the field, many of which have emerged from the work of their own ...

Author: Anthony Absalom

Publisher: Lannoo Meulenhoff - Belgium

ISBN: 9789401465274

Category: Medical

Page:

View: 997

An Overview of TCI and TIVA was written by two of the leading lights in anaesthetic pharmacology. It is an invaluable source of information on the practice of total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) with or without target-controlled infusion (TCI) technology. In this long-awaited third edition of their popular book they have maintained the small size while thoroughly updating it to include recent developments and insights in the field, many of which have emerged from the work of their own research group. The fine balance between the provision of practical information to promote safe and effective clinical practice, with information on the scientific and theoretical foundations, will benefit and stimulate novice and more experienced TIVA users alike.
Categories: Medical

Total Intravenous Anesthesia and Target Controlled Infusions

Total Intravenous Anesthesia and Target Controlled Infusions

This is a comprehensive and authoritative presentation of total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) and target controlled infusion (TCI).

Author: Anthony R. Absalom

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319476094

Category: Medical

Page: 824

View: 851

This is a comprehensive and authoritative presentation of total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) and target controlled infusion (TCI). The editors’ international reputation has enabled them to recruit leading experts from around the world to write single-author chapters in their area of expertise. Total Intravenous Anesthesia and Target Controlled Infusions is the first multi-disciplinary, globally authored volume on the topic. Providing a single source of information on all aspects of TIVA and TCI, from pharmacologic modeling and the pharmacology of intravenous anesthetic drugs to practical considerations in the clinical setting and the requirements of special populations, Total Intravenous Anesthesia and Target Controlled Infusions examines the debate about the risks and advantages of TIVA, analyze outcome studies, and provides guidance on creating a curriculum to teach TIVA and TCI.
Categories: Medical

A Practice of Anesthesia for Infants and Children E Book

A Practice of Anesthesia for Infants and Children E Book

27. 28. 29. Absalom A, Struys MMRF. An overview of TCI and TIVA. Gent,
Belgium: Academia Press; 2005. 2. Morton NS. Total intravenous anaesthesia (
TIVA) in paediatrics: advantages and disadvantages. Paediatr Anaesth 1998;8:
189-94. 3.

Author: Charles J. Cote

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9781455727902

Category: Medical

Page: 1168

View: 781

Provide optimal anesthetic care to your young patients with A Practice of Anesthesia in Infants and Children, 5th Edition, by Drs. Charles J. Cote, Jerrold Lerman, and Brian J. Anderson. 110 experts representing 10 different countries on 6 continents bring you complete coverage of the safe, effective administration of general and regional anesthesia to infants and children - covering standard techniques as well as the very latest advances. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader with intuitive search tools and adjustable font sizes. Elsevier eBooks provide instant portable access to your entire library, no matter what device you're using or where you're located. Find authoritative answers on everything from preoperative evaluation through neonatal emergencies to the PACU. Get a free laminated pocket reference guide inside the book! Quickly review underlying scientific concepts and benefit from expert information on preoperative assessment and anesthesia management, postoperative care, emergencies, and special procedures. Stay on the cutting edge of management of emergence agitation, sleep-disordered breathing and postoperative vomiting; the use of new devices such as cuffed endotracheal tubes and new airway devices; and much more. Familiarize yourself with the full range of available new drugs, including those used for premedication and emergence from anesthesia. Benefit from numerous new figures and tables that facilitate easier retention of the material; new insights from neonatologists and neonatal pharmacologists; quick summaries of each chapter; and more than 1,000 illustrations that clarify key concepts. Access the entire text online, fully searchable, at www.expertconsult.com, plus an extensive video library covering simulation, pediatric airway management, burn injuries, ultra-sound guided regional anesthesia, and much more; and new online-only sections, tables and figures.
Categories: Medical

Taking on TIVA

Taking on TIVA

A practical, approachable and accessible guide to total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) for novice to experienced practitioners.

Author: Michael G. Irwin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316609361

Category: Medical

Page: 296

View: 884

A practical, approachable and accessible guide to total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) for novice to experienced practitioners.
Categories: Medical

Total Intravenous Anaesthesia in Dogs

Total Intravenous Anaesthesia in Dogs

The aim of this work was to develop a propofol (PPF) based Total Intravenous Anaesthesia (TIVA) technique to be used in dogs by veterinary surgeons in practice.

Author: Thierry Beths

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:757046291

Category:

Page:

View: 774

The aim of this work was to develop a propofol (PPF) based Total Intravenous Anaesthesia (TIVA) technique to be used in dogs by veterinary surgeons in practice. As PPF is a poor analgesic agent, this work also looked into the development of a co-infusion scheme for the potent alpha2-adrenoceptor agonist medetomidine (MED) and its active enantiomer dexmedetomidine (DEX). The study was divided into 4 phases. In phase one, canine PPF pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters, derived from previous studies reported in the literature, were incorporated to a Target Controlled Infusion (TCI) system. This approach, comprising computer software incorporated into a syringe driver, which will deliver PPF to a predicted blood concentration, is widely used in humans. The performance of the system was investigated in 6 greyhounds and 10 mixed-breed dogs undergoing routine dental work by comparing predicted with measured PPF concentrations in venous blood samples obtained during and following TCI PPF anaesthesia. The optimal induction target was 3 mgml-1, and an adequate depth and a satisfactory quality of anaesthesia were achieved with mean maintenance targets of between 3.4 and 4.5 mgml-1 of PPF. The performance of the TCI system was considered clinically acceptable as the Median Prediction Error (MDPE%), a measure of bias, and the Median Absolute Performance Error (MADPE%), a measure of the accuracy, were -12.47 and 28.47 respectively, in the greyhounds and 1.56 and 24.79 respectively, in the mixed-breed dogs. The system was easy to use and the quality of anaesthesia was judged to be adequate for dental work. Phase 2 illustrated the inhibitory effect of MED and DEX on PPF metabolism at the level of the cytochrome P450 in rat and canine hepatic tissue and highlighted, therefore, the possible effect on the metabolism dependant performance of the TCI system. Before designing an infusion scheme for MED and studying its possible effect on PPF PK in vivo (phase 4), the purpose of phase 3 was to characterise cardiovascular and respiratory effects of MED administered IV to dogs anaesthetised with a TCI of PPF, and to assess its suitability for use in a TIVA regime. Eighty dogs, ASA 1 or 2, aged 0.5 to 8 years, were randomly allocated into 8 groups of 10 dogs according to the dose of MED administered (Groups 1-8: 0 (saline, 0.9%, 1 ml), 0.01, 0.03, 0.1, 0.3, 1, 3, 10 mcgkg-1 MED, respectively). Following premedication, anaesthesia was induced with a PPF target blood concentration of 3 mcgml-1 and maintained with a target concentration of 3.5 mcgml-1. Cardiovascular and respiratory parameters were recorded for 15 min post induction and before saline (group 1) or MED (groups 2-8) was injected slowly over 1 min. Medetomidine induced a dose-dependent reduction in heart rate (HR) and increase in systolic arterial blood pressure (ABP). At the time of maximum observed effect (2 min post MED injection), the ED50 for ABP and HR were 2.05 and 0.187 mcgkg-1 respectively, while the ED95 (doses of MED inducing 95% of the maximum effect) values were estimated to be 18.1 mcgkg-1 and 3.1 mcgkg-1, respectively. The no effect doses for MED were 0.01 mcgkg-1 for HR, and 0.1 mcgkg-1 for ABP. Minimal respiratory effects were observed in all groups except the group receiving 10 mcgkg-1 of MED where, by the end of the recording period (20 min post MED injection), 8 of 9 spontaneously breathing dogs became apnoeic after MED administration. Phase 4 was designed to develop and assess a stepped infusion scheme for MED and DEX in the TCI PPF anesthetised dog using MED PK parameters from O. Vainio (V1 = 470 mlkg-1, K12 = 0.0954, K21 = 0.0438, K10 = 0.0489); to observe the possible PK and PD (pharmacodynamic) interactions between PPF and the 2 alpha2-adrenoceptor agonists during co-infusion; to determine the minimum blood PPF infusion target (MIT) necessary to prevent purposeful movement during supramaximal noxious stimulation (tetanic twitch for 5 sec at the level of the 4th and 5th coccygeal vertebrae) with and without a co-infusion of MED or DEX and to confirm the DEX minimum analgesic blood concentration of 0.85 ngml-1. Six female beagle dogs, 7.3 (± 2.3) years old, were anaesthetised on 4 occasions, following a randomised cross over design: PPF TCI with either co-stepped infusion of saline (PS), MED (blood target of 1.7 ngml-1, PM), low DEX (blood target of 0.85 ngml-1, PLD) or high DEX (blood target of 1.7 ngml-1, PHD). The co-infusion was started 25 min after the start of anaesthesia (instrumentation period), while the MIT determination was conducted 15 min after the last step of the co-infusion. Venous blood samples were taken at specific times for determination of the PPF, MED and DEX plasma concentrations. The performance of the TCI system for PPF in the dog was only clinically acceptable in the PS and PLD treatments with MDPE% values of 18.85 and 25.94 respectively, and MDAPE% values of 18.85 and 35.80 respectively. In this study the use of DEX 0.85 ngml-1 had a similar PPF sparing effect to the equivalent MED blood concentration of 1.7 ngml-1, but with less effects on ABP, as well as on the performance of the TCI for PPF in the dog. Therefore, it could be concluded that DEX was more advantageous than MED given by infusion in PPF anaesthetised dogs. The study also confirmed the validity of the PK of MED from the previous study. The study redefined specific PK parameters for DEX, although the MED PK parameters could also be used. The study indicated that DEX blood concentrations as low as 0.85 ngml-1 decreased the measured PPF blood concentrations necessary to maintain anaesthesia during noxious stimulation by about 38%. However, although this study supported the suitability of the co-infusion of DEX during PPF anaesthesia in the dog, and the analgesic/sedative effects of DEX were present at the lowest blood concentrations with well maintained respiratory parameters, the CV effects were marked with a decrease in HR and CO and an increase in systolic and mean ABP. Further studies are therefore necessary to establish if a lower blood concentration of DEX will provide analgesia while preserving the CV system.
Categories:

Total Intravenous Anesthesia and Target Controlled Infusions

Total Intravenous Anesthesia and Target Controlled Infusions

This is a comprehensive and authoritative presentation of total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) and target controlled infusion (TCI).

Author: Anthony R. Absalom

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319476076

Category: Medical

Page: 824

View: 662

This is a comprehensive and authoritative presentation of total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) and target controlled infusion (TCI). The editors’ international reputation has enabled them to recruit leading experts from around the world to write single-author chapters in their area of expertise. Total Intravenous Anesthesia and Target Controlled Infusions is the first multi-disciplinary, globally authored volume on the topic. Providing a single source of information on all aspects of TIVA and TCI, from pharmacologic modeling and the pharmacology of intravenous anesthetic drugs to practical considerations in the clinical setting and the requirements of special populations, Total Intravenous Anesthesia and Target Controlled Infusions examines the debate about the risks and advantages of TIVA, analyze outcome studies, and provides guidance on creating a curriculum to teach TIVA and TCI.
Categories: Medical

Anesthesiology Second Edition

Anesthesiology  Second Edition

The first commercially available TCI system is the Diprifusor (Zeneca
Pharmaceuticals),35 which was introduced in ... Terumo TERUFUSION TE-372
TCI TIVA (Terumo Corporation, Tokyo, Japan) Open TCI systems have the
advantages of ...

Author: David Longnecker

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 9780071785136

Category: Medical

Page: 1748

View: 629

Keep pace with current anesthesiology practice—with the new edition of this standard-setting guide This classic text—-written and edited by an internationally renowned author team—-defines today’s anesthesia practice for residents and practitioners alike. The book features crisp, readable prose that focuses on the most relevant topics in anesthesiology, perioperative medicine, critical care medicine, and pain medicine. Features NEW Increased focus on perioperative medicine, including outstanding sections on pre-op assessment, critical care medicine, and pain management NEW Expanded information on regional anesthesia reflects the best of current anesthesia practice, including ultrasound-guided techniques NEW DVD with video clips of common procedures Complete coverage that spans the entire field, including all of the anesthetic considerations, preparations, and procedures for the surgical patient, the pain patient, and critical care patient Ideal for anesthesiology residents and practitioners preparing for the Maintenance of Certification in Anesthesiology (MOCA) exam Balanced presentation surveys clinical information, practical clinical procedures, and the molecular and basic scientific foundations of anesthesiology practice Timely emphasis on safety, quality, and patient-centered care Learning aids such as key points, numerous tables and algorithms, and key references Engaging full-color presentation
Categories: Medical

Anesthesiology Second Edition

Anesthesiology  Second Edition

The first commercially available TCI system is the Diprifusor (Zeneca
Pharmaceuticals),35 which was introduced in 1996 and uses prefilled glass
syringes of propofol ... Terumo TERUFUSION TE-372 TCI TIVA (Terumo
Corporation, Tokyo, ...

Author: David E. Longnecker

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 9780071744690

Category: Medical

Page: 2304

View: 200

Keep pace with current anesthesiology practice—with the new edition of this standard-setting guide This classic text—-written and edited by an internationally renowned author team—-defines today’s anesthesia practice for residents and practitioners alike. The book features crisp, readable prose that focuses on the most relevant topics in anesthesiology, perioperative medicine, critical care medicine, and pain medicine. Features NEW Increased focus on perioperative medicine, including outstanding sections on pre-op assessment, critical care medicine, and pain management NEW Expanded information on regional anesthesia reflects the best of current anesthesia practice, including ultrasound-guided techniques NEW Downloadable video clips of common procedures Complete coverage that spans the entire field, including all of the anesthetic considerations, preparations, and procedures for the surgical patient, the pain patient, and critical care patient Ideal for anesthesiology residents and practitioners preparing for the Maintenance of Certification in Anesthesiology (MOCA) exam Balanced presentation surveys clinical information, practical clinical procedures, and the molecular and basic scientific foundations of anesthesiology practice Timely emphasis on safety, quality, and patient-centered care Learning aids such as key points, numerous tables and algorithms, and key references Engaging full-color presentation
Categories: Medical

Ward s Anaesthetic Equipment

Ward s Anaesthetic Equipment

NEEP SEF SI ( units ) NIOSH SIMV NIST OD ODC OMV SVP TCI TIVA TILC Pa
Torr PCA PEEP ppm psi PTFE PVC RAM RCCB R . h . RF ROM TSSU TV TWA
USP UV VC VIC VIE VOC 1 PHYSICAL PRINCIPLES. Negative end - expiratory ...

Author: John T. B. Moyle

Publisher: Bailliere Tindall Limited

ISBN: UOM:39015042133671

Category: Medical

Page: 405

View: 116

The newest edition of this practical and comprehensive guide to the working principles of modern anesthetic equipment. The 4th Edition has been completely updated and revised to ensure the close integration of the physical principles and clinical applications of equipment throughout the text. Also features numerous new or redrawn figures and illustrations. Well established textbook revised to include new equipment and complement the new exam syllabus in anaesthesia. All figures completely redrawn and reconsidered. Key points and clear and concise text to help trainees understand the basic principles behind equipment and design. Includes only updated and modern equipment that meets both international and British standards. Excellent schematic diagrams to illustrate working principles.
Categories: Medical

Anesthesiology

Anesthesiology

Alaris IVAC TIVA TCI (ALARIS Medical Systems, Basingstoke, UK) 4. Terumo
TERUFUSION TE-372 TCI TIVA (Terumo Corporation, Tokyo, Japan) Open TCI
systems have the advantages of being able to use “generic” formulations of
propofol: ...

Author: David E. Longnecker

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 9780071593335

Category: Medical

Page: 2560

View: 457

The new gold-standard in anesthesiology Written and edited by an internationally known team of experts, Anesthesiology gives you a 360-degree view of the field, covering all of the anesthetic considerations, preparations, and procedures for the surgical patient, the pain patient or the critical care patient. You'll find a unique balance between clinical information, practical clinical procedures, and the molecular and basic scientific underpinnings of anesthesiology practice. Anesthesiology delivers a multi-perspective, wide-ranging view of anesthetic drugs, procedures, co-morbid diseases, and need-to-know postoperative pain management strategies. This essential guide not only focuses on general anesthesia, but also is the first to feature a detailed look at the subspecialty of regional anesthesia. Features: Top-to-bottom coverage of the entire field-from preoperative evaluation and intraoperative anesthesia care to care of the critically ill or chronic pain patient Emphasis on safety, quality and patient-centered care, with an entire section on risk reduction A focus on the clinical applications of anesthesiology Complex concepts explained by graphics and illustrations, not equations and formulas Full-color format and illustrations Specific drug and interventional guidelines for the clinical management of every OR/post-OR scenario in the anesthesiology field Key points and key references presented in each chapter CD that allows you to download illustrations and images to your PowerPoint presentations
Categories: Medical

State of the art Technology in Anesthesia and Intensive Care

State of the art Technology in Anesthesia and Intensive Care

Manually Controlled Infusions compared with TCI Russell and colleagues
studied eight consultant anaesthetists all of whom were previously unfamiliar with
TIVA [ 11 ] . Each anaesthetised twenty patients with propofol , fentanyl and
nitrous ...

Author: Kazuyuki Ikeda

Publisher: Excerpta Medica

ISBN: UOM:39015043277873

Category: Medical

Page: 337

View: 900

Hardbound. International Congress Series 1168State of the Art Technology in Anesthesia and Intensive Care contains selected papers from the 18th International Symposium on Computing in Anesthesia and Intensive care held in Hamamatsu City, Japan. Four hundred participants from twenty-two countries focused their interest on promoting patient safety and quality improvement in anesthesia and intensive care using state of the art technology.The book also introduces eight new techniques for cardiac output estimation that encompasses almost all techniques available in the world.This is the only book presently available that compiles the most advanced technology in the field of anesthesia and intensive care medicine.
Categories: Medical

06

06

A new rapid method of Ion Mobility Spectrometry to measure propofol concentrations to evaluate the predictive performance of a u2018Diprifusoru2019 TCI system Background and Goal of Study: Due to the technical and methodological problems ...

Author: Enyou Li

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1163822137

Category:

Page:

View: 903

A new rapid method of Ion Mobility Spectrometry to measure propofol concentrations to evaluate the predictive performance of a u2018Diprifusoru2019 TCI system Background and Goal of Study: Due to the technical and methodological problems none of the methods published so far is ready for clinical routine application. In this study, the new ion mobility spectrometer[1](IMS, measurement within 1 minute without any pretreatment) was used to quantify propofol. The aim of the present study was to assess the predictive performance of the u2018Diprifusoru2019 TCI system.Materials and Methods: 33 patients with ASA I or II (Ethical Committee of the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University) were included undergoing elective abdominal surgery (Divided into three groups by age). A radial artery cannula was inserted for arterial pressure and collection of blood sample (0.5 ml). Propofol and remifentanil were infused to achieve target effect compartment concentrations of 6 u03bcg ml-1(Schnider model) and 5 ng ml-1(Minto model), respectively. Propofol was maintained at 3.5 u03bcg ml-1after induction. Remifentanil was maintained at 3.5-7 u03bcg ml-1for analgesia. Blood samples were introduced into the IMS directly without any pretreatment.Results and Discussion: The values were similar in three groups, with overall median values of 28.6% for MDPE and 40.0% for MDAPE. The measured concentrations (Cm) were higher than the predicted concentrations (Cp). The principal source of performance error is due to pharmacokinetic variability in patients during anaesthesia, blood sampling techniques or different measurement techniques.Conclusions: The new IMS could be applied to measure the propofol concentrations as a point-of-care mornitor in TCI TIVA. The measured concentrations were higher than the predicted concentrations.References: [1] Wang X, et al. Ion mobility spectrometry as a simple and rapid method to measure the plasma propofol concentrations for intravenous anaesthesia monitoring[J]. Scientific Reports, 2016, 6:37525.
Categories:

Anaesthesia and Intensive Care

Anaesthesia and Intensive Care

Chapter 11 , “ Intravenous Anesthesia " is a useful review of IV techniques and
minimally invasive airways . ... One further conclusion : while many Australian
anaesthetists including myself have embraced TIVA , TCI and BIS together with
the ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822034998542

Category: Anesthesia

Page:

View: 452

Categories: Anesthesia

The Calcutta Review

The Calcutta Review

TAMIL ( Phonetized ) YOVAN ERUTIVA SUVISES A II . Mudtalem Atikgram ...
piran14 davarka !. Anda Vorttci momsam - ski , kirupeiyinclum sattiyattiyslum
nirein ( tavar - by , namakku !! s vesam pan . pinsr ; avarudeiya makimeiyei
kandom acta ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:32044105339089

Category: India

Page:

View: 977

Categories: India

AAB

AAB

... p < 0.05 Data from DeGrood et al [ 3 ] . tempts to make the delivery of TIVA
more like using a vaporizer have led to targetcontrolled infusion ( TCI ) of
propofol , where a “ target ” plasma concentration is specified rather than an
infusion rate .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951P004608172

Category:

Page:

View: 225

Categories:

Advances in Modelling and Clinical Application of Intravenous Anaesthesia

Advances in Modelling and Clinical Application of Intravenous Anaesthesia

Since its launch in 1998 the European Society for Intravenous Anaesthesia (EuroSIVA) has come a long way in providing educational material and supporting the research and clinical application of intravenous anaesthesia.

Author: J. Vuyk

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441991928

Category: Medical

Page: 280

View: 331

Since its launch in 1998 the European Society for Intravenous Anaesthesia (EuroSIVA) has come a long way in providing educational material and supporting the research and clinical application of intravenous anaesthesia. After the first two annual meetings held in Barcelona and Amsterdam in 1998 and 1999, three other successful meetings took place in Vienna, Gothenburg and Nice in 2000, 2001 and 2002. Next to these main meetings, starting in the year 2000, a smaller winter meeting has been organised every last week of January in Crans Montana, Switzerland. Both the main summer and the winter meetings breathe the same atmosphere of sharing the latest on intravenous anaesthesia research in the presence of a friendly environment and good company. Since the first meetings the educational tools of EuroSIVA have increased in quantity and technical quality allowing digital slide and video presentation along with the use of the computer simulation program TIVAtrainer during the speaker sessions and the workshops. Furthermore, EuroSIVA now exploits a website www. eurosiva. org that allows for continuous exchange of information on intravenous anaesthesia, the TIVAtrainer, the EuroSIVA meetings and online registration for these meetings. The EuroSIVA is currently engaged in friendly contacts with the Asian Oceanic Society for Intravenous Anaesthesia (AOSIVA), the United Kingdom Society for Intravenous Anaesthesia (UKSIVA), the Korean Society for Intravenous Anaesthesia (KSIVA), the European Society of Anaesthesiology (ESA) and the International Society for Applied Pharmacology (ISAP).
Categories: Medical

Anaesthesia Pain Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine A P I C E

Anaesthesia  Pain  Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine     A P I C E

TIVA has recently become popular because of the introduction of new fast -
acting intravenous drugs and the understanding ... Although the TCI system
allows attainment of the exact target blood concentration , it is not possible to
know if this is ...

Author: A. Gullo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: CHI:64119335

Category: Medical

Page: 913

View: 232

Proceedings of the 15th Postgraduate Course in Critical Care Medicine, Trieste, Italy, November 17-21, 2000
Categories: Medical

Le Vie D Italia Revista Mensile Del Touring Club Italiano

Le Vie D Italia  Revista Mensile Del Touring Club Italiano

LE VIE D'ITALIA Organo Ufficiale del T. C. I. , si pubblica mensilmente in fascicoli
di 120 pagine di carta patinata . ... migliori penne e vertente sui più palpitanti
problemi del turismo , della cultura e dell'attualità , per la parte illustrativa , resa
con ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015075005879

Category:

Page:

View: 529

Categories: