As shown in this book, PAR can successfully bring about change because it actively involves people in generating knowledge about their own condition and how it can best be transformed.
Author: Orlando Fals-Borda
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Category: Social Science
Participatory Action-Research, or PAR, is an innovative and radical approach to economic and social change that recognizes how important it is for people who are involved to have the critical voice in determining the direction and goals of change. This demands a commitment from social scientists and policy makers to deprofessionalize and share their expertise, and to listen to the feelings and needs of the common people, particularly those forgotten and left voiceless by the dominant institutions of society. "Action and Knowledge" draws on 20 years of experience with the techniques and philosophy of PAR using case studies from Asia, Africa, Latin America and North America to show how widespread this approach to development has become since it emerged as a new way to empower the oppressed two decades ago. As shown in this book, PAR can successfully bring about change because it actively involves people in generating knowledge about their own condition and how it can best be transformed. The book gives a constructive message to social action groups, grass-roots organizers and government officials in both industrialized countries and the Third World on ways to stimulate social and economic change, and will also lead to further dialogue with scholars, teachers and students (especially those who consider themselves "post-modern" about the crisis of "development."
This book narrates how visionary leadership with the steadfast belief that your past does not determine your future, galvanised an entire organisation into believing that a better outcome was indeed achievable, and the will to move forward ...
Author: Ramesh Bharuthram
Publisher: African Sun Media
Its November 2001. A university in dire straits, financially bankrupt burdening a debt in excess of R100-million, a disillusioned and demoralised staff complement still reeling from the trauma of retrenchments, coupled with an academic project facing collapse as student numbers dwindle by a third to less than 10 000. Is there a future for such an institution, described by some as a ‘basket case’ with very bleak prospects of survival? This was the landscape that confronted the newly-appointed Vice-Chancellor and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the University of the Western Cape. Fast forward to December 2014. The CEO retires from office, bestowing upon his successor a financially sound institution with a flourishing academic project, recording unprecedented achievements, enriching the lives of more than 20 000 students, and widely acknowledged as a research-led university. This book narrates how visionary leadership with the steadfast belief that your past does not determine your future, galvanised an entire organisation into believing that a better outcome was indeed achievable, and the will to move forward as a collective with a redefined purpose and commitment to achieve that which was once deemed impossible.
Jean Decety INSERM, Lyon and University of Washington, Seattle What do we
mean by action? In recent years, the domain of the physiology of action has been
studied at many different levels, from single cell recording in monkey to functional
Author: Jérôme Dokic
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
The current debate between theory theory and simulation theory on the nature of mentalisation has reached no consensus yet, although many now think that some hybrid theory is needed. This collection of essays represents an effort at re-evaluating the scope of simulation theory, while also considering areas in which it could be submitted to experimental tests. The volume explores the two main versions of simulation theory, Goldman’s introspectionism and Gordon’s radical simulationism, and enquires whether they allow a non-circular account of mentalisation. The originality of the volume is to confront conceptual views on simulation with data from pragmatics, developmental psychology and the neurosciences. Individual chapters contain discussions of specific issues such as autism, imitation, motor imagery, conditional reasoning, joint attention and the understanding of demonstratives. It will be of interest primarily to advanced students and researchers in the philosophy of mind, language and action, but also to everyone interested in the nature of interpretation and communication. (Series B)
Action-Demographic Interconnection Model We propose a new model, the Action
-demographic interconnection model, which includes an interconnection function
between customer actions and customer demographic attributions. This model ...
Author: T. Endrjukaite
Publisher: IOS Press
Information modeling and knowledge bases have become essential subjects in the last three decades, not only in academic communities related to information systems and computer science, but also in the areas of business where information technology is applied. This book presents the proceedings of the 28th International Conference on Information Modelling and Knowledge Bases (EJC2018), held in Riga, Latvia from 4–8 June 2018. The aim of the conference was to bring together experts with a common interest in the understanding and solving of problems on information modelling and knowledge bases, as well as those from different areas of computer science and other disciplines who apply the results of research to practice. The 39 accepted papers collected here cover a variety of topics, including: conceptual modeling; knowledge and information modeling and discovery; linguistic modeling; cross-cultural communication and social computing; multimedia data modeling and systems; and environmental modeling and engineering. The book will be of interest to researchers and practitioners alike, and to anyone wanting a better understanding of current advances in information technology.
Author: National Science Board (U.S.). Special Commission on the Social SciencesPublish On: 1969
... violence and other aggressive acts - each demanding something of the citizen
by way of action and changes in his style of life — all can be viewed as someone
else ' s problem . The question is : How can the knowledge and forecasts of the ...
Author: National Science Board (U.S.). Special Commission on the Social Sciences
Author: S. Barrow (pseud. [i.e. Sir Richard Phillips])Publish On: 1831
When equally resisted , its direction is always that of the force impressed ; and ,
as it continues in a body till parted with to other bodies , action and re - action , or
motion and reception , are always equal ; consequently , no motion is ever lost ...
Author: S. Barrow (pseud. [i.e. Sir Richard Phillips])
Author: Panel on Science and TechnologyPublish On: 1970
... but in a smaller compass , a knowledge of a whole given system , is necessary
if we are to make correct models , i . e . , models that mirror or reflect the real
world and thus guide us to correct modes of behavior and possible courses of action ...
Previous work  quantized both action and demand vectors simultaneously. In
this paper, our contribution is to care about change in action more frequently to
follow a customer's interest. Therefore, we assume that our system consists of two
Author: A. Dahanayake
Publisher: IOS Press
Information modeling and knowledge bases have become an important area of academic and industry research in the 21st century, addressing complexities of modeling that reach beyond the traditional borders of information systems and academic computer science research. This book presents 32 reviewed, selected and updated papers delivered at the 29th International Conference on Information Modeling and Knowledge Bases (EJC2019), held in Lappeenranta, Finland, from 3 to 7 June 2019. In addition, two papers based on the keynote presentations and one paper edited from the discussion of the panel session are included in the book. The conference provided a forum to exchange scientific results and experience, and attracted academics and practitioners working with information and knowledge. The papers cover a wide range of topics, ranging from knowledge discovery through conceptual and linguistic modeling, knowledge and information modeling and discovery, cross-cultural communication and social computing, environmental modeling and engineering, and multimedia data modeling and systems to complex scientific problem-solving. The conference presentation sessions: Learning and Linguistics; Systems and Processes; Data and Knowledge Representation; Models and Interface; Formalizations and Reasoning; Models and Modeling; Machine Learning; Models and Programming; Environment and Predictions; and Emotion Modeling and Social Networks reflect the main themes of the conference. The book also includes 2 extended publications of keynote addresses: ‘Philosophical Foundations of Conceptual Modeling’ and ́Sustainable Solid Waste Management using Life Cycle Modeling for Environmental Impact Assessment’, as well as additional material covering the discussion and findings of the panel session. Providing an overview of current research in the field, the book will be of interest to all those working with information systems, information modeling and knowledge bases.
A new model to analyze their mutual relation André Büssing✝, Britta Herbig, &
Annika Latzel Introduction It is not an achievement of modern times to realize that knowledge has to be transformed into action in order to be useful for mankind.
Author: Dieter Frey
Publisher: Hogrefe Publishing
Understanding the relationship between knowledge and action is vital, because without knowledge there is often no action and because knowledge can strongly influence actions. However, there is often considerable inconsistency between knowledge and action, and the research available on this relationship is not widely known. This intriguing volume provides help, by summarizing the findings of the research group “Knowledge and Action,” which was funded by the German Science Foundation and includes leading scholars from relevant areas such as social psychology, cognitive psychology, work and organizational psychology, educational psychology and developmental psychology.The chapters included in this book therefore examine the action-relevant function of knowledge in different areas, as well as investigating the effects that the acquisition of knowledge has on action in certain fields.
Author: Annemarie van PaassenPublish On: 2011-10-05
Collective learning or collective action, for example, requires more intensive
collaboration than knowledge production for policy advice (cf. Vernooy and
McDougall, 2003). It also has implications for the methods and tools that
Author: Annemarie van Paassen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Wageningen Univerisity and Research Centre is known for its practical and societally relevant research in spatial development. Stakeholders currently put much emphasis on participatory processes in landscape planning procedures. This poses a special challenge for research. What role does research play in our present world characterised by complexity, competing claims and development needs, and an increased concern for climate change and environmental impact? In the book 'Knowledge in Action' we explore different types of transdisciplinary research that scientists engage in. Depending on the societal context and the interests of local citizens, researchers apply different research approaches to optimally incorporate the various points of view in their research and promote processes enhancing dialogue and shared results. In the book authors present their research experiences: their theoretical inspiration, the research methodology applied to consult, share and collaborate with societal actors in order to create options for change. The book includes several striking examples from The Netherlands (both successful and less effective), and also innovative examples from communities in Africa and Asia. The authors reflect on opportunities, problems and dilemma's they had to deal with. They especially address how far the role and theoretical perspectives of collaborative researchers can lead them in action research. Can they limit themselves to joint knowledge production and learning processes or should they engage in strategic positioning, advocacy and entrepreneurship to make it happen? The book discusses the issues that researchers should consider when they position their research activities within ongoing developments at landscape level. Read the book and judge for yourself.
We now move away from knowledge to action which is, after all, the point of
management science. By “action” in this context I do not mean general human
behaviour but purposeful activity directed towards particular objectives within
Author: John Mingers
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Business & Economics
This book deals with the contribution of a systems approach to a range of disciplines from philosophy and biology to social theory and management. It weaves together material from some of the pre-eminent thinkers of the day. In doing so it creates a coherent path from fundamental work on philosophical issues of ontology and epistemology through specific domains of knowledge about the nature of information and meaning, human communication, and social intervention.
The story begins with the prophetic visions of Saint-Simon and assesses the contributions of such diverse thinkers as Comte, Marx, Dewey, Mannheim, Tugwell, Mumford, Simon, and Habermas.
Author: John Friedmann
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Category: Political Science
John Friedmann addresses a central question of Western political theory: how, and to what extent, history can be guided by reason. In this comprehensive treatment of the relation of knowledge to action, which he calls planning, he traces the major intellectual traditions of planning thought and practice. Three of these--social reform, policy analysis, and social learning--are primarily concerned with public management. The fourth, social mobilization, draws on utopianism, anarchism, historical materialism, and other radical thought and looks to the structural transformation of society "from below." After developing a basic vocabulary in Part One, the author proceeds in Part Two to a critical history of each of the four planning traditions. The story begins with the prophetic visions of Saint-Simon and assesses the contributions of such diverse thinkers as Comte, Marx, Dewey, Mannheim, Tugwell, Mumford, Simon, and Habermas. It is carried forward in Part Three by Friedmann's own nontechnocratic, dialectical approach to planning as a method for recovering political community.
This book offers an account of agency which explains the control agents have over their behaviour, the nature of intentional action, the nature of skill, and the role that knowledge plays in extending the reach of an agent's action and ...
Author: Joshua Shepherd
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This book offers an account of agency which explains the control agents have over their behaviour, the nature of intentional action, the nature of skill, and the role that knowledge plays in extending the reach of an agent's action and skill.
Machines - they are a lot of iron and steel. Only people can give life to it all.' This book represents a major contribution from Czechoslovakia to the general theory and practice of management.
Author: Tomas Bata
Publisher: IOS Press
Category: Business & Economics
The Bata system of management is a testimony to the understanding that capital is knowledge and not money, buildings or technology: 'Buildings - they are just piles of brick and concrete. Machines - they are a lot of iron and steel. Only people can give life to it all.' This book represents a major contribution from Czechoslovakia to the general theory and practice of management. Tomas Bata was not only a pioneer in the modern production and marketing of footwear, but more importantly in the development and business implementation of what in the business world of today is known as organizational behaviour. The work will be of great interest to managers, business administrators, engineers and researchers and students of economics, business administration and sociology.
Aristotle, Metaphys1cs Ai 980a21 (modernized) I KNOWING AND ACTING Knowledge and action are the central relations between mind and world. In action, world is adapted to mind. In knowledge, mind is adapted to world. When
world is ...
Author: Timothy Williamson
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Knowledge and its Limits presents a systematic new conception of knowledge as a fundamental kind of mental state sensitive to the knower's environment. It makes a major contribution to the debate between externalist and internalist philosophies of mind, and breaks radically with theepistemological tradition of analysing knowledge in terms of true belief. The theory casts light on a wide variety of philosophical issues: the problem of scepticism, the nature of evidence, probability and assertion, the dispute between realism and anti-realism and the paradox of the surpriseexamination. Williamson relates the new conception to structural limits on knowledge which imply that what can be known never exhausts what is true. The arguments are illustrated by rigorous models based on epistemic logic and probability theory. The result is a new way of doing epistemology for thetwenty-first century.
56 does not postpone knowledge to action , nor is at present simply impossible in
Ireland , action to knowledge , but assumes a certain ; and he would therefore
have statesmen wait amount of knowledge as the basis for action and set in ...
linguistic knowledge obviously is part of their more general knowledge system (
Gumperz, 1962). ... Knowledge is not only presupposed by language use,
discourse or communication, but more generally by action and interaction (
Bicchieri and ...
Author: Teun A. van Dijk
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Both 'discourse' and 'knowledge' are fundamental concepts, but they are often treated separately. The first book to adopt a multidisciplinary approach to studying the relationship between these concepts, Discourse and Knowledge introduces the new field of epistemic discourse analysis and uses a wide range of examples to illustrate the theory.