Advances in instructional Psychology, Volume 5

Educational Design and Cognitive Science

Author: Robert Glaser

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134803818

Category: Education

Page: 420

View: 7807

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Investigators have moved back and forth between design efforts and basic studies in cognition to improve both application and fundamental knowledge. This volume's theme is this interaction between practice and science with the opportunity for reflecting on findings in order to understand them and suggesting improved forms of application and their underlying explanation. This is seen in various arenas including theory-based computer-assisted instruction for teaching mathematics, the design of communities of learning in elementary schools, teaching in the context of problem-solving situations and reasoning with models, self-explanation as a highly effective learning activity, conceptual change in medical training and health education, and workplace training in electronic troubleshooting. The results of extensive long-term experience and analysis in each of these areas are insightfully reported by the well-known contributors to this volume. Special features of this fifth edition include: * The work of eminent cognitive scientists in the design and evaluation of educational and training environments to increase current understanding of learning and development, as this understanding is applied to innovative instructional programs and teaching methods. * A description of learning theory and principles as well as implications and examples on research and development on educational application. * A presentation on the 10-year change in perspective on research and development in problem solving environments that invite inquiry about academic information and skills in the context of instruction of elementary school children. * An innovative approach to math and science instruction in which teaching is oriented around constructing, evaluating, and revising models. * An examination of the process of self-explaining, which involves explaining to one's self in an attempt to make sense of a new situation. * A description of a long-term program of cognitive task analysis and instructional design on problem solving in the operation of complex equipment. * An investigation on the acquisition of clinical reasoning skills and the understanding of biomedical concepts in both professional medicine and the health practices of the lay population.
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Encyclopedia of Clinical Psychology Set

Author: Robin L. Cautin,Scott O. Lilienfeld

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470671270

Category: Psychology

Page: 3224

View: 9402

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Available online, or as a 5-volume print set, The Encyclopedia of Clinical Psychology includes well over 500 A-Z entries covering the main topics, key concepts, and influential figures in this field. Serves as a comprehensive reference with particular emphasis on the scientific basis of the field; philosophical and historical issues; cultural considerations; and conflicts and controversies Offers an historiographical overview, demonstrating how concepts have developed over time and the ways in which research influences practice Cites the best and most up-to-date scientific evidence for each topic and encourages readers to think critically when evaluating the validity of various scientific claims, theories, and techniques Available on Wiley Online Library with interactive cross-referencing links and powerful searching and browsing capabilities within the work, or as a five-volume print set
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Advances in Social and Organizational Psychology

A Tribute to Ralph Rosnow

Author: Donald A. Hantula

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1135600686

Category: Psychology

Page: 398

View: 2872

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This new volume is a collection of thought-provoking essays on the current state of social and organizational psychology. The topics range from data analysis and interpretation, to research ethics, to theoretical issues, to an examination of psychological epistemology and theory. The book is divided into three sections. The first section, focuses on Ralph Rosnow’s greatest contribution to psychology, advancing our knowledge of the methods and ethics of research. This section introduces refinements in research methodology, ethical issues in the conduct of psychological research, and the thorny problems of artifact in behavioral research. Four of the chapters in the next section cover topics in organizational psychology (consumer behavior, rumor in organizational contexts, decision making, and leadership) and three review social psychological topics (science and social issues, smiling, and human values). The final section is a collection of chapters on theory from three eminent scholars. This thought provoking finale raises epistemological questions for future generations to solve. The book is intended for graduate students and scholars in social, organizational, and consumer psychology, and related disciplines such as communication, management, marketing, management information systems, and sociology.
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Advances in Human Factors and Ergonomics 2012- 14 Volume Set

Proceedings of the 4th AHFE Conference 21-25 July 2012

Author: Gavriel Salvendy,Waldemar Karwowski

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0429621019

Category: Computers

Page: 8218

View: 2122

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With contributions from an international group of authors with diverse backgrounds, this set comprises all fourteen volumes of the proceedings of the 4th AHFE Conference 21-25 July 2012. The set presents the latest research on current issues in Human Factors and Ergonomics. It draws from an international panel that examines cross-cultural differences, design issues, usability, road and rail transportation, aviation, modeling and simulation, and healthcare.
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Handbook of Psychology, Research Methods in Psychology

Author: Irving B. Weiner,John A. Schinka,Wayne F. Velicer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471385134

Category: Psychology

Page: 711

View: 676

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This book provides a comprehensive overview of methods of data collection and analysis in psychological science. Chapter address basic considerations in research design-such as formulating hypothesis, selecting participant samples, identifying independent and dependent variables, and determining appropriate procedures-and alternative techniques for statistical treatment of data, such as categorical and factorial methods, path analysis and logistic regression, and meta-analysis.
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Advances in Psychology Research

Author: Alexandra M. Columbus

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781600215308

Category: Psychology

Page: 184

View: 7685

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Presents original research results on the leading edge of psychology research. This work features articles that has been selected in an attempt to present substantial research results across a broad spectrum.
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Advances in Psychology Research

Author: Serge P. Shohov

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781590337981

Category: Psychology

Page: 173

View: 2843

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This book presents original research results on the leading edge of psychology. Each chapter has been carefully selected in an attempt to present substantial advances across a broad spectrum. Contents: Preface; COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY -- Problem Focused Coping and Worry: the Mediating Role of Meta-Cognitions; General Trends and Individual Differences: Perspectives on Normal Speech Development; Automatic Processes in Face Recognition; Ideologies in Reasoning: The Influence of Social Group and Shared Values; Attentional Instructions can Modulate Repetition Priming from Single Words: Evidence for the Role of Mental Set in Word Perception; BEHAVIORAL PSYCHOLOGY -- From Necessity To Pleasure: Individual Differences in Instrumental and Stimulating Risk Attitudes; Toward an Understanding of the Sources of Influence on Male and Female Executive Decision-Making Under Risk and Uncertainty: Individual, Group and Organisational-Level Factors; Agreement Errors and Object Attraction; BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY -- A New Approach to the Multivariate Genetic Analysis of the Consistency and Variability of the Big Five; EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGY -- Darwinian Support for Single-Participant Designs; Index.
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