An Introduction to Seismology, Earthquakes, and Earth Structure

Author: Seth Stein,Michael Wysession

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 144431131X

Category: Science

Page: 512

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An Introduction to Seismology, Earthquakes and Earth Structures is an introduction to seismology and its role in the earth sciences, and is written for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students. The fundamentals of seismic wave propagation are developed using a physical approach and then applied to show how refraction, reflection, and teleseismic techniques are used to study the structure and thus the composition and evolution of the earth. The book shows how seismic waves are used to study earthquakes and are integrated with other data to investigate the plate tectonic processes that cause earthquakes. Figures, examples, problems, and computer exercises teach students about seismology in a creative and intuitive manner. Necessary mathematical tools including vector and tensor analysis, matrix algebra, Fourier analysis, statistics of errors, signal processing, and data inversion are introduced with many relevant examples. The text also addresses the fundamentals of seismometry and applications of seismology to societal issues. Special attention is paid to help students visualize connections between different topics and view seismology as an integrated science. An Introduction to Seismology, Earthquakes, and Earth Structure gives an excellent overview for students of geophysics and tectonics, and provides a strong foundation for further studies in seismology. Multidisciplinary examples throughout the text - catering to students in varied disciplines (geology, mineralogy, petrology, physics, etc.). Most up to date book on the market - includes recent seismic events such as the 1999 Earthquakes in Turkey, Greece, and Taiwan). Chapter outlines - each chapter begins with an outline and a list of learning objectives to help students focus and study. Essential math review - an entire section reviews the essential math needed to understand seismology. This can be covered in class or left to students to review as needed. End of chapter problem sets - homework problems that cover the material presented in the chapter. Solutions to all odd numbered problem sets are listed in the back so that students can track their progress. Extensive References - classic references and more current references are listed at the end of each chapter. A set of instructor's resources containing downloadable versions of all the figures in the book, errata and answers to homework problems is available at: http://levee.wustl.edu/seismology/book/. Also available on this website are PowerPoint lecture slides corresponding to the first 5 chapters of the book.
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Introduction to Seismology

Author: Peter Shearer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521669535

Category: Science

Page: 260

View: 8899

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An approachable and concise introduction to seismology for upper-division undergraduates and first-year graduate students.
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An Introduction to the Theory of Seismology

Author: K. E. Bullen,Keith Edward Bullen,Bruce A. Bolt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521283892

Category: Science

Page: 499

View: 7991

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Emphasizing physical models and applicable mathematics, this newly revised edition includes extensive additional material on the introductory theory of earthquake sources, seismic wave travel through complex geological zones, and earthquake prediction and risk.
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An Introduction to Seismological Research

History and Development

Author: Benjamin F. Howell, Jr

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521675512

Category: Nature

Page: 204

View: 8809

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A study of seismological concepts, how they originated and how they form our modern understanding of the science.
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Seismic Anisotropy in the Earth

Author: V. Babuska,M Cara

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792313212

Category: Science

Page: 219

View: 2040

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Structural geologists are well aware of the fact that isotropic rocks are quite exceptional in nature. Whicheverorigin, sedimentary, metamorphicormagmatic, rocks are shaped with a plane of mineral flattening, the foliation in geologists' jargon, and with a line ofmineral elongation, the lineation. Just like a good quarryman, a trained structural geologistwill detectapreferredorientationin an apparently isotropic granite. Preferred mineral orientation and thus structural anisotropy are the rule in nature. Consideringthe largevariationsinelasticcoefficientsofrock-forming minerals, itcould be predicted that, in turn, seismic anisotropy should exist and be important, provided thatdomains withasimilarstructural signatureare largeenough to affectseismic waves. This is why, in 1982 at a conference held in Frankfurt, which was oneofthe fIrst meetings devoted to the subject of seismic anisotropy, I asked Don Anderson the question of why seismologists had not considered earlier in their models the obvious constraint of anisotropy. I still remember Don's answer: "Adolphe, we knew that our isotropic models were not very good but we had no other choice. It is simply that, so far, computerswere not largeenough tointegrate the anisotropy parameter." Changingisotropic glassesfor anisotropic ones permits us to obtain betterand more realistic seismic modelsofthe Earth's interior, but, maybe more importantly, it has, for a seismologist, the farreaching consequenceofsteppinginto the fIeld ofgeodynamics.
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Introduction to Seismology

Author: Peter M. Shearer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521882109

Category: Science

Page: 396

View: 610

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This book provides an approachable and concise introduction to seismic theory for a one-semester undergraduate course.
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Seismology and Plate Tectonics

Author: David Gubbins

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521379953

Category: Science

Page: 339

View: 4900

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This introduction to seismological theory and the principles of plate tectonics also develops a practical approach to the interpretation of seismograms for physicists and mathematicians as well as geologists.
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Fundamentals of Geophysics

Author: William Lowrie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521467285

Category: Science

Page: 354

View: 9286

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This textbook presents a comprehensive overview of the fundamental principles of geophysics. It combines applied and theoretical aspects of the subject, in contrast to most other geophysics textbooks which tend to emphasise either one or the other. The author explains complex geophysical concepts using abundant diagrams, a simplified mathematical treatment, and easy-to-follow equations. After placing the Earth in the context of the solar system, it describes each major branch of geophysics: gravitation, seismology, dating, thermal and electrical properties, geomagnetism, palaeomagnetism and geodynamics. Each chapter begins with a summary of the basic physical principles, and a brief account of each topic's historical evolution. Pitched at a level between introductory and advanced texts, the book will satisfy the needs of intermediate-level earth science students from a variety of backgrounds, while at the same time preparing geophysics majors for continued study to a higher level. The book is destined to become a core textbook for geology and geophysics courses.
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Introduction to Seismology

Author: M. Bath

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3034852835

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 428

View: 2926

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To Seismology Second, Revised Edition 1979 Springer Basel AG First published under Markus Bath, Introduktion till Seism%gin by Natur och Kultur Stockholm © 1970, Markus Bath and Bokforlaget Natur och Kultur, Stockholm CIP-Kurztitelaufnahme der Deutschen Bibliothek Bath, Markus: Introduction to seismology / Markus Bath. - 2., rev. ed. (Wissenschaft und Kultur; Bd. 27) Einheitssacht. : Introduktion till seismologin (dt.) ISBN 978-3-0348-5285-2 ISBN 978-3-0348-5283-8 (eBook) DOI 10. 1007/978-3-0348-5283-8 All rights reserved No part of this book may be reproduced by any means, nor transmitted, nor translated into a machine language without the written permission of the publisher English translation © 1973, 1979 Springer Basel AG Urspriinglich erschienen bei Birkhlluser Verlag Basel 1979 Softcover reprint of tbe hardcover 2nd edition 1979 ISBN 978-3-0348-5285-2 The data must be greatly amplified Preface and strengthened. to the First Edition BE NO GUTENBERG (1959) The purpose of this book is to give a popular review of modern seismology, its research methods, problems of current interest and results and also to some extent to elucidate the historical background. Especially in recent years, seismology has attracted much interest from the general public as well as from news agencies. The reasons for this are partly con nected with recordings of large explosions (nuclear tests), partly related to earthquake catastrophes. This interest and the questions which people have asked us for the past years have to a certain extent served as a sti mulus in the preparation of this book.
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Fundamentals of Seismic Loading on Structures

Author: Tapan K. Sen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470742356

Category: Science

Page: 404

View: 3074

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This book provides a practical guide to the basic essentials of earthquake engineering with a focus on seismic loading and structural design. Benefiting from the author’s extensive career in structural and earthquake engineering, dynamic analysis and lecturing, it is written from an industry perspective at a level suitable for graduate students. Fundamentals of Seismic Loading on Structures is organised into four major sections: introduction to earthquakes and related engineering problems, analysis, seismic loading, and design concepts. From a practical perspective, reviews linear and non-linear behaviour, introduces concepts of uniform hazard spectra, discusses loading provisions in design codes and examines soil-structure interaction issues, allowing the reader to quickly identify and implement information in a working environment. Discusses probabilistic methods that are widely employed in the assessment of seismic hazard, illustrating the use of Monte Carlo simulation with a number of worked examples. Summarises the latest developments in the field such as performance-based seismic engineering and advances in liquefaction research. “There are many books on earthquake engineering, but few are of direct use to the practising structural designer. This one, however, offers a new perspective, putting emphasis on the practical aspects of quantifying seismic loading, and explaining the importance of geotechnical effects during a major seismic event in readily understandable terms. The author has succeeded in marrying important seismological considerations with structural engineering practice, and this long-awaited book will find ready acceptance in the profession.” Professor Patrick J. Dowling CBE, DL, DSc, FIStructE, Hon MRIA, FIAE, FREng, FRS Chairman, British Association for the Advancement of Science Emeritus Professor and Retired Vice Chancellor, University of Surrey
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