A Natural History of Human Thinking is the most detailed scientific analysis to date of the connection between human sociality and cognition.
Author: Michael Tomasello
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Tool-making or culture, language or religious belief: ever since Darwin, thinkers have struggled to identify what fundamentally differentiates human beings from other animals. Michael Tomasello weaves his twenty years of comparative studies of humans and great apes into a compelling argument that cooperative social interaction is the key to our cognitive uniqueness. Tomasello maintains that our prehuman ancestors, like today's great apes, were social beings who could solve problems by thinking. But they were almost entirely competitive, aiming only at their individual goals. As ecological changes forced them into more cooperative living arrangements, early humans had to coordinate their actions and communicate their thoughts with collaborative partners. Tomasello's "shared intentionality hypothesis" captures how these more socially complex forms of life led to more conceptually complex forms of thinking. In order to survive, humans had to learn to see the world from multiple social perspectives, to draw socially recursive inferences, and to monitor their own thinking via the normative standards of the group. Even language and culture arose from the preexisting need to work together and coordinate thoughts. A Natural History of Human Thinking is the most detailed scientific analysis to date of the connection between human sociality and cognition.
Inspired by a debate between Noam Chomsky and Jean Piaget, this work traces the development of natural history from Aristotle to Darwin, and demonstrates how the science of plants and animals has emerged from the common conceptions of ...
Author: Scott Atran
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Inspired by a debate between Noam Chomsky and Jean Piaget, this work traces the development of natural history from Aristotle to Darwin, and demonstrates how the science of plants and animals has emerged from the common conceptions of folkbiology.
It seems , on the first blush of the matter , to bear somewhat the same proportion
to the general current of human thinking that dypsomania and other odd
conditions of morbid sensibility do to the normal state of the human nerves . Or ,
to take ...
Author: Keith Waldegrave MonsarratPublish On: 1955
HUMAN DESIRES AND THEIR REALIZATION IN SOCIAL RELATIONS Some of
a man ' s desires are readily satisfied by the use ... history and all that has ever
been included under the title ' natural history , ' 1 so that 16 ON HUMAN THINKING.
Author: Natural History Society of New BrunswickPublish On: 1886
BULLETIN OF THE NATURAL HISTORY SOCIETY OF NEW BRUNSWICK . No.
V. SOME THOUGHTS ON ... I would not confine its action to the human mind , for
I think it evident that the same principle is in operation among the lower animals .
"This book was conceived, designed and produced by Ivy Press"--Title page verso.
Author: Ádám Miklósi
Publisher: Princeton University Press
An accessible and richly illustrated introduction to the natural history of dogs—from evolution, anatomy, cognition, and behavior to the relationship between dogs and humans As one of the oldest domesticated species, selectively bred over millennia to possess specific behaviors and physical characteristics, the dog enjoys a unique relationship with humans. More than any other animal, dogs are attuned to human behavior and emotions, and accordingly play a range of roles in society, from police and military work to sensory and emotional support. Selective breeding has led to the development of more than three hundred breeds that, despite vast differences, still belong to a single species, Canis familiaris. The Dog is an accessible, richly illustrated, and comprehensive introduction to the fascinating natural history and scientific understanding of this beloved species. Ádám Miklósi, a leading authority on dogs, provides an appealing overview of dogs' evolution and ecology; anatomy and biology; behavior and society; sensing, thinking, and personality; and connections to humans. Illustrated with some 250 color photographs, The Dog begins with an introductory overview followed by an exploration of the dog's prehistoric origins, including current research about where and when canine domestication first began. The book proceeds to examine dogs' biology and behavior, paying particular attention to the physiological and psychological aspects of the ways dogs see, hear, and smell, and how they communicate with other dogs and with humans. The book also describes how dogs learn about their physical and social environments and the ways they form attachments to humans. The book ends with a section showcasing a select number of dog breeds to illustrate their amazing physical variety. Beautifully designed and filled with surprising facts and insights, this book will delight anyone who loves dogs and wants to understand them better.
The return to a definite norm of animals which multiply in various ways , exhibits thought . ... existence upon which a natural system may be founded , in such a
manner that , in tracing it , the human mind is only translating into human
But actually logical thought is just what humans are bad at , though it is what
computers do well . For human thinking is coloured at every stage by emotion , in
the broad sense – by preferences , fears , and the weight of past experience .
Author: Gordon Rattray Taylor
Publisher: Penguin (Non-Classics)
Translating current research into accessible terms, Taylor discusses the brain's electrical and chemical processes, amnesia, mystical states, and multiple personality and the nature of dreaming, memory, pain, and intelligence
In philosophy , and , in fact , in all human thinking , “ the subjective or
introspective method ” is to be paramount . ... Psychology , as a science of the
mere natural history of mind , “ will eventually be identified with nerve -
physiology ; but ...
Professional Biblical scholars were occupied with outside questions of style , of
Scripture natural history , or the ... have a true ground in the human thinking , and
especially the earliest human thinking , would make to appear natural and easy ...
Author: University of the State of New YorkPublish On: 1885
... natural history , which contained inore difficult Greek words than any passages
of equal length in Plato or Xenophon . These tongues should be learned also ,
because they are the deposit of all the processes of the growth of human thought
The book covers fundamental issues such as the origins and function of sexual reproduction, mating behavior, human mate choice, patterns of violence in families, altruistic behavior, the evolution of brain size and the origins of language, ...
Author: John Cartwright
Publisher: MIT Press
The book covers fundamental issues such as the origins and function of sexual reproduction, mating behavior, human mate choice, patterns of violence in families, altruistic behavior, the evolution of brain size and the origins of language, the modular mind, and the relationship between genes and culture.
Abstract structuralists have based an entire theory world ) ... but from a corrupt
and concepts usually receive feminine desig of human nature and social history
on this crookedly - set predisposition of the mind ; nations — so the nobility of ...
We are , of course , headed for trouble when we get mixed up with purposes , but
the concept of purpose is very important in human thinking , and we have no
means of examining nature without using the instrument of human thought .
Author: Maurice Campbell CornforthPublish On: 1950
( 1 ) Dewey is equally opposed to the idea that the “ logical forms " manifested in
thought — the forms of judgment and modes of ... These forms have rather been
evolved in the natural history of human thinking , as an enterprise instrumental to
Finally, a visually stunning gallery of breeds offers wonderful photographs alongside individual breed profiles. This is an essential addition to every horse enthusiasts library.
Author: Debbie Busby
Publisher: Ivy Press
The Horse: A Natural History looks not only at the horse in the human context, but also at its own story, and at the way horses live and have lived both alongside people and independently. An initial chapter on Evolution & Development takes the reader from the tiny prehistoric Eohippus to modern-day Equus. Subsequent chapters on Anatomy & Biology and Society & Behavior offer a succinct explanation of equine anatomy, and outline the current thinking on horse behavior, incorporating information taken from the most recent research. Chapter 4, Horses & People, studies the part the horse has played in human history. Finally, a visually stunning gallery of breeds offers wonderful photographs alongside individual breed profiles. This is an essential addition to every horse enthusiasts library.
inference , are in some way external , necessary and instrinsic features of thought
as a pure and independent mental or ... the evolutionist , argued that these forms
have rather evolved in the natural history of human thinking , as an enterprise ...
It is implied that any considerable alteration of our customary ways of thinking or
acting involves a change in human nature . Such an attitude is a complete
misunderstanding of human nature and its place in history . First , let us be clear
as to ...