Activity Anorexia

Activity Anorexia

This volume provides researchers and clinicians with an insight into recent developments in activity anorexia.

Author: W. Frank Epling

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781134794508

Category: Psychology

Page: 252

View: 806

This volume provides researchers and clinicians with an insight into recent developments in activity anorexia. Much of the basic information on the topic has come from animal literature; the theory of activity anorexia is built on an animal model of self-starvation (rats placed on a single daily feeding run more and more, over days stop eating, and die of starvation). Additionally, experiments that for ethical or practical reasons could not be done with humans may be conducted with other animals. The animal research is extending the understanding of biologically-based reward mechanisms that regulate eating and exercise, environment-behavior interactions that affect anorexia, and the biochemical changes that accompany physical activity and starvation. Increasingly, however, the impact of physical activity on human anorexia is being directly investigated--eight out of fourteen research chapters in this volume are based on human research. Some researchers are interested in the impact of hyperactivity and caloric restriction on human reproductive function. Other authors are investigating physically active subgroups of people considered to be at risk for anorexia. Finally, several clinician/researchers suggest how physical activity and extreme dieting interact for anorexia nervosa patients. Chapter authors were asked to present their views independent of the editors' argument that, when it is present, physical activity is central to anorexia. Many of the contributors disagree with the editors about the details of activity anorexia. A few suggest that excessive physical activity is either incidental to, or an epiphenomenon of, anorexia. Most authors are, however, in accord with the view that physical activity reduces food consumption which further drives up activity that results in even less caloric intake. No matter what their perspective, all contributors agree that hyperactivity frequently accompanies self-starvation in humans and other animals. The end result is a lively book that provides a source of ideas for both researchers and practitioners.
Categories: Psychology

Neurobiology in the Treatment of Eating Disorders

Neurobiology in the Treatment of Eating Disorders

appropriate to see the anorexia nervosa patient as someone who is particularly ... Perhaps because of this putative relationship , activity anorexia in rats ...

Author: Hans Wijbrand Hoek

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471981028

Category: Medical

Page: 529

View: 243

This book describes the clinical heterogeneity and diagnosis of eating disorders. It presents advances in neurobiological research and also discusses treatments. The aim is to make accessible to clinicians the recent advances in the neurosciences and suggest how to incorporate the data in a treatment setting. The authors have also presented their concepts and ideas on the future directions in this area. The book is to be published in time for a large eating disorders meeting in New York, April 1998.
Categories: Medical

Animal Models in Psychiatry I

Animal Models in Psychiatry  I

anorexic patients are hyperactive and show high levels of brain opiates. ... Extending Activity Anorexia to Humans The behavioral and biological ...

Author: Alan A. Boulton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780896031982

Category: Medical

Page: 411

View: 957

The two Animal Models in Psychiatry volumes are loosely organized by subject. The first volume contains a number of chapters concerned with schizophrenia, psyc- ses, neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesias, and other d- orders that may involve dopamine, such as attention deficit disorder and mania. The second volume deals with affective and anxiety disorders, but also includes chapters on subjects not easily classified as either psychotic, or affective, or an- ety-related, such as aggression, mental retardation, and memory disorders. Four chapters on animal models of schizophrenia or psychoses are included in the present v- ume because of the importance of these disorders in p- chiatry. Likewise, three chapters in the subsequent volume deal with depression. The first of the two volumes begins with an introd- tion by Paul Willner reviewing the criteria for assessing the validity of animal models in psychiatry. He has written - tensively on this subject, and his thorough description of the issues of various forms of validity provides a framework in which to evaluate the subsequent chapters. As will be seen, the remaining chapters in both volumes will refer frequently to these issues. The second chapter, by Melvin Lyon, describes a large number of different procedures that have been p- posed as potential animal models of schizophrenia. This is a departure from the usual format, consisting of detailed - scriptions of specific models.
Categories: Medical

Compulsive Exercise and the Eating Disorders

Compulsive Exercise and the Eating Disorders

Touyz , S. W. , Beumont , P. J. V. & Hook , S. ( 1987 ) , Exercise anorexia : A new dimension in anorexia nervosa ? In : Handbook of Eating Disorders ...

Author: Alayne Yates

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 087630630X

Category: Psychology

Page: 259

View: 125

In recent years, we have seen a tremendous increase in the number of people involved in exercise activity- and also a steady increase of individuals with eating disorders. Is there a common psychological and/or physiological link between these two activities? Are they different but related symptoms of a society in which success or happiness has been redefined as getting in shape and controlling calories? This groundbreaking volume provides the first in-depth study of the linkages between these two apparently disparate conditions. It focuses on the many similarities between eating disordered individuals and compulsive athletes and advances the provocative theory that both are part of the larger category- the activity disorder.
Categories: Psychology

Behavior Analysis and Learning

Behavior Analysis and Learning

anorexics learn to label their emotional states and behavior in accord with ... activity. and. anorexia. Clinical reports of anorexia nervosa have viewed ...

Author: W. David Pierce

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781135811280

Category: Psychology

Page: 448

View: 423

Behavior Analysis and Learning, Fourth Edition is an essential textbook covering the basic principles in the field of behavior analysis and learned behaviors, as pioneered by B. F. Skinner. The textbook provides an advanced introduction to operant conditioning from a very consistent Skinnerian perspective. It covers a range of principles from basic respondent conditioning through applied behavior analysis into cultural design. Elaborating on Darwinian components and biological connections with behavior, the book treats the topic from a consistent worldview of selectionism. The functional relations between the organism and the environment are described, and their application in accounting for old behavior and generating new behavior is illustrated. Expanding on concepts of past editions, the fourth edition provides updated coverage of recent literature and the latest findings. There is increased inclusion of biological and neuroscience material, as well as more data correlating behavior with neurological and genetic factors. The material presented in this book provides the reader with the best available foundation in behavior science and is a valuable resource for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in psychology or other behavior-based disciplines. In addition, a website of supplemental resources for instructors and students makes this new edition even more accessible and student-friendly.
Categories: Psychology

Compulsive Exercise And The Eating Disorders

Compulsive Exercise And The Eating Disorders

The author examines the linkages and similarities between compulsive athletics and eating disorders, and proposes that they are different manifestations of a single condition: the activity disorder.

Author: Alayne Yates

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134853373

Category: Psychology

Page: 272

View: 452

Published in 1991, Compulsive Exercise And The Eating Disorders is a valuable contribution to the field of Psychiatry/Clinical Psychology.
Categories: Psychology

Doing Exercise Psychology

Doing Exercise Psychology

The harmful roles that exercise can play have been labeled as activity anorexia, overexercise, exercise addiction, excessive exercise, exercise dependence, ...

Author: Andersen, Mark B.

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 9781450431842

Category: Education

Page: 328

View: 132

Doing Exercise Psychology addresses psychological components of physical activity by providing readers with real client–practitioner relationships and interventions and subsequent analysis of their effectiveness. It is a vital resource for any professional whose clients may benefit from exercise.
Categories: Education

Solving the Anorexia Puzzle

Solving the Anorexia Puzzle

The person who begins an exercise program and who later adds dieting to increase ... time decides to diet , the probability of activity anorexia increases .

Author: W. Frank Epling

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015032908488

Category: Anorexia

Page: 229

View: 536

Categories: Anorexia

Becoming Anorexic

Becoming Anorexic

results she draws from her study (interviews with eight anorexics and one bulimic, ... This focus on activity is probably a paradoxical way of applying a ...

Author: Muriel Darmon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317175834

Category: Social Science

Page: 276

View: 387

Anorexia tends to be studied within health disciplines, such as medicine, psychoanalysis or psychology. When the condition is discussed in relation to society more broadly, focus is commonly restricted to considerations about the demise of the traditional family meal or the all-pervading obsession with thinness and media representations of ‘size zero’ models. But what can sociology tell us about anorexia and how a person becomes anorexic? This book draws on empirical research – both interviews and observation – conducted in and outside medical settings with anorexic girls, medical staff, teachers and other teenagers of the same age. As such, it offers the first fully sociological treatment of the condition, taking the reader closer to the actual experiences of people living with anorexia. It retraces the behaviours, practices and processes that create what is patterned as an anorexic ‘career’ and reveals the cultural and social characteristics of the people who engage on this path taking them from a simple diet to hospitalization or recovery. Richly illustrated with qualitative research, Becoming Anorexic: A Sociological Approach demonstrates that anorexia can be viewed as a very particular work of self-transformation, which requires specific – and social – ‘dispositions’. As such, it will appeal to scholars of sociology and anthropology with an interest in health and illness, the body, social class and gender.
Categories: Social Science

Nutrition and Fitness

Nutrition and Fitness

Bouten, C.; Van Marken Lichtenbelt, W.; Westerterp, K. Body Mass Index and daily physical activity in Anorexia Nervosa. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc.

Author: Riccardo Dalle Grave

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783039431120

Category: Medical

Page: 138

View: 658

Mens sana in corpore sano (a healthy mind in a healthy body) is a Latin phrase taken from Giovenale (Satire, X, 356) that remains relevant and is supported by today’s data regarding genetics and nutrition, and their contribution to mental health. The purpose of this Special Issue on “Nutrition and Fitness: Mental Health” is to provide an update on the latest evidence regarding the association between nutrition, physical activity (and inactivity) and physical fitness, and the mental health of children, adolescents, and adults. Particularly, papers (reviews and clinical or experimental studies) dealing with the association between nutrition, physical fitness, and mental health both in general and with regard to specific mental disorders, and nutrients and physical activity as agents for prevention, treatment, or augmentation of treatment for mental disorders, will be included.
Categories: Medical

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Library of Congress Subject Headings

... artists ) Activities , Student USE Student activities Activity accounting USE Activity - based costing Activity anorexia USE Exercise addiction Activity ...

Author: Library of Congress

Publisher:

ISBN: OSU:32435067538223

Category: Subject headings, Library of Congress

Page:

View: 927

Categories: Subject headings, Library of Congress

Cognitive Neuroscience and Psychotherapy

Cognitive Neuroscience and Psychotherapy

Activity Anorexia Pierce and Epling (1994) and Epling and Pierce (1996) identified condi- tions that can induce male rats to quit eating and exercise ...

Author: Warren Tryon

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780124200982

Category: Psychology

Page: 692

View: 930

Cognitive Neuroscience and Psychotherapy provides a bionetwork theory unifying empirical evidence in cognitive neuroscience and psychopathology to explain how emotion, learning, and reinforcement affect personality and its extremes. The book uses the theory to explain research results in both disciplines and to predict future findings, as well as to suggest what the theory and evidence say about how we should be treating disorders for maximum effectiveness. While theoretical in nature, the book has practical applications, and takes a mathematical approach to proving its own theorems. The book is unapologetically physical in nature, describing everything we think and feel by way of physical mechanisms and reactions in the brain. This unique marrying of cognitive neuroscience and clinical psychology provides an opportunity to better understand both. Unifying theory for cognitive neuroscience and clinical psychology Describes the brain in physical terms via mechanistic processes Systematically uses the theory to explain empirical evidence in both disciplines Theory has practical applications for psychotherapy Ancillary material may be found at: http://booksite.elsevier.com/9780124200715 including an additional chapter and supplements
Categories: Psychology

The Psychology of Physical Activity

The Psychology of Physical Activity

cent body fat were obtained , and exercise treadmill tests were undertaken to ... Also , increased physical activity with anorexia is paradoxical because ...

Author: Albert V. Carron

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies

ISBN: PSU:000054112919

Category: Exercise

Page: 274

View: 473

"This is a ground-breaking and comprehensive text devoted solely to the discussion of exercise psychology. Exploring all areas of personal motivation, the benefits of exercise, and the theories, pioneers, and ongoing research, it prepares the exercise science professional for future career opportunities in the pubic and private sector." --McGraw Hill.
Categories: Exercise

Activity Anorexia

Activity Anorexia

Author: W. David Pierce

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:820732279

Category: Exercise addiction

Page: 38

View: 892

Categories: Exercise addiction

The Influence of Physical Activity or Exercise Interventions on Physiological and Psychological Conditions of People with Anorexia Nervosa

The Influence of Physical Activity or Exercise Interventions on Physiological and Psychological Conditions of People with Anorexia Nervosa

Bachelorarbeit aus dem Jahr 2017 im Fachbereich Gesundheit - Sport - Sportökonomie, Sportmanagement, Note: 1,0, Universität Bayreuth, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Theoretical Background: Patients with Anorexia Nervosa (AN) often practice ...

Author: Kirstin Heinl

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783668849518

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 41

View: 154

Bachelorarbeit aus dem Jahr 2017 im Fachbereich Sport - Sportökonomie, Sportmanagement, Note: 1,0, Universität Bayreuth, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Theoretical Background: Patients with Anorexia Nervosa (AN) often practice physical activity to influence their weight and shape or they partake in sporting exercise in a compulsive manner. It is generally known that physical activity may have negative consequences for patients with AN, if it is conducted excessively or used as a method to control weight. Otherwise, sport can be used as a therapy to find a way to mitigate the medical condition or even cure it by influencing physiological and psychological condition of the patient and improving their fitness and self-esteem. The primary objective is to find out if and to what extent sports-therapy or physical activity can have a positive influence on sufferers of an Eating Disorder (ED). This elaboration is a systematic review that summarizes studies, which show the effect of physical activity in correlation with Anorexia Nervosa (AN). To give the reader an overview of the topic of ED, it is essential to clarify the causes of AN, its risk factors, as well as the consequences for the patient’ health that result from it. Method: Use of comparable studies, taken from the medical meta-database PubMed that analyzed a range of nonathletic adolescents, who were diagnosed with AN and underwent a schedule of low-intensity physical activity for a limited period. Target group: This thesis sets out to summarize the results of existing studies on this topic. Its objective is to prove any coherence in the results of these studies, and as a consequence proved information to therapists, or patients, suffering from AN, if and which kind of physical interventions could have a positive or negative influence on the ED. Results: Overall, seven studies were found that met the inclusion criteria. The results prove that only two of these studies show a significant improvement in physical conditions compared to the control group, while five of them reported better psychological condition. In summary, all participants identified small improvements, and none of the studies showed indications of deterioration. Conclusion: Given the suitable intensity and extensive duration of the therapy program, physical intervention in the form of anaerobic or resistance training can possibly lead to beneficial and significant outcomes in physiological strength, fitness and the psychological well-being in anorexic outpatients.
Categories: Sports & Recreation

Ready Notes to Accompany The Psychology of Physical Activity

Ready Notes to Accompany The Psychology of Physical Activity

Eating Disorder Patients versus Excessive Physical Activity Subsequent controlled studies have compared eating disorder patients and exercisers have yielded ...

Author: Albert V. Carron

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages

ISBN: PSU:000054112445

Category: Exercise

Page: 274

View: 785

"This is a ground-breaking and comprehensive text devoted solely to the discussion of exercise psychology. Exploring all areas of personal motivation, the benefits of exercise, and the theories, pioneers, and ongoing research, it prepares the exercise science professional for future career opportunities in the pubic and private sector." --McGraw Hill.
Categories: Exercise

Behavior Analyst

Behavior Analyst

A BIOBEHAVIORAL MODEL OF ACTIVITY ANOREXIA Cultural Values of Thinness & Fitness Reinforcement Contingencies to Diet and Exercise Social Learning of ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X002337340

Category: Behavior modification

Page:

View: 410

Categories: Behavior modification

Theory and Practice of Psychiatry

Theory and Practice of Psychiatry

This may explain why anorexics may state that they “never felt better” and continue to engage in vigorous exercise despite being malnourished.

Author: Bruce J. Cohen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198034070

Category: Medical

Page: 576

View: 945

Based on years of teaching psychiatry to medical students and residents, this single-authored textbook offers a conversational yet detailed guide to modern psychiatric theory and practice. Exploring various approaches to psychiatric disorders - including neurobiology, dimensional personality assessment, behavioral science, and psychodynamic and cognitive theories - it lucidly illustrates each approach's strengths and weaknesses and suggests how clinicians can interweave them in working with patients. Using clinical vignettes and recent research findings to illustrate the connections between phenomenology, pathophysiology, and treatment, it covers all of the major psychiatric disorders and includes tables listing their DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria. The book offers balanced coverage of subjects that receive scant attention in other introductory textbooks, including the limitations of the DSM-IV categorical approach to psychiatric diagnosis, controversies surrounding the dissociative disorders and "recovered memories," and the prescription of stimulant medications to children with suspected attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Later chapters provide practical guidelines for estimating a patient's risk of suicide and violence and for assessing competence to consent to medical or psychiatric treatment. In eschewing a dry recitation of clinical syndromes for an engaging discussion aimed at teaching the reader how to "think psychiatrically," the book will appeal to medical students, psychiatric residents, mental health clinicians, and primary care physicians.
Categories: Medical

Men Writing Eating Disorders

Men Writing Eating Disorders

Bulimia, by contrast, is often linked to lack of control over both food and sexual impulses, leading to an increase in sexual activity.

Author: Heike Bartel

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 9781839099229

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 192

View: 572

Eating disorders do not only affect women and girls; men and boys get them too but remain mostly invisible. This book gives insight into this neglected problem through a comparative and transnational analysis of autobiographical accounts written by men with experience of living with eating disorders.
Categories: Biography & Autobiography