Against the Grain

Against the Grain

The first agrarian states, says James C. Scott, were born of accumulations of domestications: first fire, then plants, livestock, subjects of the state, captives, and finally women in the patriarchal family--all of which can be viewed as a ...

Author: James C. Scott


ISBN: 030024021X

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 931

An account of all the new and surprising evidence now available that contradicts the standard narrative for the beginnings of the earliest civilizations
Categories: History

Agriculture Philosophy Agricultural Science in Philosophy

Agriculture   Philosophy  Agricultural Science in Philosophy

journalCode=yisr20 5 The Odyssey, and The Iliad. 6Scott, J. (2017) Against the Grain: A Deep History of the Earliest States. Yale University Press. Pp281. 7Quoted from Algaze.

Author: Lindsay Falvey

Publisher: Thaksin University Press

ISBN: 9780975100073

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 321

View: 746

Agriculture and philosophy have been parts of a whole across history and remain so. Philosophy informs wellbeing and contentment amidst the vagaries of existence, the primary concern of which has always been security of food. Science, once known as natural philosophy, is a major means of philosophical advance today. Agricultural science is presented as comprising all of these components. The philosophical quest to be at ease in nature extends from pre-historical times into our unknown future, and employs diverse vehicles to convey insights across generations via myths, legends religion, academic study and ritual practices. Expressing esoteric concepts has employed agricultural metaphor across the historical era as it has been our most common interaction with nature. Continuing as our most widespread human interaction within nature, agriculture’s role in creating civilization, and later its writing, eventually led to an urban separation from nature including food production. Unifying the philosophy, agriculture and agricultural science across cultures and traditions from pre-agricultural times through the European Enlightenment to today, this work builds on neglected ancient insights. Perhaps the most profound of these insights is that our thoughts and actions may be seen as an integral part of nature. Rather than being independent agents with free will, our fears and guilt may be seen as active forces in the dynamics of nature itself, which includes our procurement of food. This conception offers a wider interaction than can be comprehended from current popular approaches.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Site Matters

Site Matters

For a more elaborate deep historical dissection of the history of environmentalism, see Christophe Bonneuil and ... 15 James C. Scott, Against the Grain, a Deep History of the Earliest States (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, ...

Author: Andrea Kahn

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429514432

Category: Architecture

Page: 300

View: 944

In the era of the Anthropocene, site matters are more pressing than ever. Building on the concepts, theories, and multi-disciplinary approaches raised in the first edition, this publication strives to address the changes that have taken place over the last 15 years with new material to complement and re-position the initial volume. Reaching across design disciplines, this highly illustrated anthology assembles essays from architects, landscape architects, urban designers, planners, historians, and artists to explore ways to physically and conceptually engage site. Thoughtful discourse and empirically grounded pieces combine to provide the language and theory to contextualize the meanings of site in the built environment. The increasingly complex hybridity of constructed environments today demands new tools for thinking about and working with site. Drawing contributions from outside and within the traditional design disciplines, this edition will trace important developments in site thinking with new essays on topics such as climate change, landscape as infrastructure, shifts from global to planetary urbanization debates, and the proliferation of participatory site transformation practices. Edited by two leading practitioners and academics, Site Matters juxtaposes timeless contributions from individuals including Elizabeth Meyer, Robert Beauregard, and Robin Dripps with original new writings from Peter Marcuse, Jane Wolff, Neil Brenner, and Thaisa Way, amongst others, to recontextualize and reignite the debate around site. An ideal text for students, academics, and researchers interested in site and design theory.
Categories: Architecture

Understanding the Blockchain Economy

Understanding the Blockchain Economy

David R. Olson and Nancy Torrance (Cambridge University Press, 2009); Gary Giroux, Accounting History and the Rise ... in early communities and state formation is James C. Scott, Against the Grain: A Deep History of the Earliest States ...

Author: Chris Berg

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781788975001

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 561

Blockchains are the distributed ledger technology that powers Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. But blockchains can be used for more than the transfer of tokens – they are a significant new economic infrastructure. This book offers the first scholarly analysis of the economic nature of blockchains and the shape of the blockchain economy. By applying the institutional economics of Ronald Coase and Oliver Williamson, this book shows how blockchains are poised to reshape the nature of firms, governments, markets, and civil society.
Categories: Business & Economics

The End of the Megamachine

The End of the Megamachine

According to a 2017 Harvard poll, 51 percent of 18–29 year-old US citizens are against a capitalist economy, which is a 10 percent increase ... James C. Scott: Against the Grain. A Deep History of the Earliest States, New Haven 2017, p.

Author: Fabian Scheidler

Publisher: John Hunt Publishing

ISBN: 9781789042726

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 916

The End of the Megamachine provides a uniquely comprehensive picture of the roots of the destructive forces that are threatening the future of humankind today. Spanning 5000 years of history, the book shows how the three tyrannies of militarized states, capital accumulation and ideological power have been steering both ecosystems and societies to the brink of collapse. With the growing instability of the Megamachine in the 21st century, new dangers open up as well as new possibilities for systemic change, to which everyone can contribute. Originally published in Germany in 2015 to great acclaim, Zero Books presents the first English language edition of The End of the Megamachine: A Brief History of a Failing Civilization. “The topic could not be more important. A very valuable and surely timely contribution.” Noam Chomsky
Categories: History

Why Don t Women Rule the World

Why Don   t Women Rule the World

“Dry” versus “wet” development and women in three world regions.” Sociology of Development 1(1), 91–122. 32. Scott, J. C. (2017). Against the grain, a deep history of the earliest states. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. from 33.

Author: J. Cherie Strachan

Publisher: CQ Press

ISBN: 9781544317267

Category: Political Science

Page: 536

View: 490

"[Why Don’t Women Rule the World?] is unlike other texts in its comparative approach and strong theoretical underpinnings. It has interesting pedagogical features that will resonate with comparative scholars, Americanists and those who integrate public policy analysis into the course." —Rebecca E. Deen, University of Texas at Arlington Why don’t women have more influence over the way the world is structured? Written by four leaders within the national and international academic caucuses on women and politics, Why Don′t Women Rule the World? helps students to understand how the underrepresentation of women manifests within politics, and the impact this has on policy. Grounded in theory with practical, job-related activities, the book offers a thorough introduction to the study of women and politics, and will bolster students’ political interests, ambitions, and efficacy. Key Features: A comparative perspective expands students’ awareness of their own intersectional identities and the varying effects of patriarchy on women worldwide. A variety of policy areas highlighted throughout the book illustrates how different theories are applied to real-world situations. Multiple political engagement activities keep students engaged with the content.
Categories: Political Science

Money and Thoughtlessness

Money and Thoughtlessness

Scott, James C. Against the Grain: A Deep History of the Earliest States. (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2017). 23. Flannery, Kant and Joyce Marcus. The Creation of Inequality: How Our Prehistoric Ancestors Set the Stage for ...

Author: Justin Pack

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783031222610

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 99

In this book, Justin Pack proposes a genealogy of the traditional suspicion of money and merchants. This genealogy is framed both by how money itself has changed and how different traditions responded to money. Money and merchants became heavily debated concerns in the Axial Age, which coincided with the spread of coinage. A deep suspicion of money and merchants was particularly notable in the Greek, Confucian and Christian traditions, and continued into the Middle Ages. These traditions wrestled with a new dialectic of purity that also appears with the widespread use of money. How were these concerns dealt with politically, socially and philosophically? How did they change over time? How did medieval Europe deal with money and how did this inform modern governmentality? To answer these questions, Pack turns to Hanna Arendt’s work. Arendt argues that one of the outstanding characteristics of our time is thoughtlessness. This thoughtlessness is related to how modern life, especially under neoliberalism, is increasingly structured by abstract systems, abstract calculative rationality, abstract relations, and the profit motive. Money both drives and embodies this machinery. The hyper-complex abstract systems of modernity discourage, to use Arendtian terms, “thinking” (wonder, questioning everything) in favor of “cognition” (problem solving). Too often the result is thoughtless cognition—the ability to make things more productive and efficient paired with the incapacity to question and challenge the implications and morality of these systems.
Categories: Philosophy

Coordination Cooperation and Control

Coordination  Cooperation  and Control

James C. Scott, Against the Grain: A Deep History of the Earliest States (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2017), p. 14. 3. James Scott, Against the Grain, p. 8. 4. James Scott, Against the Grain, p. 20. 5.

Author: Randall G. Holcombe

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030486679

Category: Political Science

Page: 328

View: 424

There are two ways people coordinate their actions: through cooperation, exercised by economic power, and through control, exercised by political power. When economic and political power are held by the same people, the result is stagnation; when those who hold economic power are not the same people who hold political power, the result is progress. This book presents the ways in which economic power and political power can be separated, and how they can remain so, by analyzing the nature of power and the differences between economic and political power. The book then discusses the history of economic and political power, including hunter-gatherer societies, agrarian societies, and modern commercial and industrial societies. This background lends insight into why political and economic power were typically held by the same people, and why recently those without political power have been able to acquire economic power. Incentives play a key role in understanding how those two types of power can become separated, and why there is always a tendency for them to recombine. But ideas also play a crucial role, including the influence of the Enlightenment, on the progress that has occurred in the last several hundred years.
Categories: Political Science

Imperial Mud

Imperial Mud

James C. Scott, Against the Grain: A Deep History of the Earliest States, Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 2017, xi. 2. James C. Scott critiqued the 'nearly indelible association of civilization with the major grains' and ...

Author: James Boyce

Publisher: Icon Books

ISBN: 9781785786518

Category: Nature

Page: 256

View: 302

**WINNER OF THE HISTORY AND TRADITION CATEGORY, EAST ANGLIAN BOOK AWARDS 2020** **LONGLISTED FOR THE RSL ONDAATJE PRIZE 2021** 'A real page-turner ... a warning about what happens when the rich and powerful dress up their avarice as "progress" - a lesson we could do with learning today.' Dixe Wills, BBC Countryfile magazine FROM A MULTI-AWARD-WINNING HISTORIAN, AN ARRESTING NEW HISTORY OF THE BATTLE FOR THE FENS. Between the English Civil Wars and the mid-Victorian period, the proud indigenous population of the Fens of eastern England fought to preserve their homeland against an expanding empire. After centuries of resistance, their culture and community were destroyed, along with their wetland home – England’s last lowland wilderness. But this was no simple triumph of technology over nature – it was the consequence of a newly centralised and militarised state, which enriched the few while impoverishing the many. In this colourful and evocative history, James Boyce brings to life not only colonial masters such as Oliver Cromwell and the Dukes of Bedford but also the defiant ‘Fennish’ them- selves and their dangerous and often bloody resistance to the enclosing landowners. We learn of the eels so plentiful they became a kind of medieval currency; the games of ‘Fen football’ that were often a cover for sabotage of the drainage works; and the destruction of a bountiful ecosystem that had sustained the Fennish for thousands of years and which meant that they did not have to submit in order to survive. Masterfully argued and imbued with a keen sense of place, Imperial Mud reimagines not just the history of the Fens, but the history and identity of the English people.
Categories: Nature



For an up-to-date and highly readable account of early plant domestication and state formation, see James C. Scott, Against the Grain: A Deep History of the Earliest States, New Haven, Yale University Press, 2017. 4 Harris and Johnson, ...

Author: Richard Heinberg

Publisher: New Society Publishers

ISBN: 9781771423571

Category: Science

Page: 321

View: 352

Impeccably researched and masterfully written, this book explains how and why humanity is driving itself off the cliff. — Dahr Jamail, author, The End of Ice Weaving together findings from a wide range of disciplines, Power traces how four key elements developed to give humans extraordinary power: tool making ability, language, social complexity, and the ability to harness energy sources ― most significantly, fossil fuels. It asks whether we have, at this point, overpowered natural and social systems, and if we have, what we can do about it. Has Homo sapiens — one species among millions — become powerful enough to threaten a mass extinction and disrupt the Earth's climate? Why have we developed so many ways of oppressing one another? Can we change our relationship with power to avert ecological catastrophe, reduce social inequality, and stave off collapse? These questions — and their answers — will determine our fate.
Categories: Science