Nonviolent Alternatives for Social Change

Author: Ralph V. Summy

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 1848262205

Category:

Page: 428

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Nonviolent Alternatives for Social Change is a component of Encyclopedia of Social Sciences and Humanities in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. This volume gives a comprehensive review on Understanding Nonviolence in Theory and Practice; Ethics and Nonviolence; Countering with Nonviolence; Media Myopia and the power of Nonviolent Social Change; Paths to social change: conventional politics, violence and Non violence; Defending and Reclaiming the Commons Through Nonviolent Struggle; Nonviolent Methods and Effects of the World Nuclear Disarmament Movement; Humiliation and Global Terrorism: How to Overcome it Nonviolently. It at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.
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A New Dictionary of the Social Sciences, Second Edition

Author: G. Duncan Mitchell

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202364018

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

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Designed especially to meet the needs of beginners in all the social sciences, A New Dictionary of the Social Sciences follows its highly successful distinguished predecessor, A Dictionary of Sociology, first published in 1968. Many of the entries have been revised and updated to keep abreast of the recent proliferation in the vocabulary of the social sciences. The entries include social psychological terms, terms in social and cultural anthropology, terms common to political science, social administration and social work. In the choice of words a generous definition of social science was employed, making the dictionary a very useful reference source for all beginners in the social sciences. Some terms are explained quite briefly while others are given lengthy treatment, according to the further assumptions that some sociological terms can imply. Thus long entries are given on words such as authority, consensus, phenomenology, role, social stratification, structuralism, whereas short and succinct entries suffice for words such as agnate, eidos, or mores. A number of short biographical sketches are also included. The contributors are all scholars working in universities, predominantly in the United Kingdom and the United States. More than a glossary, A New Dictionary of the Social Sciences helps the student understand some of the theoretical considerations underlying the use of sociological terms, as well as something of their history, and therefore resembles an encyclopedia in its scope and depth of information.
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Social Psychology, Second Edition

Handbook of Basic Principles

Author: Arie W. Kruglanski,E. Tory Higgins

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462514863

Category: Psychology

Page: 1010

View: 9303

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Now in a completely revised and expanded second edition, this authoritative handbook reviews the breadth of current knowledge on the psychological processes that underlie social behavior. Leading investigators identify core principles that have emerged from the study of biological systems, social cognition, goals and strivings, interpersonal interactions, and group and cultural dynamics. State-of-the-science theories, methods, and findings are explained, and important directions for future research are highlighted. More than an update, this edition is virtually a new book. Many more chapters are included, and significant advances in social cognitive neuroscience, motivational psychology, and other areas are incorporated throughout. A new section addresses implications for applied domains, such as clinical psychology, health, and consumer behavior.
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Despotism, Social Evolution, and Differential Reproduction

Author: Laura L. Betzig

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351522515

Category: History

Page: 190

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"Much light will be thrown on the origin of man and his history," thus ended Darwin's Origin of Species. For many years, the book provoked a flood of argument, but yielded little evidence. In the first century after the book's publication, virtually no one tested Darwin's theory against the evidence of human history. Now that tide has changed. Laura Betzig challenges the proposition that the evolved end of human life is its reproduction by presenting the literature on conflict resolution from over a hundred societies. The research results presented in Despotism and Differential Reproduction convincingly uphold Darwin's prophecy. A basic premise behind research has always been that understanding the way things are should contribute to our ability to change them to the way we would like them to be. This idea forms the basis for Betzig's research--she sets out to explain how things really are by leading the reader through the historical and natural conditions that have promoted despotism in the hopes that this might eventually eradicate it. She begins with the idea that reproduction is the end of human life, and that all forms of power and strength are exploited in reaching this end. In this way, Betzig shows with startling clarity how power corrupts and how despotic governments continue to exist in the world today. Engaging--even at times railing against--existing literature on human and social evolution, such as that of Rousseau and Marx, Betzig asserts herself as a formidable and undeniable voice in this debate. Since Darwin's monumental work, more has been said about why questions regarding how human history has been shaped by natural history should not even be asked, than has been said in an effort to answer them. This work puts a stop to that by testing the Darwinian hypothesis and finding that he was right: light has in fact been shed on human political and reproductive history. Controversial and creative, this book makes no apologies for its bold messages and interdisciplinary boundary blending and addresses a topic of continuing interest and importance.
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Theories of Development, Second Edition

Contentions, Arguments, Alternatives

Author: Richard Peet,Elaine Hartwick

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1606233971

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 324

View: 508

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Widely adopted, this text critically evaluates the leading theories of international economic development, from classical economic and sociological models to Marxist, poststructuralist, and feminist perspectives. No other book provides such comprehensive coverage or links the theories as incisively to contemporary world events and policy debates. Reexamining neoliberal conceptions of economic growth, the authors show what a more just and democratic form of development might look like today.
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The Parable of the Tribes

The Problem of Power in Social Evolution, Second Edition

Author: Andrew Bard Schmookler

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791424209

Category: Social Science

Page: 413

View: 9026

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This is a new view of the role of power in social evolution. It shows how, as human societies evolved, intersocietal conflicts necessarily developed, and how humanity can choose peace over war.
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Group Politics and Social Movements in Canada, Second Edition

Author: Miriam Smith

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442606975

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 5951

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Group Politics and Social Movements in Canada, Second Edition updates and expands its exploration of a wide range of organized group and social movement activity in Canadian politics. Particularly distinctive is the inclusion of Quebec nationalism and Aboriginal politics. Many other areas of collective activity are also included: the Occupy movement and anti-poverty organizing, ethnocultural political mobilization, disability, lesbian and gay politics, feminism, farmers and organized interests in agriculture, Christian evangelical groups, environment, and health movements. Contributors to the collection employ a number of theoretical perspectives from political science and sociology to describe the evolution of organized groups and movements and to evaluate successes in exercising influence on Canadian politics. Each chapter provides an overview of the group or movement along with an account of its main networks and organizations, strategies, goals, successes, and failures.
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