An Introduction to Seismology, Earthquakes, and Earth Structure

Author: Seth Stein,Michael Wysession

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118687450

Category: Science

Page: 512

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An Introduction to Seismology, Earthquakes and EarthStructures is an introduction to seismology and its role in theearth sciences, and is written for advanced undergraduate andbeginning graduate students. The fundamentals of seismic wave propagation are developed usinga physical approach and then applied to show how refraction,reflection, and teleseismic techniques are used to study thestructure and thus the composition and evolution of the earth. Thebook shows how seismic waves are used to study earthquakes and areintegrated with other data to investigate the plate tectonicprocesses that cause earthquakes. Figures, examples, problems, andcomputer exercises teach students about seismology in a creativeand intuitive manner. Necessary mathematical tools including vectorand tensor analysis, matrix algebra, Fourier analysis, statisticsof errors, signal processing, and data inversion are introducedwith many relevant examples. The text also addresses thefundamentals of seismometry and applications of seismology tosocietal issues. Special attention is paid to help studentsvisualize connections between different topics and view seismologyas an integrated science. An Introduction to Seismology, Earthquakes, and EarthStructure gives an excellent overview for students ofgeophysics and tectonics, and provides a strong foundation forfurther studies in seismology. Multidisciplinary examples throughout the text - catering tostudents in varied disciplines (geology, mineralogy, petrology,physics, etc.). Most up to date book on the market - includes recent seismicevents such as the 1999 Earthquakes in Turkey, Greece, andTaiwan). Chapter outlines - each chapter begins with an outline and alist of learning objectives to help students focus and study. Essential math review - an entire section reviews the essentialmath needed to understand seismology. This can be covered in classor left to students to review as needed. End of chapter problem sets - homework problems that cover thematerial presented in the chapter. Solutions to all odd numberedproblem sets are listed in the back so that students can tracktheir progress. Extensive References - classic references and more currentreferences are listed at the end of each chapter. A set of instructor's resources containing downloadable versionsof all the figures in the book, errata and answers to homeworkproblems is available at:http://levee.wustl.edu/seismology/book/. Also available on thiswebsite are PowerPoint lecture slides corresponding to the first 5chapters of the book.
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Introduction to Seismology

Author: Peter Shearer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521669535

Category: Science

Page: 260

View: 8331

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An approachable and concise introduction to seismology for upper-division undergraduates and first-year graduate students.
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An Introduction to the Theory of Seismology

Author: K. E. Bullen,Keith Edward Bullen,Bruce A. Bolt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521283892

Category: Science

Page: 499

View: 9203

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Emphasizing physical models and applicable mathematics, this newly revised edition includes extensive additional material on the introductory theory of earthquake sources, seismic wave travel through complex geological zones, and earthquake prediction and risk.
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Fundamentals of Seismic Loading on Structures

Author: Tapan K. Sen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470742356

Category: Science

Page: 404

View: 3523

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This book provides a practical guide to the basic essentials of earthquake engineering with a focus on seismic loading and structural design. Benefiting from the author’s extensive career in structural and earthquake engineering, dynamic analysis and lecturing, it is written from an industry perspective at a level suitable for graduate students. Fundamentals of Seismic Loading on Structures is organised into four major sections: introduction to earthquakes and related engineering problems, analysis, seismic loading, and design concepts. From a practical perspective, reviews linear and non-linear behaviour, introduces concepts of uniform hazard spectra, discusses loading provisions in design codes and examines soil-structure interaction issues, allowing the reader to quickly identify and implement information in a working environment. Discusses probabilistic methods that are widely employed in the assessment of seismic hazard, illustrating the use of Monte Carlo simulation with a number of worked examples. Summarises the latest developments in the field such as performance-based seismic engineering and advances in liquefaction research. “There are many books on earthquake engineering, but few are of direct use to the practising structural designer. This one, however, offers a new perspective, putting emphasis on the practical aspects of quantifying seismic loading, and explaining the importance of geotechnical effects during a major seismic event in readily understandable terms. The author has succeeded in marrying important seismological considerations with structural engineering practice, and this long-awaited book will find ready acceptance in the profession.” Professor Patrick J. Dowling CBE, DL, DSc, FIStructE, Hon MRIA, FIAE, FREng, FRS Chairman, British Association for the Advancement of Science Emeritus Professor and Retired Vice Chancellor, University of Surrey
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Seismology and Plate Tectonics

Author: David Gubbins

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521379953

Category: Science

Page: 339

View: 3601

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This introduction to seismological theory and the principles of plate tectonics also develops a practical approach to the interpretation of seismograms for physicists and mathematicians as well as geologists.
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Encyclopedia of Islands

Author: Rosemary G. Gillespie,D. A. Clague

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520256492

Category: Nature

Page: 1074

View: 4706

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"An exceptionally concise and well-organized compilation of lucid accounts of the historical background and current research into all aspects of island science. Anyone with a serious interest in islands needs this tome close at hand."--Alex McBirney, author of "Volcanology and Igneous Petrology" "Scientific research on islands has greatly expanded our knowledge not only of insular biology, but also of the ecological and evolutionary processes that shape biodiversity throughout the world. This beautifully illustrated volume is a comprehensive compendium of all topics related to islands and the science conducted on them. It will be an invaluable resource not only to ecologists and evolutionary biologists, but also to anthropologists, historians, geologists, conservationists, and anyone else interested in the wonderful diversity of islands and their inhabitants."--Jonathan Losos, author of "Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles" ""Encyclopedia of Islands "is an excellent reference guide. I wish I'd had it onboard my vessel, the "Sorcerer II, " during our circumnavigation."--J. Craig Venter, President, J. Craig Venter Institute, and former Founder and Chair, The Institute for Genomic Research
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The Universe as It Really Is

Earth, Space, Matter, and Time

Author: Thomas R. Scott

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231545762

Category: Science

Page: 347

View: 4165

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The universe that science reveals to us can seem far outside the comfort zone of the human mind. Subjects near and far open up dizzying vistas, from the infinitesimal to the colossal. Humanity, the unlikely product of uncountable coincidences on unimaginable scales, inhabits a tumultuous universe that extends from our immediate environs to the most distant galaxies and beyond. But when the mind balks at the vertiginous complexity of the universe, science unveils the elegance amid the chaos. In this book, Thomas R. Scott ventures into the known and the unknown to explain our universe and the laws that govern it. The Universe as It Really Is begins with physics and the building blocks of the universe—time, gravity, light, and elementary particles—and chemistry’s ability to explain the interactions among them. Scott, with the assistance of James Lawrence Powell, next tours the earth and atmospheric sciences to explain the forces that shape our planet and then takes off for the stars to describe our place in the cosmos. He provides vivid introductions to our collective scientific inheritance, narrating discoveries such as the shape of the atom and the nature of the nucleus or how we use GPS to measure time and what that has to do with relativity. A clear demonstration of the power of scientific reasoning to bring the incomprehensible within our grasp, The Universe as It Really Is gives an engrossing account of just how much we do understand about the world around us.
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Fundamentals of Geophysics

Author: William Lowrie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521467285

Category: Science

Page: 354

View: 7690

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This textbook presents a comprehensive overview of the fundamental principles of geophysics. It combines applied and theoretical aspects of the subject, in contrast to most other geophysics textbooks which tend to emphasise either one or the other. The author explains complex geophysical concepts using abundant diagrams, a simplified mathematical treatment, and easy-to-follow equations. After placing the Earth in the context of the solar system, it describes each major branch of geophysics: gravitation, seismology, dating, thermal and electrical properties, geomagnetism, palaeomagnetism and geodynamics. Each chapter begins with a summary of the basic physical principles, and a brief account of each topic's historical evolution. Pitched at a level between introductory and advanced texts, the book will satisfy the needs of intermediate-level earth science students from a variety of backgrounds, while at the same time preparing geophysics majors for continued study to a higher level. The book is destined to become a core textbook for geology and geophysics courses.
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Earthquakes

Science and Society

Author: David S. Brumbaugh

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780321612281

Category: Education

Page: 264

View: 9272

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This reader-friendly, carefully illustrated text introduces the scientific, historical, and personal safety aspects of earthquakes. It is significantly broader in perspective than other texts on the subject, providing the basic scientific facts about earthquakes, explaining how the study of earthquakes has progressed through time, offering details on the development of earthquake instruments, and covering immediately practical aspects such as personal safety, building and living in areas prone to earthquakes, and earthquake geography. No prior courses are assumed.
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