Indeed there is more evidence to suggest that the description could be applied more accurately to the following hundred years. This book also re-examines the relationship between military strength and domestic stability.
Author: Jeremy Black
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
This is a new edition of Geoffrey Parker's much-admired illustrated account of how the West, so small and so deficient in natural resources in 1500, had by 1800 come to control over one-third of the world.
Author: Geoffrey Parker
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This is a new edition of Geoffrey Parker's much-admired illustrated account of how the West, so small and so deficient in natural resources in 1500, had by 1800 come to control over one-third of the world. Parker argues that the rapid development of military practice in the West constituted a 'military revolution' which gave Westerners an insurmountable advantage over the peoples of other continents. This edition incorporates new material, including a substantial 'Afterword' which summarises the debate which developed after the book's first publication.
117Michael Roberts, “The Military Revolution, 1560–1660,” republished in The Military Revolution Debate: Readings on the Military Transformation of Early
Modern Europe, ed. Clifford Rogers (Boulder: Westview Press, 1995), pp. 13– 35.
Author: Brian Davies
Publisher: A&C Black
In terms of resource mobilization and devastation the wars between Russia, the Crimean Khanate and the Ottoman Empire were some of the largest of the 18th century, and had enormous consequences for the balance of power in Eastern Europe. Brian Davies examines how these conflicts characterized the course of Russian military development in response to Ottoman and Crimean Tatar threats and to determine under what circumstances and in what ways Russian military power experienced a "revolution" awarding it clear preponderance over the Ottoman-Crimean system. A central part of Davies' argument is that identifying and explaining a Military Revolution must involve examining the role of factors not purely military. One must look not only at new military technology, new force and command structure, new tactical thinking, and new recruitment and military finance practices but also consider the impact of larger demographic, economic, and sociopolitical changes.
A magisterial, landmark study of the dramatic reorganizations that transformed the Dutch Army into a disciplined force able to successfully withstand the mighty armies of both Philip II's Spain and Louis XIV's France.
Author: Olaf van Nimwegen
Publisher: Boydell & Brewer
With the advent of William III of Orange as Captain-General of the Union, the Dutch introduced revolutionary changes in military organisation (reforms adopted by the English army) and established an efficient standing army capable of withstanding attacks by Louis XIV of France. --Book Jacket.
Here is comparative history at its best. This book takes a big step beyond my Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy."--Barrington Moore, Jr.
Author: Brian Downing
Publisher: Princeton University Press
To examine the long-run origins of democracy and dictatorship, Brian Downing focuses on the importance of medieval political configurations and of military modernization in the early modern period. He maintains that in late medieval times an array of constitutional arrangements distinguished Western Europe from other parts of the world and predisposed it toward liberal democracy. He then looks at how medieval constitutionalism was affected by the "military revolution" of the early modern era--the shift from small, decentralized feudal levies to large standing armies. Downing won the American Political Science Association's Gabriel Almond Award for the dissertation on which this book was based.
This book brings together, for the first time, the classic articles that began and have shaped this debate, adding important new essays by eminent historians of early modern Europe to further this important scholarly interchange.
Author: Clifford J Rogers
Publisher: Westview Press
The debate about the “Military Revolution” has been one of the most controversial and exciting areas of discussion and research in the fields of early modern European history and military history. Scholars have long sought to explain the massive changes in European military techniques and technologies that took place between the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the industrial age—changes that transformed the armies and navies of the West into the most powerful war-making entities the world had ever known.Historians have disagreed about and vigorously debated the importance of these changes for European politics, for the process of state formation, for the rise of the West, and for warfare itself. This book brings together, for the first time, the classic articles that began and have shaped this debate, adding important new essays by eminent historians of early modern Europe to further this important scholarly interchange. The contributors consider topics ranging from the battlefield to the gunmaker's workshop, from England to India, and from the fourteenth to the eighteenth centuries. The Military Revolution Debate will be required reading for anyone interested in what is undoubtedly one of the hottest areas in military history today.
This book challenges the premise that a ‘military revolution’ prompted the major European powers to enter into an era of global hegemony during the early modern period, and suggests that this theory is not supported if we closely ...
Author: Frank Jacob
Publisher: Palgrave Pivot
This book challenges the premise that a ‘military revolution’ prompted the major European powers to enter into an era of global hegemony during the early modern period, and suggests that this theory is not supported if we closely examine contemporary historical events. The conquests of Mexico and Peru, arguably the two most important colonial acquisitions by a European power during that era, were accomplished without the technology or tactics that are usually associated with the ‘military revolution’. On the other hand, Japan, Korea, some Indian states and the Ottoman Empire implemented military reforms, both tactical and technological, that are commonly associated with what was considered an exclusively Western approach to warfare. By comparing case studies of the Western and the non-Western world, Frank Jacob and Gilmar Visoni-Alonzo show that the concept of such a ‘military revolution’ is a myth perpetuated by a Eurocentric perspective on history.
FORCE PLANNING , MILITARY REVOLUTIONS AND THE TYRANNY OF
TECHNOLOGY HENRY C . BARTLETT , G . PAUL HOLMAN , Jr . ... IN BRIEF It is
the conventional wisdom that the United States is on the verge of a military revolution .
...dedicated to the advancement and understanding of those principles and practices, military and political, which serve the vital security interests of the United States.
Indeed, war itself is now seen as a major engine of state development during this period. The essays in this volume set out to demonstrate the integration of military history with the broader concerns of historians.
Author: Andrew Ayton
Publisher: I. B. Tauris
In recent years military history has moved out of its specialized ghetto and has come to be regarded as central to the mainstream study of the past. The concepts of a "military revolution" (consisting of the emergence of large infantry-based armies in early-modern Europe, the use of potent gunpowder weapons, and the rapid escalation of war costs) are now seen to have had far-reaching political and social consequences for European society. Indeed, war itself is now seen as a major engine of state development during this period. The essays in this volume set out to demonstrate the integration of military history with the broader concerns of historians. They also suggest that the military history of the Middle Ages was more dynamic than is often recognized, and that the military revolution needs to be interpreted by placing it in the context of rapid socio-political transformation.
This book offers a comprehensive overview of the early modern military history of Portugal and its possessions in Africa, America, and Asia from the perspective of the Military Revolution historiographical debate.
Author: Hélder Carvalhal
This book offers a comprehensive overview of the early modern military history of Portugal and its possessions in Africa, America, and Asia from the perspective of the Military Revolution historiographical debate. The existence of a military revolution in the early modern period has been much debated within international historiography and this volume fills a significant gap in its relation to the history of Portugal and its overseas empire. It examines different forms of military change in specifically Portuguese case studies, but also adopts a global perspective through the analysis of different contexts and episodes in Africa, America, and Asia. Contributors explore whether there is evidence of what could be defined as aspects of a military revolution, or, alternatively, whether other explanatory models are needed to account for different forms of military change. As such, it offers the reader a variety of perspectives that contribute to the debate over the applicability of the Military Revolution concept to Portugal and its empire during the early modern period. Broken down into four thematic parts and broad in both chronological and geographical scope, the book deepens our understanding of the art of warfare in Portugal and its empire and demonstrates how the Military Revolution debate can be used to examine military change in a global perspective. This is an essential text for scholars and students of military history, military architecture, global history, Asian history and the history of Iberian empires.
The world today , I posit , is thus experiencing a new military revolution created
by the interdependent nature of the global economy , in which conventional war
equates to mutually assured economic destruction . To consider this argument ,
Bailey draws a sharp distinction between a " Revolution in Military Affairs " and a “ Military Revolution . " According to a standard definition , a revolution in military
affairs is “ a discontinuous increase in military capability and effectiveness ...
It is not suggested gun , probably with the rifle ; and if it wins against the that the
machine gun should be a cavalry weapon ; and latter , it means nearly as great a military revolution as hence the three arms will , for the present , have none of ...
The treatment of Persian soldiers is , in fact , so shamefully bad that it is difficult to
understand how it is that a military revolution does not take place . They hardly
ever get their pay , their officers plunder them of a portion of their rations and in ...
This edition brings the volume up to date, including discussions of the Chinese military's latest developments and the country's most recent foreign conflicts.
Author: David Andrew Graff
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
Gaining an understanding of China's long and sometimes bloody history can help to shed light on China's ascent to global power. Many of China's imperial dynasties were established as the result of battle, from the chariot warfare of ancient times to the battles of the Guomindang (KMT) and Communist regimes of the twentieth century. China's ability to sustain complex warfare on a very large scale was not emulated in other parts of the world until the Industrial Age, despite the fact that the country is only now rising to economic dominance. In A Military History of China, Updated Edition, David A. Graff and Robin Higham bring together leading scholars to offer a basic introduction to the military history of China from the first millennium B.C.E. to the present. Focusing on recurring patterns of conflict rather than traditional campaign narratives, this volume reaches farther back into China's military history than similar studies. It also offers insightful comparisons between Chinese and Western approaches to war. This edition brings the volume up to date, including discussions of the Chinese military's latest developments and the country's most recent foreign conflicts.