Functioning Anarchy

Functioning Anarchy

Sparked by Guha's wide-ranging and important work, A Functioning Anarchy is a collection of essays by historians, social scientists, ecologists and journalists.

Author: Nandini Sundar

Publisher: Allen Lane

ISBN: 067009370X

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 370

View: 887

In a long and versatile career spanning thirty-five years, Ramachandra Guha has produced a vast body of work. Each time, he has broken new ground-his pioneering environmental histories of India and his still-relevant work on ecology and equity; his social histories of Indian cricket; his monumental history of the Indian republic; his biographies of Verrier Elwin and Gandhi; his anthologies of ecological, social and political thought in India; and his collections of biographical and political essays. Sparked by Guha's wide-ranging and important work, A Functioning Anarchy is a collection of essays by historians, social scientists, ecologists and journalists.
Categories: Literary Collections

Effective Governance Under Anarchy

Effective Governance Under Anarchy

Democratic and consolidated states are taken as the model for effective rule-making and service provision. In contrast, this book argues that good governance is possible even without a functioning state.

Author: Tanja A. Börzel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107183698

Category: Political Science

Page:

View: 263

"Areas of limited statehood are ubiquitous. Most states in the contemporary international system contain areas in which states are too weak to set and enforce rules and/or lack the monopoly of the use of force. The modern ("Western") nation-state with full control over its territory and sufficient capacity to enforce the law is the exception rather than the rule. At the same time, areas of limited statehood are neither ungoverned nor ungovernable. Some actors always engage in governance. Rebels, "traditional" authorities, companies, (I)NGOs and foreign governments seek to make rules and provide collective goods and services, such as security, human rights and the rule of law, democracy, health, education, food security, and others. Three drivers, alone or in combination, explain effective "governance under anarchy": First, the governing actors and institutions must enjoy legitimacy and social acceptance. Second, governance institutions have to be "fit for purpose," adequately resourced, as well as inclusive, fair, and transparent. Third, social trust relations among citizens and within local communities are crucial in enabling collective action capacity "under anarchy.""--
Categories: Political Science

Anarchism Today

Anarchism Today

With all of the provocative, sometimes highly destructive acts committed in the name of anarchy, this enlightening volume invites readers to discover the true meaning of anarchism, exploring its vivid history and its resurgent relevance for ...

Author: Randall Amster

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9780313398728

Category: Political Science

Page: 230

View: 934

With all of the provocative, sometimes highly destructive acts committed in the name of anarchy, this enlightening volume invites readers to discover the true meaning of anarchism, exploring its vivid history and its resurgent relevance for addressing today's most vexing social problems.
Categories: Political Science

Anarchism

Anarchism

Itô Noe argues that the Japanese peasant village was a functioning anarchist society based on mutual agreement and mutual aid . The translation by Yoshiharu ...

Author: Robert Graham

Publisher: Black Rose Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1551645769

Category: Anarchism

Page: 538

View: 954

Categories: Anarchism

Effective Governance Under Anarchy

Effective Governance Under Anarchy

Whilst Western industrial democracies are the exception, areas of limited statehood where state institutions are weak and ineffective, are everywhere, and, this books argues, can still be well-governed.

Author: Tanja A. Börzel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316877340

Category: Political Science

Page:

View: 716

Policy makers and academics alike have mistakenly promoted an agenda which takes well-governed democratic and consolidated 'Weberian' states as the model for the world and the goal of development programs. Whilst Western industrial democracies are the exception, areas of limited statehood where state institutions are weak and ineffective, are everywhere, and, this books argues, can still be well-governed. Three factors explain effective governance in areas of limited statehood: Fair and transparent institutions 'fit for purpose,' legitimate governors accepted by the people, and social trust among the citizens. Effective and legitimate governance in the absence of a functioning state is not only provided by international organizations, foreign aid agencies, and non-governmental organizations but also by multi-national companies, rebel groups and other violent non-state actors, 'traditional' as well as religious leaders, and community-based organizations. Börzel and Risse base their argument on empirical findings from over a decade of research covering Latin America, the Middle East, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Asia.
Categories: Political Science

Taming the Anarchy

Taming the Anarchy

However, there is no semantic ambiguity in the epithet "functioning anarchy,” which John K. Galbraith, economist and one-time US. ambassador, gave to India.

Author: Tushaar Shah

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136524035

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 324

View: 463

In 1947, British India-the part of South Asia that is today's India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh-emerged from the colonial era with the world's largest centrally managed canal irrigation infrastructure. However, as vividly illustrated by Tushaar Shah, the orderly irrigation economy that saved millions of rural poor from droughts and famines is now a vast atomistic system of widely dispersed tube-wells that are drawing groundwater without permits or hindrances. Taming the Anarchy is about the development of this chaos and the prospects to bring it under control. It is about both the massive benefit that the irrigation economy has created and the ill-fare it threatens through depleted aquifers and pollution. Tushaar Shah brings exceptional insight into a socio-ecological phenomenon that has befuddled scientists and policymakers alike. In systematic fashion, he investigates the forces behind the transformation of South Asian irrigation and considers its social, economic, and ecological impacts. He considers what is unique to South Asia and what is in common with other developing regions. He argues that, without effective governance, the resulting groundwater stress threatens the sustenance of the agrarian system and therefore the well being of the nearly one and a half billion people who live in South Asia. Yet, finding solutions is a formidable challenge. The way forward in the short run, Shah suggests, lies in indirect, adaptive strategies that change the conduct of water users. From antiquity until the 1960s, agricultural water management in South Asia was predominantly the affair of village communities and/or the state. Today, the region depends on irrigation from some 25 million individually owned groundwater wells. Tushaar Shah provides a fascinating economic, political, and cultural history of the development and use of technology that is also a history of a society in transition. His book provides powerful ideas and lessons for researchers, historians, and policymakers interested in South Asia, as well as readers who are interested in the water and agricultural futures of other developing countries and regions, including China and Africa.
Categories: Business & Economics

India s Water Futures

India   s Water Futures

... development and management in the country is at best a functioning anarchy, obsessed with investments for expansion of the overall water supply.

Author: K. J. Joy

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780429752254

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 218

When it comes to water, we flush and forget. We use, abuse and almost never recycle. Water sector in India, since the 1990s, has seen some new ideas formalised legally and institutionally, while others are still emerging and evolving. Confronting the reality of current water management strategies, this volume discusses the state of the Indian water sector to uncover solutions that can address the imminent water crises. This book: Analyses the growing water insecurity, increase in demand, inefficiency in water use, and growing inequalities in accessing clean water; Sheds light on water footprint in agricultural, industrial and urban use, pressures on river basin management, depleting groundwater resources, patterns of droughts and floods, watershed based development and waste water and sanitation management; Examines water conflicts, lack of participatory governance mechanisms, and suggests an alternative framework for water regulation and conflict transformation; Highlights the relationship between gender discourse and water governance; Presents an alternative agenda for water sector reforms. This volume, with hopes for a more water secure future, will interest scholars and researchers of development studies, environment studies, public policy, political studies, political sociology, and, NGOs, media and think tanks working in this area.
Categories: Political Science

Anarchy Unbound

Anarchy Unbound

Anarchy can be said to “work better than you think” if the mechanisms of ... such as poorly functioning anarchy and exceptionally high-functioning ...

Author: Peter T. Leeson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139916264

Category: Political Science

Page:

View: 435

In Anarchy Unbound, Peter T. Leeson uses rational choice theory to explore the benefits of self-governance. Relying on experience from the past and present, Professor Leeson provides evidence of anarchy 'working' where it is least expected to do so and explains how this is possible. Provocatively, Leeson argues that in some cases anarchy may even outperform government as a system of social organization, and demonstrates where this may occur. Anarchy Unbound challenges the conventional self-governance wisdom. It showcases the incredible ingenuity of private individuals to secure social cooperation without government and how their surprising means of doing so can be superior to reliance on the state.
Categories: Political Science

Policing India in the New Millennium

Policing India in the New Millennium

More than three decades ago , a distinguished foreign ambassador assigned to India had said that this country was a ' functioning anarchy .

Author: P. J. Alexander

Publisher: Allied Publishers

ISBN: 8177642073

Category: Community policing

Page: 1095

View: 766

Part - I: Looking Back
Categories: Community policing

The Cambridge Companion to Science Fiction

The Cambridge Companion to Science Fiction

The extremism of pluralism is anarchy . The closest analogy to a functioning anarchy in everyday experience is the ...

Author: Edward James

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521016576

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 295

View: 917

Table of contents
Categories: Literary Criticism

Loading the Silence Australian Sound Art in the Post Digital Age

Loading the Silence  Australian Sound Art in the Post Digital Age

... Plastic Platypus),38 comprising Ernie Althoff, Ron Nagorcka and Graeme Davis: '(the work) proposes a structural model of a functioning anarchy, ...

Author: Linda Ioanna Kouvaras

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317103844

Category: Music

Page: 288

View: 129

The experimentalist phenomenon of 'noise' as constituting 'art' in much twentieth-century music (paradoxically) reached its zenith in Cage’s (’silent’ piece) 4’33 . But much post-1970s musical endeavour with an experimentalist telos, collectively known as 'sound art', has displayed a postmodern need to ’load’ modernism’s ’degree zero’. After contextualizing experimentalism from its inception in the early twentieth century, Dr Linda Kouvaras’s Loading the Silence: Australian Sound Art in the Post-Digital Age explores the ways in which selected sound art works demonstrate creatively how sound is embedded within local, national, gendered and historical environments. Taking Australian music as its primary - but not sole - focus, the book not only covers discussions of technological advancement, but also engages with aesthetic standpoints, through numerous interviews, theoretical developments, analysis and cultural milieux for a contemporary Australian, and wider postmodern, context. Developing new methodologies for synergies between musicology and cultural studies, the book uncovers a new post-postmodern aesthetic trajectory, which Kouvaras locates as developing over the past two decades - the altermodern. Australian sound art is here put firmly on the map of international debates about contemporary music, providing a standard reference and valuable resource for practitioners in the artform, music critics, scholars and educators.
Categories: Music

Pure Strategy

Pure Strategy

In a functioning anarchy, boundaries and limits are established solely by the pattern of interactions themselves. Chaos is the complete absence of order ...

Author: Everett C. Dolman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780714684987

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 310

A stimulating new inquiry into the fundamental truth of strategy - its purpose, place, utility, and value. This new study is animated by a startling realization: the concept of strategic victory must be summarily discarded. This is not to say that victory has no place in strategy or strategic planning. The outcome of battles and campaigns are variables within the strategist's plan, but victory is a concept that has no meaning there. To the tactical and operational planner, wars are indeed won and lost, and the difference is plain. Success is measurable; failure is obvious. In contrast, the pure strategist understands that war is but one aspect of social and political competition, an ongoing interaction that has no finality. Strategy therefore connects the conduct of war with the intent of politics. It shapes and guides military means in anticipation of a panoply of possible coming events. In the process, strategy changes the context within which events will happen. In this new book we see clearly that the goal of strategy is not to culminate events, to establish finality in the discourse between states, but to continue them; to influence state discourse in such a way that it will go forward on favorable terms. For continue it will. This book will provoke debate and stimulate new thinking across the field and strategic studies.
Categories: Political Science

Encounters With India

Encounters With India

India, possibly the most fascinating and colorful country in the world, confronts one with a maze of kaleidoscopic images often confusing and contradictory: the clash of religion, politics, caste, gender, language, class, ideology, the ...

Author: Eddie James Girdner

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 1517553636

Category:

Page: 256

View: 174

India, possibly the most fascinating and colorful country in the world, confronts one with a maze of kaleidoscopic images often confusing and contradictory: the clash of religion, politics, caste, gender, language, class, ideology, the ancient and modern, rural and urban, the conflation of sex with religion, the amazingly functioning anarchy of the Indian street, film star politicians and everything else under the sun. The most religious country in the world with possibly the greatest number of serious Marxists. How is one to understand the reality behind the image of such a country? Academics have tried but Shiva just keeps on dancing.
Categories:

Really Free Culture

Really Free Culture

... that have come about from explicitly anarchist revolutions, there are examples of societies functioning according to various anarchist principles.

Author:

Publisher: PediaPress

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 321

Categories:

Political Ideologies

Political Ideologies

More specifically, the anarchist utopia is an example of what I have ... of depicting a functioning anarchist society (for fuller bibliographies see ...

Author: Vincent Geoghegan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317804338

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 386

Now in its fourth edition, Political Ideologies: An Introduction continues to be the best introductory textbook for students of political ideologies. Completely revised and updated throughout, this edition features: A comprehensive introduction to all of the most important ideologies Brand new chapters on multiculturalism, anarchism, and the growing influence of religion on politics More contemporary examples of twenty-first-century iterations of liberalism, socialism, conservatism, fascism, green political theory, nationalism, and feminism Enhanced discussion of the end of ideology debates and emerging theories of ideological formation Six new contributors. Accessible and packed with both historical and contemporary examples, this is the most useful textbooks for scholars and students of political ideologies. The contributors to this volume have all taught or carried out research at the School of Politics, International Studies and Philosophy of Queen’s University, Belfast, or have close research connections with the School.
Categories: Political Science

The Prisoners of God

The Prisoners of God

Only under democracy can total anarchy also function, and this is where all ... ambassador to New Delhi, J. K. Galbraith as a 'functioning anarchy'.

Author: Madan M. Sauldie

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9783833406539

Category: Ethical problems

Page: 262

View: 106

Categories: Ethical problems

Dissent and the Dynamics of Cultural Change

Dissent and the Dynamics of Cultural Change

Each node required a response, which gave The Movement its generally anarchic structure: “The Resistance is an ideological anomaly: a functioning anarchy.

Author: Matthew T. Pifer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000754070

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 232

View: 417

Dissent and the Dynamics of Cultural Change: Lessons from the Underground Presses of the Late Sixties, examines alternative presses’ critique of culture at a time of infamous transformation and revolution in the United States. In this new study, author Matthew Pifer seeks to delineate the structure of dissent to better understand how cultural change is realized, and explores the relationships between the public and those cultural institutions that define the values and social norms that shaped daily life.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Democracy Indian Style

Democracy Indian Style

John Kenneth Galbraith once called Indian democracy a “functioning anarchy” (qtd. in Narayanan and Sabharwal 1997: XI). In so doing, Galbraith addressed ...

Author: Anton Pelinka

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412821544

Category: Political Science

Page: 318

View: 787

"...combines a study of the rise and fall of Bose with a study of the roots of Indian democracy. The treatment of Bose focuses on his ideology, foreign policy, relations with Nazi Germany and Japan, and the myths surrounding his death.... the book will interest biographers and students of Indian history and politics."--Choice "Expertly translated into English, [Democracy Indian Style] knowledgeably explores the workings of the modern East Indian political system by focusing upon the life of one man, Subhas Chandra Bose, and his profound impact upon India's governmental system."--The Bookwatch As a nation India is very old. It had deep roots in its pre-colonial history, but it is also a product of Western-style democracy, which has shaped and even created the nation. Democracy Indian Style focuses on the Indian factors underlying its successful democracy by describing and analyzing the life of Subhas Chandra Bose, who competed with Nehru for the role of Gandhi's heir, and his impact on India before and after Independence. The book is balanced between chapters that explain Bose's life and career and those that describe and analyze the Indian political system. It explains India's stable democracy as a mixture of British and American patterns--Westminster parliamentary rule plus federalism--and a specific set of power-sharing arrangements among religions, linguistic groups, and castes. India fulfills all the criteria the traditional understanding of pluralistic democracy implies. Basic freedoms are guaranteed, despite the temptation during Indira Gandhi's "emergency" rule to follow the path of authoritarian development. Precisely because India, after Pakistan's separation, did not become "Hindustan" but stayed on track as a secular, pluralistic democracy, it became the most prominent challenge to the traditional wisdom of comparative politics. Democracy Indian Style gives one answer to the Indian enigma of how democracy succeeds by describing the working of the Indian constitution, the weaknesses of the party system, and the specifics of Indian elections. The focus on Bose provides the second explanation. The author describes Bose's rise to the leadership of the Indian National Congress in the 1930s, his attempt to combine an economic leftist outlook with an extremely pragmatic foreign policy, his failure to get serious help from Nazi Germany, his success with the Japanese war lords--and his tragic end in August 1945. Democracy Indian Style is a timely exploration of the roots of Indian democracy, and will be of interest to political scientists, historians, and students of India. Anton Pelinka is professor of political science at the University of Innsbruck and director of the Institute of Conflict Research in Vienna. Among his recent publications are Austria, Out of the Shadow of the Past, Politics of the Lesser Evil: Leadership, Democracy and Jaruzelski's Poland (Transaction), and The Haider Phenomenon in Austria, edited with Ruth Wodak (Transaction).
Categories: Political Science