The Role of Multinational Companies in the Middle East

The Case of Saudi Arabia

Author: Mamarinta P. Mababaya

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 9781581121728

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 488

View: 537

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This study investigated whether known economic and international business theories available in the literature are meaningful enough to explain the nature, existence and role of multinational companies (MNCs) in the Middle East, particularly Saudi Arabia. Two sets of questionnaires were distributed in major cities of Saudi Arabia -- one set for 100 multinational managers and another for 280 multinational customers. 234 questionnaires were collected -- 45 from multinational managers and 189 from customers. This represents a total response rate of 62 percent, which is adequate for this study.The empirical results, supported with comprehensive secondary data, confirmed virtually all of the research hypotheses. The study found that joint ventures are the dominant form of multinational business in Saudi Arabia, both in manufacturing and service industries. The core roles of MNCs in the Saudi-foreign ventures are evident in the cross-border value-adding activities of marketing, trading, manufacturing, consulting, contracting, project management, insurance, hotel operation and banking. Likewise, MNCs provide licensing, franchising, financing services and various auxiliary roles in the Kingdom. Therefore, the multinationality of a firm or a group of firms operating across national boundaries is not necessarily synonymous with international production -- the main subject of contemporary multinational theories.The respondents generally perceived the competitiveness of MNCs operating in Saudi Arabia as a function of a number of economic, management, marketing, technological and other variables. They also perceived the contributions of MNCs to the KingdomÍs socio-economic developments as significant and positive.The study also found that understanding Islamic values and ethics is important for MNCs. In this regard, the researcher looked at some objective indicators of business success and related them to selected measures of MNCsÍ local cultural awareness and responsiveness. The results indicate that the business success of multinationals operating in Saudi Arabia is positively related to their local cultural awareness and responsiveness. Along this line, this study covers some vital elements of Islamic culture, which will help MNCs understand further the cultural needs, values and sensitivities of the Saudi people and Muslims in general.
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Apocrypha 999

The Mystery of Solomon and Queen Bilqis of Sheba

Author: Anthon von Lisenborgh

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1465391703

Category: Religion

Page: 489

View: 1954

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This work reveals what has been hidden for 3000 years that has already been given us by King Solomon when the Archetype Queen of Sheba went to GET this Name of the God of Israel for which she paid about R5,93 Billion in Gold @ $700/oz in 2006. It is the Ancient PRIMORDIAL religion that is ONE and was before where Judaism and Christianity and Islam was ONE body and One religion worshipping the One and Only God and it unlocks the SECRET, Hidden and LOST WORD of all Secret societies who knows not that they know not. In this work I hand you the KEY to unlock the SEPHER YETSIRA, the CABBALA, the TREE of LIFE and the Etz Chayyim in essence and the Knowledge between GOOD and EVIL, Life and Death, Right and Wrong. Here you get the 296, the 345 of Pythagoras, the 358 and other mystic numbers that cannot have any meaning to the Flatline PhDs where the worthies have now received it already in the Ancient Science of the Gematria, (Haroof-e-Abjad) and the ELS of professor Eliyahu Rips to assist us in fi nding ever greater TRUTHS hidden within scripture for which discovery Dr Rashad Khalifa was KILLED on a Fatwa in 1990 when translating the Quran into English. In this work is given the essence of Gnosticism in math and science within the Universal Absolute with PROOF of this NAME of God that is OVER IT ALL so that the Curse of God on all Priests in Malachi 2 may be lifted to GLORIFY His Name and Bow down to it as in Phil 2:9. I am the WAY, the LIFE, the VINE and the DOOR as the Alpha and the Omega as the ONE and the NINE in 19 as WAHD that is Over it all in sura 74:30. The One and the Only NAME that can ever set us FREE to fl y into the Light without the mythical burning of Icharus wings in the TRUTH of God that we too can BECOME what we are as ONE with HIM in John 17:22
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Arabian Nights, in 16 volumes

Volume XI

Author: A. V. Williams Jackson

Publisher: Cosimo, Inc.

ISBN: 1605205982

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 276

View: 6289

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Notorious for the delight he took in tweaking the sexual taboos of the Victorian age-as well as the delight he took in the resulting shock of his bashful peers-British adventurer, linguist, and author CAPTAIN SIR RICHARD FRANCIS BURTON (1821-1890) is perhaps best remembered for his unexpurgated translation of the Eastern classic The One Thousand and One Nights, more famously known today as The Arabian Nights. Originating in Persian, Indian, and Arabic sources as far back as the ninth century AD, this collection of bawdy tales-which Burton was the first to bring to English readers in uncensored form-has exerted incalculable influence on modern literature. It represents one of the earliest examples of a framing story, as young Shahrazad, under threat of execution by the King, postpones her death by regaling him with these wildly entertaining stories over the course of 1,001 nights. The stories themselves feature early instances of sexual humor, satire and parody, murder mystery, horror, and even science fiction. Burton's annotated 16-volume collection, as infamous as it is important, was first published between 1885 and 1888, and remains an entertainingly naughty read. Volume XI-which begins Burton's Supplemental Nights-includes: [ Burton's foreword [ "The Sleeper and the Waker" [ "Story of the Merchant Who Lost His Luck" [ "Story of the Prisoner and How Allah Gave Him Relief" [ "Tale of the Singer and the Druggist" [ "Tale of the Richard Who Married His Beautiful Daughter to the Poor Old Man" [ "Tale of the Simpleton Husband" [ "Tale of the Weaver Who Became a Leach by Order of His Wife" [ "Tale of the Ugly Man and His Beautifule Wife" [ and more.
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