Agent-Based Simulation of Organizational Behavior

New Frontiers of Social Science Research

Author: Davide Secchi,Martin Neumann

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331918153X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 348

View: 9805

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The aim of this book is to demonstrate how Agent-Based Modelling (ABM) can be used to enhance the study of social agency, organizational behavior and organizational management. It derives from a workshop, sponsored by the Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and the Simulation of Behavior (AISB), held at Bournemouth University Business School in 2014 on “Modelling Organizational Behavior and Social Agency”. The contents of this book are divided into four themes: Perspectives, Modeling Organizational Behavior, Philosophical and Methodological Perspective, and Modeling Organized Crime and Macro-Organizational Phenomena. ABM is a particular and advanced type of computer simulation where the focus of modeling shifts to the agent rather than to the system. This allows for complex and more realistic representations of reality, facilitating an innovative socio-cognitive perspective on organizational studies. The editors and contributing authors claim that the use of ABM may dramatically expand our understanding of human behavior in organizations. This is made possible because of (a) the computational power made available by technological advancements, (b) the relative ease of the programming, (c) the ability to borrow simulation practices from other disciplines, and (d) the ability to demonstrate how the ABM approach clearly enables a socio-cognitive perspective on organizational complexity. Showcasing contributions from academics and researchers of various backgrounds and discipline, this volumes provides a global, interdisciplinary perspective.
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Simulating Social Complexity

A Handbook

Author: Bruce Edmonds,Ruth Meyer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319669486

Category: Computers

Page: 838

View: 2408

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This volume examines all aspects of using agent or individual-based simulation. This approach represents systems as individual elements having their own set of differing states and internal processes. The interactions between elements in the simulation represent interactions in the target systems. What makes this "social" is that it can represent an observed society. Social systems include all those systems where the components have individual agency but also interact with each other. This includes human societies and groups, but also increasingly socio-technical systems where the internet-based devices form the substrate for interaction. These systems are central to our lives, but are among the most complex known. This poses particular problems for those who wish to understand them. The complexity often makes analytic approaches infeasible but, on the other hand, natural language approaches are also inadequate for relating intricate cause and effect. This is why individual and agent-based computational approaches hold out the possibility of new and deeper understanding of such systems. This handbook marks the maturation of this new field. It brings together summaries of the best thinking and practices in this area from leading researchers in the field and constitutes a reference point for standards against which future methodological advances can be judged. This second edition adds new chapters on different modelling purposes and applying software engineering methods to simulation development. Revised existing content will keep the book up-to-date with recent developments. This volume will help those new to the field avoid "reinventing the wheel" each time, and give them a solid and wide grounding in the essential issues. It will also help those already in the field by providing accessible overviews of current thought. The material is divided into four sections: Introduction, Methodology, Mechanisms, and Applications. Each chapter starts with a very brief section called ‘Why read this chapter?’ followed by an abstract, which summarizes the content of the chapter. Each chapter also ends with a section on ‘Further Reading’. Whilst sometimes covering technical aspects, this second edition of Simulating Social Complexity is designed to be accessible to a wide range of researchers, including both those from the social sciences as well as those with a more formal background. It will be of use as a standard reference text in the field and also be suitable for graduate level courses.
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Cognition Beyond the Brain

Computation, Interactivity and Human Artifice

Author: Stephen J. Cowley,Frédéric Vallée-Tourangeau

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319491156

Category: Computers

Page: 342

View: 6621

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This book challenges neurocentrism by advocating a systemic view of cognition based on investigating how action shapes the experience of thinking, placing interactivity at its heart. This systemic viewpoint makes three main claims. First, that many elaborate cognitive skills like language, problem solving and human-computer interaction (HCI) are based in sense-saturated coordination or interactivity. Second, interactivity produces a tightly woven scaffold of resources, some internal to the agent and others external, that elevates and transforms thinking. Third, human agents entwine brains, bodies and their surroundings as they manage multi-scalar dynamics. This new edition continues to demonstrate how a systemic perspective casts a productive light on thinking in applied domains such as crime scene analysis, the use of information technology in construction, and computer-meditated trusts and presents new studies on the cognitive ecology of the web, multi-scalar temporal and organisational cognition and the importance of interactive material engagement in digital architecture. Authors use various scales of the systemic viewpoint to illustrate how bodies and artefacts shape thinking, but in all cases the experience of materiality is meshed with activity that involves the world beyond the body. Cognition Beyond the Brain is a valuable reference for researchers, practitioners and graduate students within the fields of Computer Science, Psychology, Linguistics and Cognitive Sciences.
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Business Plasticity Through Disorganization

Author: Dinuka B. Herath

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1787562131

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 168

View: 3744

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Disorganization occurs in all areas of modern business. This book presents a novel approach to both academics and practitioners on how to break the shackles of rigidity and eliminate our fear of disorganization.
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New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence

Joint JSAI 2001 Workshop Post-Proceedings

Author: Takao Terano,Toyoaki Nishida,Akira Namatame,Syrusaku Tsumoto,Yukio Ohsawa,Takashi Washio

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540430709

Category: Computers

Page: 556

View: 4377

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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed joint post-proceedings of five international workshops organized by the Japanese Society of Artificial Intelligence, JSAI in 2001. The 75 revised papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the volume. In accordance with the five workshops documented, the book offers topical sections on social intelligence design, agent-based approaches in economic and complex social systems, rough set theory and granular computing, chance discovery, and challenges in knowledge discovery and data mining.
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Social Computing

Concepts, Methodologies, Tools and Applications

Author: Subhasish Dasgupta

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1605669849

Category: Computers

Page: 2365

View: 5821

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With an increasing accessibility to social networking tools, the development of Web 2.0, and the emergence of virtual worlds, social computing crosses cultural boundaries to join people in the digital landscape. Social Computing: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications uncovers the growing and expanding phenomenon of human behavior, social constructs, and communication in online environments. This multiple volume publication presents the latest research on social change, evolving networks, media, and interaction with technology to offer audiences a comprehensive view of the impact of social computing on the way cultures think, act, and exchange information.
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Encyclopedia of geographic information science

Author: Karen Kathleen Kemp

Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc

ISBN: 9781412913133

Category: Science

Page: 558

View: 6948

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This encyclopedia contains contributions from scholars in geographic information science (GIS) as well as experts in the field's supporting disciplines. There are a total of 230 entries of varying length, averaging around 1,350 words. Long entries define the domain of GIS and its major subdomains, while medium-length articles address significant topics such as network analysis and polygon operations. Short entries summarize specialized concepts and techniques, such as the ecological fallacy and open standards, and given information on key organizations. The 10 knowledge areas identified in the Geographic Information Science and Technology Body of Knowledge inventory provide an organizing framework for the encyclopedia.
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