Algorithms Unlocked

Author: Thomas H. Cormen

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262518805

Category: Computers

Page: 222

View: 782

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For anyone who has ever wondered how computers solve problems, an engagingly written guide for nonexperts to the basics of computer algorithms. Have you ever wondered how your GPS can find the fastest way to your destination, selecting one route from seemingly countless possibilities in mere seconds? How your credit card account number is protected when you make a purchase over the Internet? The answer is algorithms. And how do these mathematical formulations translate themselves into your GPS, your laptop, or your smart phone? This book offers an engagingly written guide to the basics of computer algorithms. In Algorithms Unlocked, Thomas Cormen--coauthor of the leading college textbook on the subject--provides a general explanation, with limited mathematics, of how algorithms enable computers to solve problems. Readers will learn what computer algorithms are, how to describe them, and how to evaluate them. They will discover simple ways to search for information in a computer; methods for rearranging information in a computer into a prescribed order ("sorting"); how to solve basic problems that can be modeled in a computer with a mathematical structure called a "graph" (useful for modeling road networks, dependencies among tasks, and financial relationships); how to solve problems that ask questions about strings of characters such as DNA structures; the basic principles behind cryptography; fundamentals of data compression; and even that there are some problems that no one has figured out how to solve on a computer in a reasonable amount of time.
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Real-World Algorithms

A Beginner's Guide

Author: Panos Louridas

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262035707

Category: Computers

Page: 528

View: 8692

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An introduction to algorithms for readers with no background in advanced mathematics or computer science, emphasizing examples and real-world problems.
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Critical Digital Humanities

The Search for a Methodology

Author: James E Dobson

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252051114

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 200

View: 5555

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Can established humanities methods coexist with computational thinking? It is one of the major questions in humanities research today, as scholars increasingly adopt sophisticated data science for their work. James E. Dobson explores the opportunities and complications faced by humanists in this new era. Though the study and interpretation of texts alongside sophisticated computational tools can serve scholarship, these methods cannot replace existing frameworks. As Dobson shows, ideas of scientific validity cannot easily nor should be adapted for humanities research because digital humanities, unlike science, lack a leading-edge horizon charting the frontiers of inquiry. Instead, the methods of digital humanities require a constant rereading. At the same time, suspicious and critical readings of digital methodologies make it unwise for scholars to defer to computational methods. Humanists must examine the tools--including the assumptions that went into the codes and algorithms--and questions surrounding their own use of digital technology in research. Insightful and forward thinking, Critical Digital Humanities lays out a new path of humanistic inquiry that merges critical theory and computational science.
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Language, Syntax, and the Natural Sciences

Author: Ángel J. Gallego,Roger Martin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108693555

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: N.A

View: 6486

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Language, apart from its cultural and social dimension, has a scientific side that is connected not only to the study of 'grammar' in a more or less traditional sense, but also to disciplines like mathematics, physics, chemistry and biology. This book explores developments in linguistic theory, looking in particular at the theory of generative grammar from the perspective of the natural sciences. It highlights the complex and dynamic nature of language, suggesting that a comprehensive and full understanding of such a species-specific property will only be achieved through interdisciplinary work.
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Handbook on Geographies of Technology

Author: Barney Warf

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1785361163

Category:

Page: 512

View: 3979

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This Handbook offers an insightful and comprehensive overview from a geographic perspective of the numerous and varied technologies that are shaping the contemporary world. It shows how geography and technology are intimately linked by examining the origins, growth, and impacts of 27 different technologies and highlighting how they influence the structure and spatiality of society.
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The Silent Revolution

How Digitalization Transforms Knowledge, Work, Journalism and Politics without Making Too Much Noise

Author: M. Bunz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137373504

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 134

View: 6342

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Critically engaging, illustrative and with numerous examples, The Silent Revolution delivers a philosophically informed introduction to current debates on digital technology and calls for a more active role of humans towards technology.
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Dependability in Medicine and Neurology

Using Engineering and Management Principles for Better Patient Care

Author: Nikhil Balakrishnan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319149687

Category: Medical

Page: 335

View: 9209

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This ground-breaking title presents an interdisciplinary introduction to the subject of Dependability and how it applies in medicine generally and in neurology in particular. Dependability is the term applied in engineering and industry to a service that is safe, reliable and trustworthy. Dependable systems use a variety of methods to deliver correct service in the face of uncertainty resulting from misleading, erroneous information, and system faults. Dependable systems result from the application of systematic methods in design, operation, and management to deliver their services. Dependability in Medicine and Neurology presents the philosophy and ideas behind the specific methods of dependability and discusses the principles in the context of medical care and neurologic treatment especially. Patient case vignettes are used widely to illustrate key points. A first-of-its-kind title and based on the author’s many years of teaching these principles to medical colleagues throughout the United States, Dependability in Medicine and Neurology will inspire readers to develop applications for their specific areas of clinical practice. Intended for physicians (especially neurologists), medical students, nurses, and health administrators, Dependability in Medicine and Neurology is an indispensable reference and important contribution to the literature.
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Algorithms and Computation

12th International Symposium, ISAAC 2001, Christchurch, New Zealand, December 19-21, 2001. Proceedings

Author: Peter Eades,Tadao Takaoka

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computer algorithms

Page: 780

View: 7854

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Algorithms and Computation, ISAAC 2001, held in Christchurch, New Zealand in December 2001. The 62 revised full papers presented together with three invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 124 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on combinatorial generation and optimization, parallel and distributed algorithms, graph drawing and algorithms, computational geometry, computational complexity and cryptology, automata and formal languages, computational biology and string matching, and algorithms and data structures.
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Nine Algorithms That Changed the Future

The Ingenious Ideas That Drive Today's Computers

Author: John MacCormick

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400839564

Category: Computers

Page: 232

View: 3312

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Every day, we use our computers to perform remarkable feats. A simple web search picks out a handful of relevant needles from the world's biggest haystack: the billions of pages on the World Wide Web. Uploading a photo to Facebook transmits millions of pieces of information over numerous error-prone network links, yet somehow a perfect copy of the photo arrives intact. Without even knowing it, we use public-key cryptography to transmit secret information like credit card numbers; and we use digital signatures to verify the identity of the websites we visit. How do our computers perform these tasks with such ease? This is the first book to answer that question in language anyone can understand, revealing the extraordinary ideas that power our PCs, laptops, and smartphones. Using vivid examples, John MacCormick explains the fundamental "tricks" behind nine types of computer algorithms, including artificial intelligence (where we learn about the "nearest neighbor trick" and "twenty questions trick"), Google's famous PageRank algorithm (which uses the "random surfer trick"), data compression, error correction, and much more. These revolutionary algorithms have changed our world: this book unlocks their secrets, and lays bare the incredible ideas that our computers use every day.
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