Ancient Origins of the Mexican Plaza

From Primordial Sea to Public Space

Author: Logan Wagner,Hal Box,Susan Kline Morehead

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 029274983X

Category: Architecture

Page: 273

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The plaza has been a defining feature of Mexican urban architecture and culture for at least 4,000 years. Ancient Mesoamericans conducted most of their communal life in outdoor public spaces, and today the plaza is still the public living room in every Mexican neighborhood, town, and city—the place where friends meet, news is shared, and personal and communal rituals and celebrations happen. The site of a community's most important architecture—church, government buildings, and marketplace—the plaza is both sacred and secular space and thus the very heart of the community. This extensively illustrated book traces the evolution of the Mexican plaza from Mesoamerican sacred space to modern public gathering place. The authors led teams of volunteers who measured and documented nearly one hundred traditional Mexican town centers. The resulting plans reveal the layers of Mesoamerican and European history that underlie the contemporary plaza. The authors describe how Mesoamericans designed their ceremonial centers as embodiments of creation myths—the plaza as the primordial sea from which the earth emerged. They discuss how Europeans, even though they sought to eradicate native culture, actually preserved it as they overlaid the Mesoamerican sacred plaza with the Renaissance urban concept of an orthogonal grid with a central open space. The authors also show how the plaza's historic, architectural, social, and economic qualities can contribute to mainstream urban design and architecture today.
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Astrology and Cosmology in the World’s Religions

Author: Nicholas Campion

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814708420

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 356

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When you think of astrology, you may think of the horoscope section in your local paper, or of Nancy Reagan's consultations with an astrologer in the White House in the 1980s. Yet almost every religion uses some form of astrology: some way of thinking about the sun, moon, stars, and planets and how they hold significance for human lives on earth. Astrology and Cosmology in the World’s Religions offers an accessible overview of the astrologies of the world's religions, placing them into context within theories of how the wider universe came into being and operates. Campion traces beliefs about the heavens among peoples ranging from ancient Egypt and China, to Australia and Polynesia, and India and the Islamic world. Addressing each religion in a separate chapter, Campion outlines how, by observing the celestial bodies, people have engaged with the divine, managed the future, and attempted to understand events here on earth. This fascinating text offers a unique way to delve into comparative religions and will also appeal to those intrigued by New Age topics.
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Interpreter: A Journal of Mormon Scripture, Volume 1 (2012)

Author: The Interpreter Foundation

Publisher: The Interpreter Foundation

ISBN: 1479266388

Category: Religion

Page: 210

View: 2560

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This is volume 1 (2012) of Interpreter: A Journal of Mormon Scripture by Interpreter Foundation. It contains articles on diverse topics such as charity in defending the kingdom, Nephi's esoteric exchange with the Spirit in 1 Nephi 11, the cultural context of Nephite apostasy, a book review of Temple Themes in the Book of Moses, a commentary on temple theology in John 17, a letter from John Sorenson to Michael Coe on Mesoamerica, atheist piety, a book review of Latter-day Scripture: Studies in the Book of Mormon, Mormonism and Wikipedia, and a book review of Understanding the Book of Mormon: A Reader's Guide.
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Classic Maya Provincial Politics

Xunantunich and Its Hinterlands

Author: Lisa J. LeCount,Jason Yaeger

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 0816502870

Category: Social Science

Page: 464

View: 8159

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Most treatments of large Classic Maya sites such as Caracol and Tikal regard Maya political organization as highly centralized. Because investigations have focused on civic buildings and elite palaces, however, a critical part of the picture of Classic Maya political organization has been missing. The contributors to this volume chart the rise and fall of the Classic Maya center of Xunantunich, paying special attention to its changing relationships with the communities that comprised its hinterlands. They examine how the changing relationships between Xunantunich and the larger kingdom of Naranjo affected the local population, the location of their farms and houses, and the range of economic and subsistence activities in which both elites and commoners engaged. They also examine the ways common people seized opportunities and met challenges offered by a changing political landscape. The rich archaeological data in this book show that incorporating subject communities and people—and keeping them incorporated—was an on-going challenge to ancient Maya rulers. Until now, archaeologists have lacked integrated regional data and a fine-grained chronology in which to document short-term shifts in site occupations, subsistence strategies, and other important practices of the daily life of the Maya. This book provides a revised picture of Maya politics—one of different ways of governing and alliance formation among dominant centers, provincial polities, and hinterland communities.
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The Games People Play

Theology, Religion, and Sport

Author: Robert Ellis

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1630873845

Category: Religion

Page: 336

View: 1941

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In The Games People Play, Robert Ellis constructs a theology around the global cultural phenomenon of modern sport, paying particular attention to its British and American manifestations. Using historical narrative and social analysis to enter the debate on sport as religion, Ellis shows that modern sport may be said to have taken on some of the functions previously vested in organized religion. Through biblical and theological reflection, he presents a practical theology of sport's appeal and value, with special attention to the theological concept of transcendence. Throughout, he draws on original empirical work with sports participants and spectators. The Games People Play addresses issues often considered problematic in theological discussions of sport such as gender, race, consumerism, and the role of the modern media, as well as problems associated with excessive competition and performance-enhancing substances. As Ellis explains, Sporting journalists often use religious language in covering sports events. Salvation features in many a headline, and talk of moments of redemption is not uncommon. Perhaps, somewhere beyond the cliched hyperbole, there is some theological truth in all this after all.
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Mexico

The Rough Guide

Author: John Fisher,Peter Eltringham

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Travel

Page: 643

View: 9160

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Describes points of interest off the beaten path in each region of Mexico and recommends hotels and restaurants
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Parallels

Mesoamerican and Ancient Middle Eastern Traditions

Author: N.A

Publisher: Stonecliff Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 211

View: 3475

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Royal Courts Of The Ancient Maya

Volume 2: Data And Case Studies

Author: Takeshi Inomata,Stephen D. Houston

Publisher: Westview Press

ISBN: 9780813338804

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 6797

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The two volumes of Royal Courts of the Ancient Maya provide current archaeological perspectives on Maya courts conceived as vital, functioning social groups composed of lords, courtiers, scribes, priests, and entertainers, among many others. In addition to archaeological data on the architecture and other spatial attributes of courts, the studies in the two volumes bring to bear on the topic the most recent evidence from inscriptions, vase paintings, murals and friezes, and ethnohistoric records in order to flesh out a portrait of the actors and roles that made up Maya courts through time and across space. The attributes of courts are explored in the Maya highlands and lowlands, from the origins of early kingship through the Classic period to the Postclassic and Terminal epochs. Pertinent comparisons are also drawn from the Aztecs and other ancient and contemporary societies. Volume 1: Theory, Comparison, and Synthesis establishes a carefully considered framework for approaching the study of courts and their functions throughout the world of the ancient Maya. Volume 2: Data and Case Studies provides authoritatively current data and insights from key Maya sites, including Copán, Tikal, Caracol, Bonampak, and Calakmul.
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Foundations of new world cultural astronomy

a reader with commentary

Author: Anthony F. Aveni

Publisher: Univ Pr of Colorado

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 826

View: 9846

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Gazing into the black skies from the Anasazi observatory at Chimney Rock or the Castillo Pyramid in the Maya ruins of Chichen Itza, a modern visitor might wonder what ancient stargazers looked for in the skies and what they saw. Once considered unresearchable, these questions now drive cultural astronomers who draw on written and unwritten records and a constellation of disciplines. Cultural astronomy has evolved at ferocious speed since its genesis in the 1960s, with seminal essays and powerful rebuttals published in far-flung, specialized journals. Until now, only the most closely involved scholars could follow the intellectual fireworks. In this new reader, Anthony Aveni--one of cultural astronomy's founders and top scholars and a former National Professor of the Year--offers a selection of the essays that built the field, from foundational works to contemporary scholarship. Aveni also serves up incisive commentary, background for the uninitiated, suggested reading, and more.
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The Galaxy on Earth

A Traveler's Guide to the Planet's Visionary Geography

Author: Richard Leviton

Publisher: Hampton Roads Publishing Company

ISBN: 9781571742223

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 577

View: 5358

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Sacred tourism - travel to sites known to have powerful earth energies or great religious, mystical or mythological significance - is increasingly popular. In this volume, Richard Leviton offers a guide to 50 visionary landmarks: their physical descriptions, history and archaeology, myths and legends, and reports of mystical experiences by actual travellers. Leviton also reveals a startling correlation between the energy structures of the sacred sites and the fundamental structures of human consciousness.
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