This volume shows the influence of the Sage's teachings over the course of Chinese history--on state ideology, the civil service examination system, imperial government, the family, and social relations--and the fate of Confucianism in ...
Author: Daniel K. Gardner
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
To understand China, it is essential to understand Confucianism. First formulated in the sixth century BCE, the teachings of Confucius would come to dominate Chinese society, politics, economics, and ethics. In this Very Short Introduction, Daniel K. Gardner explores the major philosophical ideas of the Confucian tradition, showing their profound impact on state ideology and imperial government, the civil service examination system, domestic life, and social relations over the course of twenty-six centuries. Gardner focuses on two of the Sage's most crucial philosophical problems-what makes for a good person, and what constitutes good government-and demonstrates the enduring significance of these questions today. This volume shows the influence of the Sage's teachings over the course of Chinese history--on state ideology, the civil service examination system, imperial government, the family, and social relations--and the fate of Confucianism in China in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, as China developed alongside a modernizing West and Japan. Some Chinese intellectuals attempted to reform the Confucian tradition to address new needs; others argued for jettisoning it altogether in favor of Western ideas and technology; still others condemned it angrily, arguing that Confucius and his legacy were responsible for China's feudal, ''backward'' conditions in the twentieth century and launching campaigns to eradicate its influences. Yet Chinese continue to turn to the teachings of Confucianism for guidance in their daily lives. In addition to a survey of the philosophy and history of Confucianism, Gardner offers an examination of the resurgence of Confucianism in China today, and explores what such a revival means for the Chinese government and the Chinese people. About the Series: Oxford's Very Short Introductions series offers concise and original introductions to a wide range of subjects--from Islam to Sociology, Politics to Classics, Literary Theory to History, and Archaeology to the Bible. Not simply a textbook of definitions, each volume in this series provides trenchant and provocative--yet always balanced and complete--discussions of the central issues in a given discipline or field. Every Very Short Introduction gives a readable evolution of the subject in question, demonstrating how the subject has developed and how it has influenced society. Eventually, the series will encompass every major academic discipline, offering all students an accessible and abundant reference library. Whatever the area of study that one deems important or appealing, whatever the topic that fascinates the general reader, the Very Short Introductions series has a handy and affordable guide that will likely prove indispensable.
This book is an introduction in the very best sense of the word.
Author: Bryan W. Van Norden
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
This book is an introduction in the very best sense of the word. It provides the beginner with an accurate, sophisticated, yet accessible account, and offers new insights and challenging perspectives to those who have more specialized knowledge. Focusing on the period in Chinese philosophy that is surely most easily approachable and perhaps is most important, it ranges over of rich set of competing options. It also, with admirable self-consciousness, presents a number of daring attempts to relate those options to philosophical figures and movements from the West. I recommend it very highly. --Lee H. Yearley, Walter Y. Evans-Wentz Professor, Religious Studies, Stanford University --- A substantial and highly accessible introduction to the indigenous philosophies of China. Van Norden shares his clear distillations of classical Chinese philosophies using conceptual frameworks many will find familiar. This reader-friendly book sets the historical and cultural contexts for the philosophies discussed, and includes appendices, study questions, and imaginative scenarios, which aid us in appreciating some of the most important philosophy ever developed. --Ann Pirruccello, Professor of Philosophy, University of San Diego --- This lucid introduction to early Chinese thought offers historical, textual and conceptual analyses of the schools of Classical Chinese philosophy, illuminating their basic themes, theories, and arguments and providing readers with an intellectual bridge between Chinese and Western thought. Introductory texts such as this are especially needed today, as the study of philosophy faces the challenges of globalization and the urgent need for dialogue among different philosophical traditions. --- An ideal text for introductory courses, this book will also inspire graduate students, scholars and experts in philosophy in general, and Chinese Philosophy in particular, with its theoretical insights and comparative methodology. --Vincent Shen, Lee Chair in Chinese Thought and Culture, Departments of Philosophy and East Asian Studies, University of Toronto
( 3 ) Confucianism . LEGGE , JAMES , The Chinese Classics , with a Translation ,
Critical and Exegetical Notes , Prolegomena , and copious Indices , Trübner ,
1861 , etc . , in 7 vols . , of which there have appeared , — vol . i . , Life of Confucius ...
2400 Chang ' s earlier vow to write an introduction to Confucianism , see p . 166
in this study . The reaction to the book and Chang ' s essay was mixed . Mrs .
Driesch later wrote that as a result of the book Chang became known la Germany
This novel structure gives both students and scholars in philosophy, religion, history, and cultural studies a new window into one of the world's most important philosophical traditions.
Author: Stephen C. Angle
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Neo-Confucianism is a philosophically sophisticated tradition weaving classical Confucianism together with themes from Buddhism and Daoism. It began in China around the eleventh century CE, played a leading role in East Asian cultures over the last millennium, and has had a profound influence on modern Chinese society. Based on the latest scholarship but presented in accessible language, Neo-Confucianism: A Philosophical Introduction is organized around themes that are central in Neo-Confucian philosophy, including the structure of the cosmos, human nature, ways of knowing, personal cultivation, and approaches to governance. The authors thus accomplish two things at once: they present the Neo-Confucians in their own, distinctive terms; and they enable contemporary readers to grasp what is at stake in the great Neo-Confucian debates. This novel structure gives both students and scholars in philosophy, religion, history, and cultural studies a new window into one of the world's most important philosophical traditions.
Dr. Yong Choon Kim is a distinguished scholar and educator. He wrote this book to fill the need for a concise introduction to the philosophical and religious ideas of the East.
Author: Yong Choon Kim
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Dr. Yong Choon Kim is a distinguished scholar and educator. He wrote this book to fill the need for a concise introduction to the philosophical and religious ideas of the East. The work is analytical, comparative, and critical presentation in three parts: Indian Thougt, Chinese Thought, abd the Thoughts of Korea and Japan. It can serve for such courses as Oriental Philosophy, Eastern Religions, World Religions, Comparative Religion, and Comparative Thought. It may also be used in other introductory courses in Religion, Philosophy, and Asian Culture. The book should be very useful to the general reader interested in Oriental Thought and culture.
In Confucianism , the Way of Harmony is not merely a collection of ethical rules
and norms 38 Ibid . , 2 : 232 . 39 The literature on Confucius and Confucianism is
immense . An excellent introduction is Xinzhong Yao , An Introduction to ...
Author: Peter C. Phan
Vietnamese American Peter Phan reflects on cultural diversity in spiritual life, focussing on the question of how much uniformity people will tolerate in life, liturgy, & denominational self-definition.
Some of them go even farther and protest that there were no ru before Confucius '
time – that the ru are simply disciples of Confucius . In the Lunyu ( 6 . 13 ) , there
is the ... ( An Introduction to Confucianism , p . 18 ) ples came from Song ; most of
Author: Nicolas Zufferey
Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt/M., New York, Oxford, Wien Schweizer Asiatische Studien. Monographien. Bd. 43. Herausgegeben von Robert Gassmann. This book deals with the ru, a word too often understood as a reference to 'Confucian literati'. The study consists of two parts. In the first part the author discusses the problem of the origins of the ru and presents the main hypotheses offered by modern Chinese scholars in this respect. The second part examines the status and nature of a number of ru at a very important period in their history, namely the Qin dynasty and the early Han dynasty (3rd to 2nd centuries B.C.), with the interpretation of famous episodes such as the 'execution of literati' in 212, and the so-called 'victory of Confucianism' one century later. Contents: The ru - from early times to the beginning of the twentieth century - HuShi's Shuo ru - Criticism of Hu Shi's Shuo ru - After Hu Shi: variations on the wang guan shuo - Other recent theories on the origins of the ru - The Erudites (boshi) until the early Han dynasty - The execution of 212 B.C. - The ru during Emperor Gaozu's reign - The ru under Emperor Wu's rule.
Confucius discussed filial piety, propriety and other virtues with his students. The
system of propriety, established by Duke Chou, is one important example of an
aid to understanding humanity through practice. Role of Propriety in Restoring ...
Author: Adam Dietz
Confucian philosophy can be seen in its depth, simplicity, profound practicality and relevance to contemporary daily life through the example of the "chun tzu," the superior person. What makes one a superior person? How do superior people practice virtue to deal with change? The personality of the superior person is clearly described in the original "Four Books" of Confucianism. Their self-cultivation, through any situation, is laid out in the Ten Wings commentary on the I Ching, the Book of Changes. Emphasizing virtue, anyone can be a superior person helping to make the world peaceful from the inside out.
The earliest Analects yet discovered, this work provides us with a new perspective on the central canonical text that has defined Chinese culture--and clearly illuminates the spirit and values of Confucius.
Author: Roger T. Ames
Publisher: Ballantine Books
"To quietly persevere in storing up what is learned, to continue studying without respite, to instruct others without growing weary--is this not me?" --Confucius Confucius is recognized as China's first and greatest teacher, and his ideas have been the fertile soil in which the Chinese cultural tradition has flourished. Now, here is a translation of the recorded thoughts and deeds that best remember Confucius--informed for the first time by the manuscript version found at Dingzhou in 1973, a partial text dating to 55 BCE and only made available to the scholarly world in 1997. The earliest Analects yet discovered, this work provides us with a new perspective on the central canonical text that has defined Chinese culture--and clearly illuminates the spirit and values of Confucius. Confucius (551-479 BCE) was born in the ancient state of Lu into an era of unrelenting, escalating violence as seven of the strongest states in the proto-Chinese world warred for supremacy. The landscape was not only fierce politically but also intellectually. Although Confucius enjoyed great popularity as a teacher, and many of his students found their way into political office, he personally had little influence in Lu. And so he began to travel from state to state as an itinerant philosopher to persuade political leaders that his teachings were a formula for social and political success. Eventually, his philosophies came to dictate the standard of behavior for all of society--including the emperor himself. Based on the latest research and complete with both Chinese and English texts, this revealing translation serves both as an excellent introduction to Confucian thought and as an authoritative addition to sophisticated debate.
Author: Jonathan ChamberlainPublish On: 2009-01-01
Chinese Gods helps us understand the building blocks of this religion for which even the Chinese have no name --- because the beliefs are intertwined with language and culture they have no independent existence --- and provides an in-depth ...
Author: Jonathan Chamberlain
Publisher: Blacksmith Books
Chinese folk religion is the underlying belief system of more than a billion people. Wherever there is a Chinese community there are temples and shrines with altars, statues and paper images. But how do these beliefs connect to Taoism, Confucianism and Buddhism? This book explains the building blocks of this religion, touching upon anthropology, history, numerology, feng shui, mythology, nature cults and ancestor worship. Includes colour images of the major gods of the Chinese pantheon.
St. Athanasius : Historical Writings , according to the Benedictine Text . With an Introduction by William Bright , D.D. , Regius Professor of Ecclesiastical History ,
Oxford . 1881. Crown 8vo , cloth , Ios . 6d . St. Augustine : Select Anti - Pelagian ...
Confucianism Bahm , Archie J . , The Heart of Confucius . New York : Harper &
Row , 1971 . Simple translations of two basic Confucian texts , The Mean and
Great Learning , with an introduction that gives useful explanations for beginners
Author: Robert S. Ellwood
Intended for courses in World Religions, this text provides a strong historical approach with appropriate attention paid to the social and cultural context of each religion.
Of its strength , because , as Confucius says , “ Filial piety and fraternal
submission ! are they not the root of all benevolent actions ? ” i Of its weakness ,
because it is inadequate of itself to satisfy the demands of the religious instinct .
In China ...
Introduction. to. Confucianism. Confucius (Kung-Fu Tzu) lived between 551-479
BCE during the Chou dynasty of China, and was the most predominant source of
sociopolitical philosophy in Chinese history. His work helped shape the course ...
Author: Christopher Etter
A Study of Qualitative Non-Pluralism a Comparative Religious Studies text that compares almost 30 different religious and philosophical schools of thought.
I shall explain the scope and methods of my critical reconstruction of Confucian
political thought, starting with a brief note ... 3 For the evolution of the Five
Classics and the Four Books, see Yao, Introduction to Confucianism, 57–67, and
Author: Joseph Chan
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Category: Political Science
Since the very beginning, Confucianism has been troubled by a serious gap between its political ideals and the reality of societal circumstances. Contemporary Confucians must develop a viable method of governance that can retain the spirit of the Confucian ideal while tackling problems arising from nonideal modern situations. The best way to meet this challenge, Joseph Chan argues, is to adopt liberal democratic institutions that are shaped by the Confucian conception of the good rather than the liberal conception of the right. Confucian Perfectionism examines and reconstructs both Confucian political thought and liberal democratic institutions, blending them to form a new Confucian political philosophy. Chan decouples liberal democratic institutions from their popular liberal philosophical foundations in fundamental moral rights, such as popular sovereignty, political equality, and individual sovereignty. Instead, he grounds them on Confucian principles and redefines their roles and functions, thus mixing Confucianism with liberal democratic institutions in a way that strengthens both. Then he explores the implications of this new yet traditional political philosophy for fundamental issues in modern politics, including authority, democracy, human rights, civil liberties, and social justice. Confucian Perfectionism critically reconfigures the Confucian political philosophy of the classical period for the contemporary era.
Confucius and His Successors (New York: Columbia University Press). Cai, J.J.
and Yu, E. (1998). The Analects of Confucius (Americarom Publishing Company).
Dawson, R. (1981). Confucius ... Yao, X. (2000). An Introduction to Confucianism.
Author: Jenny Helin
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Category: Business & Economics
Process approaches to organization studies focus on flow, activities, and evolution, understanding organizations and organizing as processes in the making. They stand in contrast to positivist approaches that see organizations and phenomena as fixed, static, and measurable. Process approaches draw on a range of ideas and philosophies. The Handbook examines 34 philosophers and social theorists, both those commonly linked to process thinking, such as Whitehead, Bergson and James, and those that are not as often addressed from a process perspective such as Dilthey and Tarde. Each chapter addresses the background and context of this thinker, their work (with a focus on the processual elements), and the potential contribution to organization and management research. For students and scholars in the field of Organization Studies this book is an entry point into the work of philosophical thinkers and social theorists for whom the world is far from being a solid place.