Drawing on criminal trial records, contracts, laboratory inventories, satires, and vernacular alchemical treatises, Alchemy and Authority in the Holy Roman Empire situates the everyday alchemists, largely invisible to modern scholars until ...
Author: Tara Nummedal
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
What distinguished the true alchemist from the fraud? This question animated the lives and labors of the common men—and occasionally women—who made a living as alchemists in the sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Holy Roman Empire. As purveyors of practical techniques, inventions, and cures, these entrepreneurs were prized by princely patrons, who relied upon alchemists to bolster their political fortunes. At the same time, satirists, artists, and other commentators used the figure of the alchemist as a symbol for Europe’s social and economic ills. Drawing on criminal trial records, contracts, laboratory inventories, satires, and vernacular alchemical treatises, Alchemy and Authority in the Holy Roman Empire situates the everyday alchemists, largely invisible to modern scholars until now, at the center of the development of early modern science and commerce. Reconstructing the workaday world of entrepreneurial alchemists, Tara Nummedal shows how allegations of fraud shaped their practices and prospects. These debates not only reveal enormously diverse understandings of what the “real” alchemy was and who could practice it; they also connect a set of little-known practitioners to the largest questions about commerce, trust, and intellectual authority in early modern Europe.
... Alchemy and Authority in the Holy Roman Empire (Chicago: University of
Chicago Press, 2007); and Principe's Secrets of Alchemy (Chicago: University of
Chicago Press, 2013). Another helpful study is Jennifer M. Rampling, “From
Author: William R. Newman
Publisher: Princeton University Press
A book that finally demystifies Newton’s experiments in alchemy When Isaac Newton’s alchemical papers surfaced at a Sotheby’s auction in 1936, the quantity and seeming incoherence of the manuscripts were shocking. No longer the exemplar of Enlightenment rationality, the legendary physicist suddenly became “the last of the magicians.” Newton the Alchemist unlocks the secrets of Newton’s alchemical quest, providing a radically new understanding of the uncommon genius who probed nature at its deepest levels in pursuit of empirical knowledge. In this evocative and superbly written book, William Newman blends in-depth analysis of newly available texts with laboratory replications of Newton’s actual experiments in alchemy. He does not justify Newton’s alchemical research as part of a religious search for God in the physical world, nor does he argue that Newton studied alchemy to learn about gravitational attraction. Newman traces the evolution of Newton’s alchemical ideas and practices over a span of more than three decades, showing how they proved fruitful in diverse scientific fields. A precise experimenter in the realm of “chymistry,” Newton put the riddles of alchemy to the test in his lab. He also used ideas drawn from the alchemical texts to great effect in his optical experimentation. In his hands, alchemy was a tool for attaining the material benefits associated with the philosopher’s stone and an instrument for acquiring scientific knowledge of the most sophisticated kind. Newton the Alchemist provides rare insights into a man who was neither Enlightenment rationalist nor irrational magus, but rather an alchemist who sought through experiment and empiricism to alter nature at its very heart.
“Alchemical Symbolism and Concealment: The Chemical House of Libavius.” In
The ... Gehennical Fire: The Lives of George Starkey, An American Alchemist in
the Scientific Revolution. ... Alchemy and Authority in the Holy Roman Empire.
Author: Lawrence M. Principe
A merchant of the marvelous -- A Batavian in Paris -- Essaying chymistry -- A new chymical light -- Chrysopoeia at the AcadeÌ1mie and the Palais Royal -- Chymistry in Homberg's later years : practices, promises, poisons, and prisons -- Homberg's legacy -- Epilogue: Homberg and the transmutations of chymistry at the AcadeÌ1mie.
... Ambitions: Alchemy and the Quest to Perfect Nature (Chicago, 2004) T.
Nummedal, Alchemy and Authority in the Holy Roman Empire (Chicago, 2007) M
. Ray, Daughters of Alchemy: Women, Scientific Culture and Literary Discourse in
Author: Gordon Campbell
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
The Renaissance is one of the most celebrated periods in European history. But when did it begin? When did it end? And what did it include? Traditionally regarded as a revival of classical art and learning, centred upon fifteenth-century Italy, views of the Renaissance have changed considerably in recent decades. The glories of Florence and the art of Raphael and Michelangelo remain an important element of the Renaissance story, but they are now only a part of a much wider story which looks beyond an exclusive focus on high culture, beyond the Italian peninsula, and beyond the fifteenth century. The Oxford Illustrated History of the Renaissance tells the cultural history of this broader and longer Renaissance: from seminal figures such as Dante and Giotto in thirteenth-century Italy, to the waning of Spain's "golden age" in the 1630s, and the closure of the English theatres in 1642, the date generally taken to mark the end of the English literary Renaissance. Geographically, the story ranges from Spanish America to Renaissance Europe's encounter with the Ottomans--and far beyond, to the more distant cultures of China and Japan. And thematically, under Gordon Campbell's expert editorial guidance, the volume covers the whole gamut of Renaissance civilization, with chapters on humanism and the classical tradition; war and the state; religion; art and architecture; the performing arts; literature; craft and technology; science and medicine; and travel and cultural exchange.
... of Women; Rankin, Panaceia's Daughters; Ray, Daughters of Alchemy. 32. On
courtly alchemy in the Holy Roman Empire, see Moran, Alchemical World of the
German Court; Smith, Business of Alchemy; Nummedal, Alchemy and Authority.
Author: Tara Nummedal
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Category: Biography & Autobiography
In 1573, the alchemist Anna Zieglerin gave her patron, the Duke of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel, the recipe for an extraordinary substance she called the lion's blood. She claimed that this golden oil could stimulate the growth of plants, create gemstones, transform lead into the coveted philosophers' stone—and would serve a critical role in preparing for the Last Days. Boldly envisioning herself as a Protestant Virgin Mary, Anna proposed that the lion's blood, paired with her own body, could even generate life, repopulating and redeeming the corrupt world in its final moments. In Anna Zieglerin and the Lion's Blood, Tara Nummedal reconstructs the extraordinary career and historical afterlife of alchemist, courtier, and prophet Anna Zieglerin. She situates Anna's story within the wider frameworks of Reformation Germany's religious, political, and military battles; the rising influence of alchemy; the role of apocalyptic eschatology; and the position of women within these contexts. Together with her husband, the jester Heinrich Schombach, and their companion and fellow alchemist Philipp Sommering, Anna promised her patrons at the court of Wolfenbüttel spiritual salvation and material profit. But her compelling vision brought with it another, darker possibility: rather than granting her patrons wealth or redemption, Anna's alchemical gifts might instead lead to war, disgrace, and destruction. By 1575, three years after Anna's arrival at court, her enemies had succeeded in turning her from holy alchemist into poisoner and sorceress, culminating in Anna's arrest, torture, and public execution. In her own life, Anna was a master of self-fashioning; in the centuries since her death, her story has been continually refashioned, making her a fitting emblem for each new age. Interweaving the history of science, gender, religion, and politics, Nummedal recounts how one resourceful woman's alchemical schemes touched some of the most consequential matters in Reformation Germany.
Particularly noteworthy for chemically inclined readers of Alchemy and Authority ,
however , is its recurrent focus on chemical ... Alchemy and Author and divine
goodwill , all wrapped into one legal document ? ity in the Holy Roman Empire is
Nummedal 2007 puts alchemy into a social context in keeping with contemporary
trends in looking at the sciences. >Moran, Bruce T. Distilling Knowledge: ... Alchemy and Authority in the Holy Roman Empire. SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION 33
Author: Sheila Rabin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of Islamic studies find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Renaissance and Reformation, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study of European history and culture between the 14th and 17th centuries. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.oxfordbibliographies.com.
Newman, William R., and Lawrence M. Principe, Alchemy Tried in the Fire:
Starkey, Boyle, and the Fate of Helmontian Chymistry (Chicago, 2002).
Nummedal, Tara, Alchemy and Authority in the Holy Roman Empire (Chicago
and London, ...
Author: David Cressy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
The story of the science, the technology, the politics and the military applications of saltpeter - the vital but mysterious substance that governments from the Tudors to the Victorians regarded as an 'inestimable treasure'.
... Musacchio , Art , Marriage , and Family in the Florentine Renaissance Palace (
New Haven , Conn . and London , 2008 ) Tara Nummedal , Alchemy and Authority in the Holy Roman Empire ( Chicago , 2007 ) Jutta - Annette Page ( ed .
Author: Jo Wheeler
Publisher: Victoria & Albert Museum
The term 'Secret' was used throughout the Renaissance to describe a recipe or formula. Thousands of 'books of secrets' - compilations of recipes claiming to reveal trade secrets and occult knowledge - were printed. From recipes for plague amulets to aphrodisiacs, and formulas for everything from lip balm to paint pigments, this book takes you into the clandestine world of Renaissance trades and explains why certain recipes were jealously guarded while others were printed for a new general readership. New research offers intriguing insights into the use of obscure, exotic and toxic ingredients and explains now unfamiliar or arcane techniques. Each recipe is linked to real objects from the V and A's outstanding collections. Renaissance Secrets tells the compelling stories behind the original recipes.
dei meccanicisti , affrontò una serie di Tara NUMMEDAL , Alchemy and Authority
in questioni filosofiche relative alle nozioni di the Holy Roman Empire . Chicago
and forza , di sostanza , di azione , di spazio , di London : The University of ...
Reviews are an important aspect of scholarly discussion because they help filter out which works are relevant in the yearly flood of publications and are thus influential in determining how a work is received. The IBR, published again since 1971 as an interdisciplinary, international bibliography of reviews, it is a unique source of bibliographical information. The database contains entries on over 1.2 million book reviews of literature dealing primarily with the humanities and social sciences published in 6,820, mainly European scholarly journals. Reviews of more than 560,000 scholarly works are listed. The database increases every year by 60,000 entries. Every entry contains the following information: On the work reviewed: author, title On the review: reviewer, periodical (year, edition, page, ISSN), language, subject area (in German, English, Italian) Publisher, address of journal
... political context , the relation between microcosm and macrocosm offered
precisely the right sort of analogy for German princes seeking to justify personal
claims to individual authority within the political universe of the Holy Roman Empire .
Science and Culture in the Holy Roman Empire Pamela H. Smith ... At the heart
of this process of change in the early modern period was a crisis of authority. This
crisis spanned an epistemological and chronological spectrum, reaching from ...
Author: Pamela H. Smith
Publisher: Princeton University Press
In showing how an overriding concern with religious salvation was transformed into a concentration on material increase and economic policies, Pamela Smith depicts the rise of modern sicence and early capitalism in the 16th- and 17-century world of the Holy Roman Empire. Smith uses as example the life of Johann Joachim Becher (1635-1682), whose ideasfrom alchemy to economicstypify those of his generation. 30 photos.
Although some alchemists argued that certain of these paths to alchemical
wisdom were more legitimate than others , practitioners lacked the institutional authority to enforce those norms . Precisely because there was no alchemical
guild or ...
At the same time a revolt against religious authority was going on in Germany by
Luther . ... in the ninth century and under Emperor Charles IV ( 1316 – 1378 ) it
became the largest city in Europe and the capital of the Holy Roman Empire .
However , apart from his marital links with the Holy Roman Empire , Richard and
his court had little interest in the ... ( and to a lesser extent Parliament ) was
accompanied by an assertion that the basis of crown authority and justice was
Author: Jonathan Hughes
Publisher: Sutton Pub Limited
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Edward IV ruled England for twenty-three years through the Wars of the Roses but has always been overshadowed by his younger brother Richard III, who reigned for only two. In this controversial new book award-winning author Jonathan Hughes examines Edward's emotional and spiritual life for the first time and reveals an equally complicated and charismatic character: alongside great energy, intelligence, inspirational leadership and charm Edward displayed darker characteristics such as compulsive womanising and eating, and tendencies towards cruelty, avarice, inertia, indecision and melancholy. Hughes' explanation of the light and dark sides of Edward's personality highlights the cultural significance in the Yorkist court of Arthurian myths, classical legends and Roman history, and the concepts of friendship, courtly love and melancholia
Michela Pereira, The alchemical corpus attributed to Raymund Lull (London:
Warburg Institute, 1989), and idem, L'oro dei ... Tara Nummedal, Alchemy and Authority in the Holy Roman Empire (Chicago- London: The University of
Author: Miguel López Pérez
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Pub
In September 2008, an international conference on the history of alchemy was held at El Escorial, close to the ancient location of the distilling houses operating under royal patronage during the second half of the 16th century. The present book consists of a selection of the papers presented then, shedding light on little-studied medieval and early modern texts, important alchemical doctrines such as medieval corpuscularianism, early modern spiritus mundi or the function of salt within chymical principles, and discussing such prominent figures as Paracelsus, Isaac Hollandus, Michael Sendivogius, Fontenelle or G. E. Stahl. Last but not least, the book offers new insights on the most recent history of Spanish alchemy.
University Galenists might quibble , but how could they think those things
nonsense that emperors , kings , and princes had dignified via their own
pharmaceutical tastes . Were those same critics not ridiculing the Holy Roman Emperor who had found Paracelsian remedies most useful in times of ... imperial
courts really possessed the authority that Graman claimed for them to endorse
medical claims ?
Author: Bruce T. Moran
Publisher: Science History Publications
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
What lots of people called chymia in the early seventeenth century was a subject that the physician, alchemist, and school teacher Andreas Libavius believed needed sorting out. He called it an art without an art. To establish what sort of thing chymia was would require rebuilding its definitions from the theoretical and practical ground up while cutting back the forest of obscure language and private meaning in which it existed. Libavius took on the job, and in thousands of pages of toughly worded criticism ranging over alchemical, moral, medical, philosophical, and religious topics wielded a polemical blade to huge effect.