The Romance of American Psychology

The Romance of American Psychology

For a statistical overview of the growth of the psychological profession during these years , see Albert R. Gilgen , American Psychology Since World War II : A Profile of the Discipline ( Westport , Conn .: Greenwood Press , 1982 ) ...

Author: Ellen Herman

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520357037

Category: Psychology

Page: 422

View: 829

Psychological insight is the creed of our time. A quiet academic discipline two generations ago, psychology has become a voice of great cultural authority, informing everything from family structure to government policy. How has this fledgling science become the source of contemporary America's most potent ideology? In this groundbreaking book—the first to fully explore the political and cultural significance of psychology in post-World War II America—Ellen Herman tells the story of Americans' love affair with the behavioral sciences. It began during wartime. The atmosphere of crisis sustained from the 1940s through the Cold War gave psychological "experts" an opportunity to prove their social theories and behavioral techniques. Psychologists, sociologists, and anthropologists carved a niche within government and began shaping military, foreign, and domestic policy. Herman examines this marriage of politics and psychology, which continued through the tumultuous 1960s. Psychological professionals' influence also spread among the general public. Drawn by promises of mental health and happiness, people turned to these experts for enlightenment. Their opinions validated postwar social movements from civil rights to feminism and became the basis of a new world view. Fascinating and long overdue, this book illuminates one of the dominant forces in American society. This title is part of UC Press's Voices Revived program, which commemorates University of California Press's mission to seek out and cultivate the brightest minds and give them voice, reach, and impact. Drawing on a backlist dating to 1893, Voices Revived makes high-quality, peer-reviewed scholarship accessible once again using print-on-demand technology. This title was originally published in 1995.
Categories: Psychology

International Psychology

International Psychology

Are there enough overlapping objectives to speak of an international psychology in one voice? Answers to these and other questions ... American psychology since World War II: A profile of the discipline. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Author: Virginia Staudt Sexton

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803294851

Category: Psychology

Page: 524

View: 897

While acknowledging their major debt to Europeans like Freud, Piaget, Erickson, Lewin, and Jung, American psychologists generally concentrated on developments in American psychology. And this tendency prevails in spite of the fact that innovations—in sport psychology and clinical neuropsychology, for example—have continued to come from abroad. International Psychology is a much-needed exposition of the state of psychology in forty-five countries, including the Soviet Union and the United States. Emphasizing the period from 1960 to the present, and surveying the training, research, and practice of psychologists on six continents, this volume introduces a widely dispersed network of occupational kinfolk, many of whom have scant knowledge of one another. The editors provide a panoramic view in the opening chapter, as well as an epilogue and name and subject indexes. The contributors, nearly all distinguished psychologists in their countries, represent Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, the Dominican Republic, Egypt, Finland, France, the German Democratic Republic, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Hungary, India, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Pakistan, Philippines, Poland, Romania, South Africa, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, the United States, Uruguay, Venezuela, Yugoslavia, and Zimbabwe.
Categories: Psychology

History of Psychology

History of Psychology

American psychology since World War II: A profile of the discipline. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. Gilligan, J. (2001). The last mental hospital. Psychiatric Quarterly, 72, 45–61. Gilman, S. L. (2001). Karen Horney, M. D., 1885–1952.

Author: D. Brett King

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317350606

Category: Psychology

Page: 576

View: 886

A History of Psychology: Ideas & Context, 5/e, traces psychological thought from antiquity through early 21st century advances, giving students a thorough look into psychology’s origins and development. This title provides in-depth coverage of intellectual trends, major systems of thought, and key developments in basic and applied psychology.
Categories: Psychology

Military Psychology Second Edition

Military Psychology  Second Edition

Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 24, 383–405. Boring, E. G. (1945). ... Psychology in the Veterans Administration: A storied history, a vital future. American Psychologist ... American psychology since World War II.

Author: Carrie H. Kennedy

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 9781462506569

Category: Psychology

Page: 409

View: 787

Widely regarded as the authoritative work in the field, this book comprehensively explores the psychological needs of today's service members and how to meet them effectively. Expert contributors review best practices for conducting fitness-for-duty evaluations and other types of assessments, treating frequently encountered clinical problems, responding to disasters, and promoting the health and well-being of all personnel. The book also examines the role of mental health professionals in enhancing operational readiness, with chapters on crisis and hostage negotiation, understanding terrorists, and more. New to This Edition *The latest scientific knowledge, clinical interventions, and training recommendations. *Chapter on acute combat stress. *Chapter on post-deployment problems, including PTSD and depression. *Chapter on military psychology ethics. *Coverage of blast concussion screening and evaluation.
Categories: Psychology

Soviet and American Psychology During World War II

Soviet and American Psychology During World War II

This book compares the influence of the period leading up to World War II and of the war itself on the discipline of psychology in two major, but very different countries.

Author: Albert R. Gilgen

Publisher: Praeger

ISBN: UOM:39015040165691

Category: Psychology

Page: 272

View: 822

This book compares the influence of the period leading up to World War II and of the war itself on the discipline of psychology in two major, but very different countries. During the 1930s, Soviet psychologists were formally isolated from developments in Western psychology by the ideological requirements of the Communist Party; in the United States, a vast variety of topics was being researched. When the war began, the discipline in the Soviet Union turned increasingly toward specialized topics, such as the rehabilitation of the wounded, ways to improve morale, and the psychological basis of color-camouflage. American psychologists, on the other hand, applied their psychometric and clinical skills to military needs. With the coming of glasnost, American and Russian psychologists were able to collaborate to create the first thorough examinations of the state of wartime psychology in these countries. Of interest to all students and researchers of the history of psychology, psychological theory, and the history of World War II.
Categories: Psychology

The Closed World

The Closed World

Computers and the Politics of Discourse in Cold War America Paul N. Edwards ... Albert R. Gilgen , American Psychology Since World War II ( Westport , CT : Greenwood Press , 1982 ) , 39 ; Steve J. Heims , The Cybernetics Group ...

Author: Paul N. Edwards

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262550288

Category: Computers

Page: 440

View: 698

The Closed World offers a radically new alternative to the canonical histories of computers and cognitive science. Arguing that we can make sense of computers as tools only when we simultaneously grasp their roles as metaphors and political icons, Paul Edwards shows how Cold War social and cultural contexts shaped emerging computer technology--and were transformed, in turn, by information machines. The Closed World explores three apparently disparate histories--the history of American global power, the history of computing machines, and the history of subjectivity in science and culture--through the lens of the American political imagination. In the process, it reveals intimate links between the military projects of the Cold War, the evolution of digital computers, and the origins of cybernetics, cognitive psychology, and artificial intelligence. Edwards begins by describing the emergence of a "closed-world discourse" of global surveillance and control through high-technology military power. The Cold War political goal of "containment" led to the SAGE continental air defense system, Rand Corporation studies of nuclear strategy, and the advanced technologies of the Vietnam War. These and other centralized, computerized military command and control projects--for containing world-scale conflicts--helped closed-world discourse dominate Cold War political decisions. Their apotheosis was the Reagan-era plan for a " Star Wars" space-based ballistic missile defense. Edwards then shows how these military projects helped computers become axial metaphors in psychological theory. Analyzing the Macy Conferences on cybernetics, the Harvard Psycho-Acoustic Laboratory, and the early history of artificial intelligence, he describes the formation of a "cyborg discourse." By constructing both human minds and artificial intelligences as information machines, cyborg discourse assisted in integrating people into the hyper-complex technological systems of the closed world. Finally, Edwards explores the cyborg as political identity in science fiction--from the disembodied, panoptic AI of 2001: A Space Odyssey, to the mechanical robots of Star Wars and the engineered biological androids of Blade Runner--where Information Age culture and subjectivity were both reflected and constructed. Inside Technology series
Categories: Computers

The History of the Social Sciences Since 1945

The History of the Social Sciences Since 1945

Unification through Division: Histories of the Divisions of the American Psychological Association, 2 vols. Washington, DC: American Psychological ... The Closed World: Computers and the Politics of Discourse in Cold War America.

Author: Philippe Fontaine

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521889063

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 682

The book covers the main developments in the social sciences after World War Two. Chapters on economics, human geography, political science, psychology, social anthropology, and sociology will interest anyone wanting short, accessible histories of those disciplines; they will also make it easy for readers to compare disciplines. A final chapter offers a blueprint for writing the history of the social sciences as a whole, drawing attention to the role of interdisciplinary work and to the importance of factors from the Second World War to the sixties and the fall of communism.
Categories: Business & Economics

Military Psychology Third Edition

Military Psychology  Third Edition

American psychology since World War II. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. Glass, A. J. (1969). Introduction. In P. G. Bourne (Ed.), e psychology and physiology of stress: With reference to special studies of the Viet Nam War (pp.

Author: Carrie H. Kennedy

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: EAN:9781462549948

Category: Psychology

Page: 460

View: 920

With more than 60% new material reflecting advances in evidence-based treatments and the evolving roles of military mental health providers, the authoritative resource in the field is now in a significantly revised third edition. The volume provides research-based roadmaps for prevention and intervention with service members and veterans in a wide range of settings. Up-to-date information about military procedures and guidelines is included throughout. Grounded in current knowledge about stress and resilience, chapters describe best practices in treating such challenges as depression, anxiety disorders, posttraumatic stress disorder, and substance use disorders. Also addressed are operational functions of psychologists in personnel assessment and selection, counterintelligence, and other areas. New to This Edition *Chapters on new topics: the spectrum of military stress reactions, concussion management, military sexual assault, embedded/expeditionary psychological practice, and security clearance evaluations. *Fully rewritten chapters on evidence-based treatments, behavioral health in primary care, and disaster mental health. *Incorporates major shifts in how and where military mental health services are delivered.
Categories: Psychology

Annals of Theoretical Psychology

Annals of Theoretical Psychology

The Structure of Knowledge • The Psychological Domain (two semesters) • Major Behavioral Contexts • Psychological Inquiry • Senior research (how to identify ... American psychology since World War II: A profile of the discipline.

Author: Arthur W. Staats

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461564560

Category: Psychology

Page: 382

View: 968

I have been involved in constructing a unified theory for many years, in considering the state of psychology's unity-disunity, and in generally attempt ing to persuade our profession to work on its unification. In this work I have had the opportunity to become acquainted with the works of a number of other psychologists whose statements indicated that they had something to say on these topics. I saw also that it would be very productive for psychology to have these individuals address themselves to psychology's disunity-unity, consid ered as a problem that should be confronted and addressed. In 1983 I began to indicate that it was my intention to devote a book to the topic, as seen through the eyes of a group of prominent psychologists concerned with related issues. It was very fortunate from my standpoint that Joseph Royce and later Leendert Mos, who were editing this series, were interested in this book. I accepted the former's invitation to do within the present series the book I had planned. Although I must assume responsibility for selection of the contributors, for the book's organization, and for the first editing of their papers for substance, Pro fessor Mos offered to help in an editorial capacity and I am most grateful for his contributions to the formal editing. The volume is much improved as a result of his careful efforts, which in one case involved rewriting material.
Categories: Psychology

Crossing Frontiers

Crossing Frontiers

18 (1963): 134-43; Albert Gilgen, American Psychology Since World War II (Wesport, CT: Greenwood, 1982): pp. 21ff. 100 Preamble appeared in Psychological Science, vol. 1 (March 1990): 80; see also, Joseph Lee Rodgers, “Structural Models ...

Author: W. Andrew Achenbaum

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521481946

Category: History

Page: 278

View: 350

This is the first book-length study of the history of gerontology. It shows how old age became a 'problem' worth investigating and how a mulitidisciplinary orientation took shape.
Categories: History