After the Enlightenment

Political Realism and International Relations in the Mid-Twentieth Century

Author: Nicolas Guilhot

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316764079

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

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After the Enlightenment is the first attempt at understanding modern political realism as a historical phenomenon. Realism is not an eternal wisdom inherited from Thucydides, Machiavelli or Hobbes, but a twentieth-century phenomenon rooted in the interwar years, the collapse of the Weimar Republic, and the transfer of ideas between Continental Europe and the United States. The book provides the first intellectual history of the rise of realism in America, as it informed policy and academic circles after 1945. It breaks through the narrow confines of the discipline of international relations and resituates realism within the crisis of American liberalism. Realism provided a new framework for foreign policy thinking and transformed the nature of American democracy. This book sheds light on the emergence of 'rational choice' as a new paradigm for political decision-making and speaks to the current revival in realism in international affairs.
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Historiographical Investigations in International Relations

Author: Brian C. Schmidt,Nicolas Guilhot

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319780360

Category: Political Science

Page: 226

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This book critically investigates the historiography of International Relations. For the past fifteen years, the field has witnessed the development of a strong interest in the history of the discipline. The chapters in this edited volume, written by some of the field’s preeminent disciplinary historians, all manifest the best of an innovative and exciting generation of scholarship on the history of the discipline of International Relations. One of the objectives of this volume is to take stock of the historical turn. Yet this volume is not simply a stock-taking exercise, as it also intends to identify the limitations and blind spots of the recent historiographical literature. The chapters consider a range of diverse thinkers and examine their impact on understanding various dimensions of the field’s history.
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The Decisionist Imagination

Sovereignty, Social Science and Democracy in the 20th Century

Author: Daniel Bessner,Nicolas Guilhot

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1785339168

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 3277

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In the decades following World War II, the science of decision-making moved from the periphery to the center of transatlantic thought. The Decisionist Imagination explores how “decisionism” emerged from its origins in prewar political theory to become an object of intense social scientific inquiry in the new intellectual and institutional landscapes of the postwar era. By bringing together scholars from a wide variety of disciplines, this volume illuminates how theories of decision shaped numerous techno-scientific aspects of modern governance—helping to explain, in short, how we arrived at where we are today.
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The Metaphysics of World Order

A Synthesis of Philosophy, Theology, and Politics

Author: Nicolas Laos

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1498201024

Category: Philosophy

Page: 244

View: 1744

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In this book, Nicolas Laos studies the meaning of the terms "world" and "order," the moral dimensions of each world order model, and wider issues of meaning and interpretation generated by humanity's attempt to live in a meaningful world and to find the logos of the beings and things in the world. The aim of this book is to propose a unified theory of world order (i.e., a theory that combines philosophy, theology, and political theory). In this context, the author provides a thought-provoking (re)interpretation of classical philosophy (placing particular emphasis on Platonism), an in-depth inquiry into medieval philosophy and spirituality (placing particular emphasis on the cultural differences between the Greek East and the Latino-Frankish West), and an intellectually challenging review and evaluation of modern Western philosophy (including Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Locke, Berkeley, Hume, Rousseau, Kant, Hegel, Kierkegaard, Husserl, and Heidegger) and of Nietzsche's and the postmodernists' revolt against modernity. He then elucidates the philosophical foundations and "pedigree" of each of the three basic political theories of modernity (i.e., Liberalism, Communism, and Fascism), and he studies the basic theoretical debates in International Relations, Geopolitics, and Noopolitics. Finally, Laos proposes a new, "fourth," political theory which he calls "metaphysical republicanism."
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European Security in the Twenty-First Century

The Challenge of Multipolarity

Author: Adrian Hyde-Price

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134164394

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 9298

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Combining a sophisticated theoretical analysis with detailed empirical case-studies, this book provides an original view of the challenges and threats to a stable peace order in Europe. The end of Cold War bipolarity has transformed Europe. Using structural realist theory, Adrian Hyde-Price analyzes the new security agenda confronting Europe in the twenty-first century. Europe, he argues, is not ‘primed for peace’ as mainstream thinking suggests, rather, it faces new security threats and the challenge of multipolarity. This critical and original volume looks at European security after the Iraq War, the failure of the EU constitution and the change of government in Germany. Reflecting on the inherently competitive and tragic nature of international politics, it concludes that realism provides the only firm foundations for an ethical foreign and security policy. European Security in the Twenty-First Century will appeal to students and scholars of international relations, European politics and security studies.
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Ethical Reasoning in International Affairs

Arguments from the Middle Ground

Author: C. Navari

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113729096X

Category: Political Science

Page: 251

View: 2628

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Arguing for a middle ground between idealism and realism, this book considers the most pressing ethical and moral issues in contemporary international politics, including intervention, human rights and aid, and sets about reasoning how to resolve them in politically realistic ways.
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Sabiston Textbook of Surgery E-Book

Author: Courtney M. Townsend,R. Daniel Beauchamp,B. Mark Evers,Kenneth L. Mattox

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455738085

Category: Medical

Page: 2152

View: 8680

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Sabiston Textbook of Surgery is your ultimate foundation for confident surgical decision making. Covering the very latest science and data affecting your treatment planning, this esteemed medical reference helps you make the most informed choices so you can ensure the best outcome for every patient. Consult it on the go with online access at expertconsult.com, and get regular updates on timely new findings and advances. Overcome tough challenges, manage unusual situations, and avoid complications with the most trusted advice in your field. Prepare for tests and exams with review questions and answers online. Keep up with the very latest developments concerning abdominal wall reconstruction, tumor immunology and immunotherapy, peripheral vascular disease, regenerative medicine, liver transplantation, kidney and pancreas transplantation, small bowel transplantation, the continually expanding role of minimally invasive and robotic surgery, and many other rapidly evolving areas. Weigh your options by reviewing the most recent outcomes data and references to the most current literature.
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