An Introduction to Kolmogorov Complexity and Its Applications

Author: Ming Li,Paul M.B. Vitányi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387498201

Category: Mathematics

Page: 792

View: 2175

DOWNLOAD NOW »

“The book is outstanding and admirable in many respects. ... is necessary reading for all kinds of readers from undergraduate students to top authorities in the field.” Journal of Symbolic Logic Written by two experts in the field, this is the only comprehensive and unified treatment of the central ideas and applications of Kolmogorov complexity. The book presents a thorough treatment of the subject with a wide range of illustrative applications. Such applications include the randomness of finite objects or infinite sequences, Martin-Loef tests for randomness, information theory, computational learning theory, the complexity of algorithms, and the thermodynamics of computing. It will be ideal for advanced undergraduate students, graduate students, and researchers in computer science, mathematics, cognitive sciences, philosophy, artificial intelligence, statistics, and physics. The book is self-contained in that it contains the basic requirements from mathematics and computer science. Included are also numerous problem sets, comments, source references, and hints to solutions of problems. New topics in this edition include Omega numbers, Kolmogorov–Loveland randomness, universal learning, communication complexity, Kolmogorov's random graphs, time-limited universal distribution, Shannon information and others.
Release

An Introduction to Kolmogorov Complexity and Its Applications

Author: Bernd Reusch

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 248

View: 1981

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Written by two experts in the field, this is the only comprehensive and unified treatment of the central ideas and applications of Kolmogorov complexity. The book presents a thorough treatment of the subject with a wide range of illustrative applications.
Release

Formal Languages, Automata and Numeration Systems 1

Introduction to Combinatorics on Words

Author: Michel Rigo

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119008220

Category: Computers

Page: 338

View: 3621

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Formal Languages, Automaton and Numeration Systems presents readers with a review of research related to formal language theory, combinatorics on words or numeration systems, such as Words, DLT (Developments in Language Theory), ICALP, MFCS (Mathematical Foundation of Computer Science), Mons Theoretical Computer Science Days, Numeration, CANT (Combinatorics, Automata and Number Theory). Combinatorics on words deals with problems that can be stated in a non-commutative monoid, such as subword complexity of finite or infinite words, construction and properties of infinite words, unavoidable regularities or patterns. When considering some numeration systems, any integer can be represented as a finite word over an alphabet of digits. This simple observation leads to the study of the relationship between the arithmetical properties of the integers and the syntactical properties of the corresponding representations. One of the most profound results in this direction is given by the celebrated theorem by Cobham. Surprisingly, a recent extension of this result to complex numbers led to the famous Four Exponentials Conjecture. This is just one example of the fruitful relationship between formal language theory (including the theory of automata) and number theory.
Release

Superintelligence

Paths, Dangers, Strategies

Author: Nick Bostrom

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191666831

Category: Computers

Page: 272

View: 1047

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The human brain has some capabilities that the brains of other animals lack. It is to these distinctive capabilities that our species owes its dominant position. Other animals have stronger muscles or sharper claws, but we have cleverer brains. If machine brains one day come to surpass human brains in general intelligence, then this new superintelligence could become very powerful. As the fate of the gorillas now depends more on us humans than on the gorillas themselves, so the fate of our species then would come to depend on the actions of the machine superintelligence. But we have one advantage: we get to make the first move. Will it be possible to construct a seed AI or otherwise to engineer initial conditions so as to make an intelligence explosion survivable? How could one achieve a controlled detonation? To get closer to an answer to this question, we must make our way through a fascinating landscape of topics and considerations. Read the book and learn about oracles, genies, singletons; about boxing methods, tripwires, and mind crime; about humanity's cosmic endowment and differential technological development; indirect normativity, instrumental convergence, whole brain emulation and technology couplings; Malthusian economics and dystopian evolution; artificial intelligence, and biological cognitive enhancement, and collective intelligence. This profoundly ambitious and original book picks its way carefully through a vast tract of forbiddingly difficult intellectual terrain. Yet the writing is so lucid that it somehow makes it all seem easy. After an utterly engrossing journey that takes us to the frontiers of thinking about the human condition and the future of intelligent life, we find in Nick Bostrom's work nothing less than a reconceptualization of the essential task of our time.
Release

15th Annual IEEE Conference on Computational Complexity

Author: IEEE Computer Society. Technical Committee on Mathematical Foundations of Computing,IEEE Computer Society,ACM Special Interest Group for Algorithms and Computation Theory,European Association for Theoretical Computer Science

Publisher: IEEE Computer Society Press

ISBN: 9780769506753

Category: Computational complexity

Page: 279

View: 6784

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Release

Aspects of Complexity

Minicourses in Algorithmics, Complexity and Computational Algebra : Mathematics Workshop, Kaikoura, January 7-15, 2000

Author: Rod G. Downey,Denis Roman Hirschfeldt

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110168105

Category: Mathematics

Page: 172

View: 9579

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The book contains 8 detailed expositions of the lectures given at the Kaikoura 2000 Workshop on Computability, Complexity, and Computational Algebra. Topics covered include basic models and questions of complexity theory, the Blum-Shub-Smale model of computation, probability theory applied to algorithmics (randomized alogrithms), parametric complexity, Kolmogorov complexity of finite strings, computational group theory, counting problems, and canonical models of ZFC providing a solution to continuum hypothesis. The text addresses students in computer science or mathematics, and professionals in these areas who seek a complete, but gentle introduction to a wide range of techniques, concepts, and research horizons in the area of computational complexity in a broad sense.
Release

Proceedings

Author: IEEE Computer Society. Technical Committee on Mathematical Foundations of Computing,ACM Special Interest Group for Algorithms and Computation Theory,European Association for Theoretical Computer Science

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780769506753

Category: Computational complexity

Page: 279

View: 3388

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Release