An Archaeology of Australia Since 1788

Author: Susan Lawrence,Peter Davies

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441974853

Category: Social Science

Page: 421

View: 9183

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This volume provides an important new synthesis of archaeological work carried out in Australia on the post-contact period. It draws on dozens of case studies from a wide geographical and temporal span to explore the daily life of Australians in settings such as convict stations, goldfields, whalers' camps, farms, pastoral estates and urban neighbourhoods. The different conditions experienced by various groups of people are described in detail, including rich and poor, convicts and their superiors, Aboriginal people, women, children, and migrant groups. The social themes of gender, class, ethnicity, status and identity inform every chapter, demonstrating that these are vital parts of human experience, and cannot be separated from archaeologies of industry, urbanization and culture contact. The book engages with a wide range of contemporary discussions and debates within Australian history and the international discipline of historical archaeology. The colonization of Australia was part of the international expansion of European hegemony in the eighteenth and nineteenth century. The material discussed here is thus fundamentally part of the global processes of colonization and the creation of settler societies, the industrial revolution, the development of mass consumer culture, and the emergence of national identities. Drawing out these themes and integrating them with the analysis of archaeological materials highlights the vital relevance of archaeology in modern society.
Release

An Archaeology of Nineteenth-Century Consumer Behavior in Melbourne, Australia, and Buenos Aires, Argentina

Author: Pamela Ricardi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3030215954

Category: Electronic books

Page: 246

View: 9023

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book compares consumer behavior in two nineteenth-century peripheral cities: Melbourne, Australia and Buenos Aires, Argentina. It provides an analysis of domestic archaeological assemblages from two inner-city working class neighborhood sites that were largely populated by recently arrived immigrants.The book also uses primary, historical documents to assess the place of these cities within global trade networks and explores the types of goods arriving into each city. By comparing the assemblages and archival data it is possible to explore the role of choice, ethnicity, and class on consumer behavior. This approach is significant as it provides an archaeological assessment of consumer behavior which crosses socio-political divides, comparing a site within a British colony to a site in a former Spanish colony in South America. As two geographically, politically and ethnically distinct cities it was expected that archaeological and archival data would reveal substantial variation. In reality, differences, although noted, were small. Broad similarities point to the far-reaching impact of colonialism and consumerism and widespread interconnectedness during the nineteenth century. This book demonstrates the wealth of information that can be gained from international comparisons that include sites outside the British Empire.
Release

Flashy, Fun and Functional

How Things Helped to Invent Melbourne's Gold Rush Mayor

Author: Sarah Hayes

Publisher: Sydney University Press

ISBN: 1743326157

Category: Social Science

Page: 84

View: 2028

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Against the backdrop of embryonic Melbourne, John Thomas Smith left behind his currency roots to become an influential member of society. A widely recognised figure about town smoking a cutty pipe and wearing a white top hat, in 1851 he became Lord Mayor of Melbourne; he went on to be re-elected seven times. His scandalous marriage to the daughter of an Irish Catholic publican, however, and his awkwardly appropriated gentility made him unpopular with certain sections of society. He could never shake the shadow of his background and was dogged by ignominious rumours. From 1849 to 1860 Smith and his family occupied 300 Queen Street, Melbourne, one of the first true residential townhouses in the city. Flashy, Fun and Functional: How Things Helped to Invent Melbourne’s Gold Rush Mayor explores the things they left behind. Excavations at the site in 1982 by Judy Birmingham and Associates uncovered a rich and important archaeological record of the Smiths’ lives in the form of a cesspit rubbish deposit. The recovered artefacts can be used to examine the distinctive way the Smith family used material culture to negotiate their position in colonial society. Popular decoration styles and expensive materials suggest the family’s efforts to secure their newly obtained social status. The artefacts evoke the turmoil, volatility and opportunity of life in the first decades of the colony of Port Phillip. They provide an example of the possibility of social mobility in the colony, but also of the challenges of navigating the customs of a newly forming society.
Release

An Archaeology of Institutional Confinement

The Hyde Park Barracks, 1848-1886

Author: Peter Davies,Penny Crook ,Tim Murray

Publisher: Sydney University Press

ISBN: 1920899790

Category: Social Science

Page: 132

View: 2029

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The archaeological assemblage from the Hyde Park Barracks is one of the largest, most comprehensive and best preserved collections of artefacts from any 19th-century institution in the world. Concealed for up to 160 years in the cavities between floorboards and ceilings, the assemblage is a unique archaeological record of institutional confinement, especially of women. The underfloor assemblage dates to the period 1848 to 1886, during which a female Immigration Depot and a Government Asylum for Infirm and Destitute Women occupied the second and third floors of the Barracks. Over the years the women discarded and swept beneath the floor thousands of clothing and textile fragments, tobacco pipes, religious items, sewing equipment, paper scraps and numerous other objects, many of which rarely occur in typical archaeological deposits. These items are presented in detail in this book, and provide unique insight into the private lives of young female migrants and elderly destitute women, most of whom will never be known from historical records.
Release

Good taste, fashion, luxury: a genteel Melbourne family and their rubbish

Author: Sarah Hayes

Publisher: Sydney University Press

ISBN: 1743324170

Category: History

Page: 111

View: 9460

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Melbourne grew during the 19th century from its fledgling roots into a global metropolitan centre, and was home to many people from a range of social and cultural backgrounds. The Martin family arrived in Melbourne in 1839 and soon established themselves at the genteel Viewbank estate near Heidelberg. They were typical of the early, middle-class immigrants to Melbourne who brought their gentility and privilege with them to the colony. The Martins spent many years at Viewbank, and the physical remains they left behind provide a valuable case study for examining class negotiation in the colony through historical archaeology. In this important study, material culture is used to understand the unique way in which the Martin family used gentility to establish and maintain their class position.
Release

The Archaeology of Australia's History

Author: Graham Connah

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521454759

Category: History

Page: 176

View: 6090

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The material world of European settlement in Australia has been uncovered not only by historians but by archaeologists as well. These archaeological enquiries have revealed new and direct pictures of the public and private lives of Australians at home and at work. This book presents many of the findings of Australian historical archaeology. It discusses the first European towns, the archaeology of convicts and archaeological evidence of the agricultural, maritime, industrial and manufacturing activities of early Australia. This book was published originally in hardback with the title Of the Hut I Builded: The Archaeology of Australia's History.
Release

After Captain Cook

The Archaeology of the Recent Indigenous Past in Australia

Author: Rodney Harrison,Christine Williamson

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759106574

Category: Social Science

Page: 231

View: 2759

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The papers collected in this volume address the historical archaeology of Aboriginal Australia & its application in researching the shared history of Aboriginal & settler Australians.
Release

Encyclopedia of archaeology

History and discoveries

Author: Tim Murray

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781576071984

Category: History

Page: 1500

View: 2300

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Written by the most authoritative scholars from around the world, a massive treasurehouse of information on all aspects of archaeology, from prehistory to the present day.
Release

Site Surveys and Significance Assessment in Australian Archaeology

Author: Sharon Sullivan,Sandra Bowdler

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780867845358

Category: Aboriginal Australians

Page: 151

View: 1297

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Papers by S. Bowdler, J. Clegg, P.J. Hughes and M.E. Sullivan, D. Witter, J. Flood, D. Byrne, B.J. Egloff, L. Haglund, R. Cosgrove, P. Vinnicombe, H. Sullivan, J. Hope, V. Attenbrow and T. Negerevich, annotated separately.
Release

The Oxford Companion to Archaeology

Author: Brian M. Fagan,Charlotte Beck

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Religion

Page: 844

View: 2405

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Features articles written by archaeology scholars on such topics as bog bodies, underwater archaeology, the Pyramids of Giza, and the Valley of the Kings
Release