A Short History of Truth

Consolations for a Post-Truth World

Author: Julian Baggini

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1786488906

Category: Philosophy

Page: 192

View: 2896


How did we find ourselves in a "post-truth" world of "alternative facts"? And can we get out of it? A Short History of Truth sets out to answer these questions by looking at the complex history of truth and falsehood. It identifies ten types of supposed truth and explains how easily each can become the midwife of falsehood. There is no species of truth that we can rely on unquestioningly, but that does not mean the truth can never be established. Attaining truth is an achievement we need to work for, and each chapter will end up with a truth we can have some confidence in. This history builds into a comprehensive and clear explanation of why truth is now so disputed by exploring 10 kinds of truth: 1. Eternal truths. 2. Authoritative truths. 3. Esoteric truths. 4. Reasoned truths. 5. Evidence-based truths. 6. Creative truths. 7. Relative truths. 8. Powerful truths 9. Moral truths. 10. Holistic truths. Baggini provides us with all we need to restore faith in the value and possibility of truth as a social enterprise. Truth-seekers need to be sceptical not cynical, autonomous not atomistic, provisional not dogmatic, open not empty, demanding not unreasonable.

A Political Theory of Post-Truth

Author: Ignas Kalpokas

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331997713X

Category: Political Science

Page: 135

View: 3153


This book combines political theory with media and communications studies in order to formulate a theory of post-truth, concentrating on the latter’s preconditions, context, and functions in today’s societies. Contrary to the prevalent view of post-truth as primarily manipulative, it is argued that post-truth is, instead, a collusion in which audiences willingly engage with aspirational narratives co-created with the communicators. Meanwhile, the broader meta-framework for post-truth is provided by mediatisation—increasing subjection of a variety of social spheres to media logic and the primacy of media in everyday human activities. Ultimately, post-truth is governed by collective efforts to maximise the pleasure of encountering the world and attempts to set hegemonic benchmarks for such pleasure.

Truth and the Church in a Secular Age

Author: David Jasper

Publisher: SCM Press

ISBN: 0334058163

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 9168


Together, the collection of essays in this volume seek to explore the place of Christianity, the Church and their claims to uphold the truth in an age of ‘post-truth’. Beginning with a consideration of truth within the biblical tradition, the chapters come from historical, theological and philosophical starting points in their concerns, setting out the groundwork for discussions of Christian truth and science, prayer, ethics and the liturgy. Chapters: *Truth and the Biblical Tradition (Nicholas Taylor) *The Origins of Truth in Philosophy and Theory (David Jasper) *Truth and Christian Theology (Jenny Wright) *Truth and the Anglican Tradition (Trevor Hart) *Truth after Wittgenstein: From Skepticism to Postmodernism (Scott Robertson) *“Scientifically Proved:” How Science Relates to the Truth (Mike Fuller) *Truth and Experience: Prayer and the Practice of Ethics (John McKluckie) *Liturgy as a Repository of Truth (John Davies) *Today’s Church and the Politics of Post-Truth. (Alison Peden) *Truth and the Idea of the Holy (Steven Ballard)

America's Post-Truth Phenomenon: When Feelings and Opinions Trump Facts and Evidence

Author: C.G. Prado

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440862737

Category: Psychology

Page: 215

View: 4704


This book presents absorbing and critical expert perspectives on the post-truth phenomenon that has infiltrated the U.S. political system, media, and populace. • Analyzes Trump-administration-generated mistruths in a discussion of post-truth America • Presents varied concerns, perspectives, and thought-provoking topics in clear, accessible, and engaging words • Explains the historical and social circumstances that led to post-truth • Details why some people are more apt to embrace and spread post-truth • Outlines actions to defeat post-truth

Post-Truth, Scepticism & Power

Author: Stuart Sim

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3030158764

Category: Philosophy

Page: 175

View: 2374


This book examines the concept of post-truth and the impact it is having on contemporary life, bringing out both its philosophical and political dimensions. Post-truth is contextualised within the philosophical discourse of truth, with particular reference to theories of scepticism and relativism, to explore whether it can take advantage of these to claim any intellectual credibility. Sim argues that post-truth cannot be defended on either sceptical or relativistic grounds – even those provided by recent iconoclastic philosophical movements such as poststructuralism and postmodernism. The affinity between post-truth and conspiracy theory is emphasised, and the extent to which post-truth plays a role in religious doctrine is also considered. Post-truth is seen to constitute a threat to liberal democratic ideals and our Enlightenment heritage, raising the question of whether we are moving into a post-liberal age where the far right would hold power. To prevent this, post-truth urgently needs to be countered.

Babette's Feast

Author: Julian Baggini

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1911239694

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 96

View: 5164


On the face of it, Gabriel Axel's Babette's Feast (1989) is a film in which the eyes – and mouths – of religious zealots are opened to the glories of the sensual world. It is a critique of what Nietzsche called life-denying religion in favour of life-affirming sensuality. But to view the film in that way is to get it profoundly wrong. In his study of the film, Julian Baggini argues that Babette's Feast is not about the battle between religiosity and secularity but a deep examination of how the two can come together. Baggini's analysis focuses on themes of love, pleasure, artisty and grace, to provide a rich philosophical reading of this most sensual of films.

A Short History of England, 2020-2089

the memoirs of Jeremy Lewin

Author: David Tirr

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1499090382

Category: Fiction

Page: 268

View: 5965


A short history of England, 2020-2089 is the autobiography of one of the movers and shakers in mid and late 21st century England, Sir Jeremy Lewin. Lewin describes a century in which the country passes through rapid economic collapse, political isolation and moral degradation to find a new way forward. Following the failure of long-standing national institutions the country is in search of new political and moral beliefs. These, combined with daring technological innovation, transform a post-industrial, post-imperial England very similar to the Britain we know today into a very different country.....

Social Inquiry After Wittgenstein and Kuhn

Leaving Everything as It Is

Author: John G. Gunnell

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231538340

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 1022


A distinctive feature of Ludwig Wittgenstein's work after 1930 was his turn to a conception of philosophy as a form of social inquiry, John G. Gunnell argues, and Thomas Kuhn's approach to the philosophy of science exemplified this conception. In this book, Gunnell shows how these philosophers address foundational issues in the social and human sciences, particularly the vision of social inquiry as an interpretive endeavor and the distinctive cognitive and practical relationship between social inquiry and its subject matter. Gunnell speaks directly to philosophers and practitioners of the social and human sciences. He tackles the demarcation between natural and social science; the nature of social phenomena; the concept and method of interpretation; the relationship between language and thought; the problem of knowledge of other minds; and the character of descriptive and normative judgments about practices that are the object of inquiry. Though Wittgenstein and Kuhn are often criticized as initiating a modern descent into relativism, this book shows that the true effect of their work was to undermine the basic assumptions of contemporary social and human science practice. It also problematized the authority of philosophy and other forms of social inquiry to specify the criteria for judging such matters as truth and justice. When Wittgenstein stated that "philosophy leaves everything as it is," he did not mean that philosophy would be left as it was or that philosophy would have no impact on what it studied, but rather that the activity of inquiry did not, simply by virtue of its performance, transform the object of inquiry.

Consciousness And The Novel

Author: David Lodge

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1448137675

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 336

View: 1425


Human consciousness, long the province of literature, has lately come in for a remapping - even rediscovery - by the natural sciences, driven by developments in Artificial Intelligence, neuroscience, and evolutionary biology. But as the richest record we have of human consciousness, literature, David Lodge suggests, may offer a kind of knowledge about this phenomenon that is complementary, not opposed, to scientific knowledge. Writing with characteristic wit and brio, and employing the insight and acumen of a skilled novelist and critic, Lodge here explores the representation of human consciousness in fiction (mainly English and American) in the light of recent investigations in cognitive science, neuroscience, and related disciplines. How, Lodge asks, does the novel represent consciousness? And how has this changed over time? In a series of interconnected essays, he pursues this question down various paths: how does the novel's method compare with that of other creative media such as film? How does the consciousness (and unconscious) of the creative writer do its work? And how can criticism infer the nature of this process through formal analysis? In essays on Charles Dickens, E.M. Forster, Evelyn Waugh, Kingsley and Martin Amis, Henry James, John Updike and Philip Roth, and in reflections on his own practice as a novelist, Lodge brings to light - and to engaging life