Using a basic interpretive qualitative inquiry format, the research questions focused on (a) how professional and familial social capital is related to academic success, (b) the participant's perception of the role of resilience in the ...
Author: Lawrence L. Scott
Category: Social Science
The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the experiences and perceptions of 10 selected academically successful African American male leaders. In this study, "academic success" was defined as these African American men who attained a master's or postgraduate degree such as a M.D., Ph.D., or J.D. Even though there is bountiful research on the deficiencies in the lives of African American males, it is still unclear what conditions lead African American men to higher educational attainment. The goal of this study was to also add to the deficient, ever-emerging body of research in the area of African American male educational attainment, while providing viable solutions that speak to the plights of African American males from all educational backgrounds and experiences. Using a basic interpretive qualitative inquiry format, the research questions focused on (a) how professional and familial social capital is related to academic success, (b) the participant's perception of the role of resilience in the pursuit of academic attainment, and (c) how does self-efficacy influence academic success for these African American male participants? This research analyzed recurring themes from these participants, who were solicited because they can provide expert testimony on how an African American male can achieve academically. The inquiry produced three recurring themes: Self-Belief and Identity, Social Network and Support, and Faith, Spirituality, and Inspiration. After a comprehensive qualitative analysis of the themes, the following categories emerged: Resilience Over Faulty Mindsets; Competition; Above Mediocrity; Social Network and Support; Family; Positive Influences, Mentors, and Peers; Opportunities; Faith, Spirituality, and Inspiration; Faith in a Higher Power; and Historical Responsibility. All the participants identified Social Network and Support as a major factor in their academic success. Most participants credited a parent, peer, mentor, or teacher as the most influential person that helped them throughout their educational pursuits.
Abstract : The cry continues with A Nation at Risk, No Child Left Behind, and now the Common Core State Standards.
Author: Ed Virginia Rae
Abstract : The cry continues with A Nation at Risk, No Child Left Behind, and now the Common Core State Standards. There are groups of students who are finding success within public education and groups who are not. The groups who are not finding this success continue to be minority students who continue to run into the public education system rather than running with it. African American males seem to experience running into the system at greater number than other racial and gender groups. However, there are African American males that are finding success in public education. This study looks at the schooling and educational perspectives of twenty-four African American male K-12 public education students. Using grades and standardized assessments as a criterion, fifteen of the students were considered academically successful and nine were not. Twenty-two of the males were 18 years of age and two were 12 years old. Nineteen participants were high school seniors, one was a sophomore, and two were in middle school. Looking through the lenses of Critical Race Theory and Resiliency Theory using qualitative inquiry and data derived from interviews, data was collected to determine what contributed to the success of some participants. First both successful and non-successful groups were able to speak about having goals for the future and the importance of working hard in school. Secondly, relationships were also seen as essential to academic success, whether these relationships were with parents, teachers, or mentors for academic success to occur. Racial stereotypes were seen as something to overcome by the academically success. Race was viewed as a road block difficult to overcome by less successful participants. Having a father and mother or frequent access to more than one caring adult increased an African American male’s ability to be academically successful. Even having two parents that may not have been supportive of the African American male appeared to be more beneficial than having supportive friends.Recommendations to help African American males to be academically successful include starting early with relationship support and mentoring, life skills courses, and increased interaction with successful African American males.
Over the past two decades there have been increasing concerns about the steady decline in higher education attainment levels of African American males.
Author: Shantay Renee Grays
Over the past two decades there have been increasing concerns about the steady decline in higher education attainment levels of African American males. There is extant literature that on African American male academic achievement and success in four-year institutions from a deficit model perspective. There is little research on high-achieving African American male students, specifically in community colleges. This study examined the lived experiences of six high-achieving African American male students enrolled in a large urban community college. The research study brings to light the perspectives of academically successful young men as well as their interpretations and understandings of how their lived experiences contributed to their academic development and success. This qualitative study responded to the following research questions: (1) What secondary school experiences do high-achieving African American males perceived as contributing to their academic success? (2) What personal experiences do high-achieving African American males perceive as contributing to their academic success in a large urban community college? (3) What institutional programs or services do high-achieving African American males perceive as contributing to their academic success in a large urban community college? The participants were 6 high-achieving African American and Black males attending a large urban community college located in in the Texas Gulf Coast region. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews. The analysis of the data yielded ten major themes (1) College Preparation, (2) High School Peer Influence, (3) Extracurricular Activity Participation, (4) Self-Motivation, (5) Family Interactions, (6) Adjustment to College, (7) Engagement, (8) Participation in Student Organizations, (9) Leadership Development Programs, and (10) Academic Support Services. The information gleaned from this study may contribute to the scarce body of knowledge that examined factors that contribute to the academic success for high-achieving African American men in a community college.
The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine from the perspective of African American male community college students the factors that cause them to stay in school and succeed academically.
Author: Wayne A. Beckles
Category: African Americans
The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine from the perspective of African American male community college students the factors that cause them to stay in school and succeed academically. Thirty-one African American males were interviewed in focus groups at five community colleges in the mid-Atlantic region of the United States. Academic success was operationalized as three consecutive semesters enrolled maintaining a 2.0 or better grade point average (GPA). Working within a qualitative framework, the researcher investigated the factors that the students perceived as being important to their academic success. The theoretical framework for this study was achieved by combining essential components of Critical Theory, Critical Race Theory, and Critical Pedagogy with the theoretical, philosophical, and methodological components of Appreciative Inquiry. This study is significant in that it will provide an opportunity for the voices of African American men to be heard in the research literature. It will also contribute to the literature concerning persistence and achievement for African American men, qualitative research and community college policy and practice. The results of this study will inform educators, administrators, parents and policy developers to improve the American educational system for the benefit of all students, particularly African American males. Ten themes emerged that were significant to the success of African American males in community college: Prove Them Wrong; Achievement; Advisor/Mentor; My Brother's Keeper; I Am Somebody; Post-Race; Handle My Business; Culture of Success; Program Resource; Hope. The composites that formed during the analysis of the data are represented by the following themes grew out of the study: Post Race Consciousness; My Brother's Keeper; I Am Somebody; Culture of Success Program Resource; Hope. The participant's perspectives shed new light onto the dialogue regarding the concept of African American male academic success in community college. There was no single quote or sound-bite that captured the essence of this composite, rather Hope (Agency and Pathways) would seem to have captured the essence of the study. It is the refinement of the entire study. -- Abstract.
The effect of autonomy and locusofcontrol on the academic achievement of Black male community college students (Doctoral dissertation).
Author: J. Luke Wood
Publisher: Stylus Publishing, LLC
Advancing Black Male Student Success presents a comprehensive portrait of Black male students at every stage in the U.S. education system: preschool and kindergarten; elementary, middle and high schools; community colleges and four-year postsecondary institutions; and master’s and doctoral programs. Each chapter is a synthesis of existing research on experience, educational outcomes, and persistent inequities at each pipeline point. Throughout the book, data are included to provide statistical portraits of the status of Black boys and men. Authors include, in each chapter, forward-thinking recommendations for education policy, research and practice. Each chapter is a synthesis of existing research on experience, educational outcomes, and persistent inequities at each pipeline point. Throughout the book, data are included to provide statistical portraits of the status of Black boys and men. Authors include, in each chapter, forward-thinking recommendations for education policy, research and practice. Most published scholarship on Black male students blames them and their families for their failures in school. This literature is replete with hopeless, pathological portrayals of this population. Through this deficit thinking and resultant practices, Black boys and men have continually experienced disparate outcomes. This book departs from prior scholarship in that the editors and authors argue that much is done to Black male students, which explains their troubled status in U.S. education. In addition to the editors’ expertise on the topic, the authorship cast includes several scholars who are among the most respected thought leaders on Black male students in education.
Author: Butcher, Jennifer T.Publish On: 2018-11-09
Featuring research on topics such as access to education, racial battle fatigue, and mentoring programs, this book is ideally designed for administrators, policymakers, educators, scholars, researchers, students, and academicians seeking ...
Author: Butcher, Jennifer T.
Publisher: IGI Global
Category: Social Science
This title is an IGI Global Core Reference for 2019 as it provides solution-oriented approaches to confronting, confirming, and mitigating perpetual disparities within the educational system. Containing research from researchers across the U.S., this publication covers comprehensive research on access to education, racial battle fatigue, and mentoring programs. Overcoming Challenges and Creating Opportunity for African American Male Students is an essential reference source that supports the development of more widespread solution-oriented approaches to confronting, confirming, and mitigating any perpetual disparities that may exist among these students. Featuring research on topics such as access to education, racial battle fatigue, and mentoring programs, this book is ideally designed for administrators, policymakers, educators, scholars, researchers, students, and academicians seeking coverage on the many factors that influence African American male success in various educational contexts.
Parental involvement: The missing link in school achievement. ... Factors promoting academic success among African American and White male community college ...
Author: Malik S. Henfield
Discussions and research related to the salience of Black male student needs and development in relation to their general success and well?being is well?documented in many fields. Indeed, many studies have found that healthy masculine identity development is associated with a number of positive outcomes for males in general, including Black males. In school counseling literature, however, this discussion has been relatively absent—particularly regarding those students living in urban contexts. Indeed, research devoted to the study of Black males in the school counseling literature focuses almost exclusively on race and issues associated with its social construction with only cursory, if any, attention given to their masculine identity development as a function of living in urban communities and attending urban schools. Based on this lack of information, it is probably a safe assumption that intentional, systematic, culturally relevant efforts to assist Black males in developing healthy achievement and masculine identities based on their unique personal, social, academic experiences and future career goals are not being applied by school counselors concerned with meeting students’ needs. School counselors are in a unique position, nonetheless, to lend their considerable expertise—insights, training and skills—to improving life outcomes among Black males—a population who are consistently in positions of risk according to a number of quality of life indicators. Without knowledge and awareness of Black males’ masculine identity development in urban areas, coupled with the requisite skills to influence the myriad factors that enhance and impede healthy development in such environments, they are missing out on tremendous opportunities which other professions appear to understand and, quite frankly, seem to take more seriously. As such, this book proposes to accomplish two specific goals: 1. Highlight the plight of Black males with specific emphasis on the ecological components of their lives in relation to current school culture and trends. 2. Encourage school counselors to give more thought to Black male identity development that takes into consideration differential experiences in society as a whole, and schools in particular, as a function of the intersection of their race, as well as their gender. The first rationale for this book, then, is to highlight the plight of Black males with specific emphasis on the ecological components of their lives in relation to current school culture and trends (e.g., standards?based accountability practices) in urban environments. However, I recognize the role of school counselors has never been fully integrated into educational reform programs. As such, their positions are often unregulated and determined by people in positions of power who do not understand their training, job?specific standards and, thus, potential impact on the lives of Black male students. As a result, their vast potential to develop strong interventions designed to address the myriad racial and masculine factors that serve to enhance and impede Black males’ academic achievement is often unrealized. Therefore, the second reason for this special issue is to include the scholarship of professional school counselors and counselor educators with policy change in mind. Scholars will be invited to contribute manuscripts that explore race, masculinity and academic achievement in relation to the role of school counselors. This is designed to encourage school counselors and counselor educators to give more thought to Black male identity development that takes into consideration differential experiences in society as a whole, and schools in particular, as a function of the intersection of their race, as well as their gender.
This is behind the backdrop of measured peaks of progress in income level, home ownership and forays into the realm above the proverbial glass ceiling of corporate America for many African Americans.
Author: Hugh J. Harmon
Category: Academic achievement
African American males are failing out of high school, retained in the elementary grades, and funneled to special education programs at far greater levels than their peers are. An educated black young man has almost become an oxymoron in America's urban enclaves, and the U.S. education system seems to be ill equipped to finger the cause of this tragedy in educational outcomes. This is behind the backdrop of measured peaks of progress in income level, home ownership and forays into the realm above the proverbial glass ceiling of corporate America for many African Americans. Why does this achievement gap persist despite the achievements in other areas? Why is it still only a few who somehow manage to beat the odds?
Citing a plethora of disturbing academic outcomes for Black males, this book focuses on the historical, structural, educational, psychological, emotional, and cultural factors that influence the teaching and learning process for this ...
Author: Tyrone C. Howard
Publisher: Teachers College Press
In his new book, the author of the bestseller Why Race and Culture Matter in Schools examines the chronic under-performance of African American males in U.S. schools. Citing a plethora of disturbing academic outcomes for Black males, this book focuses on the historical, structural, educational, psychological, emotional, and cultural factors that influence the teaching and learning process for this student population. Howard discusses the potential, and promise of Black males by highlighting their voices to generate new insights, create new knowledge, and identify useful practices that can significantly improve the schooling experiences and life chances of Black males. Howard calls for a paradigm shift in how we think about, teach, and study Black males. The book: examines current structures, ideologies, and practices that both help and hinder the educational and social prospects of Black males; translates frequently cited theorectical principles into research-based classroom practice; documents teacher-student interactions, student viewpoints, and discusses the troubling role that sports plays in th lives of many Black males; highlights voices and perspectives from Black male students about ways to improve their schooling experiences and outcomes; and identifies community-based programs that are helping Black males succeed.
Author's abstract: This study sought to understand African American high school males' perceptions of factors contributing to academic success.
Author: Gertrude Rolland
Author's abstract: This study sought to understand African American high school males' perceptions of factors contributing to academic success. The researcher gathered information by interviewing students and collecting their demographic profile data. This qualitative research method enabled the researcher to learn directly from students what factors African American male students associated with academic success as well as challenges to academic success and solutions for achieving academic success. Participants were three junior and three senior African American high school male students attending a rural high school in Georgia. Data collection occurred during the spring semester of 2011. Each participant was asked 16 questions to determine his perspectives on factors contributing to academic success and what solutions and challenges he perceived necessary for African American males to achieve academic success. Among factors influencing student success were: (a) supportive parents, (b) caring teachers, (c) positive school environment, (d) peer support, and (e) community initiatives. Data suggested that to support the academic success of African American male students more African American male teachers and mentors are needed in schools. In addition, African American males desired for educators to understand their cultural background and avoid labeling them. Some challenges perceived by participants included: (a) lack of after school community activities, (b) negative stereotypes, (c) lack of self-initiative, (d) negative images, and (e) lack of belief in self. Among solutions cited were: (a) self-motivation, (b) role-models, and (c) mentors. Overall, participants had a need to feel cared about, understood, and supported. Findings from this research study can assist in the development of teacher education programs, school-based interventions and community programs for African American male adolescents. This research study is an attempt to provide additive information within the educational literature.
This volume dedicated to the engagement of African American males in community colleges furthers the research agenda focused on improving the educational outcomes of African American males.
Author: Ted N. Ingram
This volume dedicated to the engagement of African American males in community colleges furthers the research agenda focused on improving the educational outcomes of African American males. The theme engagement also supports the anti-deficit approach to research on African American males developed by renowned research scholars. The true success of African American males in community colleges rests on how well these institutions engage young men into their institutions. This will require community colleges to examine policies, pedagogical strategies, and institutional practices that alienate African American males and fosters a culture of underachievement. The authors who have contributed to this volume all speak from the same script which proves than when African American males are properly engaged in an education that is culturally relevant, they will succeed. Therefore, this book will benefit ALL who support the education of African American males. It is our intent that this book will contribute to the growing body of knowledge that exists in this area as well as foster more inquiry into the achievement of African American males. The book offers three approaches to understanding the engagement of African American males in community college, which includes empirical research, policy perspectives and programmatic initiatives.
By examining each president's responses through a self-efficacy framework, this work hopes to reveal new themes about race and gender, African American males in particular, and to discover instrumental elements that can lead to academic ...
Author: James Randall
GETTING IT RIGHT: AFRICAN AMERICAN MALE COLLEGE/UNIVERSITY PRESIDENTS AND THEIR EARLY CULTIVATION OF SELF-EFFICACY MAY 2017 JAMES ANTHONY RANDALL, B.A., MOREHOUSE COLLEGE M.S.W., UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA, COLLEGE OF SOCIAL POLICY AND PRACTICE Ph.D., UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS AMHERST Directed by Joseph B. Berger Education remains the single most important means by which individuals in the United States can empower themselves economically, socially, and personally. In spite of this, a significant percentage of young African American males do not even appear to be competing or reaching for the educational opportunities before them as they rank the poorest amongst their peers in a myriad of academic indicators. Despite the significant body of research describing the various barriers to African American males' academic achievement, there remains little research seeking to understand why numerous African American males do achieve academically and professionally despite facing many of the same ecological factors as their peers. This study seeks to provide new knowledge about how and why African American males achieve, by focusing on eleven highly successful and efficacious African American male college/university presidents. It examines a) the formation of each president's educational identity and beliefs, as well as b) the development of their sense of agency and resilience, and c) how, despite their individual hurdles, they were able to thrive - all essential elements of self-efficacy. By examining each president's responses through a self-efficacy framework, this work hopes to reveal new themes about race and gender, African American males in particular, and to discover instrumental elements that can lead to academic success in the classroom for a new generation of young, African-American males.
The most recent addition to the Key Issues on Diverse College Students series, this volume is a valuable resource for student affairs and higher education professionals to better serve Black men in higher education.
Author: J. Luke Wood
Black Men in Higher Education bridges theory to practice in order to better prepare practitioners in their efforts to increase the success of Black male students in colleges and universities. In this comprehensive but manageable text, leading researchers J. Luke Wood and Robert T. Palmer highlight the current status of Black men in higher education and review relevant research literature and theory on their experiences in various postsecondary education contexts. The authors also provide and contextualize innovative, actionable strategies and solutions to help institutions increase the participation and success of Black male college students. The most recent addition to the Key Issues on Diverse College Students series, this volume is a valuable resource for student affairs and higher education professionals to better serve Black men in higher education.
The academic achievement gap persists in spite of much talk in various arenas.
Author: Tawonga Timothy Moyo
Publisher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
The academic achievement gap persists in spite of much talk in various arenas. This study explored and understood the academic achievement gap in relation to the education of African American male students in college. The impact of academic support programs designed to facilitate student academic success was examined. Literature on this topic is scarce. Available literature focuses on the achievement gap issue in general. The conceptual framework informing this study was based on the systems, critical and social learning theories. Participant selection followed a purposive criterion sampling. The participants included nineteen African American male students and six administrators. One college in the southeast of the United States was the site for the study. Data were collected through structured in depth individual interviews. Research questions explored the achievement gap issue focusing on causes, solutions and impact of academic support programs on student academic success. Data analysis was though horizontalization to extract relevant themes. The study is significant for it fills gaps in literature, raises greater awareness to the problem, and informs educational reform.
The rise of accountability for the academic success of all students brought on by No Child Left Behind (NCLB) and corresponding state laws has made educators more aware of the need to reach every student.
Author: Kathryn Hudspeth Chretien
Category: Academic achievement
The rise of accountability for the academic success of all students brought on by No Child Left Behind (NCLB) and corresponding state laws has made educators more aware of the need to reach every student. One sub-group of students often fall behind their Anglo counterparts, African Americans, in particular, males. The purpose of this study was to identify the factors that contributed to the academic success of six African American males who were high school seniors. The goal was to examine the commonalities through a lens of democratic practices to give voice to African American male students.
Utilizing a conceptual theory of student involvement based on the work of Astin (1984, 1999) this investigation employed multiple regression analysis to explore the relationship between five student engagement factors (Academic Challenge, ...
Author: Toycee A. Hague-Palmer
Category: Academic achievement
The purpose of this correlational research study was to examine the student engagement variables most likely to predict the academic success and satisfaction of African American male college students. Research suggests that African American males who are actively engaged in campus life gain more from the college experience and are more likely to succeed academically (Harper, 2012; Pascarella & Terenzini, 1991, 2005; Strayhorn, 2008b). This investigation used the National Survey of Student Engagement questionnaire to survey 3,000 students to learn what relationships existed between five student engagement variables and the students' perceived satisfaction with their overall college experience. There is a plethora of research that has examined the college experiences, engagement and academic success of minority students in totality (Fleming, 1984; Outcalt & Skewes-Cox, 2002; Strayhorn & DeVita, 2010; Watson & Kuh, 1996; Watson, Terrell, Wright, Bonner, Cuyjet, & Gold, 2002); however limited research exists specifically targeting the correlation between engagement factors and the academic success and college satisfaction of African American males (Greene, 2005; Harvey-Smith, 2002; Kimbrough & Harper, 2006; Outcalt & Skewes-Cox, 2002; Palmer, Davis, & Maramba, 2010). Utilizing a conceptual theory of student involvement based on the work of Astin (1984, 1999) this investigation employed multiple regression analysis to explore the relationship between five student engagement factors (Academic Challenge, Collaborative Learning, Faculty Interaction, Supportive Campus, and Enriching Experiences) and African American males' academic success and overall satisfaction with their college experience. Four research questions directed this study relative to the student engagement factors and institutional characteristics that best predict African American male satisfaction with their college experience. The results indicated that three variables significantly predicted the overall college satisfaction of African American males; Supportive Campus, Faculty Interaction, and Academic Challenge. Additionally, African American males attending private institutions reported a significantly higher mean score relative to their overall satisfaction with their college experience than those attending a public college or university, while no significance was found between African American males attending an historically Black institution as opposed to a predominately white institution. Conclusions drawn from the study lead to further questions surrounding how student engagement is defined and perceived by African American college students and higher education institutions. Further the study draws attention to the need to address and incorporate academic and co-curricular initiatives, services and policies in culture of higher education institutions that will enhance the college experience and ensure academic success, retention and matriculation of African American males.
Kenneth Ray Jr., Sylvia Marion Carley and Derrick Brown ABSTRACT Community college African American male student enrollment and academic success is ...
Author: Henry T. Frierson
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
Addresses the subject of the disproportional decline of Black American Males in higher education. This book provides critical historical overviews and analyses pertaining to Black American males in higher education and Black Americans of both genders.