Sprache und Sprachen in den Wissenschaften

Geschichte und Gegenwart : Festschrift für Walter de Gruyter & Co. anlässlich einer 250jährigen Verlagstradition

Author: Herbert Ernst Wiegand

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110155792

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 741

View: 8724


In dem vorliegenden Band unternehmen namhafte Wissenschaftsphilosophen und Sprachwissenschaftler den Versuch, von ihren jeweiligen Standpunkten aus uber die fundamentale Rolle der Sprache in Wissenschaft und Alltag nachzudenken. Zugleich werden die derzeit wichtigsten zeitgenossischen Modelle zur Struktur und Funktion von Sprache von jeweiligen Fachvertretern vorgestellt und diskutiert. Hierbei werden Fragen der Realitats- bzw. Gegenstandskonstitution behandelt sowie Aspekte der Erklarungskraft und Grenzen der unterschiedlichen Forschungspositionen erortert. Abschliessend werden Probleme der wissenschaftlichen Fachkommunikation betrachtet. Der vorliegende Band vermittelt einen umfassenden Einblick in Positionen und Probleme der zeitgenossischen Forschung. Wer sich zum Thema 'Sprache und Sprachen in den Wissenschaften' grundlegend informieren will, findet derzeit kein vergleichbares Buch."

Philosophie Der Raum-Zeit-Lehre

Author: Hans Reichenbach

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486604435

Category: Science

Page: 295

View: 770


With unusual depth and clarity, it covers the problem of the foundations of geometry, the theory of time, the theory and consequences of Einstein's relativity including: relations between theory and observations, coordinate definitions, relations between topological and metrical properties of space, the psychological problem of the possibility of a visual intuition of non-Euclidean structures, and many other important topics in modern science and philosophy. While some of the book utilizes mathematics of a somewhat advanced nature, the exposition is so careful and complete that most people familiar with the philosophy of science or some intermediate mathematics will understand the majority of the ideas and problems discussed. Partial CONTENTS: I. The Problem of Physical Geometry. Universal and Differential Forces. Visualization of Geometries. Spaces with non-Euclidean Topological Properties. Geometry as a Theory of Relations. II. The Difference between Space and Time. Simultaneity. Time Order. Unreal Sequences. Ill. The Problem of a Combined Theory of Space and Time. Construction of the Space-Time Metric. Lorentz and Einstein Contractions. Addition Theorem of Velocities. Principle of Equivalence. Einstein's Concept of the Problems of Rotation and Gravitation. Gravitation and Geometry. Riemannian Spaces. The Singular Nature of Time. Spatial Dimensions. Reality of Space and Time.

Hermann Weyl’s Raum - Zeit - Materie and a General Introduction to His Scientific Work

Author: Erhard Scholz

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3034882785

Category: Mathematics

Page: 403

View: 3359


Historical interest and studies of Weyl's role in the interplay between 20th-century mathematics, physics and philosophy have been increasing since the middle 1980s, triggered by different activities at the occasion of the centenary of his birth in 1985, and are far from being exhausted. The present book takes Weyl's "Raum - Zeit - Materie" (Space - Time - Matter) as center of concentration and starting field for a broader look at his work. The contributions in the first part of this volume discuss Weyl's deep involvement in relativity, cosmology and matter theories between the classical unified field theories and quantum physics from the perspective of a creative mind struggling against theories of nature restricted by the view of classical determinism. In the second part of this volume, a broad and detailed introduction is given to Weyl's work in the mathematical sciences in general and in philosophy. It covers the whole range of Weyl's mathematical and physical interests: real analysis, complex function theory and Riemann surfaces, elementary ergodic theory, foundations of mathematics, differential geometry, general relativity, Lie groups, quantum mechanics, and number theory.

Nicholas of Cusa

A Medieval Thinker for the Modern Age

Author: Kazuhiko Yamaki

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780700716715

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 288

View: 3441


Nicholas of Cusa (1401 64), doctor of canon law, church politician and philosopher, was one of the most important thinkers of 15th century Europe. This year marks the sixth centenary of his birth. Scholars from round the globe gathered in Tokyo for the 19th Cusanus Congress last year; this volume makes their contributions more widely available. Major themes examined include tradition and innovation, religion, the relevance of Nicholas of Cusa's thought for today, the relationship between East and West in his thought, and the development of his thought and scholarship as we enter a new millennium. Multilingual text: English, German, French.