Achieving Sustainable Cultivation of Cocoa Volume 1

Achieving Sustainable Cultivation of Cocoa Volume 1

This volume reviews how research is addressing these challenges in areas such as breeding and agronomy, understanding and managing the range of diseases affecting cocoa, as well as ways of measuring and improving the sustainability of cocoa ...

Author: Pathmanathan Umaharan

Publisher: Burleigh Dodds Series in Agric

ISBN: 1786761688

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 530

View: 378

Cocoa cultivation faces a number of significant challenges, including stagnating yields, a narrow genetic base, vulnerability to pests and diseases and environmental impact. This volume reviews how research is addressing these challenges in areas such as breeding and agronomy, understanding and managing the range of diseases affecting cocoa, as well as ways of measuring and improving the sustainability of cocoa cultivation.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Achieving sustainable production of poultry meat Volume 1

Achieving sustainable production of poultry meat Volume 1

Achieving sustainable cultivation of sorghum - Vol 2 Sorghum utilisation around the world Edited by: Prof. Bill Rooney, Texas A&M University, USA Achieving sustainable cultivation of potatoes - Vol 2 Production and storage, crop ...

Author: Steven C. Ricke

Publisher: Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing

ISBN: 9781786760647

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 502

View: 347

To meet growing demand, the FAO has estimated that world poultry production needs to grow by 2-3% per year to 2030. Much of the increase in output already achieved has been as a result of improvements in commercial breeds combined with rearing in more intensive production systems. However, more intensive systems and complex supply chains have increased the risk of rapid transmission of animal diseases and zoonoses. Consumer expectations of sensory and nutritional quality have never been higher. At the same time consumers are more concerned about the environmental impact of poultry production as well as animal welfare. Drawing on an international range of expertise, this book reviews research on safety, quality and sustainability issues in poultry production. Part 1 discusses risks from pathogens, detection and safety management on farms and in slaughterhouse operations. Part 2 looks at ways of enhancing the flavour, colour, texture and nutritional quality of poultry meat. Finally, the book reviews the environmental impact of poultry production. Achieving sustainable production of poultry meat Volume 1: Safety, quality and sustainability will be a standard reference for poultry and food scientists in universities, government and other research centres and companies involved in poultry production. It is accompanied by two further volumes which review poultry breeding, nutrition, health and welfare.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Achieving sustainable production of poultry meat Volume 3

Achieving sustainable production of poultry meat Volume 3

Achieving sustainable cultivation of sorghum - Vol 2 Sorghum utilisation around the world Edited by: Prof. Bill Rooney, Texas A&M University, USA Achieving sustainable cultivation of potatoes - Vol 2 Production and storage, crop ...

Author: Todd Applegate

Publisher: Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing

ISBN: 9781786760722

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 350

View: 644

To meet growing demand, the FAO has estimated that world poultry production needs to grow by 2-3% per year to 2030. Much of the increase in output already achieved has been as a result of improvements in commercial breeds combined with rearing in more intensive production systems. However, more intensive systems have increased the risk of transmission of animal diseases and zoonoses. Consumer expectations of sensory and nutritional quality have also never been higher. At the same time consumers are more concerned about the environmental impact of poultry production as well as animal welfare. Drawing on an international range of expertise, this book reviews research on poultry health and welfare. Part 1 begins by reviewing the range of diseases and other health issues affecting poultry. It then goes on to discuss ways of preventing and managing disease such as breeding, and means of attenuating the immune system. The second part of the book discusses welfare issues such as management of breeding flocks, housing, transport and humane slaughter techniques. Achieving sustainable production of poultry meat Volume 3: Health and welfare will be a standard reference for poultry and food scientists in universities, government and other research centres and companies involved in poultry production. It is accompanied by two further volumes which review safety, quality and sustainability as well as poultry breeding and nutrition.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Achieving sustainable production of poultry meat Volume 2

Achieving sustainable production of poultry meat Volume 2

Achieving sustainable cultivation of sorghum - Vol 2 Sorghum utilisation around the world Edited by: Prof. Bill Rooney, Texas A&M University, USA Achieving sustainable cultivation of potatoes - Vol 2 Production and storage, crop ...

Author: Todd Applegate

Publisher: Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing

ISBN: 9781786760685

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 343

View: 976

To meet growing demand, the FAO has estimated that world poultry production needs to grow by 2-3% per year to 2030. Much of the increase in output already achieved has been as a result of improvements in commercial breeds combined with rearing in more intensive production systems. However, more intensive systems have increased the risk of transmission of animal diseases and zoonoses. Consumer expectations of sensory and nutritional quality have never been higher. At the same time consumers are more concerned about the environmental impact of poultry production as well as animal welfare. Drawing on an international range of expertise, this book reviews research on poultry breeding and nutrition. The first part of the book reviews how advances in genetics have impacted developments in breeding. Part 2 discusses ways of optimising poultry nutrition to ensure quality and sustainability in poultry meat production. Chapters review the use of feedstuffs and ingredients such as amino acids, enzymes and probiotics as well as feed formulation and safety. Achieving sustainable production of poultry meat Volume 2: Breeding and nutrition will be a standard reference for poultry and food scientists in universities, government and other research centres and companies involved in poultry production. It is accompanied by two further volumes which review safety, quality and sustainability as well as poultry health and welfare.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Achieving Sustainable Cultivation of Cocoa Volume 2

Achieving Sustainable Cultivation of Cocoa Volume 2

With its distinguished editor and international range of expert authors, this volume will be a standard reference for cocoa scientists, growers and processors.

Author: Pathmanathan Umaharan

Publisher:

ISBN: 1351114557

Category: Electronic books

Page:

View: 529

"There is a growing demand for cocoa. However, cultivation is dependent on ageing trees with low yields and increasing vulnerability to disease. There is also growing concern about the environmental impact of cultivation in areas soil health and biodiversity. There is therefore an urgent need to make cocoa cultivation more efficient and sustainable to ensure a successful future. Volume 2 reviews the diseases and pests which cause significant crop losses as well as sustainability issues. Part 1 summaries the latest research on understanding and combatting the major fungal and viral diseases affecting cocoa as well as reviewing trends in integrated pest and weed management. Part 2 looks at ways of improving sustainability, including the role of agro-forestry, organic cultivation and sustainability certification. With its distinguished editor and international range of expert authors, this volume will be a standard reference for cocoa scientists, growers and processors. It is accompanied by a companion volume which reviews breeding, cultivation and quality."--Provided by publisher.
Categories: Electronic books

The Politics of Knowledge in Inclusive Development and Innovation

The Politics of Knowledge in Inclusive Development and Innovation

Good agronomic practices in cocoa cultivation: Rehabilitating cocoa farms. In: Pathmanathan, U. (ed.). Achieving sustainable cultivation of cocoa. Cabridge: Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing, 1–28. Barber, K. (2007).

Author: David Ludwig

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000478723

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 296

View: 625

This book develops an integrated perspective on the practices and politics of making knowledge work in inclusive development and innovation. While debates about development and innovation commonly appeal to the authority of academic researchers, many current approaches emphasise the plurality of actors with relevant expertise for addressing livelihood challenges. Adopting an action-oriented and reflexive approach, this volume explores the variety of ways in which knowledge works, paying particular attention to dilemmas and controversies. The six parts of the book address the complex interplay of knowledge and politics, starting with the need for knowledge integration in the first part and decolonial perspectives on the politics of knowledge integration in the second part. The following three parts focus on the practices of inclusive development and innovation through three major themes of learning for transformative change, evidence, and digitisation. The final part of the book addresses the governance of knowledge and innovation in the light of political struggles about inclusivity. Exploring conceptual and practical themes through case studies from the Global North and South, this book will be of great interest to students, scholars, and practitioners researching and working in development studies, epistemology, innovation studies, science and technology studies, and sustainability studies more broadly.
Categories: Business & Economics

Public Private Partnerships for Sustainable Development

Public Private Partnerships for Sustainable Development

Umaharan, P. Achieving Sustainable Cultivation of Cocoa; Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing: Cambridge, UK, 2018. ICCO. World cocoa bean production, ... In Proceedings of the American Agricultural Economics Association Annual Meeting, ...

Author: Axel Marx

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783038978329

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 418

Voluntary sustainability standards (VSS) and other private governance instruments (e.g., Fair Trade, Forest Stewardship Council, Fair Wear Foundation, GLOBALGAP) are increasingly regulating global production processes and economic activities. VSS verify the compliance of products or production processes with sustainability standards. The importance of voluntary sustainability standards is now widely recognized. After being operational for more than two decades, they have established themselves as private governance instruments. This recognition is also exemplified by their integration in public regulatory approaches. Governments and international organizations are partnering with voluntary sustainability standards to pursue sustainable development policies. We witness the integration of VSS in the regulatory approaches of local and national governments in countries around the world, the integration of VSS in trade policies, the emergence of public–private initiatives to govern global supply chains, and the inclusion of private initiatives in experimentalist governance regimes. This Special Issue seeks to bring together research on the interface between private and public governance. We welcome contributions which analyze specific case studies on the emergence and development of these private–public interactions, the design of public–private governance, the effectiveness of these governance arrangements, and critical perspectives on the possibilities and limitations of such public–private forms of governance. We welcome multi-disciplinary perspectives including contributions from economics, political science, law, sociology, geography, and anthropology. Papers selected for this Special Issue are subject to a peer review procedure with the aim of rapid and wide dissemination of research results, developments, and applications.
Categories: Social Science

Drying and Roasting of Cocoa and Coffee

Drying and Roasting of Cocoa and Coffee

In: Achieving Sustainable Cultivation of Coffee, ed. P. Lashermes , 291–309. Cambridge: Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing. Burmester, K., and R. Eggers. 2010. Heat and mass transfer during the coffee drying process.

Author: Ching Lik Hii

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351624022

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 356

View: 225

This is the first practical book dedicated to the fundamental and application aspects of two major unit operations in cocoa and coffee processing, namely drying and roasting. The drying and roasting of cocoa and coffee beans play critical roles in governing the formation of flavor precursors in the early stages and also the development of flavor and aroma in the later stages during processing. Hence, qualities of the finished chocolates and coffee powder products are affected greatly by the dried and roasted beans produced. Drying and Roasting of Cocoa and Coffee covers key topics areas ranging from post-harvest processing, equipment selection, physical and chemical changes during processing, flavor development, grading and dried product quality. The book consists of two parts with topics dedicated to the drying/roasting aspects of cocoa and coffee, respectively. Features Provides a comprehensive review on flavor development during cocoa/coffee processing Discusses the impact of processing parameters on cocoa/coffee quality Presents the new trends in drying/roasting techniques and novel technology Examines the concept of coffee quality in light of both paradigms: the traditional coffee and the specialty coffee grading systems No prior knowledge of cocoa and coffee processing is required to benefit from this book, which is written for a variety of readers. It is suitable for undergraduate and postgraduate students, researchers and industrial practitioners/consultants from various domains in the food and beverage industries.
Categories: Health & Fitness

Cash Crops

Cash Crops

In: Umaharan P (ed) Achieving sustainable cultivation of cocoa. Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing Limited, Cambridge, pp 101–110 Daymond AJ, Hadley P (2004) The effects of temperature and light integral on chlorophyll and chlorophyll ...

Author: P. M. Priyadarshan

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030749262

Category: Agriculture

Page: 620

View: 783

Cash crops are grown and sold for monetary gain and not necessarily for sustenance. They include coffee, tea, coconut, cotton, jute, groundnut, castor, linseed, cocoa, rubber, cassava, soybean, sweet potato, potato, wheat, corn and teff. While some of these crops have been improved for realizing yield potential, breeding of many of them is still in infancy. Crops that underwent rigorous breeding have eventually lost much of the diversity due to extensive cultivation with a few improved varieties and the diversity in less bred species is to be conserved. Over the past years, scholars and policy makers have become increasingly aware of the short and long-run impact of climatic factors on economic, food security, social and political outcomes . Genetic diversity, natural and induced, is much needed for the future generations to sustain food production with more climate resilient crops. In contrast, crop uniformity produced across the farm fields in the form of improved varieties is genetically vulnerable to biotic and abiotic stresses. Thus, it is essential and challenging to address the issue of compromising between maximizing crop yield under a given set of conditions and minimizing the risk of crop failure when conditions change. Cash crops are grown in an array of climatic conditions. Many of the world's poor still live in rural areas. Many are subsistence farmers, operating very small farms using very little agricultural inputs for achieving marketable outputs. Conserving the diversity of these crops and addressing all issues of crop culture through modern tools of biotechnology and genomics is a real challenge. We believe the focus of this book is to fill an unmet need of this and other grower communities by providing the necessary knowledge, albeit indirectly via the academics, to manage the risks of cash crops breeding through managing genetic diversity.
Categories: Agriculture