Adaptive Capacity and Environmental Governance

Adaptive Capacity and Environmental Governance

This unique volume offers the first interdisciplinary and integrative perspective on an emerging area of applied scholarship, with contributions from internationally recognized researchers and practitioners.

Author: Derek Armitage

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642121942

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 307

View: 128

Rapid environmental change calls for individuals and societies with an ability to transform our interactions with each other and the ecosystems upon which we depend. Adaptive capacity - the ability of a social-ecological system (or the components of that system) to be robust to disturbances and capable of responding to changes - is increasingly recognized as a critical attribute of multi-level environmental governance. This unique volume offers the first interdisciplinary and integrative perspective on an emerging area of applied scholarship, with contributions from internationally recognized researchers and practitioners. It demonstrates how adaptive capacity makes environmental governance possible in complex social-ecological systems. Cutting-edge theoretical developments are explored and empirical case studies offered from a wide range of geographic settings and natural resource contexts, such as water, climate, fisheries and forestry. • Of interest to researchers, policymakers and resource managers seeking to navigate and understand social-ecological change in diverse geographic settings and resource contexts
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Global Warming Environmental Governance and Sustainability Issues

Global Warming  Environmental Governance and Sustainability Issues

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) defined vulnerability as
a function of exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity [5]. The fifth assessment
report focused on socio-economic aspects and prioritizing adaptation ...

Author: Will McConnell

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783039432127

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 144

View: 939

One of the most significant of the many challenges we face is how to sustain the production of food for a growing population without compromising the health of our planet. This book addresses the growing challenges of the interrelated issues of food security, social stability, and the increasing scarcity of the planet’s resources to propose sophisticated modeling innovations leading to practical approaches and solutions to multiple facets of these challenges.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

On Environmental Governance

On Environmental Governance

Enhancing Adaptive Capacity Anticipatory responses are designed to prevent the
occurrence of environmental problems or at least to limit their impacts. Whatever
the effectiveness of such responses, however, it makes sense under the ...

Author: Oran R Young

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317255246

Category: Political Science

Page: 210

View: 549

In On Environmental Governance, Oran R. Young examines a variety of efforts to meet the challenge of governing human interaction with the environment in the interest of sustainability. At the same time, he considers measures to minimize restrictions on human actors in using their natural resources. Young looks at issues including climate change, biodiversity, deforestation, greenhouse gas emissions, and carbon cycle disruption in exploring impacts from the local to the global. The book draws on general ideas about the nature of governance while exploring new models for governing human-environment relations.
Categories: Political Science

Improving Global Environmental Governance

Improving Global Environmental Governance

Adaptive capacity is largely based upon the epistemic legitimacy of governance
arrangements and their ability to both refine understandings about the problem
and communicate this from experts to other decision-makers (Pahl-Wostl 2009).

Author: Norichika Kanie

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135069346

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 280

View: 498

The experience of environmental governance is approached in Improving Global Environmental Governance from the unique perspective of actor configuration and embedded networks of actors, which are areas of emerging importance. The chapters look at existing Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs) and the broader constellation of partially networked institutions to better understand the involvement of individual actors and how to deepen the networks that include them to generate more effective governance. The book covers a wide range of issued pertaining to environmental governance including trans-boundary air pollution, marine pollution, biodiversity and ozone depletion. It also examines partnerships as a hybrid case of emerging modes of environmental governance. These partnerships are a recent form of actor configuration that warrant attention for dealing with global environmental threats in order to better understand the full potential of actor configurations in the absence of state involvement. In order to test applicability to on-going but stalled processes, the book applies the approach to one of the most difficult issues we face: climate change. By addressing key questions in this important area, the book provides new perspectives in the nexus between agency and architecture in environmental governance in the twenty-first century.
Categories: Business & Economics

How to Deal with Climate Change

How to Deal with Climate Change

This book aims at addressing this fundamental gap, using as case examples the basins of the Po River in Northern Italy and the Syr Darya River in Kyrgyzstan.

Author: Beatrice Mosello

Publisher:

ISBN: 3319153900

Category:

Page:

View: 162

As the evidence for human-induced climate change becomes more obvious, so too does the realisation that it will harshly impact on the natural environment as well as on socio-economic systems. Addressing the unpredictability of multiple sources of global change makes the capacity of governance systems to deal with uncertainty and surprise essential. However, how all these complex processes act in concert and under which conditions they lead to the sustainable governance of environmental resources are questions that have remained relatively unanswered. This book aims at addressing this fundamental gap, using as case examples the basins of the Po River in Northern Italy and the Syr Darya River in Kyrgyzstan. The opening chapter addresses the challenges of governing water in times of climate and other changes. Chapter Two reviews water governance through history and science. The third chapter outlines a conceptual framework for studying institutional adaptive capacity. The next two chapters offer detailed case studies of the Po and Syr Darya rivers, followed by a chapter-length analysis and comparison of adaptive water resources management in the two regions. The discussion includes a description of resistant, reactive and proactive institutions and puts forward ideas on how water governance regimes can transition from resistant to proactive. The final chapter takes a high-level view of lessons learned and how to transform these into policy recommendations and offers a perspective on embracing uncertainty and meeting future challenges.
Categories:

Resilience in Social Ecological Systems

Resilience in Social Ecological Systems

Environmental Education Research 16, nos. 5–6: 475– 91. ... In Adaptive co-
management: Collaboration, learning and multi-level governance, ed. D.
Armitage, F. ... In Adaptive capacity and environmental governance, ed. D.
Armitage and R.

Author: Marianne E. Krasny

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317966524

Category: Education

Page: 224

View: 981

Resilience thinking challenges us to reconsider the meaning of sustainability in a world that must constantly adapt in the face of gradual and at times catastrophic change. This volume further asks environmental education and resource management scholars to consider the relationship of environmental learning and behaviours to attributes of resilient social-ecological systems - attributes such as ecosystem services, innovative governance structures, biological and cultural diversity, and social capital. Similar to current approaches to environmental education and education for sustainable development, resilience scholarship integrates social and ecological perspectives. The authors of Resilience in social-ecological systems: the role of learning and education present a wealth of perspectives, integrating theory with reviews of empirical studies in natural resource management, and in youth, adult, and higher education. The authors explore the role of education and learning in helping social-ecological systems as they respond to change, through adaptation and transformation. This book also serves to integrate a growing literature on resilience and social learning in natural resources management, with research in environmental education and education for sustainable development. This book was originally published as a special issue of Environmental Education Research.
Categories: Education

Social Ecological Resilience and Law

Social Ecological Resilience and Law

Beyond Environmental Law: Policy Proposals for a Better Environmental Future.
Cambridge: Cambridge ... “Sociobiology and Adaptive Capacity: Evolving
Adaptive Strategies to Build Environmental Governance.” In Adaptive Capacity
and ...

Author: Ahjond S. Garmestani

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231536356

Category: Nature

Page: 384

View: 485

Environmental law envisions ecological systems as existing in an equilibrium state, reinforcing a rigid legal framework unable to absorb rapid environmental changes and innovations in sustainability. For the past four decades, "resilience theory," which embraces uncertainty and nonlinear dynamics in complex adaptive systems, has provided a robust, invaluable foundation for sound environmental management. Reforming American law to incorporate this knowledge is the key to sustainability. This volume features top legal and resilience scholars speaking on resilience theory and its legal applications to climate change, biodiversity, national parks, and water law.
Categories: Nature

Essential Concepts of Global Environmental Governance

Essential Concepts of Global Environmental Governance

In 2015, the Paris Agreement established the “global goal on adaptation of
enhancing adaptive capacity, strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability
to climate change,” and recognized the “importance of support for and
international ...

Author: Jean-Frederic Morin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000172058

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 310

View: 777

Aligning global governance to the challenges of sustainability is one of the most urgent international issues to be addressed. This book is a timely and up-to-date compilation of the main pieces of the global environmental governance puzzle. Essential Concepts of Global Environmental Governance synthesizes writing from an internationally diverse range of well-known experts. Each entry defines a central concept in global environmental governance, presents its historical evolution and related debates, and includes key bibliographical references. This new edition takes stock of several recent developments in global environmental politics including the 2015 Paris Agreement on Climate Change, the UN Global Pact for the Environment attempt in 2017, and the 2018 Oceans Plastics Charter. More precisely, this book: offers cutting-edge analysis of the state of global environmental governance; presents an up-to-date debate on sustainable development at the global level; gives an in-depth exploration of current architecture of global environmental governance; examines the interaction between environmental politics and other policy fields such as trade, development, and security; provides a critical review of the recent global environmental governance literature. Innovative thinking and high-profile expertise come together to create a volume that is accessible to students, scholars, and practitioners alike.
Categories: Business & Economics

Climate Change and Water Governance

Climate Change and Water Governance

The book presents detailed case studies examining the Rhône Basin in the Canton Valais, Switzerland and the Aconcagua Basin in Valparaiso, Chile.

Author: Margot Hill

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400757967

Category: Science

Page: 348

View: 859

The book presents detailed case studies examining the Rhône Basin in the Canton Valais, Switzerland and the Aconcagua Basin in Valparaiso, Chile. In order to understand and assess the interplay of complex and interlinked environmental and socio-economic issues, the author looks beyond the technology, modelling, engineering and infrastructure associated with water resources management and climate change adaptation, to assess the decision-making environment within which water and adaptation policy and practices are devised and executed.
Categories: Science

The Governance of Climate Change Adaptation in Developing Countries The Case of National Disaster Management in Bangladesh and Pakistan in Comparative Perspective

The Governance of Climate Change Adaptation in Developing Countries  The Case of National Disaster Management in Bangladesh and Pakistan in Comparative Perspective

Applying learning theory to social-ecological governance systems implies the
difficulties described in advance. ... context of adaptation relates to a system's
ability to adapt to a changing environment, which is referred to as adaptive
capacity in ...

Author: Tina Peissker

Publisher: Anchor Academic Publishing (aap_verlag)

ISBN: 9783954890491

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 112

View: 552

The prospect of the adverse effects that global climate change will have on human societies, opened up a discourse about the way adaptation should be managed. In order to finance adaptation measures in the most severe affected countries, the parties of the Kyoto Protocol established the Adaptation Fund in 2007. In view of the limited resources that are available for adaptation, scales for the prioritization of countries that are based on their suspected vulnerability, have been developed in literature. But so far, indicators of vulnerability reflect only the general indicators of human development, and therefore, fail to capture the complex structures of vulnerability. In order to capture the mentioned complexity in a more satisfactory way, this book highlights the theory of collective learning. The collective learning approach assumes that vulnerability can be significantly decreased when governance systems adapt to external changes through collective learning processes. This study connects to this notion, and therefore, it assesses the influence of collective learning processes on the vulnerability of the Bangladeshi and Pakistani society towards flood hazards. This determinant of vulnerability is used to capture the matter's complexity.
Categories: Business & Economics

Mainstreaming Gender in Environmental Assessment and Early Warning

Mainstreaming Gender in Environmental Assessment and Early Warning

A key factor in assessing the differential impact of environmental change and
disaster is monitoring the gendered nature of ... there is not yet a concerted effort
to collect community well - being , adaptive capacity and environmental
governance.

Author:

Publisher: UNEP/Earthprint

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 90

View: 301

The purpose of this publication is to help ensure that gender perspectives are taken into account is all aspects of the work agenda and programmes of the Early Warning and Assessment Division of the United Nations Environment Programme. The report summarises current definitions and best practice in gender mainstreaming in international institutions; and reviews four areas of gendered environmental research activities relating to water, poverty, security and conflict, and vulnerability to disasters.
Categories:

Social Dimensions of Climate Change

Social Dimensions of Climate Change

Here the focus is on linking local asset-based adaptation with good local
development and environmental governance. Increased funding flows for
adaptation will not achieve much unless local governments have the capacity to
use the ...

Author: Robin Mearns

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821381423

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 344

View: 510

While major strides have been made in the scientific understanding of climate change, much less understood is how these dynamics in the physical enviornment interact with socioeconomic systems. This book brings together the latest knowledge on the consequences of climate change for society and how best to address them.
Categories: Business & Economics

Long Term Socio Ecological Research

Long Term Socio Ecological Research

... Coupled Human-Environment Interactions; (ii) Sustainability Science, Social-
Ecological Adaptive Capacity, and Vulnerability; (iii) Land-Use and Land-Cover
Change (LUCC) and Land Change Science (LCS); (iv) Environmental
Governance ...

Author: Simron Jit Singh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400711778

Category: Science

Page: 590

View: 116

The authors in this volume make a case for LTSER’s potential in providing insights, knowledge and experience necessary for a sustainability transition. This expertly edited selection of contributions from Europe and North America reviews the development of LTSER since its inception and assesses its current state, which has evolved to recognize the value of formulating solutions to the host of ecological threats we face. Through many case studies, this book gives the reader a greater sense of where we are and what still needs to be done to engage in and make meaning from long-term, place-based and cross-disciplinary engagements with socio-ecological systems.
Categories: Science

Practical Panarchy for Adaptive Water Governance

Practical Panarchy for Adaptive Water Governance

This book presents the results of an interdisciplinary project that examined how law, policy and ecological dynamics influence the governance of regional scale water based social-ecological systems in the United States and Australia.

Author: Barbara Cosens

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319724720

Category: Law

Page: 322

View: 257

This book presents the results of an interdisciplinary project that examined how law, policy and ecological dynamics influence the governance of regional scale water based social-ecological systems in the United States and Australia. The volume explores the obstacles and opportunities for governance that is capable of management, adaptation, and transformation in these regional social-ecological systems as they respond to accelerating environmental change. With the onset of the Anthropocene, global and regional changes in biophysical inputs to these systems will challenge their capacity to respond while maintaining functions of water supply, flood control, hydropower production, water quality, and biodiversity. Governance lies at the heart of the capacity of these systems to meet these challenges. Assessment of water basins in the United States and Australia indicates that state-centric governance of these complex and dynamic social-environmental systems is evolving to a more complex, diverse, and complex array public and private arrangements. In this process, three challenges emerge for water governance to become adaptive to environmental change. First, is the need for legal reform to remove barriers to adaptive governance by authorizing government agencies to prepare for windows of opportunity through adaptive planning, and to institutionalize the results of innovative solutions that arise once a window opens. Second, is the need for legal reform to give government agencies the authority to facilitate and participate in adaptive management and governance. This must be accompanied by parallel legal reform to assure that engagement of private and economic actors and the increase in governmental flexibility does not destabilize basin economies or come at the expense of legitimacy, accountability, equity, and justice. Third, development of means to continually assess thresholds and resilience of social-ecological systems and the adaptive capacity of their current governance to structure actions at multiple scales. The massive investment in water infrastructure on the river basins studied has improved the agricultural, urban and economic sectors, largely at the cost of other social and environmental values. Today the infrastructure is aging and in need of substantial investment for those benefits to continue and adapt to ongoing environmental changes. The renewal of institutions and heavily engineered water systems also presents the opportunity to modernize these systems to address inequity and align with the values and objectives of the 21st century. Creative approaches are needed to transform and modernize water governance that increases the capacity of these water-based social-ecological systems to innovate, adapt, and learn, will provide the tools needed to navigate an uncertain future.
Categories: Law

Conflict Negotiations and Natural Resource Management

Conflict  Negotiations and Natural Resource Management

2 The lease was given to the leader (bahania) because in the judgement of the
government there were no institutions at the ... Armitage, D. and R. Plummer (eds
) (2010) Adaptive Capacity and Environmental Governance, Berlin Heidelberg: ...

Author: Maarten Bavinck

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135048983

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 200

View: 734

Conflicts over natural resources abound in India, where much of the population is dependent on these resources for their livelihoods. Issues of governance and management are complicated by the competing claims of parallel legal systems, including state, customary, religious, project and local laws. Whereas much has been written about property rights, this unique collection takes a legal anthropological perspective to explore how the coexistence and interaction between multiple legal orders provide bases for claiming property rights. It examines how hybrid legal institutions have developed over time in India and how these impact on justice in the governance and distribution of natural resources. The book brings together original case studies that offer fresh perspectives on the governance of forests, water, fisheries and agricultural land in a diverse range of social and spatial contexts. This brand new research provides a timely and persuasive overview of the fundamental role of parallel legal systems in shaping how people manage natural resources. It will be of interest to scholars and practitioners of environmental law, property law, environmental politics, anthropology, sociology and geography.
Categories: Business & Economics

Adaptive Co Management

Adaptive Co Management

This book provides a comprehensive synthesis of the core concepts, strategies, and tools in this emerging field, informed by a diverse group of researchers and practitioners with over two decades of experience.

Author: Derek Armitage

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 9780774859721

Category: Nature

Page: 360

View: 923

In Canada and around the world, new concerns with adaptive processes, feedback learning, and flexible partnerships are reshaping environmental governance. Meanwhile, ideas about collaboration and learning are converging around the idea of adaptive co-management. This book provides a comprehensive synthesis of the core concepts, strategies, and tools in this emerging field, informed by a diverse group of researchers and practitioners with over two decades of experience. It also offers a diverse set of case studies that reveal the challenges and implications of adaptive co-management thinking.
Categories: Nature

The Changing Governance of Renewable Natural Resources in Northwest Russia

The Changing Governance of Renewable Natural Resources in Northwest Russia

Such changes could be expected to have the earliest effect on those parts of
communities who are most directly dependent on the environment. The concepts
of vulnerability and adaptive capacity have been used in research on both
hazards ...

Author: Soili Nystén-Haarala

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 0754675319

Category: Science

Page: 265

View: 994

This multidisciplinary book examines how local communities and enterprises adjust to transition and institutional changes in Northwest Russia. It includes a unique and important analysis of the law and legal institutions, focusing on how those involved with the law use or abuse it. The book demonstrates innovative ways of adjusting to change, combining old and new, local and global and providing a holistic view of the Russian economy and a society in transition.
Categories: Science

Community Readiness for Environmental Change

Community Readiness for Environmental Change

A multilevel model of community capacity for sustainable watershed
management . Society and Natural Resources : An ... Integrating perspectives on
adaptive capacity and environmental governance . In R. Plummer & D. Armitage (
Eds . ) ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951D033048482

Category: Natural resources, Communal

Page: 22

View: 622

Categories: Natural resources, Communal

The Governance of Energy in China

The Governance of Energy in China

Engle, N.L.(2011) 'Adaptive capacity anditsassessment', Global Environmental
Change,21, 647–656. FACTS (2011) ANewEra for Natural Gas in China Toward
2030 –From SelfSufficiency to Import Dependence (FACTS GlobalEnergy).
Faiers ...

Author: P. Andrews-Speed

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137284037

Category: Social Science

Page: 259

View: 879

The way in which energy is governed in China is driving its rising level of carbon dioxide emissions. This book analyses the nature of energy governance in China by combining ideas relating to transition management with institutionalist theories, which helps to identify factors which assist or constrain the country's path to a low-carbon economy.
Categories: Social Science

Developing Adaptation Policy and Practice in Europe Multi level Governance of Climate Change

Developing Adaptation Policy and Practice in Europe  Multi level Governance of Climate Change

Adaptive. Capacity. and. Adaptation. Measures. in. European. Countries. E.
Carina H. Keskitalo Abstract This volume has ... the institutionalization of
environmental policy, and the occurrence of focusing events across multi-level
governance ...

Author: E. Carina H. Keskitalo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9048193257

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 413

Mitigation will not be sufficient for us to avoid climate change and we will need to adapt to its consequences. This book targets the development of adaptation policy in European countries with different relations between central and regional/local government.
Categories: Science