Agricultural Investment and Productivity in Developing Countries

Agricultural Investment and Productivity in Developing Countries

Agricultural investment , production capacity and productivity Lydia Zepeda This
chapter provides an overview of current economic thinking on some aspects of
agricultural investment and productivity , especially in the context of developing ...

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9251045534

Category: Agricultural productivity

Page: 160

View: 570

The purpose of this book is to provide an overview of current thinking and findings about the relationship between agricultural investment and productivity in developing countries. This includes theoretical and methodological developments such as incorporating natural resource depletion in calculating measures of growth. It also looks at the relationship investment and productivity and factors such as land policy, debt, civil unrest and structural adjustment programmes. An area of concern is that a lack of information hampers the assessment of sustainability of agricultural and rural development.
Categories: Agricultural productivity

Agricultural Investment and Productivity

Agricultural Investment and Productivity

African governments have agreed to increase public investment in agriculture by
a minimum of 10% of their national budgets and to increase agricultural
productivity by at least 6% (CAADP 2010). These are far from the first such
initiatives and ...

Author: Randall Bluffstone

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136521850

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 192

View: 938

Agricultural Investment and Productivity provides a deep and systematic look at the opportunities for and constraints to investments in sustainable agriculture in East Africa, offering important insights into what works and how to analyze agricultural investments in one of the poorest regions of the world. The book critically examines the reasons behind East Africa's stagnant agricultural productivity over the past forty-five years, using the primary lens of investments in fertilizers, seeds, and sustainable land management technologies, These investments have a tremendous impact on production volume, ultimately affecting the income of millions of families throughout the region.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Promoting Investment in Agriculture for Increased Production and Productivity

Promoting Investment in Agriculture for Increased Production and Productivity

B. Agriculture human investment strategies towards strengthening the farmers
innovation capacity: Bolivia case study. ... When 76 Promoting investment in
agriculture for increased production and productivity ANNEX 4 A list of case
studies.

Author: Saifullah Syed

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9781780643885

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 112

View: 358

Investing in agriculture is one of the most effective ways of reducing hunger and poverty, promoting agricultural productivity and enhancing environmental sustainability. Covering the development of sustainable agriculture, food production and food security, this paper explains the relationship between all levels of investment and their interdependence to be successful. It also describes how to drive increased investment, at what stage and where, providing a useful overview of investment in agriculture for policymakers and researchers.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Agricultural productivity in Africa

Agricultural productivity in Africa

What is the magnitude of investment required to raise and maintain a high level
of agricultural productivity and growth—for example, to attain the CAADP target of
6 percent annual average growth in agricultural GDP? Whereas the response to
 ...

Author: Benin, Samuel

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 9780896298811

Category: Political Science

Page: 386

View: 384

Agricultural Productivity in Africa: Trends, Patterns, and Determinants presents updated and new analyses of land, labor, and total productivity trends in African agriculture. It brings together analyses of a unique mix of data sources and evaluations of public policies and development projects to recommend ways to increase agricultural productivity in Africa. This book is timely in light of the recent and ongoing growth recovery across the continent. The good news is that agricultural productivity in Africa increased at a moderate rate between 1961 and 2012, although there are variations in the rate of growth in land, labor, and total factor productivities depending on country and region. Differences in input use and capital intensities in agricultural production in the various farming systems and agricultural productivity zones also affect advancements in technology. One conclusion based on the book’s research findings derives from the substantial spatial variation in agricultural productivity. For areas with similar agricultural productivity growth trends and factors, what works well in one area can be used as the basis for formulating best-fit, location-specific agricultural policies, investments, and interventions in similar areas. This finding along with others will be of particular interest to policy- and decisionmakers.
Categories: Political Science

Structural Adjustment and Agriculture

Structural Adjustment and Agriculture

PUBLIC INVESTMENT AND PRODUCTIVITY Public investment is kept constant
but its allocation is changed in favour of agriculture . The change in allocation is
chosen so as to produce a 1.5 percent increase in total factor productivity in ...

Author: Sreenivasan Subramanian

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9251034877

Category: Agriculture

Page: 150

View: 307

Categories: Agriculture

OECD Food and Agricultural Reviews Innovation Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in Turkey

OECD Food and Agricultural Reviews Innovation  Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in Turkey

... "OECD Food and Agricultural Review: Innovation for Agricultural Productivity
and Sustainability in Turkey: Questionnaire", responses to the OECD received
from the Turkish Government. Aid for agricultural investment Support to
agricultural ...

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789264261198

Category:

Page: 204

View: 716

Productivity growth in the Turkish agricultural sector is supported today by better technologies, crop varieties and animal breeds. Yet improvements have slowed since the late 2000s, and the productivity gap between agriculture and the rest of the economy remains large.
Categories:

Agriculture Investment Sourcebook

Agriculture Investment Sourcebook

While broad-based agricultural growth strategies continue to be important in
fighting poverty, investment programs must ... Since most of the world's poor
depend directly or indirectly on agriculture for their livelihoods, broad-based
productivity ...

Author: World Bank

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821383523

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 532

View: 248

Investing to promote agricultural growth and poverty reduction is a central pillar of the World Bank's current rural strategy, 'Reaching the Rural Poor' (2003). This 'Sourcebook' addresses how to implement the rural strategy, by sharing information on investment options and identifying innovative approaches that will aid the design of future lending programs for agriculture. It provides generic good practices and many examples that demonstrate investment in agriculture can provide rewarding and sustainable returns to development efforts. It is divided into eleven self-contained modules. Each module contains three different types of subunits that can also be stand-alone documents: I. Module Overview II. Agricultural Investment Notes III. Innovative Activity Profiles. The stand-alone nature of the subunits allows flexibility and adaptability of the material. Selected readings and web links are also provided for readers who seek more in-depth information. The 'Sourcebook' draws on a wide range of experiences from donor agencies, governments, institutions, and other groups active in agricultural development. It is an invaluable reference tool for policy makers, professionals, academics and students, and anyone with an interest in agricultural investments.
Categories: Business & Economics

Agricultural Research and Productivity Growth in India

Agricultural Research and Productivity Growth in India

At the same time, increasing shares of total public expenditures on agriculture
have been allocated to input subsidies, rather than to productivity- enhancing
investments. The share of input subsidies in public expenditures in agricul- ture ...

Author: Robert Eugene Evenson

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 9780896291126

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 88

View: 575

Investment in productivity: the research system, technology transfer, extension, and infrastructure; The development and spread of modern crop varieties; Total factor productivity in the indian crop sector; Sources for the growth of total factor productivity in indian agriculture; Conclusions and policy implications.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

The Economics of Foreign Aid

The Economics of Foreign Aid

pensatory incentives for expanding farm output and investment in farming,
agriculture commodity aid may lead to a ... On the other hand, increased
agricultural imports can promote an increase in agricultural investment and
productivity, but ...

Author: Raymond F. Mikesell

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 0202369609

Category: Economic assistance

Page: 300

View: 492

Categories: Economic assistance

Evidence on Key Policies for African Agricultural Growth

Evidence on Key Policies for African Agricultural Growth

LANDTENUREPOLICYANDPRACTICEINAFRICA5 Introduction The impact of
land tenure systems in Africa south of the Sahara (SSA) on agricultural
investment and productivity continues to be the subject of intense scrutiny.
Recent food ...

Author: Xinshen Diao

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 84

View: 171

It is widely agreed that reducing poverty in Africa south of the Sahara (SSA) depends largely on stimulating growth in agriculture. To this end, heads of state in Africa rallied to form the pan-African Comprehensive African Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) with the goal of raising investments and improving strategy implementation. However, while implementing an agricultural agenda under the CAADP framework, more and more countries have realized that increasing public investment in agriculture alone is not enough. Policy can play an important role not only to make public investment more efficient, but also is crucial for incentivizing private sector and farmer investment in agriculture. Against this backdrop this paper takes stock of current agricultural policies in SSA with a view to identifying policies that are working as well as areas for improvement. The paper examines policies to encourage the adoption of agricultural inputs, initiate greater private-sector investment in agriculture and agro-industries, and manage price volatility while encouraging openness. The paper further reviews successful land tenure policies and property rights systems, reviews the evidence on the synergies between agriculture and nutrition, and examines how CAADP is laying the institutional architecture for improved policy formulation in Africa. In general, the paper finds that although substantial progress has been made, there is considerable scope for improvement. This is not surprising given the relatively primitive and deeply rooted nature of smallholder farming in Africa. Evidence synthesized in the paper supports the view that most policies cannot be implemented in isolation. Rather, policies tend to be most effective when implemented along with complementary policies and public investments.
Categories: Social Science

Reengaging in Agricultural Water Management

Reengaging in Agricultural Water Management

Development of agricultural markets can drive investment and productivity in
irrigated agriculture. At the household level, market development can help drive
irrigation modernization and improve water productivity. It can promote
investment, ...

Author:

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821364994

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 218

View: 292

"In order to face the challenge of disappointing returns on public investment in irrigation and drainage new solutions have emerged. These solutions are based on widely available technology and new management and governance options. The main message of Re-engaging in Agricultural Water Management is that the irrigation and drainage sector should not continue to be dealt with as a standalone sector, but should be integrated into a broader perspective, one that embraces the objectives of productivity growth, poverty reduction, natural resources management and environmental protection."
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Why Liberalization Alone Has Not Improved Agricultural Productivity in Zambia

Why Liberalization Alone Has Not Improved Agricultural Productivity in Zambia

From a methodological point of view, our results suggest that farm-level panel
information can provide policy-relevant ... way below the optimum, that credit
constraints prevent investment in productivity-enhancing technology such as
livestock, ...

Author: Klaus W. Deininger

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN:

Category: Agricultura - Zambia

Page: 22

View: 131

Policies to foster accumulation of the assets needed for agricultural production (including draft animals and implements) and to provide complementary public goods (education, credit, and good agricultural extension services)could greatly help reduce poverty and improve productivity in Zambia.
Categories: Agricultura - Zambia

Land Quality Agricultural Productivity and Food Security

Land Quality  Agricultural Productivity  and Food Security

Productivity. Paul. W. Heisey. and. Mitch. Renkow. Agriculture converts resources
into intermediate or final agricultural ... that there is systematic under-investment
in agricultural research targeted toward marginal production environments.

Author: Keith Daniel Wiebe

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1781956979

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 461

View: 560

'Action is needed to fight poverty by sustaining the environment and the use of natural resources. Land Quality, Agricultural Productivity, and Food Security explores a range of factors driving food security. The book offers an assessment to link quality of the available land resources with productivity of land and the ability to ensure food security. It offers a mixture of broad-scale assessments across the globe, with detailed case studies, deepening our understanding of economics and decision-making mechanisms. It is recommended to researchers, as well as actors in the private and public domain, who are keen to improve their understanding of the appropriate actions that ensure food security in the decade to come.' - Floor Brouwer, Agricultural Economics Research Institute (LEI), The Hague, The Netherlands Land quality and land degradation affect agricultural productivity and food security, but quantifying these relationships has been difficult. Data are extremely limited and outcomes are sensitive to the choices that farmers make. The contributors to this book - including soil scientists, geographers, and economists - analyse data on soils, climate, land cover, agricultural inputs and outputs, and a variety of socio-economic factors to provide new insights into three key issues: * the extent to which differences in land quality generate differences in agricultural productivity across countries * how farmers' responses to differences or changes in land quality are influenced by economic, environmental, and institutional factors, and * whether land degradation over time threatens productivity growth and food security at local, regional, and global levels.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Extreme weather and civil war in Somalia Does drought fuel conflict through livestock price shocks

Extreme weather and civil war in Somalia  Does drought fuel conflict through livestock price shocks

... in Africa south of the Sahara (SSA) on agricultural investment and productivity
continues to be the subject of intense scrutiny. ... the debate about whether
current land tenure systems constrain farmer innovation and investment in
agriculture.

Author: Xinshen Diao, Adam Kennedy, Ousmane Badiane, Frances Cossar, Paul Dorosh, Olivier Ecker, Hosaena Ghebru Hagos, Derek Headey, Athur Mabiso, Tsitsi Makombe, Mehrab Malek, and Emily Schmidt

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page:

View: 956

Categories: Social Science

agricultural productivity and efficiency in russia and ukraine

agricultural productivity and efficiency in russia and ukraine

Russia and Ukraine have been important to international and U.S. agricultural
markets, particularly in their role as ... The reforms that have been passed will
increase agricultural investment if they are successful, so a good gauge of the ...

Author:

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9781428906525

Category:

Page:

View: 849

Categories:

The Effects of Land Registration on Financial Development and Economic Growth

The Effects of Land Registration on Financial Development and Economic Growth

Consequently, the incentive is there to invest in land improvements and/or to
place long term investments on land. In the land registration/farm productivity
conceptual framework, the link between landownership security and investment ...

Author: Frank F. K. Byamugisha

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN:

Category: Agricultural productivity

Page: 15

View: 793

A theoretical framework to guide empirical analysis of how land registration affects financial development and economic growth.
Categories: Agricultural productivity

Growth and Productivity in Agriculture and Agribusiness

Growth and Productivity in Agriculture and Agribusiness

The critical importance of the latter three in promoting agricultural development is
recognized in the recent Agriculture Action Plan (World Bank 2009e), which
refers to them as “other agriculture-related investments.” For IFC, these six areas
are ...

Author:

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821386460

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 171

View: 477

The report assesses the World Bank Group?s support for growth and productivity in the agriculture sector. Enhancing agricultural growth and productivity is essential to meeting the worldwide demand for food and to reducing poverty, particularly in the poorest developing countries. Between 1998 and 2008, the period covered by this evaluation, the World Bank Group (WBG) provided $23.7 billion in financing for agriculture and agribusiness in 108 countries (roughly 8 percent of total WBG financing), spanning areas from irrigation and marketing to research and extension. However, this was a time of declining focus on agricultural growth and productivity by both countries and donors. The cost of inadequate attention to agriculture, especially in agriculture-based economies, came into focus with the food crisis of 2007-08. The crisis added momentum to an emerging renewal of attention and stepped-up financing to agriculture and agribusiness at the World Bank and International Finance Corporation (IFC), as well as at several multilateral and bilateral agencies. World Bank financing rose two and a half times from 2008 to 2009, though that increase in lending seems to have been accompanied by a decline in analytical work, which this review finds valuable for results. This evaluation seeks to provide lessons from successes and failures to help improve the development impact of the renewed attention to the sector. Ratings against the World Bank?s stated objectives and IFC?s market-based benchmarks for agriculture and agribusiness projects have been equal to or above portfolio averages in East Asia, Latin America, and the transition economies in Europe, with notable successes over a long period in China and India. But performance of WBG interventions has been well below average in Sub-Saharan Africa, where IFC has had little engagement in agribusiness. Inconsistent client commitment and weak capacity have limited the effectiveness of WBG support in agriculture-based economies, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa, and constraints on staffing and internal coordination within the WBG have also hurt outcomes. Financial sustainability has been constrained by insufficient government funding and the difficulty of maintaining agricultural services and infrastructure. The WBG has a unique opportunity to match the increases in the financing for agriculture with sharper focus on improving agricultural growth and productivity in agriculture-based economies, notably in Sub-Saharan Africa. Greater effort will be needed to connect sectoral interventions and achieve synergies from public and private sector interventions; to build capacity and knowledge exchange; to take stock of experience in rain-fed agriculture; to ensure attention to financial sustainability and to cross-cutting issues of gender, environmental and social impacts, and climate; and to better integrate WBG support at the global and regional levels with that at the country level.
Categories: Business & Economics

Growth and Equity Effects of Agricultural Marketing Efficiency Gains in India

Growth and Equity Effects of Agricultural Marketing Efficiency Gains in India

The purchase price for food and agricultural commodities in domestic and export
markets is defined as the sum of the ... demand and domestic regulatory reform
improve the climate for agribusiness investment and productivity growth.

Author: Maurice R. Landes

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9781437927283

Category:

Page: 43

View: 982

This is a print-on-demand publication; it is not an original. Agriculture is the largest source of employment in India, and food accounts for about half of consumer expenditures. This analysis uses a computable general equilibrium model with agricultural commodity detail and households disaggregated by rural, urban, and income class to study the potential impacts of reforms that achieve efficiency gains in agricultural marketing and reduce agricultural input subsidies and import tariffs. More efficient agricultural marketing generates economywide gains in output and wages, raises agricultural producer prices, reduces consumer food prices, and increases private consumption, particularly by low-income households. Charts and tables.
Categories:

Uganda s Recovery

Uganda s Recovery

Agricultural Productivity and Nonfarm Enterprises More detailed analysis would
be necessary to test the extent to which ... are likely to have similar effects on the
scope for agricultural investment and for diversification into off - farm activities .

Author: Ritva Reinikka

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821346644

Category: History

Page: 491

View: 316

Annotation Uganda's recovery over the past 15 years from economic decline, conflict, and repressive government to macroeconomic stability, high growth, and considerable political freedom signifies a major turnaround in Africa. Uganda's postconflict recovery coincides with one of Africa's most ambitious programs of economic liberalization.
Categories: History

Tipping the Balance Policies to shape agricultural investments and markets in favour of small scale farmers

Tipping the Balance  Policies to shape agricultural investments and markets in favour of small scale farmers

Despite the Maputo Declaration, public agricultural investment and institutions
have been allowed to weaken in ... When domestic markets and trade are
reliable, smallholders will invest in their land and productivity to supply the
market.

Author: Bill Vorley

Publisher: Oxfam

ISBN: 9781780772288

Category: Agriculture

Page: 87

View: 175

Categories: Agriculture