Actual Innocence

Five Days to Execution and Other Dispatches from the Wrongly Convicted

Author: Jim Dwyer,Peter J. Neufeld,Barry Scheck

Publisher: Random House LLC

ISBN: 9780385493413

Category: Law

Page: 297

View: 8008

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Ten true tales of people falsely accused detail the flaws in the criminal justice system that landed these people in prison
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Murder and the Reasonable Man

Passion and Fear in the Criminal Courtroom

Author: Cynthia Lee

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814765149

Category: Law

Page: 371

View: 4036

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A man murders his wife after she has admitted her infidelity; another man kills an openly gay teammate after receiving a massage; a third man, white, goes for a jog in a “bad” neighborhood, carrying a pistol, and shoots an African American teenager who had his hands in his pockets. When brought before the criminal justice system, all three men argue that they should be found “not guilty”; the first two use the defense of provocation, while the third argues he used his gun in self-defense. Drawing upon these and similar cases, Cynthia Lee shows how two well-established, traditional criminal law defenses—the doctrines of provocation and self-defense—enable majority-culture defendants to justify their acts of violence. While the reasonableness requirement, inherent in both defenses, is designed to allow community input and provide greater flexibility in legal decision-making, the requirement also allows majority-culture defendants to rely on dominant social norms, such as masculinity, heterosexuality, and race (i.e., racial stereotypes), to bolster their claims of reasonableness. At the same time, Lee examines other cases that demonstrate that the reasonableness requirement tends to exclude the perspectives of minorities, such as heterosexual women, gays and lesbians, and persons of color. Murder and the Reasonable Man not only shows how largely invisible social norms and beliefs influence the outcomes of certain criminal cases, but goes further, suggesting three tentative legal reforms to address problems of bias and undue leniency. Ultimately, Lee cautions that the true solution lies in a change in social attitudes.
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Social Problems

Author: Kurt Finsterbusch

Publisher: Dushkin Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780073516097

Category: Social Science

Page: 207

View: 6018

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This thirty-fourth edition of ANNUAL EDITIONS: SOCIAL PROBLEMS provides convenient, inexpensive access to current articles selected from the best of the public press. Organizational features include: an annotated listing of selected World Wide Web sites; an annotated table of contents; a topic guide; a general introduction; brief overviews for each section; a topical index; and an instructor’s resource guide with testing materials. USING ANNUAL EDITIONS IN THE CLASSROOM is offered as a practical guide for instructors. ANNUAL EDITIONS titles are supported by our student website, www.dushkin.com/online.
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Annual Editions

Social Problems 04/05

Author: Kurt Finsterbusch

Publisher: McGraw-Hill/Dushkin

ISBN: 9780072917291

Category: Social Science

Page: 235

View: 6545

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This thirty-second edition of Annual Editions: Social Problems is a collection of articles from the best of the public press. The articles include the following issues: parental and family issues; crime, terrorism and violence; health and health care issues; poverty and inequality; cultural pluralism and affirmative action; cities, urban growth and the quality of life; and global issues. The articles come from sources such as Fortune, Modern Maturity, The Economist and The Nation. This title is supported by the student website, Dushkin Online.(http://www.dushkin.com/online)
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Newsmakers

Author: Gale Group

Publisher: Gale Cengage

ISBN: 9780787630706

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 728

View: 9148

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Epistemic Paternalism

A Defence

Author: Kristoffer Ahlstrom-Vij

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113731317X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 194

View: 6658

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Any attempt to help us reason in more accurate ways faces a problem: While we acknowledge that others stand to benefit from intellectual advice, each and every one of us tends to consider ourselves an exception, on account of overconfidence. The solution? Accept a form of epistemic paternalism.
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Current controversies in the biological sciences

case studies of policy challenges from new technologies

Author: Karen Faye Greif,Jon Frederick Merz

Publisher: The MIT Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 385

View: 6477

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In recent years, advances in biological science and technology have outpaced policymakers’ attempts to deal with them. Current Controversies in the Biological Sciences examines the ways in which the federal government uses scientific information in reaching policy decisions, providing case studies of the interactions between science and government on different biomedical, biological, and environmental issues. These case studies document a broad range of complex issues in science policy—from the Human Genome Project to tobacco regulation—and provide an accessible overview of both the science behind the issues and the policy-making process. The cases illustrate the different ways in which science and politics intersect in policy decisions, as well as the different forms policy itself may take—including not only regulatory action but the lack of regulation. Among the topics examined are public and private research funding, as seen in gene patenting; reluctance to regulate even when a product has been proven unhealthy, as in the case of tobacco; a comparison of U.S. and international policy responses to genetically modified organisms; and the competing interests at play in air pollution policy. Each chapter includes shorter side essays on related topics (for example, essays on issues raised by the SARS epidemic accompany the detailed case study of the public health response to the anthrax-laced mail received in the weeks after 9/11). This clear and readable introduction to controversial issues in the biological sciences will be a valuable resource for students of science policy and bioethics and for professionals in industry, government, and nongovernmental organizations who need background on emerging issues in the biological sciences.
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