A Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests

Author: Frances Talaska Fischbach,Marshall Barnett Dunning

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 9780781771948

Category: Medical

Page: 1317

View: 4146

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Now in its Eighth Edition, this leading comprehensive manual helps nurses deliver safe, effective, and informed care for patients undergoing diagnostic tests and procedures. The book covers a broad range of laboratory and diagnostic tests and studies that are delivered to varied patient populations in varied settings. Tests are grouped according to specimen and function/test type (e.g. blood, urine, stool, cerebrospinal fluid, etc.). Each test is described in detail, with step-by-step guidance on correct procedure, tips for accurate interpretation, and instructions for patient preparation and aftercare. Clinical Alerts highlight critical safety information.
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A Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests

Author: Frances Talaska Fischbach,Margaret A. Fischbach

Publisher: LWW

ISBN: 9781496377128

Category:

Page: 1224

View: 8476

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Up-to-date and easy-to-navigate, A Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests, 10th Edition is the perfect point-of-care guide for nurses and health professionals caring for patients undergoing diagnostic tests and procedures. Organized the way a nurse thinks--by specimen and function--this proven resource describes an extensive array of tests for diverse populations, providing step-by-step guidance on correct procedure, tps for accurate interpretation, and expert information on patient preparation and aftercare. Find the right test with ease, whether you know the name or not. Reference critical safety information at a glance with Clinical Alerts. Quickly access relevant abbreviations and units of measurements. Master key information with helpful tips, inclusion of both conventional and SI units, and coverage of clinical implications for increased and decreased values.
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A Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests, Frances Fischbach & Marshall B. Dunning III, 2015

A Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests

Author: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins - Wolter Kluwer, Inc

Publisher: Bukupedia

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 1282

View: 2539

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Preface PURPOSE The purpose of A Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests, in this ninth edition, is to promote the delivery of safe, effective, and informed care for patients undergoing diagnostic tests and procedures and also to provide clinicians and students, educators and researchers, and others with a unique resource. This comprehensive manual provides a foundation for understanding diagnostic tests, from the relatively simple to the most complex, that are delivered to varied populations in varied settings. It describes in depth the clinician’s role in providing effective diagnostic services by providing the information necessary for quality care planning, individualized patient assessment, analysis of patient needs, appropriate interventions, patient education, patient follow-up, and timely outcome evaluation. Potential risks and complications of diagnostic testing mandate that proper test protocols, interfering factors, follow-up testing, and collaboration among those involved in the testing process be a significant part of the information included in this text. ORGANIZATION This book is organized into 16 chapters and 5 appendices. Chapter 1 outlines the clinician’s role in diagnostic testing and includes interventions for safe, effective, informed pre-, intra-, and post-test care. This chapter includes a Patient’s Bill of Rights and Responsibilities, a model for the role of the clinical team in providing diagnostic care and services, descriptions of different test environments, and discussion of reimbursement for diagnostic services, and emphasizes the importance of communication as key to desired outcomes. The intratest section includes information about collaborative approaches facilitating family presence during invasive procedures; risk management; the collection, handling, and transport of specimens; infection control; controlling pain; comfort measures; administration of drugs and solutions; monitoring fluid intake and loss; using required equipment kits and supplies; properly positioning the patient for the procedure; managing the environment; and patient monitoring. The reader is referred back to Chapter 1, Diagnostic Testing, throughout the text for information about the clinician’s role and diagnostic services. Chapters 2 through 16 focus on specific categories of studies. CHAPTER CONTENT AND FEATURES Studies are organized in a similar way for ease of use and include: Introductory Information • Background rationale • Test purpose • Interfering factors • Description and method of the procedure and lab test completion • Evidence-based outcomes • Patient involvement x Preface Reference Values • Normal reference values • Conventional and SI units • Age-related values and critical values when applicable Procedures • Process of intratest care • Method of specimen collection and handling for lab tests • Method of diagnostic procedures Clinical Implications • Interpretation of abnormal findings • Unexpected outcomes • Disease patterns • Clinical considerations for newborn, infant, child, adolescent, and older adult groups when appropriate Interventions • Pre- and post-test patient care • Specific guidelines for each test phase Special Clinical Alerts , Procedural Alerts , and Notes NOTE appear frequently throughout to signal special cautions. A fully updated bibliography at the end of each chapter, representing a composite of selected references from various disciplines, directs the clinician to information available beyond the scope of this book, and extensive appendices provide additional data for everyday practice. REVISIONS AND ADDITIONS TO THE NINTH EDITION The newest concepts and technologies are included in this edition: • Effects of drugs on lab outcomes • Guidelines for Pap screening • Guidelines for cancer screening • Bioterrorism agent testing • Pulmonary function testing • Mother-baby screening All chapters have been reviewed by experts in the field. Current technologies have been incorporated throughout the text, maintaining emphasis on clinical and procedural alerts. CURRENT DEVELOPMENTS IN LABORATORY AND DIAGNOSTIC TESTING New technologies foster new scientific modalities for patient assessment and clinical interventions. Thus, the clinician is provided a greater understanding of the long chain of events from diagnosis through treatment and outcomes. In a brief span of years, new and improved technologies have led to developments in x-ray scanners, digital and enhanced imaging, magnetic resonance (MR), positron emission tomography (PET) scans of the heart and brain, enhanced ultrasound and nuclear medicine procedures, newly Preface xi discovered genetic mutation studies, new cancer markers for diagnosis and prognosis, technology for fetal testing before birth, and postmortem testing after death. Many new technologies are faster, more patient friendly, more comfortable, and provide an equivalent or higher degree of accuracy (i.e., HIV or hepatitis detection, monitoring for drug abuse or managing therapeutic drug levels). Saliva and breath testing is gaining ground as a mirror of body function; DNA; and emotional, hormonal, immune, and neurologic status, as well as providing clues about faulty metabolism. Noninvasive and minimally invasive testing (e.g., using a swab to collect saliva from the mouth, procedures that require only one drop of blood), which is better suited for testing in environments such as the workplace, private home, and other nontraditional health care settings such as churches, is made possible by better collection methods and standardized collection techniques. The newest diagnostic lab technologies include hand-held nucleic acid detectors for specific bacteria and viruses, handheld miniaturized chip-based DNA analyzers, reagentless diagnostics that introduce the sample (hand, finger, ear lobe, etc.) to magnetic fields, and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). Noninvasive and minimally invasive diagnostics include infrared light to estimate glucose, rapid oral screen for HIV, proteinomics, and functional and molecular techniques. A resurgence in the use of traditional, trusted diagnostic modalities, such as electroencephalogram (EEG), is being seen in certain areas. Diseases such as HIV, antibiotic-resistant strains of pathologic organisms (TB), and type 2 diabetes are becoming more prevalent. In the workplace, thorough diagnostic testing is more common as applications are made for employment and disability benefits. Also, requirements for periodic monitoring of exposures to potentially hazardous workplace substances (chemicals, heavy metals), breathing and hearing tests, and TB and latex allergy testing require skill in administering and procuring specimens. The number of forensic identity DNA tests being performed has increased tremendously. Concurrently, consumer perceptions have shifted from implicit faith in the health care system to concerns regarding less control over choices for health care and more distrust of the system in general. Managed care and its drive for control of costs for diagnostic services exert a tremendous effect on consumers’ ability to access testing services care. This results in mixed access to services, depending on approval or denial of coverage. These trends—combined with a shift in diagnostic care from acute care hospital settings to outpatient departments, physicians’ offices, clinics, community-based centers, nursing homes, and sometimes even churches, stores, and pharmacies—challenge clinicians to provide standards-based, safe, effective, and informed care. Because the health care system is becoming a community-based model, the clinician’s role is also changing. Updated knowledge and skills, flexibility, and a heightened awareness of the testing environment (point of care testing) are needed to provide diagnostic services in these settings. Clinicians must also adapt their practice to changes in other areas. This includes developing, coordinating, and following policies and standards set forth by institutions, governmental bodies, and regulatory agencies. Being informed regarding ethical and legal implications such as informed consent, privacy, patient safety, the right to refuse tests, the right to truthful diagnoses and prognoses, end-of-life decisions, standards for quarantine to control infection, and trends in diagnostic research procedures adds another dimension to the clinician’s accountability and responsibility. The consequences of certain types of testing (i.e., HIV and genetic) and the implications of confidential versus anonymous testing must also be kept in mind. For example, anonymous tests do not require the individual to give his or her name, whereas confidential tests do require a name. This difference has implications in the requirements and process of agency reporting for all patients as well as for select groups of infectious disease incidence such as HIV. Responding to these trends, the ninth edition of A Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests is a comprehensive, up-to-date diagnostic reference source that includes information about newer technologies together with the time-honored, classic tests that continue to be an important component of diagnostic work. It meets the needs of clinicians, educators, researchers, students, and others whose work and study requires this type of resource or reference manual. Frances Talaska Fischbach Marshall B. Dunning III I acknowledge with sincere gratitude the contributions made by all of those individuals who participated in the extensive revisions for the ninth edition of this book. Special recognition is due to Marshall B. Dunning III for all work in relation to this text, especially this ninth edition. My thanks go to Mary Fischbach Johnson, Margaret Fischbach and Patricia Van Kampen for their research and administrative support. I especially thank the newest contributors, consultants, and research assistants for their diligence and hard work to ensure the quality, completeness, and most upto- date information contained herein. I would also like to acknowledge the valuable assistance of the Lippincott Williams & Wilkins reviewers. My gratitude is extended to the entire staff at Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, especially Roxanne Halpine Ward and Patrick Barbera. Special recognition is also due to the editors and staff who have worked on all prior editions of this work. Finally, I thank those special people, too numerous to mention, on whom we relied for support, dedication, encouragement, and patience. Thank you all for a job well done! Frances Talaska Fischbach Acknowledgments
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Mosby's Canadian Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests - E-Book

Author: Kathleen Deska Pagana,Timothy J. Pagana,Sandra A. Pike-MacDonald

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323567436

Category: Medical

Page: 1256

View: 4870

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Written exclusively for a Canadian market, Mosby’s Canadian Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests, Second Edition provides clear, concise coverage of more than 700 of the most commonly performed tests, with Canadian lab values, SI units, Canadian cultural considerations, and unique Canadian content. Its many features include an easy-to-understand writing style, full-colour illustrations, and a logical organization. Each test entry is presented in a consistent format to provide quick access to information on specimen collection, normal findings, indications, test explanation, procedure and patient care, and test results and clinical significance, as well as any applicable contraindications, potential complications, interfering factors, and related tests. The second edition has been updated to reflect the latest procedures, equipment, and techniques, along with 24 of the most current laboratory and diagnostics test. Plus, updated Canadian guidelines are highlighted by a maple leaf icon for easy reference! UNIQUE! Cultural Considerations boxes highlight important aspects of working with patients from the diverse cultural and racial backgrounds of the Canadian population, such as Indigenous communities. UNIQUE! SI units in the Normal Findings section of appropriate tests offer quick and easy reference (conventional units also included). UNIQUE! Related Tests sections list tests that provide similar information or are used to evaluate the same body system, disease process, or symptom. Addresses Canadian privacy laws and legislation (including PHIPA and PIPEDA), the Canadian Labour Code, and policies for DNA collection, reporting of infections such as Chlamydia, and much more. Follows Canadian standard precautions and procedures such as those set forth by the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission, as well as Canadian screening protocols such as those set out in the Canadian Cancer Society Screening Guidelines. Necessary consideration given to the differences between provinces/territories (and institutions) in regards to privacy legislation, obtaining consent, agency guidelines, procedure protocols and the availability of tests. Provides information on Canadian test-tube colouring classifications and guidelines for the correct order and process of collecting blood samples in Canada. Up-to-date Canadian statistics are provided for topics such as STDs and C. difficile. NEW! Updated Canadian guidelines are highlighted by a maple leaf icon in the text margin for easy identification and reference. NEW! 24 of the most current laboratory and diagnostic tests added to this new edition. NEW! A description of commonly performed laboratory methods, explains methods used to evaluate blood, urine, spinal fluid, and other specimens. UNIQUE! Coverage of the clinical significance of test results explains why a given test result indicates specific diseases. NEW! Updated photographs and illustrations clarify key concepts and reflect the latest procedures, equipment, and techniques.
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A Manual of Laboratory & Diagnostic Tests

Author: Frances Talaska Fischbach

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 9780781719698

Category: Medical

Page: 1295

View: 1285

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Provides descriptions of hundreds of commonly performed laboratory and diagnostic tests, covering blood, urine, cerebrospinal fluid, endoscopic, ultrasound, chemistry, microbiologic, immunodiagnostic, nuclear medicine, x-ray, pulmonary function, blood gas, cytology, histology, genetic, special systems, organ function, and post mortem studies, as well as prenatal diagnosis.
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Delmar's Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests

Author: Rick Daniels

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1111780021

Category: Medical

Page: 96

View: 2337

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Organized by type of test. Now in its second edition, Delmar's Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests adds over 50 new entries to its compilation of over 600 lab and diagnostic tests. Up-to-date information is provided in an easy-to-use, easy-to-find format ideal for both students and practitioners of nursing, medicine, and medical technology. The exceptionally straightforward and concise presentation of information allows you to focus on providing comprehensive care to your client having laboratory and diagnostic tests and procedures. Now for the first time 50 of the most used tests are included in PDA downloadable format on the accompanying CD-ROM, giving you free electronic access to the test and procedure information most needed. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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A Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests, Ninth Edition + Stedman's Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing, Seventh Edition + Nursing Drug Handbook 2014

North American Edition

Author: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781469891064

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

View: 3886

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This package contains the following products: 9781608316922 Stedman's Stedman's Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing, 7e 9781451186352 Lippincott Williams & NWuirlksinsg2014 Drug Handbook 9781451190892 Fischbach A Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests, North American Edition, 9e
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Mosby's Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests

Author: Kathleen Deska Pagana

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323089496

Category: Medical

Page: 1200

View: 2271

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This quick reference handbook offers clear, concise coverage of over 700 of the most commonly performed diagnostic and laboratory tests - including 39 new to this edition. Trusted authors, Kathleen Pagana, PhD, RN and Timothy Pagana, MD, FACS, bring together a comprehensive collection of full color designs, illustrations and photos to show exactly how various tests are performed. Related tests are grouped by chapter and presented in a consistent format to facilitate a full understanding of each type of diagnostic test. UNIQUE! Coverage of the clinical significance of test results explains why a given test result indicates specific diseases.Full-color design clarifies key concepts, procedures, and testing techniques.Related Tests sections list tests that provide similar information or are used to evaluate the same body system, disease process, or symptom. NEW! Unique front section on coding for diagnostic and laboratory tests (ICD-10) provides explanations of the coding requirements and challenges for diagnostic testing along with codes for all tests in the manual. NEW! 39 of the most current laboratory and diagnostic tests have been added to this new edition to reflect current best practices.NEW! Updated photographs and illustrations reflect the latest changes in testing equipment.
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Brunner and Suddarth's Handbook of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests

Author: N.A

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 0781799074

Category: Medical

Page: 572

View: 3521

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"This newest addition to the Smeltzer suite is a concise, portable, full-color handbook of hundreds of test results and their implications. Two-part presentation includes a review of Specimen collection procedures followed by an alphabetic list of tests. It provides easy access to normal findings, reference values, interfering factors, nursing considerations, and nursing implications."--Publisher description from LOC.
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Delmar's Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests

Author: Rick Daniels (RN.)

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9780766862357

Category: Medical

Page: 1070

View: 6334

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This quick reference contains information on more than 600 lab and diagnostic tests. It provides students and practitioners of nursing, medicine, and medical technology with the necessary information for comprehensive care of patients. Completely indexed and cross-referenced. Features a bulleted two-tone format.
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