Actual Innocence

Five Days to Execution and Other Dispatches from the Wrongly Convicted

Author: Jim Dwyer,Professor Peter Neufeld,Peter J. Neufeld,Barry Scheck

Publisher: Doubleday Books

ISBN: 9780385493413

Category: Law

Page: 297

View: 4696

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Ten true tales of people falsely accused detail the flaws in the criminal justice system that landed these people in prison
Release

Current Controversies in the Biological Sciences

Case Studies of Policy Challenges from New Technologies

Author: Karen F. Greif,Jon F. Merz

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262262940

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 4579

DOWNLOAD NOW »

In recent years, advances in biological science and technology have outpaced policymakers' attempts to deal with them. Current Controversies in the Biological Sciences examines the ways in which the federal government uses scientific information in reaching policy decisions, providing case studies of the interactions between science and government on different biomedical, biological, and environmental issues. These case studies document a broad range of complex issues in science policy—from the Human Genome Project to tobacco regulation—and provide an accessible overview of both the science behind the issues and the policy-making process. The cases illustrate the different ways in which science and politics intersect in policy decisions, as well as the different forms policy itself may take—including not only regulatory action but the lack of regulation. Among the topics examined are public and private research funding, as seen in gene patenting; reluctance to regulate even when a product has been proven unhealthy, as in the case of tobacco; a comparison of U.S. and international policy responses to genetically modified organisms; and the competing interests at play in air pollution policy. Each chapter includes shorter side essays on related topics (for example, essays on issues raised by the SARS epidemic accompany the detailed case study of the public health response to the anthrax-laced mail received in the weeks after 9/11). This clear and readable introduction to controversial issues in the biological sciences will be a valuable resource for students of science policy and bioethics and for professionals in industry, government, and nongovernmental organizations who need background on emerging issues in the biological sciences.
Release

Murder and the Reasonable Man

Passion and Fear in the Criminal Courtroom

Author: Cynthia Lee

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814765149

Category: Law

Page: 371

View: 8957

DOWNLOAD NOW »

A man murders his wife after she has admitted her infidelity; another man kills an openly gay teammate after receiving a massage; a third man, white, goes for a jog in a “bad” neighborhood, carrying a pistol, and shoots an African American teenager who had his hands in his pockets. When brought before the criminal justice system, all three men argue that they should be found “not guilty”; the first two use the defense of provocation, while the third argues he used his gun in self-defense. Drawing upon these and similar cases, Cynthia Lee shows how two well-established, traditional criminal law defenses—the doctrines of provocation and self-defense—enable majority-culture defendants to justify their acts of violence. While the reasonableness requirement, inherent in both defenses, is designed to allow community input and provide greater flexibility in legal decision-making, the requirement also allows majority-culture defendants to rely on dominant social norms, such as masculinity, heterosexuality, and race (i.e., racial stereotypes), to bolster their claims of reasonableness. At the same time, Lee examines other cases that demonstrate that the reasonableness requirement tends to exclude the perspectives of minorities, such as heterosexual women, gays and lesbians, and persons of color. Murder and the Reasonable Man not only shows how largely invisible social norms and beliefs influence the outcomes of certain criminal cases, but goes further, suggesting three tentative legal reforms to address problems of bias and undue leniency. Ultimately, Lee cautions that the true solution lies in a change in social attitudes.
Release

Research Methods in Forensic Psychology

Author: Barry Rosenfeld,Steven D. Penrod

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470933402

Category: Psychology

Page: 552

View: 8833

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The only professional resource to focus exclusively on research methods in forensic psychology With specific advice on topics of particular importance to forensic specialists, Research Methods in Forensic Psychology presents state-of-the-discipline summaries of the issues that relate to psychology and law research. Edited by renowned experts in the field, this resource features contributions by leading scholars in forensic psychology and law, with discussion of relevant topics such as: Meta-analysis Jury decision making Internet-based data collection Legal research techniques for the social scientist Offender treatment Competence to stand trial Criminal profiling False confessions and interrogations Trial-related psycho-legal issues Accuracy of eyewitnesses and children Violence risk assessment This comprehensive guide is designed for a wide range of scholars and legal professionals, presenting a succinct overview of the field of psychology and law as viewed by some of the world's foremost experts.
Release

Epistemic Paternalism

A Defence

Author: Kristoffer Ahlstrom-Vij

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113731317X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 194

View: 4489

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Any attempt to help us reason in more accurate ways faces a problem: While we acknowledge that others stand to benefit from intellectual advice, each and every one of us tends to consider ourselves an exception, on account of overconfidence. The solution? Accept a form of epistemic paternalism.
Release

Controversies in Innocence Cases in America

Author: Sarah Lucy Cooper

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317160029

Category: Law

Page: 246

View: 7695

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Controversies in Innocence Cases in America brings together leading experts on the investigation, litigation, and scholarly analysis of innocence cases in America, from legal, political and ethical perspectives. The contributors, many of whom work on these cases daily, investigate contemporary issues presented by innocence cases and the exoneration movement as a whole. These issues include the challenges faced by the movement, causes of wrongful convictions, problems associated with investigating, proving, and defining 'innocence', and theories of reform. Each issue is placed within a multi-disciplinary perspective to provide cogent observations and recommendations for the effective handling of these cases, and for what changes should be adopted in order to improve the American criminal justice system when it is faced with its most harrowing sight: an innocent defendant.
Release

Newsmakers

Author: Gale Group

Publisher: Newsmakers

ISBN: 9780787630706

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 728

View: 6132

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Release

Social Problems

Author: Kurt Finsterbusch

Publisher: McGraw-Hill/Dushkin

ISBN: 9780073516097

Category: Social Science

Page: 207

View: 9389

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This thirty-fourth edition of ANNUAL EDITIONS: SOCIAL PROBLEMS provides convenient, inexpensive access to current articles selected from the best of the public press. Organizational features include: an annotated listing of selected World Wide Web sites; an annotated table of contents; a topic guide; a general introduction; brief overviews for each section; a topical index; and an instructor’s resource guide with testing materials. USING ANNUAL EDITIONS IN THE CLASSROOM is offered as a practical guide for instructors. ANNUAL EDITIONS titles are supported by our student website, www.dushkin.com/online.
Release

Annual Editions

Social Problems 04/05

Author: Kurt Finsterbusch

Publisher: McGraw-Hill/Dushkin

ISBN: 9780072917291

Category: Social Science

Page: 235

View: 1066

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This thirty-second edition of Annual Editions: Social Problems is a collection of articles from the best of the public press. The articles include the following issues: parental and family issues; crime, terrorism and violence; health and health care issues; poverty and inequality; cultural pluralism and affirmative action; cities, urban growth and the quality of life; and global issues. The articles come from sources such as Fortune, Modern Maturity, The Economist and The Nation. This title is supported by the student website, Dushkin Online.(http://www.dushkin.com/online)
Release

Social Problems 07/08

Author: Kurt Finsterbusch

Publisher: McGraw-Hill/Dushkin

ISBN: 9780073397344

Category: Social Science

Page: 223

View: 568

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This Thirty-Fifth Edition of ANNUAL EDITIONS: SOCIAL PROBLEMS provides convenient, inexpensive access to current articles selected from the best of the public press. Organizational features include: an annotated listing of selected World Wide Web sites; an annotated table of contents; a topic guide; a general introduction; brief overviews for each section; a topical index; and an instructor’s resource guide with testing materials. USING ANNUAL EDITIONS IN THE CLASSROOM is offered as a practical guide for instructors. ANNUAL EDITIONS titles are supported by our student website, www.mhcls.com/online.
Release