American Prometheus

American Prometheus

This is biography and history at its finest, riveting and deeply informative.

Author: Kai Bird

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 9780307424730

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 784

View: 938

J. Robert Oppenheimer is one of the iconic figures of the twentieth century, a brilliant physicist who led the effort to build the atomic bomb for his country in a time of war, and who later found himself confronting the moral consequences of scientific progress. In this magisterial, acclaimed biography twenty-five years in the making, Kai Bird and Martin Sherwin capture Oppenheimer’s life and times, from his early career to his central role in the Cold War. This is biography and history at its finest, riveting and deeply informative. From the Trade Paperback edition.
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

Gambling with Armageddon

Gambling with Armageddon

Gambling with Armageddon looks in particular at the original debate in the Truman Administration about using the Atomic Bomb; the way in which President Eisenhower relied on the threat of massive retaliation to project U.S. power in the ...

Author: Martin J. Sherwin

Publisher: Knopf

ISBN: 9780525659310

Category: History

Page: 624

View: 918

From the Pulitzer Prize-winning author of American Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer comes the first effort to set the Cuban Missile Crisis, with its potential for nuclear holocaust, in a wider historical narrative of the Cold War--how such a crisis arose, and why at the very last possible moment it didn't happen. In this groundbreaking look at the Cuban Missile Crisis, Martin Sherwin not only gives us a riveting sometimes hour-by-hour explanation of the crisis itself, but also explores the origins, scope, and consequences of the evolving place of nuclear weapons in the post-World War II world. Mining new sources and materials, and going far beyond the scope of earlier works on this critical face-off between the United States and the Soviet Union--triggered when Khrushchev began installing missiles in Cuba at Castro's behest--Sherwin shows how this volatile event was an integral part of the wider Cold War and was a consequence of nuclear arms. Gambling with Armageddon looks in particular at the original debate in the Truman Administration about using the Atomic Bomb; the way in which President Eisenhower relied on the threat of massive retaliation to project U.S. power in the early Cold War era; and how President Kennedy, though unprepared to deal with the Bay of Pigs debacle, came of age during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Here too is a clarifying picture of what was going on in Khrushchev's Soviet Union. Martin Sherwin has spent his career in the study of nuclear weapons and how they have shaped our world. Gambling with Armegeddon is an outstanding capstone to his work thus far.
Categories: History

Atomic Spy

Atomic Spy

"Nancy Greenspan dives into the mysteries of the Klaus Fuchs espionage case and emerges with a classic Cold War biography of intrigue and torn loyalties. Atomic Spy is a mesmerizing morality tale, told with fresh sources and empathy.

Author: Nancy Thorndike Greenspan

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9780593083413

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 416

View: 814

"Nancy Greenspan dives into the mysteries of the Klaus Fuchs espionage case and emerges with a classic Cold War biography of intrigue and torn loyalties. Atomic Spy is a mesmerizing morality tale, told with fresh sources and empathy." --Kai Bird, author of The Good Spy and coauthor of American Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer The gripping biography of a notorious Cold War villain--the German-born British scientist who handed the Soviets top-secret American plans for the plutonium bomb--showing a man torn between conventional loyalties and a sense of obligation to a greater good. German by birth, British by naturalization, Communist by conviction, Klaus Fuchs was a fearless Nazi resister, a brilliant scientist, and an infamous spy. He was convicted of espionage by Britain in 1950 for handing over the designs of the plutonium bomb to the Russians, and has gone down in history as one of the most dangerous agents in American and British history. He put an end to America's nuclear hegemony and single-handedly heated up the Cold War. But, was Klaus Fuchs really evil? Using archives long hidden in Germany as well as intimate family correspondence, Nancy Thorndike Greenspan brings into sharp focus the moral and political ambiguity of the times in which Fuchs lived and the ideals with which he struggled. As a university student in Germany, he stood up to Nazi terror without flinching, and joined the Communists largely because they were the only ones resisting the Nazis. After escaping to Britain in 1933, he was arrested as a German émigré--an "enemy alien"--in 1940 and sent to an internment camp in Canada. His mentor at university, renowned physicist Max Born, worked to facilitate his release. After years of struggle and ideological conflict, when Fuchs joined the atomic bomb project, his loyalties were firmly split. He started handing over top secret research to the Soviets in 1941, and continued for years from deep within the Manhattan Project at Los Alamos. Greenspan's insights into his motivations make us realize how he was driven not just by his Communist convictions but seemingly by a dedication to peace, seeking to level the playing field of the world powers. With thrilling detail from never-before-seen sources, Atomic Spy travels across the Germany of an ascendant Nazi party; the British university classroom of Max Born; a British internment camp in Canada; the secret laboratories of Los Alamos; and Eastern Germany at the height of the Cold War. Atomic Spy shows the real Klaus Fuchs--who he was, what he did, why he did it, and how he was caught. His extraordinary life is a cautionary tale about the ambiguity of morality and loyalty, as pertinent today as in the 1940s.
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

The Hope And Vision Of J Robert Oppenheimer

The Hope And Vision Of J  Robert Oppenheimer

This biographical sketch relies to a large extent on the biographies of
Oppenheimer given in (ref. 43). 2. Kai Bird and Martin J. Sherwin, American
Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer (New York:
Knopf, 2005), p.

Author: Day Michael A

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814656764

Category: Science

Page: 284

View: 277

Incorporating elements from history, science, philosophy and international relations theory, this book takes a fresh look at the life and thought of Robert Oppenheimer.The author argues that not only are Oppenheimer's ideas important, engaging and relevant, but also more coherent than generally assumed. He makes a convincing case that Oppenheimer has much to say about 21st century issues, and his voice should be brought back into the public forum.The book recovers and reconstructs what Oppenheimer said and wrote during the 1940s, 50s and 60s (i.e., his hope and vision) with the goal of identifying what might be of general philosophical interest today. It considers not only Oppenheimer's thought, but also his life using philosophical ideas developed by contemporary philosophers.In addition, to deepen and broaden the discussion and demonstrate the relevance of Oppenheimer's vision for the present, the author analyzes his views using contemporary international relations theory with a special emphasis on nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament. This examination reveals ways in which Oppenheimer's reasoning was prescient of current work being carried out to control, and possibly move beyond, the nuclear revolution.
Categories: Science

The Meanings of J Robert Oppenheimer

The Meanings of J  Robert Oppenheimer

One of the two, Kai Bird and Martin J. Sherwin's American Prometheus: The
Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer, is likely the most well known.
Published in the sixtieth anniversary year of the first atomic bomb test and the
end of ...

Author: Lindsey Michael Banco

Publisher: University of Iowa Press

ISBN: 9781609384203

Category: History

Page: 254

View: 338

He called the first atomic bomb “technically sweet,” yet as he watched its brilliant light explode over the New Mexico desert in 1945 in advance of the black horrors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, he also thought of the line from the Hindu epic The Bhagavad Gita: “I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds.” Physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer, the scientific director of the Manhattan Project, the single most recognizable face of the atomic bomb, and a man whose name has become almost synonymous with Cold War American nuclear science, was and still is a conflicted, controversial figure who has come to represent an equally ambivalent technology. The Meanings of J. Robert Oppenheimer examines how he has been represented over the past seven decades in biographies, histories, fiction, comics, photographs, film, television, documentaries, theater, and museums. Lindsey Michael Banco gathers an unprecedented group of cultural texts and seeks to understand the multiple meanings Oppenheimer has held in American popular culture since 1945. He traces the ways these representations of Oppenheimer have influenced public understanding of the atomic bomb, technology, physics, the figure of the scientist, the role of science in war, and even what it means to pursue knowledge of the world around us. Questioning and unpacking both how and why Oppenheimer is depicted as he is across time and genre, this book is broad in scope, profound in detail, and offers unique insights into the rise of nuclear culture and how we think about the relationship between history, imagination, science, and nuclear weapons today.
Categories: History

The Chairman John J McCloy The Making of the American Establishment

The Chairman  John J McCloy   The Making of the American Establishment

“Exhaustively researched and remarkably evenhanded.” —The New York Times “Absorbing…the definitive life story.” —Kirkus Reviews “A fascinating study.” —Los Angeles Times In The Chairman, the authoritative biography of ...

Author: Kai Bird

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781501169175

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 800

View: 440

“Exhaustively researched and remarkably evenhanded.” —The New York Times “Absorbing…the definitive life story.” —Kirkus Reviews “A fascinating study.” —Los Angeles Times In The Chairman, the authoritative biography of John J. McCloy, Pulitzer Prize-winning author Kai Bird chronicles the life of the man labeled “the most influential private citizen in America.” Against the backgrounds of World War II, the Cold War, the construction of Pax Americana, the Cuban missile crisis, the Kennedy assassination, and Vietnam, Bird shows us McCloy’s astonishing rise from self-described “chore boy” to “chairman of the Establishment.” His powerful circle shaped the postwar globe. But McCloy stood out among them as a towering figure of achievement: as a Wall Street lawyer who earned the confidence of captains of industry and presidents; as Henry Stimson’s right-hand man at the War Department; as president of the World Bank and chairman of the Chase financial empire; and as presidential adviser. Bird captures every facet of this self-made man. We see McCloy’s commercial acumen as the most in-demand lawyer of Wall Street; his dictatorial will as high commissioner of occupied Germany; and his stoic loyalty as adviser to Presidents FDR, Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, Carter, Ford, and Reagan. Bird brilliantly explores how McCloy came to epitomize the American Establishment and the values of a generation that led the United States through bitter war and unparalleled prosperity.
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

J Robert Oppenheimer

J  Robert Oppenheimer

Kai Bird and Martin J. Sherwin , American Prometheus : The Triumph and
Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer ( New York : Alfred A. Knopf , 2005 ) , p . 15 . 2
. J. Robert Oppenheimer Centennial , Office for History of Science and
Technology ...

Author: Glenn Scherer

Publisher: Enslow Publishers, Inc.

ISBN: 1598450506

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 128

View: 695

Presents the life and accomplishments of the director of the Manhattan Project, focusing on his involvement with the development of the atom bomb.
Categories: Juvenile Nonfiction

Oppenheimer and the Manhattan Project

Oppenheimer and the Manhattan Project

Even in the early twenty-first century, the name “Oppenheimer” still calls forth a
flood of contradictory images. ... Bird and Martin Sherwin's long-awaited
American Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer (
Knopf, 2005).

Author: Cynthia C Kelly

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814338158

Category: Science

Page: 184

View: 439

2004 marked the centennial of the birth of J Robert Oppenheimer, and brought historians and scholars, former students, nuclear physicists, and politicians together to celebrate this event. Oppenheimer's life and work became central to 20th century history as he spearheaded the development of the atomic bomb that ended World War II. This book provides a spectrum of interpretations of Oppenheimer's life and scientific achievements. It approaches the extraordinary scientist and teacher from many perspectives, chronicling the years from his boyhood through his role as director of the Los Alamos National Laboratory and afterwards. The book also discusses Oppenheimer's connection to New Mexico, which hosted two of the Manhattan Project's most crucial sites, and addresses his lasting impact on contemporary science, international politics, and the postwar age. Contents:Introduction:Defying the Odds (C C Kelly)Introducing Oppenheimer:Oppenheimer Reconsidered (J Bingaman)Robert Oppenheimer: King of the Hill (R Rhodes)A Novel Idea of Oppenheimer (J Kanon)Life at Los Alamos:Preservation on the Pajarito Plateau (S Ashman)J Robert Oppenheimer and the State of New Mexico: A Reciprocal Relationship (F Szasz)Robert Oppenheimer: A Window on His Life at Los Alamos (K Bird & M Sherwin)Oppenheimer's Place in History:Standing on the Shoulders of Giants (E Beckner)The Cautionary Tale of Robert Oppenheimer (G Herken)The Early Years of Robert Oppenheimer (J Hunner)General Groves' Indispensable Scientist (R S Norris)Personal Reflections on Oppenheimer:Oppenheimer as a Teacher of Physics and PhD Advisor (E Gerjuoy)Remembering Opje: Teacher, Scientist and Friend (D Pines)J Robert Oppenheimer: Consummate Physicist (M M Shapiro)A Few Words from an Oppenheimer (A R Oppenheimer) Readership: Historians, scientists, general readers of contemporary history. Keywords:Oppenheimer, J Robert;Manhattan Project;Los Alamos;New Mexico;Groves, General Leslie R;World War II;Atomic Bomb;Nuclear Physics;Manhattan Engineering District;History of Science and TechnologyKey Features:Articles by notable experts in their fields, including Senator Jeff Bingaman, Pulitzer Prize winner Richard Rhodes (The Making of the Atomic Bomb), Robert S Norris (Racing for the Bomb), Gregg Herken (Brotherhood of the Bomb), Joseph Kanon (Los Alamos), Everet Beckner, and many othersNever-before-published personal perspectives and recollections of Robert Oppenheimer from his students and friends
Categories: Science

Hiroshima

Hiroshima

Oppenheimer alone has inspired several thoughtful treatments, including most
recently David C. Cassidy, J. Robert ... Century (New York: Pi Press, 2005); Kai
Bird and Martin J. Sherwin, American Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy ...

Author: Andrew J. Rotter

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191577918

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 134

The US decision to drop an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima on 6 August 1945 remains one of the most controversial events of the twentieth century. However, the controversy over the rights and wrongs of dropping the bomb has tended to obscure a number of fundamental and sobering truths about the development of this fearsome weapon. The principle of killing thousands of enemy civilians from the air was already well established by 1945 and had been practised on numerous occasions by both sides during the Second World War. Moreover, the bomb dropped on Hiroshima was conceived and built by an international community of scientists, not just by the Americans. Other nations (including Japan and Germany) were also developing atomic bombs in the first half of the 1940s, albeit hapharzardly. Indeed, it is difficult to imagine any combatant nation foregoing the use of the bomb during the war had it been able to obtain one. The international team of scientists organized by the Americans just got there first. As this fascinating new history shows, the bomb dropped by a US pilot that hot August morning in 1945 was in many ways the world's offspring, in both a technological and a moral sense. And it was the world that would have to face its consequences, strategically, diplomatically, and culturally, in the years ahead.
Categories: History

Toxic Mix

Toxic Mix

In their 2006 Pulitzer Prize–winning biography of Oppenheimer, American
Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer, authors Kai
Bird and Martin Sherwin conclude: “One scientist had been excommunicated. But
all ...

Author: Herbert N. Foerstel

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9780313362347

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 566

This book presents a comprehensive analysis of the contentious relationship between the White House and the scientific community from the FDR administration to the Obama administration. * Includes interviews with scientists and science experts * Presents photographs of scientists, politicians, and scientific accomplishments * Provides a bibliography of print and online resources for further reading * Outlines an annotated list of private organizations whose work relates to science and politics
Categories: History

From Roosevelt to Truman

From Roosevelt to Truman

The Chairman:John J. McCloy, The Making of the American Establishment. New
York: Simon and Schuster, 1992. Bird, Kai, and Martin J. Sherwin. American
Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer. New York:
Alfred ...

Author: Wilson D. Miscamble

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521862448

Category: History

Page: 393

View: 149

From Roosevelt to Truman initially investigates Truman's foreign policy background and then examines the legacy that FDR bequeathed to him.
Categories: History

Troubled Apologies Among Japan Korea and the United States

Troubled Apologies Among Japan  Korea  and the United States

166. 40. See Kai Bird and Martin Sherwin, American Prometheus: The Triumph
and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer (New York: Vintage, 2006), chaps. 22, 23.
41. Reprinted in Bird and Lifschultz, Shadows, pp. 197–210. 42. Quoted in Alfred
 ...

Author: Alexis Dudden

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231512046

Category: History

Page: 184

View: 128

Whether it's the Vatican addressing its role in the Second World War or the United States atoning for its treatment of native Hawai'ian islanders, apologizing for history has become a standard feature of the international political scene. As Alexis Dudden makes clear, interrogating this process is crucial to understanding the value of the political apology to the state. When governments apologize for past crimes, they take away the substance of apology that victims originally wanted for themselves. They rob victims of the dignity they seek while affording the state a new means with which to legitimize itself. Examining the interplay between political apology and apologetic history, Dudden focuses on the problematic relationship binding Japanese imperialism, South Korean state building, and American power in Asia. She examines this history through diplomatic, cultural, and social considerations in the postwar era and argues that the process of apology has created a knot from which none of these countries can escape without undoing decades of mythmaking.
Categories: History

The Long War

The Long War

A New History of U.S. National Security Policy Since World War II Andrew J.
Bacevich. 19. 20. 21. 22. ... 23–27; Kai Bird and Martin Sherwin, American
Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer (New York:
Knopf, 2005).

Author: Andrew J. Bacevich

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231505864

Category: History

Page: 608

View: 686

Essays by a diverse and distinguished group of historians, political scientists, and sociologists examine the alarms, emergencies, controversies, and confusions that have characterized America's Cold War, the post-Cold War interval of the 1990s, and today's "Global War on Terror." This "Long War" has left its imprint on virtually every aspect of American life; by considering it as a whole, The Long War is the first volume to take a truly comprehensive look at America's response to the national-security crisis touched off by the events of World War II. Contributors consider topics ranging from grand strategy and strategic bombing to ideology and economics and assess the changing American way of war and Hollywood's surprisingly consistent depiction of Americans at war. They evaluate the evolution of the national-security apparatus and the role of dissenters who viewed the myriad activities of that apparatus with dismay. They take a fresh look at the Long War's civic implications and its impact on civil-military relations. More than a military history, The Long War examines the ideas, policies, and institutions that have developed since the United States claimed the role of global superpower. This protracted crisis has become a seemingly permanent, if not defining aspect of contemporary American life. In breaking down the old and artificial boundaries that have traditionally divided the postwar period into neat historical units, this volume provides a better understanding of the evolution of the United States and U.S. policy since World War II and offers a fresh perspective on our current national security predicament.
Categories: History

Priests of Our Democracy

Priests of Our Democracy

American Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer.
New York: Knopf, 2005. Blanshard Paul. “Paul Blanshard Replies to Robert
Fitzgerald.” Letter. Nation, 7/24/1948, 110. ———. “The Roman Catholic Church
and ...

Author: Marjorie Heins

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814770269

Category: Law

Page: 384

View: 895

Priests of Our Democracy tells of the teachers and professors who battled the anti-communist witch hunt of the 1950s. It traces the political fortunes of academic freedom beginning in the late 19th century, both on campus and in the courts. Combining political and legal history with wrenching personal stories, the book details how the anti-communist excesses of the 1950s inspired the Supreme Court to recognize the vital role of teachers and professors in American democracy. The crushing of dissent in the 1950s impoverished political discourse in ways that are still being felt, and First Amendment academic freedom, a product of that period, is in peril today. In compelling terms, this book shows why the issue should matter to everyone.
Categories: Law

A History of the World

A History of the World

... The Tomb-Builders of the Pharaohs (The American University in Cairo Press
1992) Bird, Kai and Martin J. Sherwin, American Prometheus – the Triumph and
Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer (Alfred Knopf/Atlantic Books, paperback
edition ...

Author: Andrew Marr

Publisher: Pan Macmillan

ISBN: 9780230767539

Category: History

Page: 500

View: 420

Fresh, exciting and vividly readable, this is popular history at its very best. Our understanding of world history is changing, as new discoveries are made on all the continents and old prejudices are being challenged. In this truly global journey Andrew Marr revisits some of the traditional epic stories, from classical Greece and Rome to the rise of Napoleon, but surrounds them with less familiar material, from Peru to the Ukraine, China to the Caribbean. He looks at cultures that have failed and vanished, as well as the origins of today’s superpowers, and finds surprising echoes and parallels across vast distances and epochs. A History of the World is a book about the great change-makers of history and their times, people such as Cleopatra, Genghis Khan, Galileo and Mao, but it is also a book about us. For ‘the better we understand how rulers lose touch with reality, or why revolutions produce dictators more often than they produce happiness, or why some parts of the world are richer than others, the easier it is to understand our own times.’
Categories: History

Jesus Wants to Save Christians

Jesus Wants to Save Christians

A Manifesto for the Church in Exile Rob Bell, Don Golden ... around the same
time without the bomb” (Kai Bird and Martin J. Sherwin, American Prometheus:
The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer [New York: Knopf, 2005],
318).

Author: Rob Bell

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 9780310275633

Category: Religion

Page: 218

View: 525

There is a church not too far from us that recently added a $25 million addition to their building.Our local newspaper ran a front-page story not too long ago about a study revealing that one in five people in our city lives in poverty.This is a book about those two numbers.It's a book about faith and fear,wealth and war,poverty, power, safety, terror,Bibles, bombs, and homeland insecurity,It's about empty empires and the truth that everybody's a priest, it's about oppression, occupation, and what happens when Christians support, animate and participate in the very things Jesus came to set people free from.It's about what it means to be a part of the church of Jesus in a world where some people fly planes into buildings while others pick up groceries in Hummers.
Categories: Religion

The Republic of Nature

The Republic of Nature

In Cultivation and Culture: Labor and the Shaping of Slave Life in the Americas, 1
–45. Charlottesville: University Press of ... American Prometheus: The Triumph
and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer. New York: Knopf, 2005. Bird, Roy.

Author: Mark Fiege

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 9780295804149

Category: History

Page: 520

View: 703

In the dramatic narratives that comprise The Republic of Nature, Mark Fiege reframes the canonical account of American history based on the simple but radical premise that nothing in the nation's past can be considered apart from the natural circumstances in which it occurred. Revisiting historical icons so familiar that schoolchildren learn to take them for granted, he makes surprising connections that enable readers to see old stories in a new light. Among the historical moments revisited here, a revolutionary nation arises from its environment and struggles to reconcile the diversity of its people with the claim that nature is the source of liberty. Abraham Lincoln, an unlettered citizen from the countryside, steers the Union through a moment of extreme peril, guided by his clear-eyed vision of nature's capacity for improvement. In Topeka, Kansas, transformations of land and life prompt a lawsuit that culminates in the momentous civil rights case of Brown v. Board of Education. By focusing on materials and processes intrinsic to all things and by highlighting the nature of the United States, Fiege recovers the forgotten and overlooked ground on which so much history has unfolded. In these pages, the nation's birth and development, pain and sorrow, ideals and enduring promise come to life as never before, making a once-familiar past seem new. The Republic of Nature points to a startlingly different version of history that calls on readers to reconnect with fundamental forces that shaped the American experience. For more information, visit the author's website: http://republicofnature.com/
Categories: History

The Quantum Story

The Quantum Story

Bernstein, Jeremy, Quantum Profiles. Princeton University Press, 1991. Bird, Kai
and Sherwin, Martin J., American Prometheus: the Triumph and Tragedy of J.
Robert Oppenheimer. Atlantic Books, London, 2008. Bohm, David, Quantum
Theory ...

Author: J. E. Baggott

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199566846

Category: Science

Page: 469

View: 652

Utterly beautiful. Profoundly disconcerting. Quantum theory is quite simply the most successful account of the physical universe ever devised. Its concepts underpin much of the twenty-first century technology that we now take for granted. But at the same time it has completely undermined our ability to make sense of the world at its most fundamental level. Niels Bohr claimed that anybody who is not shocked by the theory has not understood it. The American physicist Richard Feynman went further: he claimed that nobody understands it. The Quantum Story begins in 1900, tracing a century of game-changing science. Popular science writer Jim Baggott first shows how, over the space of three decades, Einstein, Bohr, Heisenberg, and others formulated and refined the theory--and opened the floodgates. Indeed, since then, a torrent of ideas has flowed from the world's leading physicists, as they explore and apply the theory's bizarre implications. To take us from the story's beginning to the present day, Baggott organizes his narrative around forty turning-point moments of discovery. Many of these are inextricably bound up with the characters involved--their rivalries and their collaborations, their arguments and, not least, their excitement as they sense that they are redefining what reality means. Through the mix of story and science, we experience their breathtaking leaps of theory and experiment, as they uncover such undreamed of and mind-boggling phenomenon as black holes, multiple universes, quantum entanglement, the Higgs boson, and much more. Brisk, clear, and compelling, The Quantum Story is science writing at its best. A compelling look at the one-hundred-year history of quantum theory, it illuminates the idea as it reveals how generations of physicists have grappled with this monster ever since.
Categories: Science

Longing for the Bomb

Longing for the Bomb

Bascom, William. “The Forms of Folklore: Prose Narrative.” Journal of American
Folklore 78 (1965): 3–20. ... American Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy of
J. Robert Oppenheimer. New York: Vintage, 2005. Bissell, A. K. “A Reminiscence
 ...

Author: Lindsey A. Freeman

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 9781469622385

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 706

Longing for the Bomb traces the unusual story of the first atomic city and the emergence of American nuclear culture. Tucked into the folds of Appalachia and kept off all commercial maps, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, was created for the Manhattan Project by the U.S. government in the 1940s. Its workers labored at a breakneck pace, most aware only that their jobs were helping "the war effort." The city has experienced the entire lifespan of the Atomic Age, from the fevered wartime enrichment of the uranium that fueled Little Boy, through a brief period of atomic utopianism after World War II when it began to brand itself as "The Atomic City," to the anxieties of the Cold War, to the contradictory contemporary period of nuclear unease and atomic nostalgia. Oak Ridge's story deepens our understanding of the complex relationship between America and its bombs. Blending historiography and ethnography, Lindsey Freeman shows how a once-secret city is visibly caught in an uncertain present, no longer what it was historically yet still clinging to the hope of a nuclear future. It is a place where history, memory, and myth compete and conspire to tell the story of America's atomic past and to explain the nuclear present.
Categories: Social Science

Bomb Scare

Bomb Scare

... February 4, 2005, available at http:// www.nti.org/d_newswire/issues/2005_2_4
.html 88A200EA. 4. Kai Bird and Martin Sherwin, American Prometheus: The
Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer (New York: Knopf, 2005), p. 349.

Author: Joseph Cirincione

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231509404

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 685

“A welcome antidote to the strange confluence of Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) opponents” by one of America’s best known weapons experts (Christopher F. Chyba, Science). With clarity and expertise, Joseph Cirincione presents an even-handed look at the history of nuclear proliferation and an optimistic vision of its future, providing a comprehensive survey of the wide range of critical perspectives. Cirincione begins with the first atomic discoveries of the 1930s and covers the history of their growth all the way to current crisis with Iran. He unravels the science, strategy, and politics that have fueled the development of nuclear stockpiles and increased the chance of a nuclear terrorist attack. He also explains why many nations choose not to pursue nuclear weapons and pulls from this the outlines of a solution to the world’s proliferation problem: a balance of force and diplomacy, enforcement and engagement that yields a steady decrease in these deadly arsenals. Though nuclear weapons have not been used in war since August 1945, there is no guarantee this good fortune will continue. A unique blend of history, theory, and security analysis, Bomb Scare is an engaging text that not only supplies the general reader and student with a clear understanding of this issue but also provides a set of tools policymakers and scholars can use to prevent the cataclysmic consequences of another nuclear attack. “Invaluable . . . [Bomb Scare] ought to be read by everyone as a matter of life and death.”—New York Review of Books
Categories: History